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tv   Doc Film  Deutsche Welle  June 13, 2019 11:15am-12:00pm CEST

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but through. well up next a doc film about douglas 3 d.c. 3 the plane that changed the world and don't forget you can always get the latest as we have mr around the clock on our website that's it of get up comical follow us on such a thing. or 1st occurring less of a minute doors grandma with arrives feeling the joining a regular chain on her journey back to freedom. in our interactive documentary in the story of an orangutan returns home news on t w dot com tanks.
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june 6th 1944 for many the normandy invasion is seen as the defining day of wild water. yet even now little is known about the wrong $850.00 transport planes played on d.-day. they were critical to the ally success. of the deceased 3 is a bit of a jekyll and hyde aircraft because it has a civilian life but it also has this military life. during the 2nd world war the d.c. 3 helps the allied forces secure victory. in the cold war it saved west bonnet from a soviet takeover. gotten kind of on foot. we were not afraid of these kind of
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bombers we all knew that they had come to help us is. in vietnam however the savior plane became a vicious weapon sent in by night. following her military korea this chameleon of the skies transforms us self once more she becomes an outliner again and a grand lady of post-war aviation. the d.c. three's many names reflect its long and storied history sky sleep dakota candy boma and c 47. it has been for decades i mean what other aircraft can you say has flown for nearly a century and continues to fly. and know of a plane in the wild has been built in such numbers as.
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the d.c. 3 was launched in california in 1936 and in just 10 years old and 16000 of them were produced. in the u.s. it revolutionized that travel sidelining the railroad from long distance transport . the d.c. 3 his main competitor was a german plane. that you 52 as an element and i always structure. it was also popular and reliable because they carry 15 passengers.
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the d.c. 3 was superior to the u. 52 in every respect more seats better flight performance a modern design it became a role model for several generations of passenger aircraft. but soon the 2nd world war would dramatically change its daily life. in switzerland the american plane became part of history. this one nearly ended up on a highway intersection in dubai. now restored to her former glory she's an often i catch up to rival the alps. she was rescued by who go motus a local businessman the d.c. 3 has become his hobby and now plays an important role in his life.
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each year he spends about 70 hours in the cockpit. much good because you can feel the plane when you fly it and you have to take it in your hands and experience at me as a pilot i'm important so i have to do it myself of good at something quite special expertise. in 136 swiss that decided against the german u. 52 choosing the d.c. 3 instead with paris london and berlin among the outlines prime destinations.
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switzerland became douglas's us custom in europe. during world war 2 the swiss d.c. 3. to avoid being shot down by the germans as enemy at craft. d.c. 3 is there enjoying as pleasant a retirement as the vintage plane in switzerland. of the 16000 planes built most are now grounded. but even in the ak rough bone yards a d.c. 3 retains a good value unlike most other aircraft. in wisconsin retired house awaiting to take to the skies once again there was
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a few $1000.00 each. the airframe is fantastic it is after all a d.c. 3 and modernize the electronics you put the new engines in it and you have almost a new airplane. conversions in oshkosh these veterans of world war 2 a given a new lease on life. this one spending also started a 2nd career as a retired c 47 the military passion of the d.c. 3.
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i've only been there for a year now over a year so honestly i was extremely intimidated but again knowing those can be the only girl. ashley has been interested in planes since she was a child she began her career helping out after as which is what brought her to oshkosh home to the well it's not just aviation show. their history a lot of history so much each aircraft tells a different story and i mean even judy over there obviously that one has quite a history as well and it's just it's amazing what aircraft stories can tell. judy for example could tell how she was shot in the war and how she and several emergency landings. when judy was missing california the one who quite different from the original idea
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of darkness to construct an atlanta don't get seats during the day and bats at night. the fast customer american airlines placed the order with a mansion instead of a formal contract. the service was limited it was also very expensive you have to be fairly wealthy to fly it was not for everyone people dressed in their sunday best to go fly because it was an occasion. going to staff suddenly became highly sought after korea the sleeper provided great comfort huge seats like living room chairs modern ladies and gentlemen store knits. and at night the seats became beds.
