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tv   DW News  Deutsche Welle  June 19, 2019 10:00pm-10:31pm CEST

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people have to be at the hoc solution money is a myth in albuquerque. this is it it really was live from berlin murder charges for the men that accused of downing malaysia airlines flight m.h. 17 nearly 300 people were killed when the passenger jet was shot down over ukraine 5 years ago but will the suspects ever stand trial also coming up an independent u.n. report suggests saudi crown prince mohammed bin samadhi is linked to the killing of
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jamal khashoggi but journalist was murdered at the saudi consulate in istanbul last year plus a staggering new figure from the un's refugee agency the number of displaced people worldwide has reached a record high of more than $70000000.00 we asked the un's high commissioner for refugees what's behind the increase and what the international community can do to reverse this trend. to our viewers on p.b.s. in the united states and around the world a very warm welcome to the program dutch prosecutors have named 4 suspects in the downing of malaysia airlines flight m.h. 75 years ago the international team heading the investigation announced that one ukrainian and 3 russian men face murder. charges in the netherlands for their
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alleged involvement in shooting down the plane and july 24th flight m h 17 was hit by a russian made missile while flying over ukraine all 298 people on board were killed most were from the net once. burning debris was all that was left of flight m.h. 17 after it exploded above the eastern ukrainian town of both it was difficult to gather evidence the site was in the crossfire of the conflict between pro russian militias and the ukrainian army an international team of investigators painstakingly for 5 years they were under dutch supervision since the plane took off from the netherlands and most of the victims were dutch now the federal prosecutor has pressed criminal charges. that obama is d.v. for the state prosecutors believe that the planning cooperation and actions of these 4 suspects led to the shooting down a flight m.h.
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17. even if they did not press the button themselves. we have the strong suspicion that they worked together closely to organize the anti aircraft battery and bring it to the place where it was fired and they go was clear they wanted to shoot down a plane. and. the men 3 russians and one ukrainian were all associated with the pro russian militias in eastern ukraine they are thought to have travelled back to their home countries including this man the chief suspect in the game alias strive cove but their exact whereabouts are unclear a year ago investigators revealed that the plane was shot down from an altitude of 10 kilometers by a so-called book missile that missile came from a russian army brigade russia has vehemently denied any responsibility for the deaths of the 298 people aboard the plane. for
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some victims' families the indictment is welcome it's. a bit of hurry you know people in the to know a date and we want to know names. we got it i think it says this is a very good start yeah. proceedings against the 4 suspects are set to begin in march of 2020 though none of the defendants are expected to show up neither russia nor ukraine extradite their citizens. let's get you more now on these long awaited findings by the prosecutor want to go to barbara faisal in brussels as she's been tracking the investigation for the past 5 years barbara why did it take so long to identify the suspects. the reason is because these are incredibly difficult investigations because it is hard to find proof at all no investigators can go to the areas involved to eastern ukraine with the plane was
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shot down and ask people in planes what did you see what happened at that day during that day did you see anything did you hear anything they had to rely on mostly on data from the telecoms company cation from social media that more or less they received by ukrainian and other secret services now the main point is how reliable are those data they can be relatively easily manipulated so they have to be verified again and again and so we just think back off the painstaking process to reconstruct the body of the plane that took place in 2015 where like a big puzzle every little piece was put together they could be retrieved in order to prove that it was a book missile who had shut down this plane it shows the whole complexity of this case and the difficulties the investigators face right a mammoth endeavor indeed as you illustrate who are the suspects. linchpin in this
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case seems to be a man called igor gerken he's a russian former russian officer connected to the russian secret service he was then the commander of separatist separatist forces the military commander of separatist forces in the self-proclaimed republic of donetsk in eastern ukraine so this is the man who obviously sort of connected and communicated with everybody else and he worked together was 2 for the russians and one ukrainian militia commander and these people are sort of like the middle ranking military's involved in transporting this book into eastern ukraine and positioning it and then after the plane the mh 17 was done very quickly and to sort of secretly sort of spiriting it away and bringing it back on to russian territory so these are the people who are now accused of murder because the nobleman say according to all who does
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something like that can be accused as well as the men who actually pushed the button on the missile they are going to charge these men but how likely really is it barbara that the 4 suspects will actually show a judge and be brought to justice. they will this 3 of them at least will certainly not face a judge because russia will not extradite him does not extradite its citizens the kremlin has vigorously again said we had nothing to do with this and this is all fake and we weren't involved in the investigation anything so these people will stay in russia and they will just watch from far but of course the trial in absence of the accused is possible even a verdict is possible and there is an international. warrant against these people so that they cannot travel internationally anymore whether that is very satisfactory or not everybody has to decide for themselves only ukraine says that
