tv Arts.21 Deutsche Welle May 4, 2019 10:30pm-11:00pm CEST
for business. sixty g.w. . careering to me. not everyone who writes books has to go and say. that t.w. literature list hundred must reads. welcome to arts twenty one. almost three decades have passed since the collapse of the soviet union arch twenty one is on a journey to explore the literary world of post soviet republics were traveling to three capitals prague bucharest and tbilisi what they have in common is their
socialist history where they differ is in their development since one thousand nine hundred ninety. a majestic all small narrow alleyways and numerous domes and towers and impressive bridges spanning the top of. prague is a jewel with the middle m.e.m. of history a city on the moon. the dreariness of the communist era is history. now prague is a popular destination for tourists from around the globe. to raise a similar to move our lives here the writer observes the hustle and bustle in the czech capital from an amused distance. yes though it is paula knows first goal too could have a level as united opposite that occurred about. him . yeah city block that he.
said. to raise a semiautomatic and her living as a translator her first novel is the story of a young woman who tried and failed to fit in wants to often curtain disappointed she makes the radical decision to move into an old wardrobe left in a courtyard. she came to by. by she could live with other people with her sister her girlfriend her family and. on me but she doesn't want to be there and deal with other people. because she needs to deal with herself. the same time she's somehow incapable of taking action and can't afford her own
apartment so the coverage gives her a bit of freedom in this provisional situation by hiding in their progress auditions it throughout. the protagonist feels lost in a way which could perhaps only happen in the success driven and consumer oriented western world it's a story that says honest as it is that. the one constant in the young woman's life is a friendly vietnamese man she lets her use the washroom in a shop and gets over smile and something to eat. and this is more than a mere detail it's a nod to multiculturalism at a time when czech politicians often disparage the country spirit means minority is the czech republic xenophobia in twenty fifteen at the height of europe's refugee crisis the country accepted less than two hundred people and they give up soon as these are for my generation it's extreme. painful to hear that the czech republic
refused to accept refugees. i didn't refuse to the government refused to i myself helped refugees had to flee me when i drove to hungary and took a good look at the situation. and i formed my own opinion. she says of course people in the czech republic appreciate the material freedoms and the opportunities to travel that they now have but she says many people's mindsets are slower to change some feeling secure and don't know how to handle freedom. does that worry her. not in the past. that he meant. i think people can see for themselves if they've elected the wrong politician. the villain the title as time goes on they notice ok maybe that wasn't so great. and i was progress but sometimes you have to try things out before you realize that's
a bad apple i won't use one of those again. proc casillas the city's landmark and houses the office of the czech president the current president . approach china and pro russia stance has divided the country into ukraine conflict he sided with russia and in twenty fifteen he called the wave of refugees flooding into europe an organized invasion. can topple the shop and see even with the next president he don't wait for it for a truly free country both before nine hundred eighty nine and after as a writer journalist and since twenty levon as program director of the bus love how the library. like a huge pendulum with much love harvell it's one is hard to one side is possible now it's right at the bottom but i hope we'll reach the other side again. must love how awful it was czechoslovakia the last part. event and the first president of the
czech republic after slovakia seceded in one thousand nine hundred three a former dissident was also a celebrated writer and of moral authority. shortly before his death last love personally brought topple to the library topple continues to create the library's cultural program as hospital would have wanted and he's kept on writing unusual novels his latest a sensitive person starts off as a road movie about a family of artists but soon turns into a commentary on modern european society. pressure not to you know comedy and to. this strange family is led by a father who's around my age. who because he still has this desire to discover western europe. and it is what has europe or this mental image that he has no longer exists a prisoner you know. instead he encounters an unfriendly europe full
of social tension plagued by crises and with accords of migrants walking around you that will teach him a little who are cool and know and try out of school. so he returns to his homeland with all of its brothels scrapyards and box it might not be the prettiest but at least it's good fun for the novel and toppled the state award for literature in twenty seventeen and much public criticism. prague is booming and is now among the ten richest regions muir of the days when people here four for socialism with a human face on long gone. it's easier to imagine right up front kafka walking through the city's alleyways at the start of the twentieth century back then prague was a magnet for artists and writers in check in german as the city was still part of the house back empire. yes now.