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hollywood snuff the sleeper for the 1st time actors could fly in from new york without any annoying hotel accommodation or train transfers. travel time between east and west coasts was can't buy more than half to only 15 hours. including 3 stopovers for refueling. so the d.c. 3 kind of change things by making the journey the destination i suppose the sort of slogging it out and it's getting where you need to go. the planes landed in glendale near beverly hills.
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the d.c. 3 response to robust and extremely economical. other airlines also place their orders with doctors for regular service without the baggage this was a master stroke of design and make the pied piper profitable. the hollywood sleep has almost been forgotten today but not in florida. palm trees and the road to the moss family after. when the last knee bone was sold a few years ago the family acted fast the original aircraft registration number is still visible. the family wants to restore the d.c. 3 but they like the money to do so. this is what flagship tennessee look like in our prime back when she flew the rich and the beautiful
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across the united states. we're going to bring it back to what it was in a 930 secs. as the the oldest d.c. 3 in the world today and you know it's it was a 61 ever built so of all the d.c. there is this one really really deserves to live again and to show the world what airline travel was in the mid thirty's. on board the food was freshly prepared that were no classes like today every ticket was equally expensive. a flight across the united states cost the equivalent of 2 months salary and you even amount to smog.
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i started when i was about 15 years old flying d.c. series with my dad from from miami to the bahamas turks and caicos and. you know in 2007 we bought our 1st one as a family. in the 1990 s. the most family was living and flying in alaska. at the age of 7 glenn was announced to take control of the plane under his father's supervision of course. it was really something to go to alaska with my parents to be able to fly with my dad from fairbanks to the different indian villages goldmines places. really no one gets to go to. the swiss entrepreneur motus is also following his dreams however there is
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a difference of a few $1000000.00 between his ambitions and those of the moss family. in oshkosh the swiss hobby pilots has bought enough d.c. 3 from the matter. judy. let's talk about my airplane they were going to do to get us out some the workshop manisha discussed the rebuilding of the act. during world war 2 judy carried paratroopers in just 2 years from now she will be able to do so again. gus was painted in the feel good town we have now but there is still a lot to be done i knew it when i bought or. buying the plane costs around 120th of what i'll spend in total and by the time i'm finished i'll have invested the same thing 19 times until it's what i wanted to be it's always 3 months ago. in december 1941 the united states and his wild war too. many civilian d.c.
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3 s. including all sleepless requisitioned and converted into c. $47.00 military transporters. in addition the united states built up its own stock . it also. supplied hundreds of c 40 seven's to its allies especially to great britain and the soviet union. in england the 101st us airborne division was rehearsing for d.-day for the liberation of western europe. thousands of paratroopers supported a landing operation in normandy. one of the units later became known as the band of brothers. the most important vehicle for transport and supplies was the sea 47 a true course.
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we had a number of see far as. practice jumps in the states and of course after we got over to europe to england we perhaps had 15 or 20 practice jumps from the sea $47.00. the americans brought as much as they could to the table. they only had one chance with the invasion so it had to be successful. best surprise attack from behind german lines helped establish the beachheads. for the 1st time in a conquered life supplied the paratroopers the c. 40 seven's totem towards the target zone.