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they're going to trying to arrest their citizen who's involved in this what they will then do was in when they will have a separate trial is not yet known barbara base of reporting from brussels thank you a new report by the united nations on the killing of journalist calls for saudi crown prince mohammed bin some on to be investigated the report cites word an independent human rights expert says is credible evidence linking been samana and other senior saudi officials to crush of she's murder at the country's consulate in istanbul last year. a columnist for the washington post was known for his outspoken criticism of the saudi government the saudi journalist jamal khashoggi as he arrives at the saudi consulate in istanbul minutes later the washington post columnist would be murdered inside the building by saudi agents now are you an expert says his enemies at the very top of the government to blame the execution of
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mr cash was the response of the state. shortly after she entered the embassy these 2 men left one of them was dressed to look like the journalist complete with a fake beard. this picture shows the 2 suspects in the background apparently disposing of evidence. members of the hit squad then left the country on this private plane but despite the coverup the u.n. believes it knows who the brains behind the operation were. what i do have is if you don't suggesting that the response said b t's of high level officials may be engaged and therefore he's requiring further investigation into security of the clue prince mohammed bin selman is literally the power behind the throne in the desert kingdom jamal khashoggi she was a vehement critic of m.b.'s as he's known the report cites unverified late
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conversations in which been sound man is accused of saying he'd like to use a bullet on to shock she. wakes up to the journalists death saudi prosecutors charge 11 men with his killing. but the un report finds that others as still free its expert says sanctions should be implemented against those who are behind this crime including possibly the crown prince it is are looking for a step for me to be asking for he to be included in the sanctions until and unless there is evidence provided that he was not in both jamal khashoggi she was 59 years old he survived by his fiance and 4 children he's widowhood teaches jenga says welcome the report and she's joined calls for the world's top powers to take responsibility and ensure that justice is done. let's
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go now to our is simple correspondent who is covering this story for us dorian the saudis maintain that this was a rendition that has gone horribly wrong but this special report terror is unequivocal in our findings she has concluded that the killing was premeditated what can you tell us about the evidence that was used for this report well this report relied heavily on taken by turkish intelligence from inside the saudi consulate in istanbul they took the recordings cover the last 15 minutes of. his life and had recordings of the conversations taken before he writes where people inside the building discussed about disposing of the body saying it will be very heavy but another voice is recorded saying we can solve this by despair dismembering the body and a very graphic details about how they would go about that they report then also the last minutes of the staff where they said according to the report he appeared to be
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given some sedative and as he's life drifted away there was no effort to revive him this again contradicts riyadh's version of events who said that it was a dispute a fight that got out of hand and he was killed accidentally they say that the recordings that they received point to the opposite they say this was a premeditated murder that the point the finger directly at the crown prince mohammed bin and that is probably linked to other intelligence possibly the cia who at the time said that intercept they believe that the pound prince was involved so this is a very damning report and it doesn't pull his punches pointing the finger clearly at riyadh and saying this was a premeditated murder it is a very damning report have we heard from saudi arabia. absolutely the the saudi foreign minister. in a tweet said that the this was nothing new they cost out on the impartiality. and
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they also said that this was an infringement on their own judicial process you have to remember a number of people are on trial accused of the murder one of the reports of recommendations was that that trial should be suspended for an international investigation riyadh dismisses out of hand and i think riyadh will be welcomed by the fact that it's been very little international reaction from its allies in particular the united states and most european countries as well but there has been reaction of course from ankara because president to aerate awad has already responded do you think he is going to take a leadership role in this case well i certainly certainly will he said that all those responsible will be held to account the turkish foreign minister met in a tweet said that this vindicated turkey stance and they will looking for the international community to bring those responsible to justice and i think this will feed into the ongoing tensions between riyadh they have relations are brought on this will possibly feed into further tensions it could play out in the region but i
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think also aware that will be little international backing for their stance and it's unlikely that any of those who respond behind his kushal cheese murder particularly possibly crown prince bin salman himself will be held to account in any way in simple correspondent reporting thank you. i want to tell you now about some of the other stories making news around the world. former foreign secretary boris johnson has increased his lead in the race to become britain's next prime minister a more moderate rivalry steward was eliminated from the contest the ruling conservative party will elect a new party leader and a postal vote the winner will take over as prime minister next month. a kenyan court has found 3 suspects guilty for their role in a massacre at greece a university in the country's northeast the men who were also found guilty of belonging to the al-shabaab islamist terror group and 150 people were killed in the
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2015 attacks in greece. the gunman a lake lee used by dutch painter vincent van gogh to kill himself has fetched 130000 euros at auction the weapon was sold in paris to an unnamed buyer the winning bid was nearly 3 times the expected price pengo is widely believed to have committed suicide in $18.00. new figures from the un refugee agency show a record 71000000 people around the world are now displaced by war or persecution most of the refugees are from syria but conflicts in afghanistan south sudan me and maher and somalia have also forced millions to leave their homes so where are they all going turkey tops the list of host countries followed by pakistan and uganda which has some of the most generous refugee policies in the world.
