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tv   DW News  Deutsche Welle  June 19, 2019 1:00pm-1:31pm CEST

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just interview news live from berlin a staggering new figure from the un's refugee agency the number of people displaced from their homes across the world has reached 72000000 people hear about the scale of the problem and possible solutions from the un's high commissioner for refugees . also coming up u.s. president donald trump launches his 2020 be election campaign addressing thousands of supporters in orlando florida trump said that he was spearheading a movement with one goal. to catch growth to keep america great
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guitar. was. kind of the women's world cup the australian matilda's waltzed into the tournament last 16 with a comprehensive victory over jamaica. i'm sara kelly welcome to the program new figures from the united nations refugee agency show with record numbers of people have been displaced by war or persecution more than 70000000 people around the world are currently displaced now most of those refugees are coming from syria the war there has forced nearly 7000000 people to leave the country meantime afghanistan south sudan neon mar and somalia. also
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saying millions leaving because of conflict and persecution where are they going to top the list of host countries with 3700000 people followed by pakistan uganda and sudan germany is 5th on the list with more than 1000000 refugees all of a closer look at uganda now and ask why this country has been more welcoming to refugees and many others. seem vice seem stitch by stage it is phony is making a new dress she recently trained as a seamstress as part of a u.n. refugee aid project in 2016 she fled with her family from war torn south sudan to uganda. on our way of the rebels came they took our property tortured us in different ways and beat us. little bones it's like millions of others from south sudan edith and her family found refuge in uganda refugee a.t.f.
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functions differently people aren't simply confined to a camp liking kenya refugees who were arriving here are immediately given a work permit and land which is provided by the communities and then you neighbors they also receive monthly benefits. we have cash on foot as well because when we give them for dead that is restricted to the 4 that we've given them but when you give them cash you have the option to buy and supplement what about that debt that is so each option ugandans have a strong willingness to give to those in need for 20 years they also suffered during the civil war they also benefit from international aid which can be used to build hospitals or schools but of course there are still challenges. as a young school we have enormous talent is one of it is the infrastructure like the
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classrooms are not and now we don't have a science laboratory we don't have a library though we have the books but we haven't know where to put them there are so that it has moved from far distance to camp so the north stuff or does that also the students especially the go more from far distance to come and learn in the school. nobody who missed school is in a jew money district in the north of the country 400000 people live here half of them are refugees some of whom arrived here 50 years ago many of from south sudan where the most recent civil war broke out in 2013 it's led to an ongoing conflict between rival factions titus jogo the refugee officer in the district is happy that the refugees were able to find a new place to call home in uganda he believes it benefits the locals to the prisoners over to someone in your view was mindy's so many people have been told
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not to not not in a city from a disability but it was well under we paid tax when you look at the infrastructure before me we have constructed excess wards in that if it is a tremendous well constructed discourse of course structed has to say. but there are also negative aspects rizzo's is like would supplies on to when drilling in january this year almost $6000.00 more refugees arrived in uganda but it wants to keep its borders open and can only manage this influx with the help of aid money at least for the time being as uganda's policies continue to be put into action it's hoped that refugees will become self-sufficient like seamstress aegis phony. and joining me now here in the studio to discuss this is the un's high commissioner for refugees felipe. thank you so much and welcome to the program thank you you said it yourself this number more than 70000000 people displaced around the world shocking
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why do you think it is still growing it's the symptom of a world without peace even more specifically the world in which we have become unable to make peace look at the images we've just watched in uganda the influx of refugees in uganda is due to mainly 2 conflicts one in south sudan the other one in congo and unless we become more efficient in stopping wars we will continue these see these figure growing and becoming bigger i want to talk a little bit more about the atmosphere toward refugees right now because we have some governments closing borders building walls even paying other governments in order to take in refugees i'm thinking about turkey specifically your response well my response is that. restrictions closures pushbacks are not only wrong let's remember that these people are fleeing from war
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conflict. violence discrimination so they need to have so it's not only wrong to push them back but he's also not efficient the problem will not go away it would just move to another part of the world it would be a problem there and it is just waiting to come back to the rich countries i want to talk about a bit about those attitudes though that are out there because i mean you know we have attitudes really deteriorating not only toward refugees but also toward immigrants in recent years seen as a burden on the system how do you change that mindset i mean has there been a failure here in managing the message in terms of what refugees bring to the table for various countries there have been many failures in managing these population movements we have to recognize that. in europe for example they were designed for much smaller numbers when the numbers became bigger in 2015 europe was not ready
