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tv   Eco India  Deutsche Welle  April 23, 2019 6:30am-7:01am CEST

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big changes and most start with small steps global ideas tell stories of creative people and innovative projects around the world like to use the term climate to green energy solutions and reforestation. they create interactive content teaching the next generation about environmental protection and more determined to build something here for the next generation bloodline dio's multimedia environment series on w. hello welcome to eco india a sustainability magazine that zooms out of the problems leading out and bob and judy to give you a bigger fuller picture and zooms into the solutions that can help tackle them so
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that you can make an informed choice. coming to you from mumbai in india over the next thirty minutes how an age old and vibrant city tradition of dying fabric is making a comeback. stop is making ethical and sustainable smartphones. and how a couple can vote in battle in that and into what is to be unleashed green forest. forest a story of a vibrant bachrach textile printing has been practiced in the western state of the book who will fill same cities now there are communities like the cup to use for whom bought tickets been a source of livelihood for generations but in recent years with the availability of cheap us in turn to dave's traditional back to printing which is environment friendly has taken a big hit but some families of the company community in the region are trying to revive their glorious tradition.
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the state of gujarat is known for being colorful that's primarily because of its traditional textile industry and the vibrant fabrics and prints used to make the garments local people there. has been our tradition for generations is something i've inherited so i could see it's basically runs in my blood. or shockey emmert is the fifth generation office family to continue the tradition he belongs to the country community known in the region for making their mark in the vax printing business. but no
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ancestors created prince they would use foods from the tree. from the seed so distraught is what they use for painting look. all same with some that are. indigo or black from i don't dry store you know from time. they didn't have too many colors to truth from back then and now it is all right everything is done using powderfinger x. we have been using it. because of market demand we have to work with many more colors and designs. we're going to do while thought every market could be. the reason for the shift from months being every bit a natural printing process to one that began using synthetic dye can be traced back to the one thousand nine hundred sixty three the decade. of the hippie movement and
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with it a soaring rise in the popularity of the batek print. meeting the rising demand from overseas markets meant switching to chemical diet a faster easier and more viable option but also six decades later a few families like shaquille are keen to revive the art in its own original form which is not only traditional but also more mentally friendly. body marriage or natural law you are what brought a lot of natural back to clinton is a much longer process than chemical printing more to do there's more demand for natural. so many people are looking for an organic product so that's why we have started working with dyes and methods again. measured yet. another reason for artisans choosing to go on ghana is
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a very real and present in problem in the state it's lack of water resources almost fifty two percent of goods are out is turning into desert the third highest rate in the country with another deficit monsoon in two thousand and eighteen meaning less rainfall the normal and local water resources rapidly shrinking parts of good era are staring at an excuse water crisis. while most textile craft industries rely heavily on water in bardic the dependency is critical. comey an ngo in the kutch region has been working closely with the artisan community in areas like productive allotment and sustainable use of resources.
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no water study these were not very long ago we conducted a water study where we wanted to find out how much water was being used in the textile crafts of the region we wanted to promote the whole. natural diet. if vegetable diet can be revived in the water can be so that sun of water a little bit used to substantiate. and that can also help this into an environmentally friendly craft again. no longer really counted amongst the mainstream crafts of catch. and it's artisans have been struggling to survive in today's modern i'm competitive market. screen
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and laser printing has in many cases replaced the traditional hand block style. but the use of natural dice could be the unique selling point of these artisans. over the last eight to ten years there has been a change in perception from a smaller scale designers to the bigger ones there seems to be a growing interest in working with a natural diet. it is organizations like coming and if you didn't mind not didn't like shaquille who are trying to ensure that this traditional craft does not die out and that more and more craftsmen join in the revival. ever since we started using the times there has been a growing respect for the benefits. anything that is organic is little more expensive because it is never intensive. but i think the future is
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brighter for. others. i sincerely hope. we're going. to go. through all spread. like shaquille said but it is a design really inspired by the shift of synthetic fabrics and chemical dyes is very upper across india our natural dyes answer to the harmful effects caused by chemical dyes this explain that duffy. in twenty sixteen worldwide production of die is reached nearly eight hundred thousand tons. as concerns grow over the environmentally hazardous effects of chemical diets the demand for natural equivalents is on the rise sales of natural dyes are predicted
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to rise to five billion dollars a year by twenty twenty four but our natural dies really better than synthetic ones . the debate is centered mostly around the effluents generated by both. loaded in toxic chemicals like sulfur in acetic acid and metals like arsenic on mercury effluents from the synthetic dying industry account for up to twenty percent of industrial water pollution worldwide. these effluents make water bodies target cut off sunlight necessary for the photosynthesis of underwater plants react with chemicals like chlorine and even form carcinogens they also seeped into fields contaminating the soil one of the most famous cases of di poisoning is china's hsien river which in twenty eleven turned red as a result of several dumps of illegal die. natural dyes meanwhile are biodegradable