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steve i seem stitch by stage it is phony it's making a new dress she recently trained as a seamstress as part of a u.n. refugee aid projects in 2016 she fled with her family from war torn south sudan to uganda. on our way or the rebels came they took our property tortured us into print ways and peter us. liberals it's. like millions of others from south sudan edith and her family found refuge in uganda refugee a.t.f. functions differently people aren't simply confined to a camp liking kenya refugees who were arriving here are immediately given a work permit and land which is provided by the communities and then you neighbors they also receive monthly benefits. we have cash and food as well because when we
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give them food get that is restricted to the food that we've given them but when you give them cash they have the option to buy and supplement what about that debt that that is so it's optional ugandans have a strong willingness to give to those in need for 20 years they also suffered during the civil war they also benefit from international aid which can be used to build hospitals or schools but of course there are still challenges as a young school we have an almost island is one of it is the infrastructure like the classrooms are not and now we don't how science a laboratory we don't have a labor though we have the books but we have nowhere to put the them there are so that it does move from for these things to come so the north star or does that also the students especially the goto move from far distance to come and learn in this school. no bit of room a school is in
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a jew money district in the north of the country 400000 people live here half of them are refugees some of whom arrived to 50 years ago many are from south sudan where the most recent civil war broke out in 2013 it's led to an ongoing conflict between rival factions titus jogo the refugee officer in the district is happy that the refugees were able to find a new place to call home in uganda he believes it benefits the locals to the prisoners over to someone in yours mindy's so many people have been employed not not not in a setting for the disability of the but it was well under we pay a tax when you look at the infrastructure before we have constructed access what odds in that if it is a tremendous well constructed discourse of course structed it says it does but there are also negative aspects rizzo's is like would supplies on to enduring in
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january this year almost $6000.00 more refugees arrived in uganda but it wants to keep its borders open and can only manage this influx with the help of aid money at least for the time being as uganda's policies continue to be put into action it's hoped that refugees will become self-sufficient like seamstress aegis phony. while earlier today when you spoke with the un's high commissioner for refugees 54 grandy he says greer international cooperation is needed to tackle the root causes of displacement. i think if i me were not to feel belief. i have 16000 colleagues most of whom are in very far away far away from here field locations working day in day out to bring relief to bring safety to the millions of people that are fleeing conflict together with many other
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partners their work continues to be relevant and important what frustrates me is of course this environment this poxy can vironment that stigmatises. criticizes portrays refugees migrants sometimes even foreigners as the enemy this is like i said easy to to to to spread it's a line that many people embrace because they have upper henchman's and fears but it is not a good lie. the federal reserve has left the key lending rate unchanged in the 2.25 to 2.5 percent range but some fed officials apparently expect a rate cut by the end of the year there are this isn't it comes amid growing concerns over fragile growth weak inflation and the consequences of international trade tensions on just a day goes similar preoccupations prompted the european central bank to signal it could be ready to introduce fresh stimulus measures to boost the eurozone economy.
