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tv   Focus on Europe  Deutsche Welle  July 18, 2019 5:30pm-6:00pm CEST

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florists and. the tragic reality. exploitation. starts july 24th. hello bungy i know and welcome to a very special edition of focus on europe coming to you from the heart of the italian capital rome but it was here back in 1957 that history was quite literally made with the signing of the treaty of rome that would lead the way to the creation of the european union as we know it today alongside that's another dream came true
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the dream of freedom of movement for all of europe citizens so we joined one young man for a very shrewd bats to see how that freedom of movement works today. this summer friedrich schubert is exploring europe from west to east by train. he's already covered over 2500 kilometers i think on the conquest from paris france i travel to italy so this is my 3rd country. his next stop is below nya a university city in central italy. the us given 27000 free 4 weeks into rail train tickets to european youngsters. it wants them to explore the consonants and hopes this will help counter nationalist tendencies in some e.u. states. the success of the silicon stereotype is that people here are more relaxed more open with one another and more welcoming to strangers they have an
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affront to know from most people something that's something we germans often struggle with which in the. friedrich spontaneously meets organizers the long is cheap street art festival this summer the putting up 600 posters by artists across the city walls the messages are surprisingly pro european. i think europe and. you know something that can still get there and get this together come on we've been hearing each other for what centuries and now we have a you know we have common programs we have a common politics 25 year old friedrich continues his european journey in an easterly direction. to trist platform 66. is on route to slovenia one of the eves newest member states it was once part of the communist you can slavia. as a train heads for the italian slovenian border he makes friends with
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a reason man ferrari who comes from the region. of my family he tells me stories about when. there was a. they were there was a man. very easy street yes. today people in europe can again travel freely. if you've been to slovenia yet. after 3 hours the train reaches the mediterranean city and soon arrives at the slovenian border. there's no border guard in sight just a train conductor. for over 11 years this is been an open border. it's really interesting when people talk about the past it's incredible freedom to just cross into another country without checks but i cannot fully appreciate it because i didn't experience what it was like before. travelling freely across
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borders has become a normality for young people like friedrich it is one of the major achievements of the e.u. friedrich has reached the civilian capital. that doesn't suit me. but. it's hard for freedom to imagine a return to nationalist tendencies. after a stopover in slovenia keyboards the night train to the home carrying capital budapest . it was in hungary that the iron curtain 1st became possible today hungary's government takes an e.u. skeptical stance but few younger audience share these opinions seem understood i didn't meet anyone who said something very negative about your consulate maybe because most people tend to identify with their nation not some not europe. really
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gets the occasional. sickle so maybe we must make clear on why the european idea is so important that's because the enormous to. this trip to strengthen friedrich slovak. and he hopes its borders will remain open as european into railtrack. it has made a lasting impression. well the europe that the young friedrich moves around in so freely today began to take shape here in this magnificent hall at the capitol and museum in rome on the 25th of march $157.00 france germany italy and the benelux states signed the treaty of rome after 2 devastating wars in the whole course europe's founding fathers were absolutely determined to bring lasting peace to the continent well one of the translators in the negotiations leading to this historic moment was a remarkable one called really hard work out. a visit to the last living
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person to have witnessed the founding of europe a 90 year old or anyhow for camp that lives in brussels. as a 27 year old interpreter renny witnessed the treaty of rome being negotiated she accompanied belgian paul on a response regarded as one of the founders of european unification. she mostly sat next to spark who was head of the belgian government in exile during the 2nd world war. later as a european he reached out to the germans. miraculously he did so just 10 years after the war ended. a club is so human to be abnormal i really believe that someone like add now or definitely wanted something else and this could only be europe the beloved benelux countries had an ideal too and if there ever again which was repeatedly stated.
