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tv   Eco Africa  Deutsche Welle  June 1, 2019 12:30am-1:00am CEST

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passion with sound marketing potential by placing a warning label on music plot out. rock and religion. brings many parallels. to miller soldier reconcilable. god the devil moon and the rock n roll scores 70 on t w. welcome to a new edition of eco africa the environment magazine co-produced by channel vision in nigeria d.d. will be in germany and in south africa. to foster park in lagos nigeria hello to all our viewers again and hello to my colleagues in south africa hey
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auntie and hello to everyone. coming to you from johannesburg today we're focusing on environmental pollution starting with the plastics gouge scientists with the alan mack author foundation recently predicted that by 2050 in terms of weight they'll be more patrick than fish in our oceans we're going to take a look at some of the ways we can turn back this tide. education is a good start school children in ghana learning about plastic recycling. replacing plastic is another in uganda women make paper from elephant dung. and how about repair like smartphones manufactured sustainably. children are especially vulnerable to environmental threats choo-choo they're developing organs and immune systems smaller bodies and airways but they can also be very good at affecting change that's why the n g o environment 360 teaches
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children about proper ways disposal and also introduces them to green technology and the knowledge they take home usually rubs off on the rest of their families. saying. a little egg. once a week at. school the kids have a class on environmental studies. when we are asked around this when the place is what's dead we need to scream if you also run this on what's going to happen. this. fall sick. most of those who have been. in the class the young people on things like how to properly separate trust for recycling them want to have us the west they discovered
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that paper and plastic are vulnerable resources that can be sold for cash income from them has helped finance projects and study materials on the school run through paris came. busy only about recalls home has been used to all rubbish is the simplest they realize no says the banking about to come and fix their house was sold one day brute's. because of. such it's good because it generates income from the us so much. when the content is a food they're picked up by the engine and barrel in 360 s is said to have been a share to the american intentionally put children at the center of the project. we've learned that children may not be decision makers but they're great influencers so i'll give the example if you've ever been around a child i think we've all found ourselves doing things just to keep the peace or
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not to be bothered a little bit longer when as these come to go on a 5 years ago never end how wildest dreams would she have predicted that one day she'd be the head of the country's largest plastic recycling film environment 360 is a mixture of n.g.o.s and company and income is re-invested in new programs last year we were cycled right at 150 or so tonnes of plastics not think about 200 tonnes of paper with is this essentially was able to support all 43 schools on our recycling program we employ 13 people at environment 360 so 10 of those have actually been paid for. the rest cycling services. this is a 10 minute town a poor settlement outside a car that has a container port on one side and industrial park on the other this is where environment 360 has set up its fast recycling center throughout the day i steady
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stream of people brings materials they have got that in their districts here for sorting and weigh up to 5 tons of plastic come out of the company pays by kilo cash in and interesting who will this make to my new town a plastic a plastic waste free community so what everywhere you go everybody knows about waste management single beaten and then don't know how to manage or even keep waste and we wouldn't see plastics just lying down i don't have to sorts they are coming plastic based on color and quality for further processing she's been doing the job longer than anyone else here and have to organize the women in the neighborhood into our west because association oh. yes sometimes the work is disgusting. but environment 360 provides us with everything we need. we have
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a shower here and we can wash our clothes after work. so not so when we go back to the community nobody knows how dirty we sometimes are you think. tama has been out and about in this land since early this morning the single mother of 5 doesn't have a lot of options when it comes to making money. i'm about up by the end of my road them i have had them and. model women in the community some of them sell water at the south provisional fruits others go to the fishing harbor to buy fish which they smoke and sell but now a lot of them pick waste on their way back home to. that you know $1.00 a gallon. environment 360 well pick up the food socks later.
