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tv   Shift  Deutsche Welle  June 16, 2019 8:15pm-8:30pm CEST

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13 mill by the us in their opening day and they were also quickly behind against the swedes if lend us some brand heading in their 1st 6 minutes thailand threatens for adequate but it was soon to know for sweden after a goalkeeping air force of orion us loni with that goal seeking added 2 more but plucky thailand struck late through kind of generous and going before sweden for a penalty we're up to date thanks for watching. everyone oh. i am happy. it's been 15 years since the mining. sheep it was the 1st man to walk on the. farm where. as a small boy he dreamed of the stars. and sometimes he seen anything no matter how to. be sure you're going to.
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is an astronaut he took part in the greatest adventure in history. liam armstrong the moon was his destiny starts july 20th on t.w. . the recent vote in india the world's biggest democracy will stop the election in america it has been said that trump would never have become president without the help of facebook and in germany and the run up to the european parliament election was on you tube i posted a video railing against the conservative c.d.u. party it dominated the 5 days of its complaint what effects to social media have on democracy are you tube facebook and co threatening free society our topic on ship today.
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2.6000000000 people worldwide use facebook instagram i was up at least once a day i know i do social platforms actually the main place where many teenagers get their news but it's important to check sources and facts because especially in social media it's often unclear where a post comes from what comes up on our news feed isn't random facebook and poll carefully tailor content to individuals interests and tastes the companies have a profile on every inch time we click on something we give clues about our likes and dislikes and our profiles get more and more detail so if you think you're in full control of what you see online i'm afraid that you're mistaken. also show media companies make money with effectively placed ads that are individually tailored to user profiles they know what kind of car users drive who's just had
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a baby and who is planning a world trip so called micro-targeting can sway a user without them even noticing politicians also target their constituents but online it's often hard to recognize political ads. in them cannot invoke when the margin of an election is narrow with just a few votes tipping the scale like what just happened in michigan and wisconsin it's all about mobilizing every last voter no solid data analysis can make a political communication strategy more effective than i was perfectly. this is where social media profiles become a tool for focusing campaign car drivers want lower fuel costs young parents want safer neighborhoods and someone planning a world trip is probably well off and would be happy if taxes were lower targeting ads have long played an important role in campaigning. micro-targeting
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micro-targeting is constantly developing george w. bush used it during his 2004 campaign as it obama in 2008 and hillary clinton and donald trump and 2016. now you could argue that microtargeting is a good thing for instance i don't own a car so i don't care about new car ads. but what if that makes an algorithm think i'm not interested in any current news what about exhaust fumes on you immobility technologies but knowledge is power and people should be able to choose what information they access plus they should be provided balance views on social media this is often not the case like on twitter well far right german minority repeatedly managed to secure discussions. this is how it goes so in post and news item saying that muhammad is the most popular name in germany is capital berlin. give permission goes viral in social media and takes on new
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meaning which far right users think confirms their fear that germany has been flooded by foreigners. according to a new study almost half of the items posted in social media platforms lean towards the extreme right and yes only 10 percent of users belong to extreme right parties . the 5 the danger is that posts that reflect people's anger create even more anger which then ends up in establishing an innocent. this happened after a far right politician had posted another news item and disparaged the fact that there was no how loud version of the famous was chocolate prepared according to the precepts of islam. the post was shared thousands of times and even turned up in serious daily papers. in this case social media helped far right politicians spread their world view. social media play an
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important role in political discourse and users and politicians alike need to know how to handle that one great example for how not to handle things is what happened in germany and the run up to the european parliament election you tube a result has 1600000 followers and is known for his political commentary you normally find in rapping or telling jokes but shortly before the election he posted a video that quickly went viral and modified politicians in a blistering tirade reso dismissive of germany's largest conservative party the c.d.u. of course they were not amused but well the party's reaction to the video really showed was most german politicians still don't know how to deal with social media does the internet is still uncharted territory for us my favorite quote by merkel what's it like in your country are your politicians also still overwhelmed with the
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internet. review i'm going to show how city you politicians live how they like basic skills for their job how they make policies against expert opinion that they've participated in walk crimes and how they use propaganda and misinformation against younger generations. strong words followed by an awkward aftermath the c.d.u. responded to the you tube video with p.d.f. 11 pages long and then the party's leader called for rules for digital spaces divide to state the question is clear if you consider populism what rules should we apply in the analog spear and which rules apply to digital spaces time behind critics say this means listen to your party supports online censorship but reso did exactly what daily newspaper commentators would do he stated his opinion paradoxically politicians then began discussing whether results comments. weren't
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being discussed at all quite a foolhardy approach meanwhile the online community began discussing what resort has not how he gets his video was shared commented. and praised most content related to bed took place online without politicians german politicians have a lot to catch up on i think it's definitely better to join a conversation and to censor it controlling social media and restricting freedom of expression already in china social media is much more a part of everyday life over 800000000 people logged on each day but the government closely monitors what users do with their. international social media companies grew immensely over the past decade but in china western platforms are not the country has its own. set of facebook you tube and what we chat.
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and. digital activists. gives some insight as to why. the advantage of those chinese companies are they promise the government they harbor compasses to control our online contacts so they will not they will listen to the government or they will actually preemptively deleting lot of accountants before the internet police even take a look. nice social media providers monitor their own platforms and censorship stricter shopping and browsing. but content which could shed public political opinion is closely sense it and anyone who directly criticizes the chinese government faces harsh sanctions like this young. human rights defenders sentenced to 19 years imprisonment he had criticised persecution of weaker muslims his messages. we use this evidence against him in court after the arab spring turns
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garman that's where they really felt. frightened. so any information any activity is using the social media to coordinate a collective action to express the kind of political opinion is under severe punishment. government has largely succeeded in eliminating the topics of data protection and privacy from public debate privacy is no discussion in china because the government preventing such a large scale discussion in the civil society for ordinary chinese consumers they have no option this is how china has created a system in which social media does not promote democracy. that's unsettling but what about countries without the same centralized censorship as china a social media more neutral and reliable they're. a safe place for political
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opinions let's look at south america uses their can access any social platform they like and they do often 246000000 people use facebook and co at least once a day in south america far more than that in the us or you so it's not surprising that social media has a big impact on political opinion but it seems state interference is also a problem benazir whalen human rights activist majano. explains that the american government biggest been the source of mis information and this happens with government with political forces also from opposition parties. and also of course with big media conglomerates but. this aspect of this information can prompt some. digital rights activists marianna dia's anomalies says that in latin america governments do not sense use social media but that does not mean freedom of speech is under. threat. the government are you seeing its cues for storing
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revelations about hate speech and information the sort of there's a way. being in the government to decide what counts as fake news and hate speech no evidence required in effect this allows them to regulate social media content. for instance if you say something about the president that implies that sort of the president can be hate speech then it becomes and that's not what hate speech about hate speech about. critical opinions can this simply be dismissed as hate speech or misinformation and the government monitoring what should be a free space in this way can keep politicians in power while undermining the principle of democracy social media and democracy difficult topic can social media strengthen democracy on the positive side social platforms make it quick and
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easy for anyone to exchange ideas join discussions and gather information they can actively take part in political debate on the negative side companies and politicians are controlling water content receipt micro-targeting makes it easier to manipulate people than ever before right wing populist can skew probably base by constantly bringing their topics to the forefront of discussions. governments like china monitoring and limiting activity what do you think is social media helping or hurting democracy i love exchange as long as we stay aware that facebook and co don't offer a balanced view and you can find more digital topics on our you tube channel see you there.
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