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tv   Eco Africa  Deutsche Welle  May 24, 2019 9:30pm-10:00pm CEST

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draws to a close. call in effect one in 6 people in this hall. going meet british strategy as we try to understand. this make. the news a chef. welcome to a new edition of eco africa the environment magazine co-produced by channel starvation in nigeria d.d.l. being germany. in south africa. park in lagos nigeria hello to all our viewers again and hello to my colleague in south africa hey andy and hello to everyone i'm coming to you from johannesburg today we're focusing on
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environmental pollution starting with the plastics gouge scientists with the alan mack author foundation recently predicted that by 2050 in terms of weight they'll be more past it than fish in our oceans we're going to take a look at some of the ways we can turn back this tide. education is a good start school children in ghana are learning about plastic recycling. replacing plastic is another in uganda women make paper from elephant dung. and how about repair like smartphones manufactured sustainably. children are especially vulnerable to environmental threats to to their developing organs and immune systems smaller bodies and airways but they can also be very good at affecting change that's why the n.-g. o. environment $360.00 teaches children about proper waste disposal and also
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introduces them to green technology and the knowledge they take home usually rubs off on the rest of their families. saying. it will be a. once a week. school the kids have a class on environmental studies. where we are asked around this when the place is what's dead we need to see if your surroundings are not still what's happened. yes the fall sick. most of those. in the class the young people on things like how to properly separate trash for recycling their mortal harvest the west they discovered that paper and plastic are valuable resources that can be sold for cash income from them
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has helped finance projects and study materials at the school through paris came and they were like only about recalls home used to put all rubbish is the simplest they realize no says the children came back to come and fix their houses sold when did brute's. because of the vocals and such it's good because it generates income from so much. when the content is a food they're picked up by the engine and barrel in 360 s is said to have been a share to the american intentionally put children at the center of the project. we've learned that children may not be decision makers but they're great influencers so i'll think of the example if you've ever been around a child i think we've all found ourselves doing things just to keep the peace or not to be bothered a little bit longer when as this came to be on a 5 years ago never in how wildest dreams would she have predicted that one day
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she'd be the head of the country's largest plastic recycling film environment 360 is a mixture of n.g.o.s and company and income is re-invested in new programs last year we were cycled right at 150 or so tonnes of plastics not think about 200 tonnes of paper with this this essentially was able to support all 43 schools on our recycling program we employ 13 people and environment 360 so 10 of those have actually been paid from. the rest cycling services. this is a 10 minute town a poor settlement outside accra that has a container port on one side and enough to park on the other this is where environment 360 has set up these fasts recycling center throughout the day i steady stream of people brings materials they have gathered in their districts here for
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sorting and weigh up to 5 tons of plastic a month the company pays by kilo caution and interesting google is make 10 minute a plastic the plastic with free community so that everywhere you go everybody knows about waste management and and then they know how to manage or even keep waste and we wouldn't see plastics just lying down i don't have to have such they come in plastic based on color and quality for further processing she's been doing the job longer than anyone else here and helped organize the women in the neighborhood into our west because association oh. yes sometimes the work is disgusting. but environment 360 provides us with everything we need. we have a shower here and we can wash our clothes after work. so when we go back to the
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community nobody knows how dirty we sometimes are. tama has been out and about in the slum since early this morning the single mother of 5 doesn't have a lot of options when it comes to making money. i'm about up i didn't have modeled them i have had them and. model women in the community some of them sell water at the south provisional fruits others go to the fishing harbor to buy fish which they smoke and sell but now a lot of them pick waste on their way back home to. you know $1.00 a on the. environment 360 well pick up the food socks later. bobby jr high school is out for the day time to gather up the west that's ended up
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in the school yard in the course of the day. don't forget to wash your hands after what's now days these kids in gonna clean up the west they have produced as a matter of cause. these children already have a clue how plastic can be recycled but not everybody knows what to do with the empty plastic bottles plastic bottles easy to buy but not so easy to get rid of they pop up all over the place littering the streets and nature to all too many end up in waste dumps a washed out to sea. plastic bottles are made from petroleum they're light practical and can be found pretty much everywhere. a 1000000 are sold every single minute of the day if they were placed into end the plastic bottles sold in 2016 would form a chain stretching all the way to the planet mercury but we don't need to go to mercury so you've bought a drink in