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bobby jr high school is out for the day time to gather up the west that's ended up in the school yard in the course of the day. don't forget to wash your hands after what's nowadays these kids in gonna clean up the west they have produced as a matter of causes. these children already have a clue how plastic can be recycled but not everybody knows what to do with the empty plastic bottles plastic bottles are easy to buy but not so easy to get rid of that pop up all over the place littering the streets and nature to all too many end up in waste dumps or washed out to sea. plastic bottles are made from petroleum they're light practical and can be found pretty much everywhere. globally a 1000000 are sold every single minute of the day if they were placed into end the plastic bottles sold in 2016 would form
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a chain stretching all the way to the planet mercury but we don't need to go to mercury so you've bought a drink in a plastic bottle and finished it what happens next in an ideal scenario it will be really used some can be refilled up to 15 times if there washed properly most aren't that sturdy that. many end up in a shredder where they're ground up into flakes of plastic. these can be used to make products like fleece clothing very nice except for the fact that every time the fleece has watched it releases plastic particles into the water. what about the rest of the plastic bottles they get thrown away or dropped right in the street or somewhere out in nature a significant portion of them land in dumps or are eventually carried out to sea. between 5 and 13000000 tons of plastic garbage end up in the ocean every year a huge problem because plastics can take up to 450 years to decompose. if
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plastic trash doesn't get caught in propellers on ships or isn't washed up on the beach in the floating pieces grow smaller and smaller as they drift with the currents algae grows on their services and that draws fish and sea birds they think the particles are food and swallow them when too much collects in their stomachs real food no longer passes through and they starve. and if those fish end up in our nets they enter our food supply directly either as fresh or can see food do we want to eat that no we don't because it certainly isn't healthy. almost everybody has one but do you know where the metals in your mobile phone comes from to u.n.c. no not exactly to be honest but mainly i guess their mind here in africa congo is i'm here for example very often on that terrible working conditions and high environmentalists cos that's why i don't start of came up with the idea of
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developing an ethical smartphone and in the process raises awareness to where the metals that go into it come from. well by more than a 1000000000 use nonsense consul annually and the old ones think it thrown away. fair phone a small company in the netherlands wants to stop this waste of resources it has developed a smartphone that is longer lasting and more easily repaired than most on the market mikhail ballesteros one of the company's founders he richly studied industrial design. designers were in no way part of the problem of. very light very fast promo cycles so i started studying the strategy behind the production of. products in general and for fun was a great place to develop my yes for. this is what the company's model
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a smart phone looks like it's easy to disassemble and repair and new parts such as improved cameras can be installed. the phone is main idea was to produce the phones fairly that means with fair wages and safety standards for the workers and without materials from conflict regions. they had to search widely to fulfill that requirement in northern rwanda they discovered the new book around a mining company which operates a tungsten mine this role for c c here it makes your phone shake and that's made of toast and from here. the mine is close to the border with the democratic republic of congo. since conflicts in the neighboring country flared up again cells of tungsten from these mines plummeted. with after a well we did. you connection again. so that means the mine
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itself the traders smelter which is in austria but also like many factors in time to come together in working the supply chain the source of material from the mouth of one now from that specific mine so we were able to we were able to work with a mind that was out of conflict but also to help them have business again so that they can be. further. the fair phones are manufactured in china which is also where the gold used in the chips comes from. smartphones contain more than 40 different metals itself their phone is only been able to build up a fair and sustainable supply chain for 5 of them that if it comes at a price if their phone costs around 600 euros sustainability has become a trend but it will be a while before it goes mainstream is definitely frontier model it's definitely a topic but it's still a nation topic there is a certain market for fairly produced smartphones but i don't think it's mainstream
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yet but it's a topic that may change the moment that manufacturers are able to combine fair production with performance and up to date features. when that moment comes i think demand will rise considerably you can't remember your going off target by their phone has won a number of prizes for its efforts to manufacture and effect conditions. with around $160000.00 customers in europe it has captured a corner of the smartphone market and hopes to keep growing. from every time in this challenge that we have. is very open and transparent because we want to talk more about the challenges not less so we have a different approach through to sustainability if you want. as a wreath there's an opportunity. the name fair phone still promises more than the company can entirely deliver but it is helping to make the difficulties associated
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with fair production plain for all to see. in recent years mobile phones have become almost essential for making money transfers and handling business transactions in rural africa and of course you can take your phone with you wherever you go or you also have to keep the battery charged here in nigeria and that's not always so easy because the past apply is quite erotic but any engineers at the university of nigeria are working to alleviate the problem let's go see what they're doing. nigeria's national power supply is notoriously unreliable. there are frequent outages so many people depend on generators. engineers at the university of nigeria are looking for solutions. they've constructed a system that converts organic waste into gas that materials such as corn husks or
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wood chips are fed into the reactor which breaks. down the chemical process produces gas which in turn powers a generator that produces electricity. we've never. made or. one that we've been able to generate electricity. we've been there would have been lying through which we know them but i mean. this power plant cost about $25000.00 euros to build. a culture is the energy needs for the department of engineering but researchers are working on a larger version. it would take 12 of those larger versions to supply energy for the whole campus that would save the university a lot of money and put waste to good use to the people and the environment. and how about you. if you're also doing your bit tell us about it. visit
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our website or send us a tweet hash tag doing your beat. we share your stories. from nigeria we are now heading south to check out a pretty amazing project believe it or not some women in a small community in western uganda make a living by selling. dung but only after they've turned it into. bank on their own enables them to send that children just school also people medicine i mean along on this woman is about. also hope that their contribution will help to discover elephant poaching as well. oh. and offense dong is
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a valuable resource for people here members of the tara community who live near the queen elizabeth national park collect these drop ins as a rule material for people. moses is heading up the project he picked up on the idea after a group of tourists explained the process to him. off the long time suffering because of. crossing the boundary i understand we look on how we're going to get the compensation for the groups which satisfied me that in france. the plants eaten by elephants contain fiber that makes excellent paper the woman 1st soft in the dog boiling and washing it to clean it orally the remaining fibers are then built into and dried. the guitar community uses the paper to make bags notebooks and event cards scraps can be turned into necklaces the communities
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products are purchased by lodges in the park and sold on to tourists for between 5 and 15 dollars. then those in the city and we use some of the money to buy school much here as for french children. as provides us with. while the rest we reinvest in the hands of crafts shop and. there were. other villages have also turned to collect in elephant dung and these farmers buells makeshift houses in their fields to keep watch over the crops when the elephants calm they try to chase them away and keep the drop ins on average they collect about 100 kilograms of dung every week. and when the elephants have headed back to the park we go out and get the donkey
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dry it and sell it to the tara community and i am $3.00 for each bucket and that helps me buy something of. value a. little bit of a. now you want to know much will quit and uganda many farmers are women often they are we don't swith no obvious source of income their husbands were killed while poaching in the park the elephants pose a real threat to their crops but being able to make an income from their dong has helped change their attitude towards the elephants or go without. bad feelings about it now we're focusing on improving this project itself in us to pay for our children's school fees they want to grow up to feel the fact hasn't quite enough because their fathers were killed there too also such projects like these i was young you froze wildlife authorities say the qatar community's help in uganda its population of 5000 elephants to grow back in the 1980 s.