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they need is a holocaust survivor she and her jewish family had to flee from the nazis and meet cologne in belgium they went into hiding to eat did the idea of ever going to germany again as a tourist or later accompanying spark from my work it was hard to grasp. but her desire for peace in europe was stronger you have to have good i believed in it when i was younger that was a time of enthusiasm for europe absolutely plenty is the last surviving pioneer of the founding of europe today her dream of a europe without borders has become a reality. and part of that reality this even the ancient romans might have been proud of themselves is the creation of a european single market with a total workforce of more than $200000000.00 men and women so for many europe does
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stand for prosperity but not for all such as a rainy and day laborers who gather here in rome for work on a daily basis. it's 5 30 in the morning in buffalo on the outskirts of rome this is where day laborers wait for someone to offer them work most of them are from romania. a van pulls over. one of the men climbs in discreetly of course the police could show up at any minute. the others stay behind and keep on waiting most of the time it's in vain italy's construction sector is in crisis we ask some of the men how much money they can earn here. heavy labor can get to 60 to 70 years
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a day. he says some of the people that picked them up are italian and some are remaining in picher come under no you had no luck finding work this morning. is unlucky streak has lasted for more than a week now. what a lot i moonlighted what our employers prefer that so that they can avoid paying taxes their insurance box they would rather take you as an undeclared worker. that you agree that if they did learn it would sometimes i don't get paid to talk. they say they're paid to morrow and then they never show up again and again but money oh well like. a 63 year old welder has been trying his luck for years here but with less and less success. he says a while ago his wife and his 2 children left him. since then he's been living at the edge of the city in this makeshift hut could be that i've got my kids with
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their grandparents while they're waiting for their dad to come back but i'm not coming back. every evening petrushka goes to bed early he'll have to wake up at 430 if he wants any chance of getting work tomorrow. god what a cursive life this is. but painter guy is not alone in his plight yulian montoya from italy's construction union knows of many others just like him originally from romania he says many of his countrymen come to italy hoping for fast cash flow but the one thing they came because they were promised the land of milk and honey here but they found something entirely different to what patrick oh was also looking for a better life when he set out from romania to italy many years ago. this is where he used to live in the village of s. now now his house is abandoned his family has moved away many other houses stand
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empty here the local bar is the only place left with a bit of life in it here they remember their previous neighbor oh great generally it's out of money you said there was no point staying here in a country. that was earning his daily bread and everything else he needs to my being if i could go gladly i think it's better to stay here on a romanian feels. at least here you can get some sheep's cheese even if for many it is per click that you put out. the set up for what was. back in rome like every morning petrushka is up early driven by the hope of earning a few heroes today. 54 i'm sure rome is beautiful to look into it is not for me to get out. i will not tourists were slaves and they might have that. but.
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there are few people looking for cheap labor in buffalo today summer vacation has started. a bad outlook for people like patrick are under no you the romanian welder . now one thing all e.u. citizens have in common is a passport just like this one and just in the same way that wealth consumers can afford to buy all the latest fashions here in chic central rome wealthy investors can actually afford to buy e.u. citizenship in the form of so-called golden passports and the place to do that is something for us. cyprus is booming and the 2013 financial crisis seems all but forgotten. the island's real estate market is thriving with rows of expensive high rise condos going up in the port city of limits saw. many russians are buying them today they make up about a 4th of the city's total population.
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and a growing number of them have a cypriot e.u. passport. business consultant irene is settled and is one of those who makes it happen all they need to do is invest 2000000 euros in a look 3 property. build our heart history cultist. to know. clearly a situation and to give some examples. it's very simple thought choir the bus parked don't have to live here permanently hill. possibility to travel with no. 154 can't trace. the fact cyprus issues gold and passports to wealthy russians and arabs has been severely criticized by the e.u.
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but the island's finance minister who oversees this investment scheme says so far only 500 people have acquired one. and these ones may be main fact be dogs which are offered after. details in depth scrutiny and the background checks any suggestions or even take the course to. jointly. establish it all it's got it not on the investment. that. we would be absolutely willing to engage in such a discussion there is also been growing criticism of the golden passport program within cyprus critics say it lacks transparency and that the program just makes real estate tycoons like yanis miserable even richer the president's son is currently building a. song with your level apartments selling for more than 2000000000 euros is not
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worried by the fact that this entitles them to a golden passport after all they invest considerable sums. a big number is the middle east friends middle east in g.c.c. countries. asia and the russians so that is 5 or 6 percent dependency on this program. i guess if you take away any niche market from any market it's going to have some negative impact. well the influx of rich russians is changed life in the midst of not want to speak to us on camera about their new passports although business consultant and says most are mainly interested in making a profit. he calls his a terrible 5 percent of you and in 5 years. so the loop
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holes in investment also cause all for the benefit of the citizens. in the truck to deal and one that cypriot investment consultants a keen to promote after all where else can you acquire an e.u. passport in just 3 months. we've come to rome's naaman tano market it's a great place to buy fresh fruit including some lovely berries out there and you may or may not know that scotland is a place where berries are big business but the question now is what happens with breakfast because if the u.k. does choose to leave the european union as seems likely that means we're going to be slamming the door on the freedom of movement for those migrant laborers who are so vital to scottish from a. picture perfect scotland. the highlands famous for their breathtaking landscapes the castles and lakes add
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some bagpipes and a kilt and this is the way tourists experience this part of britain. like. the workers on the strawberry farms however don't get to see this side of scotland almost all of them came here from eastern europe. they earn around $300.00 euros per week here that equals a month's wage in romania and bulgaria but if you go all the way forced to go for it would you dimitri on has been spending the summer months in scotland for 7 years now as an e.u. citizen you never had problems entering the country but brecht's it could mean the end of freedom of movement will be carved by their flights they've told me about the. on the airport where i'm going why. how many dollars but what
