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tv   DW News  Deutsche Welle  July 25, 2019 7:02am-7:16am CEST

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this is africa coming up in the next 15 minutes the long road back we'll meet the somali women who've left kenya's dadaab refugee camp to return to their home lad and are struggling to rebuild their knocks. and the sandwich generation we meet a young nigerian who says he has little left for himself after deducting financial support for use karens from his neat income a story for many it to african. because you know black families like the type to just tell you he has drained from injured. hello i'm christie to welcome to news africa. for many somalis the reality of life
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over the pa state has been war insecurity famine and seeking refuge hundreds of thousands fled the country many crossed to neighboring kenya to the dadaab refugee camp one of the largest in the world after numerous threats by the kenyan government to close the camp the united nations is trying to help somalis return to reality of any safe areas in somalia like the town of. went i met up with women who have returned to somalia to try and rebuild their lives reports from our correspondent melanie corrigible. nowadays a modest living cooking food and selling and her very own now home country of somalia but for most of her life the 34 year old was a refugee in africa's largest refugee camp 300 kilometers away from here in kenya.
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i was born and bred few g. camp i grew up in the camp i lived there until i got here our father died our mother died. i made it here. today in somalia though large swathes of the country continue to see violent conflict certain cities taken back from also bought controlled by local forces are seeing tens of thousands of refugees returning to the country they once called home vast majority of red to knees from neighboring kenya have resettles here and kiss my old residence seek to overcome their violent past and build towards a hopeful future. not just husband was killed by the islamist extremists upon her return to somalia as a widow and sole carer for her 12 children motos one of the lucky ones was selected by regional authorities to live in
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a settlement on the outskirts of kiss my free housing and some services like basic health care are provided with newton still struggles to support her children so we . can do what my son is now 17 years old he's a student here if he gets to university i don't think i'll be able to pay for it. some days. i'm struggling to just feed my children who are orphaned. zahra is also one of the $53000.00 returning refugees sent back to somalia with just $200.00 u.s. dollars and a 6 month basic service package from your native c.r. she was not provided with housing instead she had to build herself attend sarah feels she's been left all alone with her suffering. is there anything we have not
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been through this nothing we haven't experienced people robbed each other some were killed in front of you your sisters raped right in front of you. was when your father beat and if you watch. although parts of somalia continue to take steps towards peaceful recovery resources are lacking and ongoing violence has paralyzed efforts to support those most in need but the resilience of somali women fuels their determination to carry on despite all the hardship. i had to others i have to be strong i learned this after watching my husband reach out to me as he was being jailed be that as it may there is nothing i haven't seen. in the law and so when they. come. and not to face many difficulties
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nevertheless they are unwilling to give up on the homeland and still hope to see a brighter future in somalia. you have worked hard to get to where you are and it feels good to be reaching your goals you might not be alone enjoy your success many young professionals today feel pressurised to pay back and support extended family members who may not be as fortunate this is so-called black sex and it can be a real burden. getting ready with no running water not uncommon in many parts of flavors especially in this rocking class neighborhood. this is home for 29 year old. he rents the 5 square metre room and has to make the most of the small space many cure pedicure he works in a small so long to get by. very close it is out and i said so. he
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can't afford to lose another client it is a rainy season and business is slow but that doesn't stop messages from home i get a message from my sister about our school fees. so. i would never do it for the kids to go to school. about half of his salary goes to his sister his father and other relatives this form of income sharing is common in nigeria without a functioning social welfare system many young people become their families sole source of income i dislike it i don't like it but you are trying to be. a possibility. on his way to work all the bungy visits his father who lives alone
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he lost his job a few years ago but thanks to his son he has a warm meal or fries today without his son support he says he wouldn't survive. hearing a jury of people. i refer to as the son of its generation because really he is in between between supporting the all the generation his father while at the same time he wants to raise a family. in order to save money while the bungee needs 3 to 4 clients a day but today there has been only one not enough to get a hat. and i'm going to enjoy it while you because of so much of a responsibility so. i think. the government have to find something to do today. so we can achieve our here. until then the so-called sense of each generation will
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have to continue filling that gap. so many people in africa can relate with all of my injury in the sense that they too are sandwiched between having to support family members from the generation before them and in many cases the generation off to them to the conversation are black texas also taking place in south africa and to get more insight into that we've invited mesan ending that congo assad has written extensively on the subject of inequality that exists among black south africans and has also produced a documentary that is out today welcome to the africa side up off from the research that you've done in the documentary that you've produced what is your personal experience with black text so i came to this research is the 2nd generation middle class young black south african with a daughter of myself that i have to take care of and plan the future for i think i realized quite quickly that black tax for myself and for my friends was very much
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gendered very much racialized in the society as an equal as south africa and so i took it upon myself to investigate what did actually meant to be black in the middle class almost 25 years since the end of a part 8 ok my son is so as i mentioned was your documentaries out today i want to pay an extra buck there of that and they will pick up from there sure. black tax refers to the financial obligations back income. taxes. you got. to get a really. a lot i. don't. know who are.
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not going. ok much that is so we've seen that illustration there but what of places that you raise in the documentary you say had that. you know what does that mean for sustainability for communities what does it mean for aspirations of young black children what questions did you arrive at but what oncet sorry so one of the main says that i arrived at was that black taxes to magic and a cause of inequality in south africa so it's both the drive of inequality and the result of high levels of racialized engendered inequality in the country so while distributions between families occur across all race groups and across all genders in south africa because of the star at the history of a part it relates to uncertainty in the ability to plan for the future the difference between lower lower class lower middle class and upper middle class is
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so vast as to become meaningless so for example if we translate that the south african middle class would be earning around $300.00 euro's to around $10000.00 euros per month which is a ridiculous brackets to consider and compare to and so we have a lot of people living in the black middle class that exist in vulnerability who are unable to plan for the future and who are not equal to there may be colleagues and other similar race groups ok of us had a say in talking about the inequality that is as a result of them i just say to you from black texan i want it in that sense then what should be safe policy make his do to sort of relieve this in this class of people that exist pretty much on the whole continent. so i mean and that is correct and that inequality in the continent is rising and one of the challenges policymakers are facing is that research has shown that in the context of high
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levels of inequality implementing social recently just repeats of policies is increasingly difficult because the those who carry the burden of tax usually influence the direction of. and so policymakers have a radii before inequality levels reach a crisis like in south africa to implement progress of policies in ways that allow equitable access to education to health care and to social services in ways that aren't as they are in south africa and further you know one of the more contentious ones is actually to tax inheritance to tax wealth and heritance transfers to put them into a part that can then facilitate such a distribution all right that's an ending and thank you. and that's a good album the deputies after that you can catch all stories on our website and baseball takes the next time i buy.
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