tv Global 3000 Deutsche Welle June 24, 2019 5:30pm-6:01pm CEST
discovery. documentary. welcome to global 3000 coming up this week food waste and hunger we make people in the philippines determined to cut down on the bugs. and what about other types of trash far too much of it ends up in the nile river and to egypt clean up activists . and just where is our planet headed how climate change is already affecting
hulda's in kenya. climate change is increasingly having an impact was who all over the planet temperatures are soaring sea levels are rising droughts and wildfires are no longer the exception more and more they're becoming the rule people in sub-saharan africa are particularly up against it in some areas average temperatures have risen by 2 degrees celsius all more since the 1970 s. meat crop failures and floods are forcing needles in that home the world bank says around 86000000 people could be displaced in africa in the next 30 years more than anywhere else in the world in kenya we met a man who struggles with the effects of climate change every day but he's not taking it down. these days it takes a long time to find a place for his animals to grades grow bogo you have seen it goes hard for decades
but conditions have never been so tough. because. the core of it is overwhelming us well i guess problem is the lack of water. there's nothing we can do. over time that he has become more extreme and water supplies have to win gold when kenya was hit by drought 2 years ago robot lost almost his entire herd that prompted him to take action and file a lawsuit against the european union. my message to you europeans is that you've got to stop it i don't know whether you're personally go blame or whether you can talk with the ones responsible. and aides to help them to get his case together the aim to hold those responsible for climate change to account. i ask myself who can hope for that would
lead organization told us that the causes behind climate change are human i took part in the lawsuit because i'm desperate it has to stop the heat is just about melting my brain. robot and 250 other families live in the village of bought and rewrote in kenya's northern bushland. there's no electricity no tap water no mobile phone network village life is governed by the animals and the sun. he lives with his 2nd wife and their children early morning breakfast a sometimes chop party a kind of pancake but they often have to make do with just a cup of tea until evening time. because. he has to get his hurried to the water hole by 10 o'clock what goes herds here only
get one chance a day to provide their animals with something to drink. the. water. it's strictly rationed the aim is to make it last for as long as possible. but the strategy is not proving very effective there are simply too many farmers to cater for. at midday the villagers gather for a meeting the water level is dropping too fast right in the middle of the dry season. they reach a decision on the outside herders who've been staying in baton reroll will no longer be welcome. morning only 2 weeks ago 2 tribes fought it out in the hills awful 4 people died 4 were wounded. life has always been hard in this region but the villages fear that climate change is intensifying centuries old
conflicts you know the ones who knew you are not i'm getting frightened. that i can't do anything about these problems when i can't fight the drought and i can't help myself when i'm stuck you can't even sleep in your house at night because of the heat. the villagers have some firearms to defend themselves and their water something we're not supposed to film they've been driven off 3 times by neighboring tribes. in late afternoon after school layla and her mother set off to collect water the villagers get their drinking water from a different pond and carry it all the way home. a yellow canister hold 18 leasers. demas supports her husband's climate change lawsuit and hopes that it will encourage people to change their behavior. one you know judge will go on these
people have to change their ways and stop doing things that result in all this heat . to all our animals shouldn't have to die if it really happens in our cases heard and something changes and the cycle is broken then that would be good for us. the heat means they have to do the water run many times over. then it's time to cook goes on the menu today but only because we're here at special occasion normally the animals are sold. the use aren't after money with their lawsuits. their greatest wish is that e.u. countries do more to protect the climbers. after all it's their future and that of their children that's out stake.