things also nice looking so picturesque in the home but underneath the surface there are a few graves a few bodies lying buried on top of one another. and we have to live with these corpses these ghosts of the past and the hilly. jaroslav through dish study check history and says that to do that you need to know german otherwise he'd never have been able to conduct the research for his novel winter burke's last journey it's a comical tribute to train travel to central europe and life in general written in german. the month. when you look at the map of the railway routes in austria hungary in one nine hundred thirteen and compare it with a map of the routes in central europe today you can see how many are left. for what is it i'm told that's all of these routes this station where we are now they all existed back then as in this caption damo solace together with his melancholy geriatric nasty young kraus ninety nine year old penciled in to back embark on
a journey into the past taking his cue from a detailed guidebook dating back from one thousand thirteen he's drawn ever deeper into the country's history and his own. path so it's a full story on to some little nuance and a lot of acts assumes that i want to again with czechoslovakia and stuff. stuart's also some broken ones and one after the crisis. only as a scholar stuart's into some book once and only after a few it says i was a communist and come from own stores and so was i go nuts and one of those expeditions was the soviets come outside to form vote for me to stand for tort reform for the slice of. winter back me end this through the course of history bringing the past to light in spite of these often sad events it's a sheer delight to be along for the ride. change of location poker arrest
a city of contrasts with its grand socialist boulevards. characterless apartment blocks. and rundown buildings. romania's capital is it once dynamic and at a standstill. future cut to rescue is one of romania's leading authors he's a masterful storyteller and an intellectual who isn't afraid to address uncomfortable truths that people who are poor in the ninety's states for most of them stay poor data stand out the believing good didn't change but at the same time. that he's now a class of very beach people who've got their reach most of them ninety percent of them because of the corruption. corruption remains an endemic problem in romania. it was right under the communist regime of dictator nicholas church
a school who was executed in the revolution of one nine hundred eighty nine. the monstrous palace of parliament is a reminder of his megalomania. the old guard regrouped under the banner of the party of social democracy and corruption continued to fester even after romania joined the e.u. but here the problem is that people on the. ready to be program so you can buy just these. fires but option. got into the parliament and. these kind of people make the laws not and of course they make the laws. against a free justice. the government has sought to ease penalties for corruption offenses by politicians hundreds of thousands have rallied against the erosion of the rule of law warning of a return to autocratic rule. oh
well the left leaning populist government has shown little willingness to listen it has strong backing among its voter base the rural poor. the. very very. big power band the spot be has its very lives on the poorest and less less educated people. to rescue his latest novel solano weed has yet to be published in english translation it's protectionist is more concerned about the community's well being than his own . to rescue says he has learned that literature doesn't just need to be appealing it needs to address human concerns to. maybe as a reaction to remain is tense political situation.
my model presents by now i doubt that they're more one could than me but i couldn't go down look as a model mighty she been across all of that the bad and extra says on saturn's as a national fund and could step in the stuff about thirty lead. down daisy lay on my visit on when your friends issue floyd if you know him at open or are you. sharing but i don't think east. living here burnish his novel was a surprise success in romania it's the story of a young woman who painstakingly tries to build a life for herself in book arrest while her mother works in spain. furnished and knows what it's like to feel abandoned her mother too has worked in western europe for years one of some four million romanians. i read recently a report of the un i think it was with the ten fastest depopulating countries in the world and they were all ten in eastern europe and germany was among them not the. first not on the first place but still and it was like all our neighbors
hungary ukraine moldova they were all there in the list and that's. it's weird and makes you think because it was a global import. migrant workers send a lot of money home but romania needs doctors teachers engineers and childcare workers and their critical voices. liberia burnished doesn't want to leave the country even if she's been thinking about it for years she feels she belongs here but daily life for the young author and translator is anything but easy the cost of living is high and the minimum wage low. so can authors make a living in romania. i think everybody has the feeling that you have to be thankful to see your name on the book cover and then just you know feed yourself with the glory they don't expect you to. ask to be paid for it.
advance payments are uncommon and print runs are secret there are neither wholesalers nor such a thing is a fixed book price the market is small and dominated by international best sellers translations of which don't pay much. money bookshops also sell wine gift items and t. to make ends meet. some booksellers had reservations about stocking cattle in mccool yorks novel oxenberg and bernstein not because it's badly written but because it takes on a national taboo. in june one thousand nine hundred forty one romanian troops massacre the jewish population of the city of yosh the program more than ten thousand people were killed. to this day many romanians refused to recognize their country's role in the holocaust. but i am a stickler. i feel racial hatred is undermining humanity what saddens
me in particular is this is what i said in one interview that the goal of my book is to help create a better world among my readers and if you. could teach merely this. and that was singled out for ridicule by numerous hostile media outlets bush could hear. one of another meeting. today just four thousand jews live in romania it seems only a matter of time before jewish life here vanishes altogether all that remains is the communities architectural heritage and memories many of which inform who acts during novel which of us have to go i'm not so young anymore and i wanted to write something that would make a difference what something that carried a certain weight at the end so i could walk through the rest of my life with my head held high from vessels. which he should his novel is one of forty books from