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made from plant sources like logwood turmeric and pine wood animal or insect sources like the dyes lack and lip and mineral sources like red lead used as vermilion laminated red earth and sink white effluent from these are easily accepted back into the environment. however biodegradable natural dives are not necessarily the most sustainable option because for one rule materials for natural dives require vast stretches of arable land second a much larger amount of natural dye is needed as compared to synthetic die to color the same amount of fabric for example while one pound of cotton may be died with just five grams of synthetic diet it would require two hundred thirty grams of natural die for the same process this means the use of larger amounts of water so what could be
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a solution recycling better waste management and innovation but for now it's important to curtail the use of chemicals in the dying process and for producers to take responsibility for treating affluence before they're released into the environment. gallery of also engineered an environmentally harmful product into something sustainable plastic for example a recent study reveals that ninety one percent of the world's plastic is not true cycled with this in mind a social entrepreneur or an investor in india is working towards upcycling these plastic bags into fashionable and trendy accessories to minimize the floor plastic tree. this is a. threat to. the on. the
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women and it was they decided to do something with stick which creates. and ends this process. stick. with the process is. that you take. the bloss to donated by race because. it is done carefully. in this remote village in the rest in india. offered by the ways she encountered on koreans. she recognized an opportunity to clear up cycling. pema strips of lost taken to spend on the machine jerk off this one is made by second
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box. to fabric on hammoud because it is a cool. look you get up to seven thousand rupees a month around ninety you've chosen village. was always a big problem because just five to six months. in especially the. n.a.v. is. so instead of. because of that. three hundred kilometers. of. the company's headquarters. and do accessories. a bag like there is the store for one thousand two hundred rupees around fifteen years. all the bags and
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purses produced here. to eco conscious customers the youth court. so it makes sense for them to stay back. also to get up the fight is to sow the. thoughts in their mind as to how he can do something for their religion how they can do something. the religious do for the broader gives them a sense of purpose and pride and a reason to stay here in the ridge. now here's a question for you what could happen if you're poor to afford a mixed shop believed and. researchers of the university of play but did just that take a look at will be for. everyone to analyze this fall and work out what it's made of we need to grind to a very fine powder but these are just to be safe they're ready to go.
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researchers at the university of plymouth and britain have opted for the shredder method to unlock the fun secrets. the manufacturers don't reveal the exact composition of their products it turns out the main components are iron silicon crummy and copper but what's more significant are the elements that are only present in very small amounts. the powder from the blender is first burned and then analyzed in a mass spectrometer to reveal the so-called conflict elements mining teaser elements including tungsten tin cobalt gold and tantalum is in some cases leading to increased conflicts human rights violations and the damage to the environment the amounts here are small but this is just one phone keep in mind that one point four billion new cell phones are manufactured every year. now that you know what your cellular phone is made up of you might be interested in the makings are coming
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from that start up is taking the lead by trying to produce and to go forth and setting standards to trace the source of the methods and better working conditions faithful is also a device in which every element of the phone comes apart and can be independently just. a new mobile phone every year that's normal for many of us. half of all the people in india already have smartphones and demand is rising worldwide more than a billion new smart phones go on sale annually and the old ones they get thrown away. fair phone a small company in the netherlands wants to stop this waste of resources it has developed a smartphone that is longer lasting and more easily repaired than most on the market mikhail banisters one of the company's founders he richly studied industrial design. designers were in
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a way part of the problem of over consumption very light very fast cycles so i started studying for the strategy behind the production of. products in general and for fun was a great place to develop my yes for. this is what the company's modular smartphone looks like it's easy to disassemble and repair and new parts such as improved cameras can be installed. the founders main idea was to produce the phones fairly that means both fair wages and safety standards for the workers and without materials from conflict regions. they had to search widely to fulfill that requirement in northern rwanda they discovered the new book around a mining company which operates a tungsten mine this role for c c here to make sure fun shakes and that's made of toast and from here. to the mine is close to the border with the democratic
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republic of congo. since conflicts in the neighboring country flared up again cells of tungsten from these mines plummeted. without prayer what we did is. you connection again. so that means the mine itself the traders smelter which is in austria but also like. fighters in time. all together in working. through from the mouth of who are now from that specific mine so we were able to we were able to work with a mind that was out of conflict but also to help them have business again so that they can be. further. the fair phones are manufactured in china which is also where the gold used in the chips comes from. smartphones contain more than forty different metals itself their friend has only been able to build up a fair and sustainable supply chain for five of them that if it comes at a price
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a fair phone costs around six hundred euros sustainability has become a trend but it will be a while before it goes mainstream. until then huge numbers of phones will continue to land in the garbage in many countries such as hearing ghana he waste is often incinerated or taken apart without safety precautions since its founding five years ago fifteen has supported a project in ghana devoted to recycling used phones safely. what is important is that every cycle now we increase the amount of material in the world so that the industry doesn't matter where the industry house. the availability of these materials. if you want and the cheaper price if possible than what is mines. that are still regularly visits the company's partner in ghana. the workers from the local organization collect use mobile phones and store them in containers.