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they gratis care everything in the world and we need the suppliers we need the ammunition and we needed the equipment so they gladys provided that for us we couldn't care what others on a c 47 had to be on it lathers i'm sure that if we want for the go hours of it weren't for the c $47.00 pulling. the missile would never been accomplished. the gliders were made of wood they did not have to return and were therefore designed to be disposable they had a high failure rate. yes . they are cracked up the minute they hit the ground they cracked up there were no
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more good and. when it cracked up they cracked up a lot of people with them the paratroopers call them flying coffins because we would have nothing to do with them they were dangerous. as the invasion approached the americans had cause to be consigned. to motivate his troops general eisenhower the commander in chief addressed them in brown sometimes. 42. 40. 5. these pictures 1st national security united states 40 pm. i recall very well that everyone was nervous very quiet but virgin nervous you can
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see it you could feel it. just. in the 1st wave around 850 military transport has released 17000 paratroopers coming back in the waves to provide them with supplies. start. on their flight to france and shames and his cone rates watched the deployments of hundreds of warships making their way towards the beaches of normandy. the invasion began with shelling from the naval lottery. but even in this opening failed to pave the way for the ground
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troops they encountered strong john and defense fire. as long as the enemy could supply enough ammunition to its beach fortifications the allied invasion would not be able to succeed. it was the tusk of the power troopers to cut off the job and supply routes by taking control of all bridges near the beaches so that the allied ground forces could land safely. but. this mission was extremely dangerous the generals expected a casualty rate of 50 percent. edge shame's and his comrades realized what they were up against. dollars of fred scared. shaking like anyone else at that time because we knew that was
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a real thing i was scared to death at that moment. in talking about 15 minutes to land floating in the hat the men were exposed to john the defensive fire. jumped into a bunch of flak tracer bullets artillery shells flak and so forth. hour the here i'll never know because the plane you can hear the flak bounce off the who get ready to jump not only that prior shoot was coming down it could hear something going through the prior shoots cutting through the sill in that sound as never left me to this day. few units jumped off at the right point because the pilots had lost their
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orientation. a new radar system intended to mark the landing zones did not want. some units ended up 5 miles from a drop zone others as far as 50 miles away. we were there in no way and land and they would target or we had to make contact with the beach forces. which we did after 3 days. once they had landed the paratroopers was supplied exclusively from b. at. the c. 40 seven's came back again and again pulling the gliders behind them.
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but that is what the german vomit were expecting they had flooded the fields and meadows to prevent the gliders from landing safely. the germans also put up the ladder barriers like poles like trees and feels where the arrows would land they did that quite a few places in normandy but we overcame him somehow. overcoming the barriers came at a high price to the glider crews one in 4 some jews was killed in the operation. but those who survived helped turn the tide in favor of the allies. the german troops ran out of ammunition allowing allied forces to conquer the beaches and advance in the land. the vast had to withdraw or surrender.
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after only 3 days the allied forces moved eastward to recapture france. given the high risks faced by the paratroopers and gliders general eisenhower on the courage of his man but also praised the d.c. 3 as a key factor in winning the 2nd world war. the fust newsreel footage of the invasion into apparent american cities featured a plane called that sought. this d.c. 3 became a legend of the war. when
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the crew baptize the plane with this name the paratroopers intended to send a message to at all. that's all. after the war the famous sacrifice disappeared without a trace until it was miraculously rediscovered and based in oshkosh 70 years later . we actually didn't even know we had it it was sold to us by by a gentleman who was down on his luck and had pretty much run his operation out of money and he wanted to sell their point to us and we put it back with the other airplanes in our bone yard recall back in the grass and it sat there for several years i think 7 maybe and we just didn't even know we had it.
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by sheer chance historian recognized that song brother by his serial number. suddenly had a superstar on our hands but also a problem many wanted to buy the famous war horse including swiss enthusiastic who go modest. but in the end he had to make do with judy. it was annoying because they had promised i could buy it but i understand the historical reasons this plane belongs to america to say good to america. in oklahoma city the fate of many vintage planes rests in the hands of brawn owens rai is giving the right heel legends
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a thumbs up or down no pilots would ever data disagree with roy's assessment a well maintained engine is the best life insurance the pilots can have. this behind us is the area you're here or into the command they're just. from there they go to cleaning from their. polishing and inspection you for their bill. everything was handmade and everything is so precise there's an amazing engine. today judy's radio engine is under inspection it's dismantled to see if it cylinders still walk safely enough or whether they've been pushed on the hill to heart.
