tv Tomorrow Today Deutsche Welle May 25, 2019 5:30am-6:00am CEST
much story may have ground to. 27 years ago but there's no holding back his dreams. thank you for watching. cinema starts may 27th. welcome to tomorrow today the science program on d w coming up. you probably know pinocchio the public with the nose that grows longer when he lives we'll look at the science of deception. who dies more convincingly men over women and who does it most often one study came up trumps. and female male differences are the subject of this stop this research she heads germany's 1st institute for
gender made sense. a familiar scenario yesterday there was disagreement in the office today you greet your colleagues with a smile although you feeling far from friendly dissimulation yes but good for social harmony say research has other kinds of lies do the opposite though like when someone spreads false information in the base known for they wrote fake news maybe u.s. president trump according to the washington post he has made over 10000 false or misleading statements since taking office. donald trump frequently complains long and loud about fake news. and yet i know what you mean us president himself is a master when it comes to spreading fake news. his preferred platform is twitter and fake news as part of his communication strategy he fires out tweets from. and
furious but many have little or no basis in reality like the tweets from the summer of 2018 in which he accused google of being biased against him. for years according to trump when obama was president google had promoted the state of the union address but he said the tech giant stopped doing so once he moved into the white house. this claim was false. but how is fake news spread via social media and how does it gain influence how does it bypass conventional media channels and cross national borders and how can fake news be corrected. you know asserter a company based in cologne specializes in media analysis. here they traced how donald trump's google tweet spread. head of research voice ditto who is fascinated by the subject because never before
has there been a president who deploys false or misleading claims in such a targeted manner was successful is donald trump and why does he do it is because he doesn't care whether the lies exposed the main thing is that his own political camp his own supporters believe what he says that's his chief go to further mobilize voters who are well disposed towards him anyway and to create an alternative public sphere to the established media system. insisted. trumps many twitter followers guarantee him a large audience his attack on google was seen 4500000 times it was shared 40000 times and liked 108000 times. their list as. the dissemination of a tweet you can see that there was a range of reactions re tweets and online articles about the. trump's tweet or fake
news spreads very quickly it's frequently picked up and shared most rapidly by his supporters. the 1st media correction usually appears quite quickly but in this case it took an hour and a half until the 1st journalist it was someone a buzz feed exposed that as a lie. in 2017 donald trump didn't hold a state of the union address as is normally the case for a new the i'm not your rated president trumps 1st state of the union address took place in 2018 and google did link to that on its home page but the rebuttal only got $3003.00 tweets that's 12 times fewer than the read tweets of trump's original claim. that's the general pattern fake news always spreads more than the rebuttals partly because it always has a head start. in the mean time traditional media started to pick up the issue with
all its claims and counterclaims 1st in the united states and then worldwide. the maximum amount of attention with a minimum of effort. because of his huge twitter presence the media can't ignore him he manages to set the media agenda via his twitter feed spirit. trump kills 2 birds with one stone on the one hand he can get his supporters onside on certain topics at the same time he forces the media to report on those topics and if the reporting is negative well he just brands the. fake news. by the way our brains can grow accustomed to lying at 1st we have a bad conscience there's a strong reaction. but scientists have found that the more often we lie the smaller
the reaction. telling tales is nothing new as history shows. having fun by playing tricks on people is a pastime probably as old as humanity. when people rarely invest as much time and effort in a practical joke as was the case here. in october 869 workers digging a well on a farm in new york state came across the fossilized corpse of a 3 metre tall giant a scientific bombshell proof that the earth was once populated by giants just as the bible says. it's only took a few weeks for scientists to expose the giant as well forgery. a chicago artist had sculpted it out of a block of gypsum for new york tobacconists george howell. buried the jetsam statue
in $868.00 a year before its discovery. how wanted to spare no effort to get one over on his parish priest who took the bible all too literally it. was. to give it its stony fossilised look he even pierced hundreds of thousands of tiny holes into the gypsum. but unfortunately not all pranks are as harmless as that quite often someone is trying to enrich themselves with their antics. one especially audacious fraud was perpetrated by bohemian con men victor last week in 1025 he sold the eiffel tower to a scrap merchant ok the tower wasn't very popular among parisians to begin with and
since its construction for the world exhibition and 1909 it had become a little shabby. posing as vice director of the postal ministry responsible for the building. steak invited 6 wealthy scrap dealers for a few beers precisely because they were suspicious last also ask for a bribe in the form of a commission on top of the purchase price. that's exactly what convinced dealer on day plus saw that he was genuine he forked out a small fortune for the demolition rights so what happened well the eiffel tower is still standing. right. another method fraudsters used to earn their daily crust is forging expensive items in particular artworks. one definitely very talented member of this illustrious circle was conrad kuya in the 1970 s.
