tv Eco Africa Deutsche Welle June 23, 2019 6:30pm-7:00pm CEST
every journey begins with the 1st and every language the 1st word in the. german one. on the line on your mobile. shops. learning course nikos german. hello everybody and welcome to the latest edition of our environment magazine eco africa mail inside me coming to you from the bricks garden in like lagos nigeria but i'm not alone with me it's my lovely colleague video in south africa. thanks and she can go vocal presenting the program from johannesburg the reports on
today's program will take us all over the african continent and a bit of europe too here's a quick look at what's coming up. we'll be looking at how crucial he pulls off. here about a crowd investing back home in germany that wants to the likes of promoting areas of nigeria and would visit a special school for younger it is in this city. nearly every day there is news about all the species going extinct directly or indirectly to human behavior but surely one of the coolest and a necessary to the tease is the illegal wildlife trade of course reports takes us to cameroon so conservation education center dedicated to helping vulnerable and endangered species. i knew i right will takes in he surroundings they lean they were live center income you know this african gray parrot was brought in by local youths
a practice the sumptuary encourages newcomers a fast place in quarantine. then caregiver keys to even text them to be examined by a team of vets mane of the parents they see a really bad condition read in the power sites injured on their feeders clip to prevent them from flying head veterinarian john and young explains how the bugs get here we'll get. to our sources cissé by men for authorities and a pleasant year or bible mission if you care them honestly they need to leave you out of the come on but i've yet to sort of see your own donation were done by animals the vet's way the patients and check their vitals.
damaging further is a pull to neighboring nuance to grow. examination and treatment the bugs are taken care of until very well enough to be released back into the wild. as many as 25 parents are brought to the rehabilitation center every month from all over come iran we have received more than 5 fathom adult survivors empowered with this position which number i read last on the web so what i'm part of are released. so many thousands thousands of them. the highly intelligent guards are very good at being impressions. but. for that reason they're one of the most popular and then pets the wild over people will pay as much as several cows in europe for
a single parent. so profitable that the ones contributions are nearly disappeared is some african countries. was once one of the wilds biggest exporters in 2016 the global trade in one african paros was officially banned but that hasn't deterred on poachers. so if something is not done about them. or 30 want to have them reports over the years they have been exploited with other. what are there a sense of. how long but warmed. by very often it will solve all wars i mean there are swords really believe the contrary. so the numbers are clear we gave a little about then this to the need to go on to. be
a wildlife center was established in 1903 by the come iranian government and the pan religious foundation for the race q. and rehabilitation of wildlife from red tails to primates the medical staff is supported big countless volunteers from kameron and in the world. the constant influx of pirates presents a whole challenges for the wildlife center funding is needed for food in magazines and there is a shortage of spares african grey pirates need a lot of exercise to keep their muscles toned in good natural habitat they can travel up to 10 kilometers a day. there are plans to build a large cage that will enable the pirates to practice flying before being released . it's a success when you put one of them above into the water. remember and many come in some. from that to. some not good to be
released some die but each time you release just one animal it is exciting that is . one of them when the forest one morning on the moon and being into conservation. another animal is home on much of the african continent is the hippo you probably won't see hippos for sale of markets or kept as pets but they are under pressure due to destruction of their habitat the situation in kenya is especially drastic now scientists there have found that the massive mammals may actually be crucial for the ecosystem. weighing in a time 81500 kilos on average that he plays one of the most impressive mammals in africa but numbers of the creature have drastically declined in kenya according to our dr direct. in kenya what we're seeing which is really devastating hippos is
over grazing over the past just where the hippos need to go if you go to nairobi national popular find all the area near the pools areas are overgrazed it's not by him it's actually by livestock so what we're seeing is the food for the hippos has been completely eliminated the dying of starvation people is increasingly have to compete with livestock for food people started bringing their animals into protected areas because of the increase in drought to periods global warming is also accelerating the destruction of their natural habitat. at night hippos graze on land but in the daytime they have to be in water they're very sensitive to the sun and so when the lakes and rivers dry up they've got nowhere to go when playing numbers of peoples could also be affecting the eco system of rivers and lakes in east africa researchers from the university of one to have been buried him