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and that sent the wrong message but also some unscrupulous politicians have exploited that they have realised that by portraying these people as a threat they would gain consensus and votes now this is the wrong approach as i said this doesn't solve the problem. i am always a bit hesitant to present this figure as dramatic it is dramatic of course 70000000 people in need of protection of safety it's traumatic but he's also manageable we're 7 and a half 1000000000 people on this planet it surely we can find ways like uganda did to manage these rules when it comes to your organization the u.n.h.c.r. we know that the united states is among the largest supporters of refugees the u.s. and in fact is the biggest single donor to the us. h.c.r. you've seen the rhetoric from u.s. president donald trump it does not seem to be friendly toward your organization are you worried well i would not say that it is not friendly to my organization because
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like you said that the united states government is a very generous supporter of refugee operations worldwide the discussion which is more complicated is about refugees in the united states that's a complicate the discussion as it is in europe but this has not geo per dies the incredibly strong support including financial support that the u.s. has provided to us and other many n.g.o.s and others working with refugees around the world. your organization the u.n.h.c.r. you seem to be a bit of a fig leaf for countries around the world. do you find that you are still able to do the work that you were commissioned to do from the very beginning i mean what are your frustrations these days when it comes to executing our mission i think if i may were not to feel belief. i have 16000 colleagues
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most of whom are in very far away far away from here field locations working day in day out to bring relief to bring safety to the millions of people that are fleeing conflict together with many other partners their work continues to be relevant and important what frustrates me is of course this environment this toxic environment that stigmatizes. criticizes portrays refugees migrants sometimes even foreigners as the enemy this is like i said easy to to to to spread it's a line that many people embrace because they have opera henchman's and fears but it is not a good lie why are they not the enemy perhaps. you can bust some of those myths for us right now well 1st of all like i said let's not forget that these are people fleeing problems they're not bringing problems so they're not the enemy in that
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sense then of course they move along with many other people migrants and people moving for other reasons that's make that makes it more complicated to manage but it is possible to manage it in a manner that. regulates this requires some responsibility sharing between countries which we don't see much of these days but also in this manner the what these people can offer to countries hosting them becomes positive these people can be valuable contributors to to the economy to the society even to the values of countries that receive them generously as we heard from your report on this is that 7 consecutive year that the number of displaced people around the world has been on the rise how do you see the next 7 years developing and are there perhaps any silver linings any areas in which you are seeing progress we have now something
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called the refugee compact this is an agreement between the countries in the world to improve the manner in which we respond to refugee crisis it was very interesting what we heard just a few minutes ago from uganda because uganda is in model country induct respect it receives refugees it keeps borders open and god knows what the burden it is for them millions from south sudan from the democratic republic of congo and yet people are not put in camps they're allowed to access services that are allowed to work but of course that model which we are promoting needs a lot of support uganda doesn't have all the resources as we heard from that teacher so we should not take for granted that cost be tallied we should support that and in that way i think that if that model is replicated and we're doing it in up. 15 countries these these days we have a new blueprint for a better support model to refugee crises this is
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a reason for optimism amidst the gloom and the midst the fears so a shocking report but some hope for the future joining us with a perspective i thank you very much filippo grant a high commissioner for refugees at the united nations we appreciate it thank you very much. let's get a quick check now of some other stories making news around the world dutch prosecutors say that they will charge 4 suspects with murder for shooting down a malaysian airliner over ukraine in 2014 the dutch led joint investigative team has set the trial for march of next year 298 people were killed most of the dutch government has already said that it holds russia legally responsible for the crash moscow tonight as any involvement. with the candidates to become the next leader of britain's conservative party have clashed in the t.v. debate former foreign minister boris johnson remains a front runner or party lawmakers will narrow the field suitable to 2 in the coming days the party members will then choose their new leader and britain's next prime