he produced and sold paintings he claimed were done by at all fittler. blatty only became widely known and notorious 10 years later after fabricating the so-called hitler diaries his 15 minutes of infamy. the irony is that kuya became so popular that other painters set about forging his forgeries. con men are the elite among the fraudsters and jokesters like wilhelm forked who dressed up as a prussian captain to rob the town treasury of company. frank w. abigail was also a master of his trade even before he was 21 he'd already posed as a pilot a lawyer and a doctor in an accident and emergency unit along the way he managed to hustle some
2 and a half $1000000.00 on the side before he was finally caught. steven spielberg film his biography in 2002 but that too was a bit of a con the real adult male isn't a patch on leonardo dicaprio. and you we asked on facebook when did you last line and why. him a rory and said he liked to avoid having to attend a social event. some of us did it to avoid hurting someone's feelings. mistretta wrote that she lies to himself when she does something foolish and tries to justify her behavior. and then all it's nice to keep from being blamed for things phones with those honest comments. how
often people really lie on a daily basis is hard to prove it seems we get better at it with age. the. researchers did an experiment exploiting kids love of stuffed animals a child sits in a room and the stuffed animal is placed campisi. the child is told not to know. when the reception leaves the room the child peek in 90 percent of the cases. when asked whether they followed instructions of the 3 year olds told the truth. but nearly old the 12 year old line. that many adults are expert at lying with years of practice under their belts. it
is sometimes said that little white lies are most common among couples. we wanted to test that hypothesis. oh. how many lies have you told today i mean no one got so i started as soon as i got up. by one maybe ok. so what to their respective partners say to that and who tells more phillips. we met hans-peter at the museum of allusions in hamburg he's a professor of social psychology and certainly knows a thing or 2 about deception we asked him if there are differences in the way men and women lie. just gives us a future city to push men's issues there are indeed typically men lie in order to boast and present themselves in a positive light they exaggerate their achievements women by contrast tend to lie to maintain social relationships for example
a woman might praise her girlfriends new dress even though she doesn't think it looks great and i assume this. man both women are nice says the professor back to our own empirical research which partner in a couple tends to lie more. that is hard to answer to one thing among us the women . i agree but they say men men men women and men lie more often and more men lie more. in a survey commissioned by the science museum in london 3000 adults were quizzed about their relationship to the truth the findings on average men lie 1902 times a year or about 3 times a day women only $728.00 times about twice a day oh that's interesting. you see maybe men just stay up longer.
other studies have not come to such clear conclusions researching the propensity to lie involves some tricky issues. if you have cards want to we asked people how often they lie today or last week but people don't keep a detailed log of all the lies so it could well be that their answers are themselves not truthful. that's really not so unlikely but it does look like men are more likely to admit that they lie because. it is often said that women are simply more bare faced liars is that really the cakes. just got to be yes i don't think there's such a big difference. at the university of reagan's birth conducted an experiment in which hundreds of men and women die and noted the number without supervision the one was worth one euro to 2 and so on.