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the d.c. 3 has 2 engines with 14 selland as each each cylinder. $86.00 horsepower generating a total of $2400.00 horsepower. it's . i guess bearing asteroid bearing my fate hugo mata's roy has any bad news today there is total lad in almost all of judy senate as there is. they are heavily used very used you. like new or better quality surfing movies would not fit your needs i don't feel. as though there are new fillers available here every so this is given out is just was stupid overdoes we knew that it was used but i did not expected to be so extreme the engines are completely exhausted just gets to the
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eco scale a it. for the swiss pinus in something some pill to swallow 14 senators for a whopping $50000.00. bought as an engineer he knows the parts of this quantity comment a price. a week later the brand new old engine will be on its way to oshkosh to become a part of judy. when a hobby becomes serious passion maybe what is most required. but knowledge is equally crucial. mobility has become more important to us than ever before but so too has reliability. such strength to time and success or defeat.
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and not only in water. and not only on the d.c. 3. not even the engineers at douglas could have gas that some 80 years later that isn't would be considered the most successful plane in aviation history. by lennart to the 2nd world war was a city in ruins. the german capital had paid heavily for its role at the heart of the conflict. its people lived in holes and cellars they were starving. so-called rubble women cleared the sites of the bombed out houses. but then the victors began to argue. in june the 948 the soviet union blocked all land route sent about and then so that the western allies could no longer get
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supplies to their sectors of the city. the americans and the british decided to supply 2000000 people from the air. it would become the most ambitious and left ever attempt is. d.c. stories were brought in again including $300.00 british dakotas. lynas call them candy bombers one of the pilots was gail house and he's filming with his camera. many pilots still knew banished from the war. only look closely. and we had got used to aircraft noise as children from the elad air raids in the war. but after the war there wasn't much as traffic over bilin. now it started again in $148.00 with the airlift.
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we were not afraid of the scan the bombers we all knew that they had come to help us. in june 1908 germany was divided into 4 occupied sectors. the candy bombers reach west berlin using 2 car doors from hamburg and frankfurt as they with a fast and corridors in the wild. as soon as the planes were unloaded they returned to west germany using a 3rd return corridor towards hanover. berlin was probably the busiest airport on the planet for a brief period of time anything from food to coal to milk everything that the berlin population needed was slow in it it was amazing. every pilot had to make a successful fast landing environment or fly back immediately without landing at all that schedule was excruciating the tight.
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food and cold with the primary supplies flown in on the d.c. 3 s. john walker's had 30 minutes to unload the jack raft that was break time for the pilot's. galas filming the snack bar where the pilots got their sandwiches they flew in up to 7 times each day. affected by the abject poverty he saw among the children of buying then save some candy from his own rations and dropped it out of his plane attached to little parachutes and soon the other pilots began to do the same. the german children laughed as. with this gesture the americans won by hearts and minds of the west germans. then no
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wind if there was a persian coming down then hundreds of children would run through the streets and chase it. it was an adventure for us. as though you had found some golden treasure yes a bar of chocolate i didn't know a single child back then i had a whole chocolate bar for themselves to give my daughter lana isn't of. today thousands of people barbecue every summer. when doris france got looks out over the abandon tempelhof afy of the old by an airport he wonders how many of them know about the role it played some 70 years ago. after the alledged the d.c. 3 suffered as a passenger plane for a few more years. but the emergence of faster and more comfortable jets soon put it
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out of business. the boeing began to take control of the skies for us the 707 on long haul flights than the 7 to 7 for middle distance routes and in the mid 1960 s. the boeing 737 for short was. but even in the jet age the veteran roared back to life. in vietnam the d.c. 3 and her final nickname puff the magic dragon after a well known hippie anthem. in vietnam the armed cargo version a c 47 did not rain chocolate but rather fire and death. first trace around munition was shot to detect and illuminated the targets
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at night. then came a hail of machine gun bullets firing up to 6000 rounds a minute. the magic dragon became the messenger of death. there were 3 large guns set up and the rear port side of the aircraft and because of it it's turning capability and because it was a slower aircraft it could actually wing around in a pylon formation and hit extremely tight targets just continuously so they could basically hold down the enemy in a basically a firing pattern just circle around them and keep them pinned into this this one area. the crew flew until they ran to be the fuel i mean.