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a plastic bottle and finished it what happens next. in an ideal scenario it will be re-used some can be refilled up to 15 times if they're washed properly most aren't that sturdy though. many end up in a shredder where they're ground up into flakes of plastic. these can be used to make products like fleece clothing very nice except for the fact that every time the fleeces washed it releases plastic particles into the water. what about the rest of the plastic bottles they get thrown away or dropped right in the street or somewhere out in nature a significant portion of them land in dumps or are eventually carried out to sea. between 5 and 13000000 tons of plastic garbage end up in the ocean every year a huge problem because plastics can take up to 450 years to decompose. if plastic trash doesn't get caught in propellers on ships or isn't washed up on the
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beach in the floating pieces grow smaller and smaller as they drift with the currents algae grows on their services and that draws fish and sea birds they think the particles are food and swallow them when too much collects in their stomachs real food no longer passes through and they starve. and if those fish end up in our nets they enter our food supply directly either is fresh or can see food do we want to eat that no we don't because it certainly isn't healthy. almost everybody has one but do you know where the metals in your mobile phone come from do you n.t. no not exactly to be honest but mainly i guess their mind here in africa. for example very often on bad terrible working conditions and high environmental costs that's why i got started came up with the idea of the borrower being an ethical smart ball and in the process raises awareness where the metals that go
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into. worldwide more than a 1000000000 new smartphones go on sale annually and the old ones they get thrown away fair phone a small company in the netherlands wants to stop this waste of resources it has developed a smartphone that is longer lasting and more easily repaired than most on the market mikhail bannister's one of the company's founders he richly studied industrial design. i always thought that designers were in no way part of the problem of over consumption very fast cycles so i started studying for the strategy behind the production of. products in general and her phone was a great place to develop my yes for. this is what the company's model a smart phone looks like it's easy to disassemble and repair and new parts such as
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improved cameras can be installed. the phone is main idea was to produce the phones fairly that means with fair wages and safety standards for the workers and without materials from conflict regions. they had to search widely to fulfill that requirement in northern rwanda they discovered the new book around a mining company which operates a tungsten mine the small forces you see here it makes your phone shake and that's made of times and from here. the mine is close to the border. the democratic republic of congo. since conflicts in the neighboring country flared up again sales of tungsten from these mines plummeted. we got very well we did this. in connection again. so that means the mine itself the traders smelter which is in austria but also like many factors in time to come together in
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working. through from the mouth of one off from that specific mine so we were able to we were able to work with a mind that was out of conflict but also to help them have business again so that they can develop further. the fair phones are manufactured in china which is also where the gold used in the chips comes from. smartphones contain more than 40 different metals itself their fun is only been able to build up a fair and sustainable supply chain for 5 of them that if it comes at a price a fair phone costs around 600 euros sustainability has become a trend but it will be a while before it goes mainstream this is definitely frontier model it's definitely a topic but it's still a nation topic there is a certain market for fairly produced smartphones but i don't think it's mainstream yet but it's a topic that may change the moment that manufacturers are able to combine fair
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production with performance and up to date features. when that moment comes i think demand will rise considerably clinton is often off target on board which by telephone has won a number of prizes for its efforts to manufacture and effect conditions. with around $160000.00 customers in europe it has captured a corner of the smartphone market and hopes to keep growing. from every time in this challenge that we have we try to make this telling is very open and transparent because we want to talk more about the challenges not. yes so we have a different approach through to sustainability if you want we don't. see sustainability as a risk we see it as an opportunity. the name fair phone still promises more than the company can entirely deliver but it is helping to make the difficulties associated with fair production plain for all to see. in recent years mobile phones have become almost essential for making money transfers and handling
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business transactions in well africa and of course you can take your phone with you wherever you go or you also have to keep the battery charged here in nigeria and that's not always so easy because the past apply is quite erotic but any engineers at the university of nigeria are working to alleviate the problem let's go see what they're doing. nigeria's national power supply is notoriously unreliable. there are frequent outages so many people depend on generators. engineers at the university of nigeria looking for solutions. they've constructed a system that converts organic waste into gas. materials such as corn husks old wood chips are fed into the reactor which is really. the chemical process produces gas which in turn power is
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a generator that produces electricity. we've never. seen. one that we've been able to do anything. that we've been there would have been life which we know their environment. this power plant cost about $25000.00 euros to build. because the energy needs for the department of engineering but researchers are working on a larger version. it would take 12 of those larger versions to supply energy for the whole campus that will save the university a lot of money and put waste to good use to the people and the environment. and how about you. if you're also doing your bit tell us about it. visit our website or send us a tweet hash tag doing your beach. we share your stories.
