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tv   Eco Africa  Deutsche Welle  May 25, 2019 11:30pm-12:01am CEST

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earth the home for saving google india's tell stories of creative people and innovative projects around the world ideas that protect the climate and boost green energy solutions by global owing to its being by a series of global 3000 on d. w. and online. now. welcome to a new edition of eco africa the environment magazine co-produced by channel starvation in nigeria being germany. in south africa. foster park in lagos nigeria hello to all our viewers again and hello to my colleague in south africa hey andy and hello to everyone i'm coming to you from johannesburg
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today we're focusing on environmental pollution starting with the plastics gouge scientists with the alan mack author foundation recently predicted that by 2050 in terms of weight they'll be more patrick than fish in our oceans we're going to take a look at some of the ways we can turn back this tide. education is a good start school children in ghana learning about plastic recycling. replacing plastic is another in uganda women make paper from elephant dung. and how about repair like smartphones manufactured sustainably. children are especially vulnerable to environmental threats due to their developing organs and immune systems smaller bodies and airways but they can also be very good at affecting change that's why the n g o environment 360 teaches children about proper waste disposal and also introduces them to green technology and the
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knowledge they take home usually rubs off on the rest of their families. saying. a big thing. once a week at. school the kids have a class on environmental studies. when we are asked around this when the place is what's debts we need to scream if you also run this on let's go to what's happened so. yes the fall sick. most of those who. are in the class the young people on things like how to properly separate trash for recycling them or to harvest the west they discovered that paper and plastic are valuable resources that can be sold for cash income from them has
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helped finance projects and study materials and the school parents came in they were busy like yeah good for me about recalls home has been used to all rubbish is the simplest they realize no says the children came back to come and fix their households when to do it's. because of. such it's good because it generates income from yeah so much. when the content is a food they're picked up by the enjoy and barrowman 360 s is said to have been a share to the american intentionally put children at the center of the project. we've learned that children may not be decision makers but they're great influencers so i'll think of the example if you've ever been around a child i think we've all found ourselves doing things just to keep the peace or not to be bothered a little bit longer when as these come together in a 5 years ago there's been how wildest dreams would she have predicted that one day
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should be the head of the country's largest plastic recycling film environment 360 is a mixture of n.g.o.s and company and income is re-invested in new programs last year we were cycled right at 150 or so tonnes of plastics not think about 200 tonnes of paper with is this essentially was able to support all 43 schools on our recycling program we employ 13 people at environment 360 so 10 of those have actually been paid it from. the rest cycling services. this is a 10 minute town a poor settlement outside a car that has a container port on one side and industrial park on the other this is where environment 360 has set up these fasts recycling center throughout the day steady stream of people brings materials they have gathered in their districts here for
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sorting and weigh up to 5 tons of plastic come out of the company pays by kilo caution and interesting rule is make 10 minute a plus take a plastic with 3 community everywhere you go everybody knows about with management signets in and then didn't know how to manage or even keep waste and we wouldn't see plastics just lying down i don't have such date coming plastic based on color and quality for further processing she's been doing the job longer than anyone else here and have to organize the women in the neighborhood into our west because association so if in it yes sometimes the work is disgusting. but environment 360 provides us with everything we need. we have a shower here and we can wash our clothes after work. so when we go back to the
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community nobody knows how dirty we sometimes are. kate tama has been out and about in this land since early this morning the single mother of 5 doesn't have a lot of options when it comes to making money. i am owed up by the end of my road them i have had them and. model on the women in the community some of them sell water to sell provisional fruits others go to the fishing harbor to buy fish which they smoke and sell but now a lot of them pick waste on their way back home to. new me up $1.00 a gallon. environment 360 well pick up the food socks later. bobby jr high school is out for the day time to gather up the west that's ended up
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in the schoolyard in the cause of the day. don't forget to wash your hands afterwards nowadays these kids in gonna clean up the west they have produced as a matter of causes. these children already have a clue how plastic can be recycled but not everybody knows what to do with the empty plastic bottles plastic bottles easy to buy but not so easy to get rid of they pop up all over the place littering the streets and nature to all too many end up in waste dumps or washed out to sea. plastic bottles are made from petroleum they're light practical and can be found pretty much everywhere. globally a 1000000 are sold every single minute of the day if they were placed into end the plastic bottles sold in 2016 would form a chain stretching all the way to the planet mercury but we don't need to go to mercury so you've bought a drink in
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a plastic bottle and finished it what happens next in an ideal scenario it will be re-used some can be refilled up to 15 times if they're washed properly most aren't that sturdy though. many end up in a shredder where they're ground up into flakes of plastic. these can be used to make products like fleece clothing very nice except for the fact that every time the fleece has washed it releases plastic particles into the water. what about the rest of the plastic bottles they get thrown away or dropped right in the street or somewhere out in nature a significant portion of them land in dumps or are eventually carried out to sea. between 5 and 13000000 tons of plastic garbage end up in the ocean every year a huge problem because plastics can take up to 450 years to decompose. if plastic trash doesn't get caught in propellers on ships or isn't washed up on the