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oh and if i pay you are in fear of i don't give a shit and for 5 years ago that i never had. during the summer some 10000 workers from other in new countries are employed in the scottish agricultural sector. rex it also has a worrying effect on scottish farmers you know that a lot of the politicians in london and neglect and abandon us says angus porter who runs the farm lawyers 140 seasonal workers not one of them is british he struggles to find enough local workers in rural scotland the future worries him we've built up an industry entirely based on people coming from me and without them . well it would be very very difficult i mean i don't. i don't know how we would even begin to do our work. the nearby town of arbroath has seen better
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days hardly anyone here can make a living from fishing anymore. many shops on the high street are vacant they lack customers with money to spend. it's somewhat busier at the barber shop though employees as well as customers are from eastern europe migrants from the e.u. are needed everywhere they say. not only to follow the this fish market if you but this particular market is that i fear that fish for truth is not to be the easy job as well and also the old mole fish smells and it's not easy job but also some original politicians have a different view though you are correct that supporters would rather send unemployed scots to work in the fields. to do more jobs when i was
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a boy. i walked on the farms. what i was at school during the holidays. we when i. got were the formal people coming across that the gas chamber gushed out by that coming across this is actually. you know their local people put up a lot of the opportunity. locals however wouldn't want to live in these containers on the farm and be woken at 5 am to start picking says dimitri alongside other seasonal workers in the tree earns the minimum wage often for 10 to 12 hours a day unlike what we had some guys yeah that big game they would do 3 days and. they left because of no hard job. dimitri would like to stay in scotland permanently instead of just during the harvest season and he'd
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like to see more of scotland than just the strawberry fields. his dream is to visit the scottish highlands someday but rex it could stop that ever happening. building bridges like the ancient romans used to do is essentially what the european union is all about take for instance tensions between germany and poland which have been really running into the extreme recently but the 2 sides share a common border along the river and people there have been coming together and building bridges into the future. mark to schuster's roses in her own garden are her pride and joy. 9 years ago she and her family moved from poland to germany they bought their house for little money and spent years renovating and expanding it was based in fact it was all tangly the grass was knee high and we had
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trouble getting through because everything was covered in many so. called. ship moving to germany was a huge opportunity for martha here she runs her own care service and several vacation homes in addition she could take care of her children and work from home. the family could only find a big enough house in germany where to spreading the properties are cheaper in this part of germany than neighboring poland. it helps often because i often receive messages from acquaintances or even people i don't know asking if i have any hot tips for a house or a nice piece of property available for sale real estate is becoming scarce and can up one in 8 residents of garth's a small town in the river odor is from poland and the numbers are rising.
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and the germans. are they getting used to the polish neighbors bringing new life to the place. the number of years on as long as they don't harm us and we don't harm them and they make sure to integrate themselves into society and work hard on a stay approachable and do their work i've got no problem no amount of it i feel for the. fact that i think it's the harmonious coexistence whatsoever put to the test when the local elementary school introduced polish lessons for german children . some protested. but the local council and school management were soon able to win over the critics we have and we have 205 children that go to school here people and 80 of them are polish cannot so it's clear that they too are vital for this school and wished and ought to have anything. by now 9 german pupils take part in mr tense because cheerful polish course. but.
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many kids in our class are from poland and when they speak polish french we want to be able to understand them and when we go to poland we want to be able to say something out. the germans often cross into poland. the polish town of graffito is much closer than any big german town. here shopping might be inexpensive but the real estate prices are quite high. that's why many poles choose to live in germany and many more say they would be happy to follow my bills they know that maybe some day we go there and the. martha shuster has never regretted her decision to move to an area that many germans consider the end of the world. and for not at all this here is the beginning of the world because it's so
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beautiful here we're surrounded by nature and nice people but what more could we want. that's. once you hear their idyllic retreats is noisily destructive when the festival in the german bank of the older liven things up with its rest the humor. rough and tumble fun. and german march music. it doesn't get more traditional than this but martha shuster in a polish friends have no trouble at. all this year in germany so it's fine that it's typically german. european freedom of movement here in the small town of cortes it's become a part of everyday life. i'm not so from this special edition of focus on your of coming to you from the eternal city of rome thanks very much indeed for joining us and only remains to say goodbye
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and i may be to actually. thank you. come. back you sometimes. have some.
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to. come from me. when. i'm not laughing out of the general well i guess sometimes i am but i stand up in which i haven't been a german think stevens or german culture looking at the stereotypes of quechua but interesting to see if a country that i know not to come here needed a ridiculous drama day out to you gus it's all about. far enough i'm a joke join me to make a german fun d.w.
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post. the quiet melody reasons why the lighten the mood. and did some repeat reasoning when it's. the mind and the music. we took from the 1st 12019 from. september 6th to september 29th. and i'm. glad. i am. it's been 15 years since the moon landing. she was the 1st man to walk on the moon . as a small boy she dreamed of the stars. as
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a pilot she flew anything no matter how to traverse. a church or go to the pole. as an astronaut she took part in the greatest adventure in history. a legend. simply a shipment. was neil armstrong. was his destiny starts july 20th on t.w. .
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cut. cut. this is the w.'s line from garland president trump who uses racist taunts against full minority lawmakers to rouse his republican base. supporters chant send her back as the president names the congresswoman rights will be with some grace helping me.

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