romania that have recently been published in germany royal works by uncompromising authors who take a stand. one thousand five hundred kilometers further east lies to police in the capital of the eurasian country of georgia. but the city itself is more european than asian it's teeming with life and singularly beautiful. into releases historical center the buildings from past centuries of being lovingly restored and the crumbling remains of the soviet era are being swept away. highly acclaimed georgian dramatist and critics dubbed it is following the changes to the city his country and its inhabitants closely. after decades of russian occupation where is the independent republic headed and how is it dealing with its past i think it needs
years and years of experience of stability and peace and economy development in the country to start talking about realizing in recent king our past. for georgians the past means centuries. a foreign room exploitation and oppression . it means just a stunning system of injustice soviet propaganda. as well as the hardships after georgia gained its independence in one nine hundred ninety one. lack of political stability corruption and violence. poverty and hunger. battles over the breakaway republics of a passing and suffer a seizure we are so much preoccupied with this boiling temperature and this boiling political situation all the time that no one actually cares to start careful and
quiet and calm a research of the previous history where the roots of all these problems come from . that's one reason why georgian literature is so in likening it meanders its way through the small mind and tells the stories of its people revealing georgia's darkest sides and the many upheavals i don't go to. other arabs house does not look well last wednesday must swords are so proud. so. you see gus in the visitor that exactly is so. now it's and it's from god this small signal is she so that's clearly what a pedometer but what's normal is goes over the end of the whole lot of those resume in a big number which are that mr obama says family of. a man has been killed across the way syrup so the whole thing because each night he would stand on his balcony and watch his new neighbor and his old another. now the good looking young man is dead
and syrup takes action he longs to have a job again and now he knows how he can get one. dollar kabbani is novel farben done enough or colors of night is a crime. well assess in the late summer of two thousand and twelve when georgians protested against the prison abuse scandal videos cropped up in the media which showed prisoners being beaten by guards. tens of thousands took to the streets the country was on the brink of collapse. then on october first oligarchy and billionaire bit in a ivanishvili assumed power and became georgia's prime minister. he stepped down a year later but remains influential to this day overlooking tbilisi is a vanished really is futuristic glass house designed by japanese architects. in general george and culture is the culture of extreme eaters and i really don't like that extra little while i take the characters who are normal people who are not
distinguished by any or anything and put them in boiling situation and keep up the observing something terrible happening to them was that's that's my primary interest in. what happens in dava cabrini as novel reveals much about contemporary georgian society about its much of culture in which homosexuality remains a tipping about it's fear of change even positive change. on the streets of tbilisi there's little indication of the sense of paralysis here things are lively and constantly in motion. although monotony does appear to be the rule in the city's outlying districts. really grew up in a village just outside the city she lived right next door to a children's home
a relic of the soviet era. this is pretty much what it looked like then too when it was known as the home for idiots. today it houses refugees from a policy and south ossetia. in the early one nine hundred ninety s. . its residents were unwanted children who were poor neglected abused and brutalized. they laughed and told us about a girl that they held down while other children raped her. the girl cried and then the other children made fun of her. and i noticed this it become a kind of ritual have and if they did this often it was. a fast some twenty years later nona actively sheerly has worked this childhood memories into a disturbing novel called the pair field she came up with the idea after seeing her former playmates begging on the street. now she's given these unloved and damaged
souls a voice her protectiveness layla is a strong and angry young girl who fights back against the constant humiliation and degradation. slim stone took it's. the worst and most malicious soviet legacy is that people don't analyze things. and people haven't learned to deal with reality and they don't believe they can change things and they never learn they have the power to change things with their own two hands. so what will the future bring and we'll all georgians have a place in it. the ricer photographer actor and tour guide are still key cuts travels around the country often returning to tbilisi. he wonders between worlds the thoughtful of. his novel elephant from the self which has already won several prizes in georgia takes the first person narrator on a tour of tbilisi for a day with flashbacks going as far back as the one nine hundred twenty s. . r.
ford paper or two or three carry. her every feeling of being paid like by characters who are not hard game. behind some excuse. for are interesting people. who are very well a previous record all very life also who can't forgive themselves because it tells the story of an identity crisis full of ethnic conflicts and questions of the right or wrong lifestyle of truth and integrity. he says that the period when georgia was part of the soviet union damaged georgian society today georgians are still living with the consequences which are deeply ingrained in every family history. it's why i married my character sagal such a man the son of core opted for soul richard the way economy boards and from other
side. recognition. the son of georgia made the rich and rich and i gave him with this very heavy in harry teach which he has to. carry all his life and fight through the streets the elephants of the south is the story of his generation once after a public reading a young girl came up to him and thanked him now she understood by her uncle and such a drinker she said and by her neighbor was the way he was. sorry think that if we if he will be peace on the slaying somehow step by step we would be a low powered suicide because i see young people i see by to be very sure they are more open minded they are more powerful they're even bursty for him to be invariable free than we are my dear a ship has
a lot of complex we carry all our life. today georgia is looking towards the west english has replaced russian as its first foreign language traveling to the e.u. without a visa is possible georgia is a country in transformation and its. literature is a real discovery. and that's all for arts twenty one today and our literary travels to prague bucharest and tbilisi.
too much for business. v.w. . sometime in the twenty six to you my great granddaughter. what would the world be like in your lifetime in around half a century. your world would be around trying to please one of. the unseen evidently sea levels rise by at least one meter in this century. we're going to have some climate impacts maternal greater the more we see already. it's really frightening. at some other.
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