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minister in a postal vote. you're watching news still to come in the program why the future of these children in the central asian country of kazakstan could be radically different from previous generations if efforts to switch from the cyrillic alphabet are successful. and photographer it's about this for talk 1st about seo salgado who wins a prestigious german peace prize for exposing the threats that face humanity and our planet as. a human rights expert says that saudi crown prince mohammed bin samon should be investigated over the killing of the journalist jamal khashoggi. i guess komaki cited what she called fret about evidence of bin solomons liability in wednesday's report she said that she found that the probes conducted so far by saudi arabia and turkey had failed to meet international standards but showed she was killed last october in saudi arabia's istanbul
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conscript. us president donald trump has officially launched his bid for reelection in 2020 speaking with thousands of supporters at a rally in florida he lashed out at his opponents portraying himself as a political outsider and. washington trump said that he had been quote under assault from day one of his presidency by the opposition and what he called the fake news media now in a grievance filled speech reminiscent of his 26000 campaign rhetoric trump also painted a grim picture of what life in the united states would look like if he is not elected to a 2nd term. no matter what label they use a vote for any democrat in 2020 is a vote for the rise of radical socialism and the destruction of the american dream . so some familiar topics that we have heard there let's break it down boris johnson boris foreman excuse me joins us now he is
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a professor of politics and foreign college in berlin for us welcome to the program as always so you know we've we've heard you know topics from donald trump there in orlando florida including migration how likely do you think it is that this might be one of the main themes that he he drives forward in this campaign well i mean some people were expecting this to be a starting point for his campaign maybe also content wise this is not what he delivered as you said i mean there were no issues that he brought to the table that were in any way new he's been campaigning all the time basically during his presidency it was also not really in the moment that he would run for reelection because he did that just on the day of his inauguration on january 20th 2017 so in some ways it was a nonevent but in other ways yes i mean he. presented those topics that hard dear to him and that we will probably see again all the wild until the elections
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next year we have to talk about the poll results for him controversial also you know some contradictory polling results in states like ohio pennsylvania florida these are states which are really important for him right but these are the key states the swing states where he's leg and he's also the only president who's never made it to be more proof than does approved in his popularity rankings but nonetheless i mean we should be careful with these poll numbers many of my colleagues and i were to rely on these statistical analyses before the last election and so i think we shouldn't put too much of an emphasis on these numbers just briefly bars the phone. go who do you think the democratic challenger will be and who they stand a chance i'm also being careful with prognosis generally speaking prove i was wrong the last time i think the feud is as broad. as it has ever been i think it's going to weaken the democratic party and they should come to a conclusion as fast as possible of course foreman joining us thank you so 1st.
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it's to the central asian country of kazakstan now which has been pushing to westernize over the last few years to do that authorities want to switch from the cyrillic. it's lucky that learning how to read and write is so fun for these 1st graders at the moment they're learning the cyrillic alphabet in their lessons but soon the kids at this village school will have to switch to the latin alphabet the government plans to phase it in across the country in the coming years teachers will have to receive additional training. we teachers will find the switch harder because we're already has 2 on the alphabet. and the children are young. learn the alphabet quickly because of. what i did to my parents won't be able to help with the transition to the latin alphabet because they haven't allowed to themselves their children will only be able to manage the school we're worried that the main weight of this change will be
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on the teacher's shoulders. language is already a complicated question in kazakhstan even in this school and the village of. across the country and russian are both official languages here children choose which language they want to study and like many cause us most pupils are bilingual now the jump to a new alphabet awaits them as well. in the nearby city of new shop signs are already being written in the latin alphabet but soon the government will have to swap street signs and translate official documents and textbooks that change. done switch from the cyrillic to the latin alphabet is a break with its soviet past and a huge step in its search for a national identity that's why the government is pouring millions into the move. several neighboring central asian countries switched alphabet soon after the fall of the soviet union but in kazakhstan an independent survey shows most because us
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are critical of the move because the speaker stance which a long time ago as a country is trying to keep up with the west and with europe the only thing is the move will hit the country's budget hard. and actually i don't see the point of the check much of the basically on any advantages which is why do we need this maybe just so we can save we did it in the future because. the movement knew the premier it's not hard for me to use the new alphabet but there was the one we all know he said online already but we messaged your friends. but the most of. the adults don't yet know the latin alphabet but back in the village of. 8th graders say they've already taught themselves and are using it on social media. government hopes the change will open up a whole new generation of us to the world.