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as soon as one is full it is shipped to belgium where the devices are taken apart by experts and the individual materials are recycled. or at least their phone has won a number of prizes for its efforts to manufacture and affect conditions. with around one hundred sixty thousand customers in europe it has captured a corner of the smartphone market and hopes to keep growing. from a challenge that we have tried to make mr allen is very open and transparent because we want to talk more about the challenges not less so we have a different approach to. to sustainability if you want we don't. see sustainability as a race that's an opportunity. the name fair phone still promises more than the company can entirely deliver. it is helping to make the difficulties associated with fair production playing for all to see. abandoned dry spheres coffee
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futures and god m m food is not an environmentally conscious couple found in one thousand nine hundred one in the western cuts the region was rich in biodiversity but it was neglected dr milo tried his wife pamela have now transformed the species into the country's first private sector to the. cautiously growing from a watering hole something that used to be unthinkable in broad daylight while life would never come out during the day time they were too afraid because the. hunting and poaching were pretty rampant when we came here. today more than two hundred endangered species live year in the one point two square meter house thank you in southwestern india.
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it is the lifeblood of spamalot and. about twenty five years ago they began to buy land piece by piece with their own money. what was here in ninety five were basically plantation lands or abandoned rice fields many areas were relatively barren of any type of tree cover because of having had coffee growing on them. today what is here now all of those lands have basically recovered. they created india's first private protected area and reforested it on a large scale. this is also what we have gone to along with. supplements and different going to preach. that they. need to treat could this area.
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we have had a number of scientific studies done within the sanctuary grounds and some of them the pack to do with big harben seaquest ration rate of native trees versus exotic and native trees soak up much more carbon dioxide than the exotic stew so this helps to medicate or question the effects of climate change. the man who has a letting the forest growth dead trees also in which the sword with creed's some centuries or rainfall is joins on the upright enjoyed. this is one of our old grandmother trees. it's a type of banyan and he's about four hundred years old. the main pin this century has changed and perfected is the freshwater source it's with
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these forests you will not have streams and rivers originate. the most as joe was not to have to do so that they could create something that would benefit. the know and love every inch of the desert this is one of our natural meadow areas it is a meadow because this is grand underneath so very few trees can get their roots down below the grand to grow but it's a great bond and of grasses and eating for any of your grass eaters your various deer your elephant anything that eats grasses loves the meadows. crops revealed the very idea of sharia why life here. like.
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a red dog even the leopard lives here. he does easier to see the man he should. you know how much shit. your group. from different shit also. should shut that part of. the fighting to grow forests in other parts of. their companies and business people. buy up and down and back and wilderness. would have to. require to work towards the future the rest of the story is true gave you something
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to think about if you have more idea. do right was it for india. back next week until then the.
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it's. beautiful but appearances can be deceiving the fashion industry has a dark side and more and more people are becoming aware of it it's a sector in crisis. the fashion industry decides to start making i think it's. not. an opportunity for women to those who say fashion change.
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fifteen. what secrets lie behind these moments. find out in an immersive experience and explore fascinating world cultural heritage sites. d.w. world heritage for sixty giving up now small can inspire big changes in the people making it possible eco africa. fantastic right trying that as they set out to safety environments. to learn from one another. and work together for the church. looking out for. w.
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first day at school in the jungle. or first climbing less of them in the door as grand a moment arrives. joining a reckoning on her journey back to freedom. in our interactive documentary during the ranting returns home on t w dot com to tanks. and guns. and.
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her mum and. find it. all we can be the generation that ends it for good malaria. so millions can live. in. sri lanka is observing a national day of mourning to honor the nearly three hundred victims of easter sunday's deadly attacks the government has invoked emergency powers as it investigates the suicide bombings which targeted christian churches as well as hotels authorities blame the local islamist group but said an international terror organization may also have been involved. protesters in sudan took to the streets
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again on monday despite warnings from the ruling military council.

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