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from nigeria we are now heading south to check out a pretty amazing project believe it or not some women. community in the western uganda make a living by selling. dung only after they've turned it into. the income to enable them to send that children to school also people medicine i mean along on this woman is about. also hope that their contribution will help to discover elephant poaching as well. oh. elephants dong is a valuable resource for people here members of the tara community who live near the queen elizabeth national park collect these drop ins as
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a woman's hero for people are. moses is heading up the project he picked up on the idea after a group of tourists explained the process to him. off that long time suffering because of. the bhangra under strain we look on how we're going to get the compensation for the groups which have destroyed by that influence. the plants eaten by elephants contain fiber that makes excellent paper the woman 1st soft in the dog boiling and washing it to clean it orally the remaining fibers are then built into and dried. the guitar community uses the paper to make bags notebooks and event cards scraps can be turned into necklaces the communities products are purchased by lodges in the park and sold on to tourists for between 5 and 15 dollars.
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then there's indecision we use some of the money to buy school much here as for french children. that's provided. while the rest we reinvest in our handicrafts shepherd. a local woman there weren't in the room. other villages have also turned to collect an elephant dong these farmers be able to make shift houses in their fields to keep watch over the crops when the elephants come they try to chase them away and keep the drop ins on average they collect about 100 kilograms of dung every week the. ground when the elephants have headed back to the park we go out and get the donkey dry it and sell it to the terra community i am $3.00 for each bucket and that helps
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me buy something of. value a. little bit of them for. now you want to know which will quit and uganda many farmers are women often they are we don't swith no other source of income their husbands were killed while poaching in the park the elephants pose a real threat to their crops but being able to make an income from there don't has helped change their attitude towards the elephants or go without. bad feelings about the park now we're focusing on improving this projects. to pay for our children's school fees they want to grow up to feel the fact hasn't been enough because their fathers were killed there too also such projects like these i was young fools wildlife authorities say the qatar community's help in uganda its population of 5000 elephants to grow back in the 1980 s. they were just 700 of the animals left in the country. knows there's
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a god and the others in the project are committed to the cause at 1st our people our own days are ticking in a forest to get i voted for sale and others then they get meat for sale and others they poison because of being annoyed so we're also trying to address the extinction of elephants you know community because as i talk to people now they are no longer getting into fights that no longer present to get a fuss because they are gaining. income out of that and offense and with the elephant population growing business is booming and most is a godless paper making startup. i am extreme port takes us today gyptian capital. do you know what the population of. over 9000000 i mean if you include greater cairo it's actually over 20000000 that makes it the 2nd most
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populous metropolitan area in africa after my home lagos. and as you know n t a large cities come with a lots of problems like meeting the city's food needs this plenty of farmland along the nile of course and egypt still imports a lot of food now there's also an initiative it to use the city's rooftops as gardens let's pay a visit to one of these green oasis. every day mohammed tahar tends to his garden for 3 years now the morays in has been planting different vegetables on the rooftop terrace of his mosque in the quarter of a teen. it's a patch of green in the concrete jungle of cairo. illinois. mainly looking to create a clean atmosphere in the area and on the roof but not much more than that. of the income generated from this goes into the charity trust here at the mosque.