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thanks to the gunships the usaaf force managed to stop several enemy offenses. but this time not even the d.c. 3 gets hung around them in the tree. after the u.s. withdrawal from vietnam the d.c. 3 finally seem to be consigned to history in most parts of the wild. but as it turns out its story was far from over. there are still new and exciting chapters to be resin in the 1990 s. the d.c. 3 days old virtues are being enhanced with new technology such as turbo engines and
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a modern cockpit vintage aircraft are being reborn as base let up those the turbo d.c. 3 combines the best of 2 wilds from the past the original license the airframe and the aviation features and from the present the safety of a modern cockpit. i when starting the engines you can immediately have a different the top of a rock sounds like you just. walk. in silence and. free just look up.
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and. i think i'm back like i am for you and this is how awful. this place will soon be commissioned by nasa to carry out my snatch of the south pole. i the john alfred bacon and shoot has also boys to talk about classics and equip them with sophisticated technology the power to research i polish 6 will soon be setting off but the north pole. was i'm releasing the coupling you know. the phone leaving for the arctic the research about great risk have to test it unless it is carried like a cruise missile under the home or carry on a stroke oh well.
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it is a great system we fly at low level and the instrument records the thickness of the c.i. is from 25 meters above its surface but it doesn't pick up if. our listening splice nguni a 300 kilometer. out and very low. this would be a serious disadvantage in passenger transportation but it allows the researchers to gather accurate data of a long distances. on line and lets me on we've seen in recent years that the ice is getting thinner and thinner in 2001 we found as the bout 2.20 meters thick in summer it was about half of that last year and now we're curious to see what the eyes looks like this year. it's a minister who's respond to us as males. the results of these research flights provide evidence of climate change for example in
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greenland. greenland loses 3 times as much ice every year as there is in the entire european alps. the original features of the d.c. 3 include a sextant. this announce the pilots and navigate with the sun in case his g.p.s. files. may have a north pole the magnetic fields are a risk for modern navigation. weather permitting the team cruises over the north atlantic for up to 6 hours a day. within 2 weeks 3000 kilometers will be screened and a huge amount of data gathered. busy
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station north is the northernmost point of greenland inhabited by only a few soldiers. the gravel runway at this danish military post is not a problem for the d.c. 3 she manages well on uneven surfaces and can even land on snow and ice. if you put it on wheels as normally you put it on skis you can use it in the winter time off frozen rivers and lakes you can use it in deserts you can use it in small airports you can use it in mountainous areas it is a fantastic aircraft that can take off from fairly short fields using. the technology that was available at the time. the 1000 lives of the d.c. 3. was an exceptional johnny through the 20th century not sure ian's hollywood sleeper. cargo carrier the savior of west bound then
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and now at the age of 80 helping to solve the riddles of climate change. no other aircraft has done more to shape the course of history. keep it old go. enter the conflict zone confronting the powerful. my guest this week here in berlin is the qatari foreign minister spoke farsi i'll cut out the last 2 years the gulf state of qatar has been blockaded by a cortex of arab states which accuses of supporting terrorism she has always denied the charges for. conflicts of folks 13 it was deemed double.
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in istanbul i can't give mahmoud is a dog like a pop star he won the election command in march of president everyone's ruling party claiming the regularities now don't be a rerun of the model is still in the race. supporters see them as the best hope of saving democracy in turkey. in the midst on g.w. . sometimes books are more exciting than real life. raring to read. what if there's no escape. ritualised.
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plus treats. this is deja vu news live from berlin to oil tankers that operatives have been reported to have been were attacked attacked in the gulf the crews are evacuated and the u.s. navy rushes to assist amid heightened tensions between washington and tehran for tankers were damaged in the alleged sabotage attacks a month ago. also coming out ebola is spreading again.

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