a tougher european climate strategy that's what ruben leo and plaintiffs from 9 other countries want an e.u. court has since rejected their case now the group is considering going a step further and taking it to the european court of justice. that case shows that things are happening many other people around the globe are refusing to stand by and watch climate change destroy our planet worldwide groups of people getting together to collect rubbish like in the let's do it project and efforts like that a desperately needed it takes around 450 years for plastic waste to degrade in the environment and every year up to $13000000.00 tons of it lands in the oceans tranced it has no place in other waterways either like one of the world's longest rivers which has been inundated by a mountain of rubbish. the nile is the
lifeblood of egypt and vital for the irrigation of its farmland. but the river and its countless canals have become severely polluted and full of trash over time the plastic breaks down into ever smaller pieces. the micro particles enter the water supply ending up in crops and in fish and then in their human consumers. some air as a fisherman working on the nile. he knows firsthand about the problems pollution causes. if you have the good with the minimal but i think it is then when i'm out on the water i see lots of plastic bottles and other containers like that all of this rubbish tears up my net and it kills the fish to. shut the abdala is an activist who takes very practical steps to clean the river and its banks. he
also speaks out against the scourge of trash and pollution that takes courage the government has little tolerance of criticism. shadi is a co-founder of very nial an initiative that works with fishermen ecologists and the public to clean up the river and to raise awareness. you have had a lot of commons up when i sold my guard boats we asked the question of where do you think it goes it just goes away. it's not as problem anymore it is just like so it into a river and just because i never carry it away it's not my problem anymore so people don't understand how this is going to backfire on them and how comes it affects them. it would seem that some egyptians no longer revere and respect the river the main source of water for the population. but the very nial initiative has won the support of the environment minister yasmeen fouad a surprising development given that initiatives even slightly critical of the state
of affairs in the country are usually nipped in the bud. but the masses of trash choking the river are now too conspicuous to be ignored. me so we in effect that collection for the waste with the whole gamut all. not organic and then have a number of packages that are able to recycles that and the appropriate number of the land. across egypt only about 60 percent of waste is collected at all and of that only if if this recycled. shadi sometimes visits the partner enterprises that recycled the plastic fished out of the river by very naive volunteers working here is considered a lowly occupation abdel is 15 and earns a pittance shadi abdullah and his team are among the few who care about the people who process the trash. it's not an easy process recycling here is
a lot of has processions and consequences for recycling many people are trying to get. more safe professions. very nial is also active in southern egypt. luxor is a city of half a 1000000 with spectacular ancient ruins frequented by tourists from around the world it too has a trash problem. very nial has made a name for itself throughout the country despite all the obstacles it's encountered . prison obstacles with technically holding a straight face in the industry because there is. a low against. the gathering to do what i've been so god awful says the minister recently had to bring to the government to support on what person would be an exhibit. and not.
threatening to security for being industry. the scale of the problem is vast today's trash gathering effort will not save the nile but is of huge symbolic significance raising awareness is crucial inspiring people to care about the environment. 2 years ago we saw what we all need very very very few people and what we have been told over and over again that this is hope this is no hope. this is hopeless we should stop. when you know we saw here 3 quarters but today you look and the people and the one governor great to see thousands in cairo's so maybe next here are going to see hundreds and governor great hundreds of thousands. in cairo and this wave is going to grow i had a very moving moment when i saw it. shaddy abdullah's green wave will keep rolling if his fellow egyptians join in to protect. care for the nile the river is central to their cultural heritage and to their economy and it's
a treasure of immense beauty. waste is also the focus of our global ideas series this week to be more specific food waste food that's thrown away even though it's clearly still edible it's a widespread problem in many countries including the philippines in take a tank south of the capital manila an awareness of the issue is growing and people are starting to get facility chanst reporter going to cape charles was there and took part in an innovative cookery course. poverty that's what drives these people to look through sacks of garbage and for something to eat they've been sifting through the waste since early this morning. the food doesn't have to be appetizing it just shouldn't make them sick. that it
get back in take it it didn't spoil it i take it home wash it boy ben curtis. philip a ball that feeds her family with food that someone else has thrown away the term for such scraps in the local language tagalog is pagpag about 13000000 people in the philippines can't afford 3 meals a day this is the other side of the philippines though prosperous and waste for all you can eat buffets are very popular with those who can pay for them of course restaurants throw away a lot of the food they prepare. to receive you are wasting a lot of resources this is what this is. really and some. people. think there keep you close process as we transfer money back your history you would so on of these things are going to be that. melody mello reich who runs the
sustainable production and consumption project of the ngo w w f philippines she advises restaurants and hotels on ways to reduce waste today she's visiting the resort town of to gateway it's about an hour and a half drive from manila members of the city's growing middle class like to spend the weekend here chilling out and eating while the picnic grove is a park where people do exactly what the name suggests many bring along food from home it's a culture thing so we we always find excuses to get together so we kept can share food this is one we all ask for a lot but want to get a family with the friends. increasing prosperity goes hand in hand with growing wastefulness an estimated 300000 tons of rice are thrown away in the philippines every year. modernize willow is doing something to combat that he's
a cook who prepares healthy dishes at a spa hotel. as we know is determined to minimize waste he uses every part of a vegetable that can be eaten and compost organic waste and he takes other steps as well. but the best actually the best ways through portioning are used to serve the big questions about dishes and a lot was wasted so we decided to downsize all portions put on our menu some items are still described as good for 2 persons good for 5 or for a family or a plotter for a group of friends so that still there. are individuals we have down sized portion of us and we got to the dishes in such a way that they look bigger than they are. mullen as well always involved in the project run by melody mellow reich she often explains to chefs how wasting food is
bad for the climate. when you have pulled ways and they end up in landfills they became natural in the end the produce more potent greenhouse gas in the form of methane which is more than 20 stronger than carbon dioxide in trapping heat in our atmosphere. the hotel where as way low works even offers its guests tours of its own kitchen garden serves as i bring forward and for this behind you we have here phase as well as cooking classes. as we know teaches guests ways to avoid generating waste when they cook at home. he also recommends using parts of plants that are usually discarded like banana flowers. for making fries out of potato skins. or soup out of onion skin and.
