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tv   Eco Africa  Deutsche Welle  July 28, 2019 6:30pm-7:01pm CEST

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earth a home for saving globally duos tells stories of creative people and innovative projects around the world ideas to protect the climate and boost green energy solutions by global ideas we embody a series of global 3000 on d w and on mine. hello and welcome to a new edition of eco africa my name is but my friends call me z. and i'm coming to you from johannesburg and south africa if you want to find out what a national park into for the people who live in it stay tuned and of course to meet my lovely colleague in nigeria hi this is the yes i'm now tag we're here in lagos
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nigeria are you ready for new episodes here's what's coming up on the show. starts up in looking at fossil that's combining our pop culture with better go farming. a woman from south africa who's fighting against food waste and how solar energy is changing life for farmers in the mountains of morocco. now rwanda is of the most densely populated countries in africa and that can trigger conflicts over resources when entire areas are declared to be national parks in many ways and worry about their livelihoods the solution is to involve them more in wildlife protection one example the endangered mountain gorillas in new wonders volcanoes national park the tourism they generate can benefit the local communities as well as the environment.
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that you think every damn placid includes in zack tex tourists around the volcanoes national park it's covered 160 square kilometers and it's the oldest conservation area in africa. it's home to invest range of species including some that are considered to be in danger of extinction such as the golden monkey. there's more any other place you find these monkeys apart from the southwest of wonder where you find a different species of monkeys but here in of o'connell's or only you find olive garden monkeys so that's why the monkeys many people don't know about you can have it with them. these monkeys are not shy and don't seem to mind being stared at each group of visitors is allowed to spend one hour of serving them. they live in the paxton's forest and like to eat bamboo leaves and shoots the
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trouble is people illegally come into the park and cut down trees cut tailing the monkeys habitat and the main source of food. so that's why we have a planted outside a park for the local community we have those a bumper project also not only being being used for one across but also for protection of the sawyer of erosion control in general that was one way to avoid those people who are targeting the trees in the park. run the is the most densely populated country in mainland africa and population growth remains high. every inch of arable land is snapped up for farming including mountainsides fields and grazing land stretch a great up to the age of the pack the mountain forests no of education zone has already been stripped. the farmers.
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are just a few 100 metres from the conservation area. most people who live near the pack use the wood for vs towards the authorities have established a protection zone around the park in which the residents are allowed to obtain a limited amount of wood for the past and use but only from certain species of tree there is also a feedback process whereby residents share with the authorities their needs and wishes each district all sectors all these local people who are near the park the seat and city priorities. like water like schools like a are different for a structure like public clinics so they set their priorities and we give them money in order to make sure that they have what they need.
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10 percent of the money the pac makes goes towards community projects last year that amounted to more than $660000.00 which is a lot of money in rwanda many farmers and extra money as porters for tourists. this is one of the new clubs for villages where they can meet and make handicrafts to sell to tourists involving local people in caring for the national park appears to be paying off the idea is that if it also benefits them they are more likely to help conserve it it is already the case that fewer trees are being cut down so things are looking up for the golden monkeys as well. chicken fish and salad 3 distinct species all growing and breeding in perfect harmony in a small space that's an innovation our young entrepreneur has brought to book in
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our fossil karen do on baku. pyramid after months of testing on troubles he's finally been able to turn his ideas into a system that works like others out there is doing his bit for the environment. the agri pyramid is a hydroponic device that combines plant production with aquaculture and poultry farming. the circular system was designed by kevin to invoke enough asos capital worker to go. his prototype is designed for up to 600 plants 200 fish and 200 ballots poultry production is located on the top level. the fish eat waste from the birds that falls directly into the tanks at the bottom of the pyramid the water the fish swim in also nourishes plants like tomatoes or
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lettuce. the device runs on solar energy no chemicals have to be added to the system. i prepare and it doesn't require large amounts of fresh water since its design limits evaporation dramatically. the system doesn't depend on the climate over quality of the local saw oil. electric hydroponic agriculture is one way for us to adapt to the phenomenon of climate change because we can no longer rely on brain off the record just another problem is that much of the soil and broke in a faster way is depleted. the agri pyramid can be easily installed in courtyards because it takes up little space. kevin to amber hopes to set up at least 200 more of the devices in book enough asshole.