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to the woman's world cup now where there was plenty of drama last night with slots in the last 16 up for grabs among those in action or outside contenders australia they defeated jamaica 41 to reach the next round that came in no small part to the performance of the captain sam care. australia go talk to the perfect stop when captain sometimes through this stunning video when he was minutes. thanks drew finish from australia stop playing. i'm captain fantastic maybe with another hit with this many australians cruising the of the but some tough jamaican cycling promise they would going down without a fight. and so it proved as jamaica pulled one but the minus side only in the 14 minutes during the i thought the hope
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was short lived some woeful defending so could think good 3rd of the 1st australian ever to see the world cup of the job done in the 83rd minute some slapstick still keeping still good public schools the jamaica ends of the tournament australia through to the next round of. the mean time at the copa america host brazil where struggling in the group stages they were held to a nil nil draw by venezuela in a match brimming with controversy despite dominating brazil had 3 goals world out including this only strike from barcelona as felipe. now 2 of the goals were chalked off by the video assistant referee the brazil still top their group their inability to win saw them booed off the pitch after the final whistle. and in tennis roger federer began his grass court campaign with a comfortable win over john mehlman at germany's hollow open the swiss player is
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warming up for next month's wimbledon tournament he lost to no men at last year's u.s. open but was far too strong for his australian opponent here a federer 20 time grand slam champion going through to the 2nd round straight saturday 766353. and federer will play joe will from saga next week. next excuse me after he beat fellow frenchmen pass but perhaps in tribute to the football world cup and their country a woman tartly forgot about their brackets after their dropped his while serving to the south and provided the perfect excuse for an impromptu kick around and you have to say they wouldn't look out of place on a bench press of ball control there or went for the big finish like a tennis match the ends of the keep up the good news or. if there is such a thing well now for the 1st time a precision german peace prize is going to
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a photographer. got of documents the problems of our planet in black and white his images they capture gelati of our ecosystems and the fates of people displaced by wars or climate disasters the german book trade called salgado a an exceptional visual artist who is continually campaigned on behalf of peace and social justice. sebastiano so gado became famous in the 1980 s. with a photo rep or taj about workers at brazil's set up a lot a goldmine the images show the people like ants mining the or by hand driven by the global greed for gold salgado has captured misery in the world like few others he's visited crisis region such as ethiopia he bore witness to starvation civil war and the plight of people fleeing for their lives he's gone to places where atrocities have occurred including the former yugoslavia he went to refugee camps in bosnia to
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show muslim families who escaped ethnic cleansing in 2014 so got his photos and biography made it to the silver screen in a documentary by german director vin vendors. what especially fascinated me was that he knows so much about any situation he's getting into gear and that he gets in. do it so deeply that he's not a tourist not a visitor not someone who just drops in. he remains in the situation for weeks and months. can't he knows the people and that's why he's earned the right to tell their story. when did this. in the film salgado says that at some point he couldn't stand witnessing the pain of others anymore his soul became sick. in an attempt to heal in 2004 so gado started the genesis
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project he spent 8 years travelling around the world photographing landscapes indigenous peoples and wildlife he focused not on suffering but on learning from nature. my hope is that. we just saw so we had this incredible information that will have to be this incredible constantia fog of the color see that we must to protect and destroy that to speak truth we've been north of archaeology we've been just a prosection all for deuce of the ground at the stake for it but we need that to stay for a. with its peace prize the german book trade has chosen to honor a great artist and agree. africa mines are now the top stories that we're following for you here a d w the un refugee agency says that he record 17000000 people have been displaced from their homes by war violence and persecution it's an increase of more than
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2000000 from last year the commissioner for people growing day says that the figures are going in the wrong direction. next is made in germany why not to clear a look at the future of the industry stay tuned for that and a whole lot more i'm sorry kelly in berlin thank you so much for watching have a great day. i'm going to.
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cut. to. the a climate change c o 2 emissions are hard coming. down the aisle supporters of nuclear power speaking up. facing that nuclear power c o 2 neutral nuclear power a safe. nuclear power a stretch from
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a show and we're going to find out whether all of that is true a made in germany. on the an eco africa. model play time line up no coupons. in gun a merry go rounds are creating electricity and enabling pupils to study and to go. green solutions. in the area. in 60 minutes. oh. i know nothing of the gym because sometimes i am amazed and i think winter that.
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thinks deep into the german culture of looking at the stereotype the question if you think the future of the country but i'm not. here you don't seem to be taking this grandmother down. it's all about head. i'm rachel joins me from egypt and from v.w. . host. i. i i i. i. i can't say i was here for the start but the anti-nuclear movement in germany was born in the 1970 s. these protests planted the seeds for the government led show.

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