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beach in the floating pieces grow smaller and smaller as they drift with the currents algae grows on their services and that draws fish and sea birds they think the particles are food and swallow them when too much collects in their stomachs real food no. longer passes through and they starve. and if those fish end up in our nets they enter our food supply directly either is fresh or can see food do we want to eat that no we don't because it certainly is unhealthy. almost everybody has one but do you know where the metals in your mobile phone come from to u.n.c. no not exactly to be honest but mainly i guess their mind here in africa. for example very often on about terrible working conditions and high environmental costs that's why i don't start out came up with the idea of the ball being an ethical smart ball and in the process raises awareness where the metals that go
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into. worldwide more than a 1000000000 new smart phones go on sale annually and the old ones they get thrown away fair phone a small company in the netherlands wants to stop this waste of resources it has developed a smartphone that is longer lasting and more easily repaired than most on the market mikhail ballesteros one of the company's founders he richly studied industrial design. i always thought that designers were in no way part of the problem of overconsumption very fast cycles so i started studying for the strategy behind the production of. products in general and for fun was a great place to develop my yes for. this is what the company's model a smart phone looks like it's easy to disassemble and repair and new parts such as
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improved cameras can be installed. the founders main idea was to produce the phones fairly means with fair wages and safety standards for the workers and without materials from conflict regions. they had to search widely to fulfill that requirement in northern rwanda they discovered the new book around a mining company which operates a tungsten mine the small forces you see here it makes your phone shake and that's made of times and from here. the mine is close to the border. the democratic republic of congo. since conflicts in the neighboring country flared up again cells of tungsten from these mines plummeted. without. you connection again. so that means the mine itself the traders smelter which is in austria but also like many factors in time to come together in
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working this. through from the mouth of one now from that specific mine so we were able to we were able to work with a mind that was out of conflict but also to help them have business again so that they can develop further. the fair phones are manufactured in china which is also where the gold used in the chips comes from. smartphones contain more than 40 different metals itself their friend has only been able to build up a fair and sustainable supply chain for 5 of them that if it comes at a price a fair phone costs around 600 euros sustainability has become a trend but it will be a while before it goes mainstream this is definitely frontier market it's definitely a topic but it's still a nation topic there is a certain market for fairly produced smartphones but i don't think it's mainstream yet but it's a topic that may change the moment that manufacturers are able to combine fair
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production with performance and up to date features when that moment comes i think demand will rise considerably thank you can't remember off by their phone has won a number of prizes for its efforts to manufacture and effect conditions. with around $160000.00 customers in europe it has captured a corner of the smartphone market and hopes to keep growing. from every challenge is that we have tried to make this telling is very open and transparent because we want to talk more about the challenges not. yes so we have a different approach through to sustain really if you want we don't. see sustainability as a risk we see it as an opportunity. the name fair phone still promises more than the company can entirely deliver but it is helping to make the difficulties associated with fair production play for all to see. in recent years mobile phones have become almost essential for making money transfers and handling
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business transactions in rural africa and of course you can take your phone with you wherever you go but you also have to keep the battery charged here in nigeria and that's not always so easy because the pass apply is quite erotic but energy engineers at the university of nigeria are working to alleviate the problem let's go see what they're doing. nigeria's national power supply is notoriously unreliable. there are frequent outages so many people depend on generators. engineers at the university of make. a looking for solutions. they've constructed a system that converts organic waste into gas. materials such as corn husks on wood chips are fed into the reactor which is great. but. the chemical process produces gas which in turn powers
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a generator that produces electricity. never you got. one that we've been able to generate electricity and we've been there would have been life which we know there but i mean. this power plant cost about $25000.00 euros to build. it covers the energy needs for the department of engineering but researchers are working on a larger version. it would take 12 of those larger versions to supply energy for the whole campus that will save the university a lot of money and put waste to good use to the people and the environment. and how about you. if you're also doing your bit tell us about it. visit our website or send us a tweet hash tag doing your beat. we share your stories.
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from nigeria we are now heading south to check out a preacher mazing project believe it or not some women. community in the western uganda make a living by selling. dung but only after they've turned it into. the income their own enables them to send that children to school also people medicine i mean along on this woman is about. also hope that their contribution will help to discover an elephant poaching as well. and a fence dong is a valuable resource for people here members of the qatar community who live near the queen elizabeth national park collect these drop ins as
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a rule material for people. moses is heading up the project he picked up on the idea after a group of tourists explained the process to him. after long time suffering because of. the bhangra under strain we look on how we're going to get the compensation for the groups which are destroyed by that in france. the plants eaten by elephants contain fiber that makes excellent paper the woman 1st soft on the donkey boiling and washing it to clean it for the remaining fibers are then built into and dried. the guitar community uses the paper to make bags notebooks and event cards scraps can be turned into necklaces for communities products are purchased by lodges in the park and sold on to tourists for between 5 and 15 dollars.