except for the 6 which was worth nothing. since nobody was watching the participants could live shamelessly and write down any number they liked. since rolling any number from one to 6 is equally probable the average payout should be 50. in fact it was 3 year olds 40 for women and 3 year olds $58.00 per men. so is it actually men who are the more brazen liars professor thinks it's more complicated than that . and i think it depends in part on the situation if it's about economic success and how much i can make that's very often more important to men than some women. if we created a different situation in which say it's about maintaining a relationship and being nice which typically women are more concerned about than
men the results would probably be the other way. for 2 women just. that 2 is something one often hears. women are just smarter just that women are a bit cleverer. i would say definitely. which leads to our next little experiment. how many times have you lied to him today. today. maybe once. we just asked your girlfriend how often she said to you. today do you think she said because of the flu what do you mean. to me not to talk. she said once what do you say to that. nothing. 3 or 4 times what do you think she
said that's. right 3 or 4 times. that surprised nope and the other way around how often have you lied. through your 4 times now well ask your wife. lol yeah i heard a song it's before well before we went out this morning he was pulling my leg a bit 3 or 4 times what i want to well. he might be an exception. psychologists say men often break when they lie avert their gaze. and cross their legs so they are often caught out whereas women look you in the eye even when they lie if there is a give away is that they might turn red. what's more women tend to be good at seeing through the lives of their male partners. from. those
conditions for which women tend to have a better memory when it comes to social situations 6 months later they might recount exactly what you said then and now you're saying something different men aren't so interested in social situations and tend to forget everything after a few days if a woman says something different a couple of weeks later her husband won't even notice. her getting the minute of human interactions could be beneficial in certain circumstances much they could save your life. so if the experts are to be believed and our research is reliable men lie a bit more but women do it better and little white lies can sometimes help maintain the peace. in relationships. because of what is right why auburn latin do you have a science question that you've always wanted answered we're happy to help out send
it to us as a video text or voice mail if we answer it on the show we'll send you a little surprise as a thank you come on just ask. this week's question comes from visa hartman in the united states just out cold due to the body. with the very 1st way alcohol starts entering the bloodstream by the membranes in the lining of the mouth and is absorbed continually through the stomach and small intestine the blood then distributes the substance quickly all over the body eventually attend to every one of its systems. in the brain alcohol alters hormone production which changes how signals are processed. that has an impact on how the organ functions. in smaller amounts alcohol generally causes drinkers to feel some euphoria but when
levels rise a small drinks are consumed it begins to affect reaction times and vision the system of muscles the focus is the ice is quite complex. meanwhile around the clock the liver is busy breaking down toxins like alcohol but that process creates a home full intermediate product a compound classified as a carcinogen that can attack cell membranes. ready consuming just a few grams of alcohol pads or you can have long term effects on the body and regular excessive consumption can cause the brain to shrink. and also affects the liver which burns harder and less valuable to break down toxins. and alcohol encourages the development of abdominal fat which is linked to the development of diabetes and cardiovascular disease by the way the same amount of alcohol well as a rule has less of an effect on a mountain than
a woman that's because women have more fat in their bodies proportionally the net and less water which increases alcohol concentration in the bloodstream. and here again is how to contact us send in your questions and comments. there are many male female differences in medicine women tend to have more auto immune diseases for example involving the thyroid gland while men have a higher risk of sudden cardiac death and men and women metabolize medications at different rates we need germany's leading expert on gender medicine. now. my name is very sad all sick then pop as though i'm a professor at the sheraton a. on the new deal like 2 and i'm the director of the only institute for gender in
medicine in that exists here in germany. harbaugh officially over the years people have frequently told me there are used to be such an excellent research or why are you involved in this nonsense now. on this hat and it was quite a struggle to explain to people that researching the differences between men and women in medicine isn't nonsense but something that's desperately needed isn't sun and vast hoaxed north when biggest. and strong biased beauty routine for example their own political drugs are powerful drugs that work by dissolving a plot that caused the heart attack. when these drugs were developed no one ever considered what would happen if you gave it for example to a woman who is menstruating who happen to have a period of time a man doesn't afterall get did somebody tell you all the hard ill mannered support
of hard. on money for n n r 3 who had made a friend of mine from sweden told me about just such a case that there was a woman who was having a period when she had a heart attack on him and no one knew whether they could treat her with a thrown political or whether she would lead to death or dobson no one had thought about her. name and. by gun fear we have found huge gender differences in a whole range of illnesses which unfortunately have not really been taken into account to medical care or in the development of new therapy. power or imminence of a more frequent mattick disorders they suffer from auto immune diseases more than men are men have other problems for example men make up 90 percent of the cases of sudden cardiac death. in
order to examine the energy metabolism of the heart more closely and we dissected the hearts of male and female minds. mend it here or there by mouse outs and some bio spira only then isolated heart fibers and placed them in a small chamber in the in which the heart muscle cells continue to live and use oxygen on saurashtra firepower hold on my eyes and mostly to see that the female cells breathe more efficiently and intensively for the male when it's the men and we still go to that easter journey for example increases the absorption of energy gun. thank you cards actually i do think that the neglect of the differences between men and women largely stems from the fact that the leading figures in medicine are men who run this does give light fig one in there made it seem in the manners and i can
remember one incident during a gala dinner when i left the room in response to a speech by a male colleague of her loss and. said that most women are good looking and that's why they should be included in research groups and or and thus ones in their swing in for the engine isms order. listed i think it's important that women and men appreciate that in medical terms of their different that's in their media teenaged life and. in other words men and women should be aware of the fact that they have a biological sex that has an impact on all areas of life heart thresh nation in iran live in spies and also well.
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