right now i can like i should have you been a. gentile departed i have before and now i know more. i think if you modify football looking very grave and everybody knew that it could actually affect. this is it in light of the experience of course classes at a luxury hotel don't reach a wide audience and large volumes of food will continue to be discarded across the country but there is no a bill before parliament in the philippines that would oblige food manufacturers restaurants hotels and supermarkets to donate surplus edible food for distribution by food banks to the needy. for no though huge amounts of discarded food still end up in a dump in the district of pions us waste pickers here look for things of value in the garbage. for livability usually find some food that looks
at a bowl she started working as a waste picker 2 years ago after her husband died the burden of feeding the family so completely on her shoulders. the 1st thing she does with the chicken she retrieved from the refuse is boil it to kill the bacteria then she fries it with onions and serves it to her children and grandchildren or suffer . a little. here you either have work or you don't get that i'm sure it would be better not to have to eat this but it's this or nothing. wife start. her family will probably have to continue living off discarded food but receiving it from a food bank would certainly be better than pulling it out of a pile of garbage. she says holding stench is something you never get used to.
sometimes it can be vital to look problems straight in the eye and not just figurative poor vision can be very frustrating and even dangerous problems with eyesight so common pretty much everywhere irrespective of age cultural circumstances the world health organization estimates around 1300000000 people globally have impaired vision and many of them have no access to the devices that can help correct it. asin song is a rural town of about 17000 people in central bolivia. jennifer is waiting to have her eyes tested she can't see well any more and it's hard for her to read her sheet music she plays the violin and is preparing for a big concert in
a local church. every performance is special and we give it our all to make it sound really good we practice and practice and practice until it's just rice. they'll be playing a medley of european baroque music brought here by just with priests contradiction or indigenous music but jennifer's eyesight is causing her problems. that this. sometimes i can't read the music because it's all blurry when i want to be able to read everything i properly again. jennifer needs glasses you need to work for an ngo that provides them it's called lent is armstrong 3 or instant lenses. and his colleagues are spending over a week here. demand is very high. the n.g.o.s based in santa cruz della sera bolivia's largest city 300 kilometers to the south.
part of the globe glass' ngo based in germany. but its bolivian headquarters they make the frames for distribution throughout south america. there are 3 different sizes small medium and large. we make about 200 a day. not. for frames have sturdy steel wire rims and can hold lenses of different thicknesses. it takes about a quarter of an hour to make each frame. in addition to helping people in need the ngo has also created jobs for local people. the frames are then distributed to various towns in this case. the 300 kilometer trip takes a full 11 hours because the roads are so poor. there's been
a shortage of frames in a sense your own so locals are looking forward to the new delivery. including jennifer. so far the ngo has seen about 700 people here most can be supplied with glasses but about 20 percent of patients need special lenses that the ngo doesn't have for example because they have astigmatism. jennifer can read the top 4 sentences but then things get blurry in. a school class of come to get their eyes tested here to the ngo does not charge for the glasses for locals who can't afford to go to a regular optician it's an invaluable service. they're proving there are so many children who need help sometimes in class they tell me
they can't see anything unless they go right up close to the blackboard then i have to see them at the front but they look at all that. has been blind in my left eye since you had an accident with a knife and she has impaired vision in her right eye to. it gets tired when i read that you read this. thing. you really can't read anything at all. not really that. isn't very good. it is better. and better. i live. in. the lenses she can read for more lioness and that will really help her with her school work now it's jennifer's turn it is this better. it looks
closer. then reader chooses the right size of frame mounts the lenses and adjusts the arms. thank you. finally it's time for the concert it's a big event and will be broadcast on local t.v. . jennifer's performing for the 1st time wearing her new glasses the bad. guy in. the end. thanks i was bit nervous but you're a good music. that was fine. and
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w news live from berlin german fighter jets collided over the north of the country both pilots in check to one has been found alive the other house died but you're a fighter aircraft has been in service for 16 years also on the program opposition supporters celebrate victory in. the narrow election a spat totty deals a blow to the turkish president tragic time and his ruling party some what does this mean for the mountain has dominated politics for so long. island for.