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he often brings his grandchild along who really loves roll cayle. mohammed didn't have to pay for the equipment cairo based organization should do for installed it for free. shareef cousin e. and his brother set up the n.g.o.s years ago they decided to work with hydroponics because that requires little water and no soil and the space for the efficient system on practically any rooftop. a little ominous and they did that for families with low income this kind of project can raise income a little bit. of them inferred be valuable for that so it doesn't have only environmental benefits if it. but also social ones.
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in poorer districts like hell while on roofs are often cluttered with old trash should do is now setting up 500 gardens here instead the residents of this building set up their micro farm 3 months ago and now they're ready to harvest for the 1st time i get me it's beautiful i wish everyone would do this and those who have the space should get involved and do this to the rooftops or unused here. installing a rooftop garden cost the equivalent of $630.00 euros but the families only have to pay around $20.00 euros of that. 95 percent of the large scale project is being financed by a swiss foundation should do pfizer any surplus produce and sells it in the egyptian capital with the help of other local n.g.o.s. some mustapha installed the 1st rooftop garden 8 years ago since then he's put up
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over 200 of them. with her. on this rooftop we're working with 2 families. because each one will receive 2 setups that's $420.00 plants in total. after. the stuff i'm sure do you explain to the families how often the plants need watering and which strains grow best. we've run projects where we planted seeds with young girls between 9 and 15. people of any age can learn how to use this hydroponic system you know why the problem it's not complex or hard to maintain that they're how we time and i'm upset at. the residence also learn how to get started by placing wicking strips in all the cups they feed water to the roots. then seeds around it. and they've chosen malaki
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a plant whitely cultivated an egypt and lettuce. in a few months when the plants are growing to maturity the families can harvest twice a month. yeah i mean we're also beautifying our roof people looking out of the window or coming up a we'll see a lovely scene. the dedication of a few families will hopefully inspire others to follow the rooftop gardens are already helping cairo grow a little greener. and with god love new view it's time to say goodbye now with our weekly roundup of environment stories on our picture and you wrote thanks for watching and that's it for me. in lagos and it's goodbye for me to end south africa day to day don't forget to join us on our social media platforms and web page where you can share your comments and suggestions i'm sick and go see you next time. dot.
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shifting powers the old order is history the world is religion izing itself and the media's role is keep the topic in focus of the global media forum 2019 today one out of 2 people is online who are we following come do we trust to beijing and
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ship the future at the top. you're going to go before 20 to change. your a complete idea of what's become of it and what will it look like tomorrow. g.w. gets ready for an in-depth look at the european elections across spain to questions that matter so what are european voters hopes for the new england current and what challenges fly ahead. from wait so long because his sins and the people in power have come your way with not doing anything to fight the kind of crisis played . and the european elections affect the best of luck. extra discussions for a signal for good friends or for we have to be citizens and voters 1st 10 years. g.w. has it all that. much and it's may 26th t w.
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what do you think what do you get for $0.50. or 50 set. a. little bit bigger deal. with which today this could be a stinking cocktails lot a lot of stuff did you know it cost $0.50 to feed $100.00 child for one full day. it could be one big. game in. the 1st $10.00 with a share of the meal sharing the children is just this piece of spend the top on your smartphone smartphone users outnumber children i would. imagine the impact you and your friends could have together we can end global hunger please download the app.
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this is d.w. news live from berlin britain's prime minister says she had no choice but to quit theresa may will resign on june 7th her failure to deliver brags that nearly 3 years after the u.k.'s referendum sealed her seat. also coming up it's day 2 of voting in the european elections some 400000000 are now.

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