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then as in the sense we use some of the money to buy school much as for friend children. that's provides us with. while the rest we reinvest in the handicrafts shop. there were in the room. other villages have also turned to collect in elephant dung and these farmers buil to make shift houses in their fields to keep watch over the crops when the elephants calm they try to chase them away or keep the drop ins on average they collect about 100 kilograms of dung every week that i've got to tell you. when the elephants have headed back to the park we go out and get the donkey dry it and sell it to the cat tara community i am $3.00 for each bucket and that helps me
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buy something else a. little bit of them for. now you want to know much will quit in uganda many farmers are women often they are widows with no obvious source of income their husbands were killed while poaching in the park the elephants pose real threat to their crops but being able to make an income from their don't has helped change their attitude towards the elephants or go without. bad feelings and out of power now we're focusing on improving this projects. to pay for our children's school face. grew up to be other packages in part because their fathers were killed there too also such projects like these i was young luckily for us wildlife authorities say the qatar community's help in uganda its population of 5000 elephants to grow back in the 1980 s. they were just 700 of the animals left in the country. moses the god
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and the others in the project are committed to the cause at 1st our people our own days were killed in a forest to get i voted for sale and others then they get to meet force say and others they poison because of being annoyed so also trying to reduce the extinction of elephants you know community because as i talk to people now they are no longer getting into fights that no longer present to get a fuss because they are gaining. their income out of course i think that an offense and with the elephant population growing business is booming and most is a godless paper making startup. i am extra port takes us today gyptian capital. do you know what the population of. over 9000000 and if you include greater cairo it's actually over 20000000 that makes it the 2nd most
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populous metropolitan area in africa after my home lagos city. and as you know n.t. in large cities come with a lot of problems like meeting the city's food needs there's plenty of farmland along the nile of course and egypt still imports a lot of food now there's also an initiative it to use the city's rooftops as gardens let's pay a visit to one of these green oasis. every day mohammed tends to his garden for 3 years now the more reason has been planting different vegetables on the rooftop terrace of his mosque in the quarter of el bus and teen. it's a patch of green in the concrete jungle of cairo. mainly looking to create a clean atmosphere in the area and on the roof but not much more than that. of the income generated from this goes into the charity trust here at the mosque.
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he often brings his grandchild along who really loves war cayle. mohammed didn't have to pay for the equipment cairo based organization should do have installed it for free. shareef cousin e. and his brother set up the n.g.o.s 8 years ago they decided to work with hydroponics because that requires little water and no soil and the space for the efficient system on practically any rooftop. i let a lot of us and we did that for families with low income this kind of project can raise income a little bit. of them inferred be available for that so it doesn't have only environmental benefits but also social ones.
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in poorer districts like hell while roofs are often cluttered with all trash should do things now setting up 500 gardens here instead the residents of this building set up their micro farm 3 months ago and now they're ready to harvest for the 1st time they get me it's beautiful i wish everyone would do this and those who have the space should get involved and do this to the rooftops or unused here. installing a rooftop garden cost the equivalent of $630.00 euros but the families only have to pay around $20.00 euros of that. 95 percent of the large scale project is being financed by a swiss foundation shadowy fires any surplus produce and sells it in the egyptian capital with the help of other local n.g.o.s. what are some mustapha installed the 1st rooftop garden 8 years ago since then he's put up
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over 200 of them. her mind on this rooftop where working with 2 families work. because each one will receive to set ups that's $420.00 plants in total. after the staff i'm sure do explain to the families how often the plants need watering and which strains grow best. we have around projects where we planted seeds with young girls between 9 and 15. people of any age can learn how to use this hydroponic system you know whether. it's not complex or hard to maintain their how time and one of. the residents also learn how to get started by placing wicking strips in all the cups they feed water to the roots. then seeds are added. they've chosen malaki
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a plant widely cultivated and egypt and lettuce. in a few months when the plants have grown to maturity the families can harvest twice a month. i mean we're also beautifying our roof with people looking out of the window or coming up here we'll see a lovely scene in the dedication of a few families will hopefully inspire others to follow the rooftop gardens are already helping cairo grow a little greener. and with that lovely view it's time to say goodbye now with our weekly roundup of environment story from africa and you wrote thanks for watching. i've been in lagos and it's goodbye for me to in south africa stay tuned and don't forget to join us on our social media platforms and web page where you can share your comments and suggestions and visions of who see you next time. dumb.
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this is news a lot from berlin the results in from the cannes film festival upon the door for best film is south korean director of. comedy. we have more on an awards night full of surprises. south africa's president. as he takes office in a lavish inauguration ceremony will he be able to live up to his promise the syntax of the challenge.

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