and he put down they found on the banks or if it contains a high level silica a vital nugent for tom's are present in water that produces oxygen and feeds many species when there becomes an imbalance between nitrogen phosphorus and silica and other algae take over the competition between the diet. and then we lose the diet specious and then we lose also the function of these times i feel no just according to the scientists that people see the contribution accounts for over 76 percent of the total silica transported along the ma'ariv or. city case vital to the region's aquatic consistence this nugent is the life blood of african lakes and rivers and one that is now lacking. and that's why we see fish dying sometimes you hear in the lake and i wash of fish floating to the surface because they die
there's not enough oxygen and this is why because the replaces the dye atoms which actually are a very important part of that ecosystem so this is a really interesting study that is uncovered a mystery that i think everybody knew hippos are important they didn't know this particular really interesting story behind why he pulls a sample and raising awareness about the key role he plays playing is vital to their survival researchers say without the creature is the system will be thrown out of balance with dire consequences for people and then found. now here's a riddle for you what do hippo poop and mobile phones have in common anyone out there know well they both contain silicon. you're right that sounds like a fun fact that's worth sharing with our friends and colleagues mobile phones actually can tell a lot of different metals and minerals and many of them can be recycled but as is
often the case with high tech inventions plenty of the parts end up in the way stuff in this week's doing your bit we see how an artist is giving life to a way. it's not easy to make a splash in the art same but if new does a coffee has done it his works are unique and arresting. and they give new purpose to discarded cellphones was he saying integrate old phones into my work to give them a 2nd life and to draw attention to the fact that our lives are so intertwined with time. we're so digitalized that allows us to be connected but we should also consider the environmental impact of. new gets old phones from several sources what he can't use he passes on to recyclers after breaking them up he glues pieces on to canvases like mosaic tiles. in 2 years manu has used parts from around
24000 phones his works have made him a prominent contemporary devorah an artist. he's even had exhibitions in belgium and france are with a political message which is that products don't disappear when we're done using them in fact most will outlive us all. and how about you. if you are also doing your bit tell us about it. visit our website or send us a tweet hash tag doing your bit. we share your story. about progress costs manufacturing processes simply produce a lot of waste and one major source of this waste is fabric dyes the textile industry works with toxic compounds most of them are made from petrochemicals now
start up in france is found and environmentally friendly alternative using bacteria to generate brilliant shades ranging from burgundy to blue. you know. this may look like modern art but it's not actually a natural process at work believe it or not these blue color trails are made by bacteria. that we've known for decades that microorganisms can produce pigments because what we're doing today at p. leaders expanding their production to an industrial scale with a view to replacing the production of patrol chemical dyes worldwide going on. on. 70 blatche and beyond. say they're the 1st to study this extraordinary natural process they're the founders of the french start up based in toulouse they see
these microorganisms this great allies that could be used to color all our clothes without any chemicals for years they worked to identify the microorganisms best able to produce color in 2015 they finally developed a low carbon method to obtain pigment for dying textiles it's a method that's been used for centuries in the food industry you know we allow these microorganisms to ferment to bit mike fermenting beer. but instead of consuming sugar to make alcohol the microorganisms are consuming sugar to make dyes . because of that. it takes a week and warm temperatures for the blue pigment to appear the substance is then tried to obtain a biodegradable powder. who power is suitable for dyeing different types of fabric depending on the formulas we apply we can produce colors ranging from burgundy to light blue. this
biotechnology could change the face of the fashion industry. the textile industry is one of the most polluting sectors in the world. it uses a huge amount of chemicals to make diamonds. but also 100 kilos of petroleum are needed to make one kilos so in our everyday clothes there's a kilo of petroleum just for the dyes. it is and some of it if we take just one piece of clothing like a t. shirt or a pair of trousers for instance you know 10 to 40 percent of its environmental impact is due to have died so that the. people he we are effectively going back to the story of to lose because they were creating dies out of plants until the 19th century then petrochemicals arrived now we want to develop again a production made out of renewable materials about all the material and over. so
far the startup has been used several kilos of dye powder with the help of the bacteria but they will need to improve the process if that to compete with petro chemical dice to achieve its costs they're planning to use a good cultural waste as a substitute for sugar. when i do this it's an easy one it's a big advantage is that we can take all of the leftovers like stamps leaves or other parts of the crop and use them as a source of carbon so we can kill 2 birds with one stone. 520-2170 plash and his team expect to be producing several tons of dipole to a year we might then be able to find clothes die without pigment but they would need more time more money and more production capacity to become a serious alternative to the petro chemicals industry.