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they were just 700 of the animals left in the country. knows there's a god and others in the project are committed to the cause at 1st our people our own innocence to get i voted for sale and others then they get to meet for sale and others they pose on because of being annoyed so we're also trying to address the extinction of elephants you know community because as i talk to people now they are no longer getting into fights that no longer present to get a fuss because they are gaining. income out of course i think that into france and with the elephant population growing business is booming and most is a goddess paper making startup. our next report takes us today gyptian capital do you know what the population of. over 9000000 i mean if you
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include greater cairo it's actually over 20000000 that makes it the 2nd most populous metropolitan area in africa after my home lagos city. and as you know n.t. a large cities come with a lots of problems like meeting the city's food needs there's plenty of farmland along the nile of course and egypt still imports a lot of food now there's also an initiative it to use the city's rooftops as gardens let's pay a visit to one of these green oasis. every day mohammed to her tends to his garden for 3 years now the more as in has been planting different vegetables on the rooftop terrace of his mosque in the quarter of a teen. it's a patch of green in the concrete jungle of cairo. mainly looking to create a clean atmosphere in the area and on the roof. not much more than that. of the
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income generated from this goes into the charity trust here at the mosque. he often brings his grandchild along who really loves roll cayle. mohammed didn't have to pay for the equipment cairo based organization should do was installed it for free. shareef hosni and his brother set up the n.g.o.s 8 years ago they decided to work with hydroponics because that requires little water and no soil and the space for the efficient system on practically any rooftop. a little ominous and they did that for families with low income and this kind of project can raise income a little bit. of them and 3rd be able. so it doesn't have only environmental benefits but also social ones.
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in poorer districts like how one rooftop often cluttered with all trash should do things now setting up 500 gardens here instead the residents of this building set up their micro farm 3 months ago and now they're ready to harvest for the 1st time that got me it's beautiful i wish everyone would do this and those who have the space should get involved and do this to. get up there unused here installing a rooftop garden cost the equivalent of $630.00 euros but the families only have to pay around $20.00 euros of that. 95 percent of the large scale project is being financed by a swiss foundation shut to fight any surplus produce and sells it in the egyptian capital with the help of other local n.g.o.s.
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mortaza mustapha installed the 1st rooftop garden 8 years ago since then he's put up over 200 of them. with her. on this rooftop we're working with 2 families. because each one will receive 2 set ups that's $420.00 plants in total. after. the stuff from should do explain to the families how often the plants need watering and which strains grow best. probably around what we've done projects where we planted seeds with young girls between $9.15. people of any age can learn how to use this hydroponic system you know why the company it's not complex or hard to maintain or how we time of my mention of. the residence also learn how to get started by placing witching strips in all the cups they feed water to the roots. then seeds around it.
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they've chosen malaki a plant whitely cultivated in egypt and lettuce. in a few months when the plants are growing to maturity the families can harvest twice a month. and i mean we're also beautifying our roof people looking out of the window or coming up you will see a lovely scene the dedication of a few families will hopefully inspire others to follow the rooftop gardens are already helping cairo grow a little greener. and with god love new view it's time to say goodbye that was our weekly roundup of environment stories on our pick and you wrote thanks for watching and that's it for me. in lagos and it's goodbye for me to end south africa day to day don't forget to join us on our social media
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platforms and web page where you can share your comments and suggestions. see you next time. up. the gut. feeling a. little. more
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