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and our financial correspondent yes of course it is on a wall street get to see as the fed holds rates steady was that to be expected. it was expected to end the road seems to be clear for a rate cut to possibly already end of july even if monetary policy is not on autopilot yet there has been unprecedented pressure from the u.s. administration especially from u.s. president to donald trump to cut interest rates and the same is true for the stock market for about 2 and a half a week so wall street is expecting a rate cut soon and if we do not get this rate cut soon then we might probably see a pretty harsh reaction over here there was a big debate going on if a rate cut is even necessary but as of now expectations have increased that maybe already by end of july we might see the 1st rate cut in many years yes courts are
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reporting a firm the new york trading floor thank you. facebook's plans to introduce its own virtual currency is facing immediate and strong backlash and it's not just anyone voicing concerns the g 7 the group of the 7 leading economies in the world have given the plans a thumbs down a french finance minister put on the matter insists that only governments can issue sovereign currencies a high level g 7 working group will be set up to examine the risks of cryptocurrency east to the global financial system facebook unveiled its much woodward currency called libra on tuesday and said it would work with partners such as visa master card and pay pal. could this be the governor of the world's next central bank when libor becomes usable across facebook's apps including instagram and whatsapp possibly as soon as next year it could well become a rifle for traditional currencies mark zuckerberg is promising money for the modern world i believe that it should be as easy to send money to someone as it is
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to send a photo. so we're already testing this in india we've got a 1000000 people it's been used a lot in the feedback so far is great. and we're already working on rolling this out in a number of other countries later this year but the feedback from key financial figures in europe hasn't been so great french finance minister bruno lemaire says it's out of the question that libor should become a sovereign currency the governor of the bank of england mark carney has said it will need to be subject to the highest standards of regulation security is one of the biggest concerns what with facebook's record on protecting data analysts point out it's not the most obvious organization to trust with your money facebook has to convince us that not only should we not worry about privacy concerns when we share stories or when we browse the internet through the social networking but financial transactions are now safe as well that's a big that's a very tall order. this rather humble looking office block in switzerland is the
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official registered home of libra facebook has promised to keep its house in order and avoid the volatility of other cryptocurrency by pegging libra to real assets and a number of government backed currencies they'll need to convince users and financial leaders around the world the lever is backed by more than just luck. is to the central asian country of kazakhstan now which has been pushing to westernize over the last few years well to do that authorities want to switch from the cyrillic alphabet to the latin one by 2025 or the government says the move will not distance the country from russia which also uses cyrillic and russia is the country's most important trading partner only showing visited a village school to find out what people think of the plan. it's lucky that learning how to read and write is so fun for these 1st graders at
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the moment they're learning the cyrillic alphabet in their cars act lessons but soon the kids at this. school will have to switch to the latin alphabet the government plans to phase it in across the country in the coming years teachers will have to receive additional training. we teachers will find the switch harder because we're already has 2 on the alphabet. and this year the children young. learn the alphabet quickly was. already to good parents won't be able to help with the transition to the latin alphabet because they haven't allowed to themselves so children will only be able to manners in school we're worried that the main weight of this change will be on the teachers shoulders. language is already a complicated question in kazakhstan even in this school in the village of kind as are across the country cousins and russian are both official languages here children choose which language they want to study and like many cause us most
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pupils are bilingual now the jump to a new alphabet awaits them as well. in the nearby city of new shop signs are already being written in the latin alphabet but soon the government will have to swap street signs and translate official documents and textbooks a mammoth change. kazakhstan switch from the cyrillic to the latin alphabet is a break with soviet past and a huge step in its search for a national identity that's why the government is pouring millions into the move. several neighboring central asian countries switched alphabet soon after the fall of the soviet union but in kazakhstan an independent survey shows most cause us are critical of the move it was because the us was because stance which a long time ago as a country is trying to keep up with the west and with europe the only thing is start the move will hit the country's budget hard. and actually i don't see the point of the check much of the basically on any advantages which is
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why do we need this. maybe just so we can save we did it in the future. because. at the movie the battle of the pin it's not hard for me to use the new alphabet but there was the one we all know you said on line already when we messaged your friends. but the issue that has. many adults don't yet know the latin alphabet but back in the village of. 8th graders say they've already taught themselves and are using it on social media. kazakhstan's government hopes the change will open up a whole new generation of cause us to the walk. i'll be back in a minute with the day hope to see you back.
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like this. culture the could actually already tend. to see. the current cultural heritage foundation. please treasure trove our 2 party. starts june 21st on d w. it's a scene that still evokes unimaginable heartache for families of the $298.00 passengers on board malaysia airlines flight m.h. 70 shot down over eastern ukraine 5 years ago security analysts pointed at russian backed rebels fighting in the region and tonight a team of international investigators has charged 3 russians and ukrainian with
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murder saying they may not have pushed the button but they helped put a missile launcher in place with the intent of shooting down an airplane a mile rock'n'roll in this is the.

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