here in my home country nigeria a portion of the population is not connected to the electricity grid that means. people especially those in the remote rural areas are forced to use fossil fuels for their part and that is not sustainable but guess what that's likely to change a crowd investing platform in europe germany is looking to finance renewable energy projects here. oh. it's hard to miss this old i'm in agreed on the edge of the village bright and shiny in the sun this is bubble gum 3 hours from lagos by car it's isolated location was more of a factor for installing the solar panels than environmental reasons connecting the village to the national park grid was not considered with the efforts that many
people here make a living with agriculture some of the grain milling operations like richard the bearing the sheep previously used a few thought generator to run for grinding machines now a part comes from the south. wood yesterday i bought 500 now one thing poc right now we can leave the lights on at those lights at school in palm of my 1000000 plus it was the situation was different when we use not your not all home the alpine your home and you know. this skeptical the 1st many here have since switched to green energy. over $500.00 households now get their parts from the solar grid. that means since fewer c o 2 emissions according to the nigerian company really takes. some funding for the project came from a german government agency the renewable energy business actually is something that
is really viable for nigeria to look into you know because. like you know nigeria actually has about 55 percent of its population without access so and we know that it's not cost effective to extend agreed to these areas so $1.00 of the best with these by deploying in the with these locations the project is also bolstered by german company based in frankfurt. a crowd investing platform called better vest raised 220000 euros for the sale of many greeks in nigeria. c.e.o. maryland hape says the company is paying customers who want to invest in construction ecologically projection other parts of the world. so. our future market is africa because this market is crawling so tremendously and the amount of people there that need it for city is the highest all over the world. so there is much
money needed there isn't much potential and also as mentioned the interest rate there are very very high so they need cheaper money and they need especially any way of financing there is no solution there are no banks there are fine and those smaller projects all across from the platforms at the moment the solutions to that money can come to africa small and medium sized enterprises to prepare the tricity into of it. but there is also a dark side to the solar energy being. manufactured today only last 20 years and then they have to be disposed of. and the lead acid batteries needed to store electricity can cause serious pollution but for now the mini grid has improved the lives of many here boosting their businesses and improving the brain. education is
a basic human right yet millions of children and young people still have no access to it last year starving 264000000 children worldwide well unable to attend school yes and that's a stocking figure and around half of those kids live in sub-saharan africa in the search for instance a farm is often can't afford to send the children to school all the kids themselves have to work during regular classroom hours luckily some now have the opportunity to attend night school. when he whistles the hurt follows. every day germany takes these counties many kilometers through the highlands of le soto looking for grass and water. he'll soon be 14 and has worked as a herd for more than half of his life. every day i'm out
here grazing the animals where you will no longer wanted to i have to make sure they get enough to eat i like their work it's also the only way to survive here. the cows dramani tends to belong to a farming family in simone kong a small town in central a soldier in exchange for his labor he gets a roof over his head and he gets to keep a calendar the end of the year. the young teenager doesn't have time for school his parents have died so germany has to fend for himself. this is my 1st job. but it's the 1st time i've been treated well. the last farm i worked for for example just didn't pay me. i'm great i things are going better here . in lesotho one in 3 boys of school age works full time as
a livestock herder often miles away from their family and without any hope of going to school full time most of the boys are illiterate and will likely remain so for the rest of their lives. you your smile your oh its familiar with the situation. you have to leave school after 2nd grade money so you could look after his mother and 2 sisters. he says that's common in lesotho but it wasn't the life he had hoped for. it wasn't. a way to face a battle but because of the. 2 and living on the big plane i was supposed to work is they said but although it wasn't nice because even the farmers with greediness like ways than the dogs they didn't even feed us they'd
leave does like this leaves. us quickly learned that not having an education can make it difficult to fight for your rights. over the years he paid for both his sisters and their children's schooling with the money he earned as a shepherd he also managed to put aside a tiny bit of his pay until he could complete his own education now every evening he shares his knowledge with the young herders in simone kong. when they finish tending to the animals for the day they come to us the shepherd school germany is also here. they study reading writing and arithmetic. u.t.s. teaches on a voluntary basis he believes that a basic education can change the young herders lives. they have been to or that
they have. and they didn't even know where they are not. now i do claim by almost 30 is that here by then that you know that another subject is health including aids prevention it's an important issue in the sotto which is the 2nd highest rate of hiv infections worldwide. under war male or sometimes provided when there have been enough donations for many it's the only proper meal of the day. socializing essential to the time spent here . week you have to care for then mass then you were born here. with other people but you already have been here it is separate school is where the learn how to spell ace is where they live how to speak. where they live if need be . to learn everything they heard has come from far and wide. germany walks
10 kilometers every evening to get here. when i can read well write well i want to teach too because i want to pass on what i can. but germany still has a long way to go the next morning he returns to his solitary work in the hills like so many other livestock herders here unless soto. we've come to the end of our show for today thanks for watching hope you tune in next time my name is the congo and i wish you all the best from johannesburg south africa and i am now inside with signing off from the big garden in lagos nigeria until next week in the meantime don't forget to check out our social media platforms and our eco africa website bye bye.
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