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you know like that. if you are doing here tell us about. this at our website or send us a tweet. hash tag do your bit we shared your story. many farmers in africa still employed. one frequent problem is a hobby changes in the weather on the harvest can anything be done about it. that's a good question auntie but if for instance you could drive the grain you've grown directly on the fields sometimes a harvest could be saved that might otherwise be a total loss one company in germany is providing the rights to take needs to do it . it's a very simple piece of equipment. and. appreciate just how useful it
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can be for a small hole to fall. there are no grains he said to me over the greens and you can also see that we don't have bridges there's pretty healthy enough to come in from produce it especially for the african market where cereals are still often fresh the way they were in germany 50 or 60 years ago which means a lot is wasted if you use this he waste far less. for those 2 and no fruit enough to come from. karl-heinz claude grew up on a farm and has spent much of his working life making machinery for post-harvest processing of crops these days he spends a lot of time in africa being there reminds him of his childhood 2 of them were probably mine i paid for my 1st bike with money i earned on the farm where after working on the fields we had a wonderful meal i've never forgotten it because we would be full of the end which
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wasn't always the case there for a good reason this. godfrey marang is from zimbabwe he wants to help secure harvests in his home country and elsewhere in africa with the help of modern technology. mobile dryers like this one can prevent cereal crops from spoiling. morongo is setting up a network of technicians able to service the equipment across africa. he's a technology enthusiastic himself and that helps. i've done this project to where. the service goes from tanzania will came here so we had our drawings into our pads and we have put together within 3 weeks. also makes a smaller dryer it can be used directly in a field to prepare a crop for storage a farmer could buy one or
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a service provider could go from farm to farm with it. just get tired of it if you don't prepare and drive the grain properly it goes moldy and eating food that's mostly unspoiled makes you sick you can get diarrhea and many other illnesses and the because. it's estimated that up to 20 percent of cereals and 40 percent of fruits and vegetables in sub-saharan africa including here in ghana are a lost to spoilage smallholders rarely have the technical means to dry what they crow they leave their names to dry slowly in the fields as it does so it's a sceptical to pest some fungus what's more the fields are occupied and the next sowing the seeds has to wait canopus only sold a few dry is in africa so far but wants to sell more the equipment can also be bought as a kit with detailed assembly instructions provided the components are screwed together no soldiering is required which makes it much easier if need be service
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technicians are available to help. the customer can put the machine together with his own staff in the process they all learn how it works so it's useful training. each try it comes with key spare parts to reduce the likelihood that if it breaks it remains out of service for a. the length of time waiting for replacement components means costly downtime misting time it's a race so that should be one meaning you should have backup become put in service guys become. karl-heinz business started small and has grown and grown he says many farmers could aim to do the same. he now owns 4 facilities in germany and eastern europe. but he hopes to open the next one in africa. hopefully that initiative will be
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helpful for african farmers to make the most of what they grow but in other parts of the world farmers have the opposite problem they produce more than they can eat estimates say a 3rd of all food worldwide and are being dumped on the list of food waste as our north america australia and new zealand with europe are not far behind generally in sub-saharan africa very little food is wasted but there is one big exception south africa. tachyon a front door man piece regular visits to the garbage dumps around cape town. she studied the waste to a lifestyle of many south africans and says changes urgently needed. every year the landfill alone receives thousands of tons of food waste it comes from restaurants factories and local farms.
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reassume 8 that assertive food is dumped in south africa every year this has significant ecological impacts because all that food has compounded water and energy and from a climate change perspective in the landfill it emits harmful greenhouse gases both me saying and carbon dioxide. russia has spent years looking at ways of reducing food waste here in the western cape he works for the regional department of agriculture from bollman has come to visit one of his projects which she believes could provide a model for the rest of the country. has managed to persuade farmers to donate their food surplus instead of plowing it back into the ground lizette clubbers farm is the collection point. 7 local farmers bring their excess produce here.
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you should see the quality it is not thrown away food its export quality that they just deliver. i see these same me anything even if they sit at the mall on the spot do something though that's not good enough they want to deliver the beast so yes they want to give sometimes several tons of food arrive here in a single day government sponsored vehicles then transported to soup kitchens in nearby townships like a.v.m. park which is home to $20000.00 people poverty is rife here as are gang violence and drug crime and it's often the children who suffer most. most people in the township live from state benefits the soup kitchens may be a lifesaver for some but they're still not the ideal solution long term. handouts are not going to put us on
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a sustainable trajectory we need to look at the whole system and we need to put that leave us for change to tip the system into a positive states for looking at the issue of farming both on a commercial level how bit of farming practices can be implemented but also for small hold the farmers so that they are both environmentally and economically sustainable. another example an a.v.m. park shows just what smallholder farming can do a few years ago some of the residents teamed up with the department of agriculture to begin growing their own food the township now has 45 food gardens where members plant fresh vegetables for the local community those in need can come and collect for free the garden project has been running since 2015 instead of getting paid the members give a share of the harvest. as there were some culture to create food. gardens in poor communities who have to purposely live in the
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community to make food and produce to the bills but we soon realize that it will not be enough to address the food security problem. major food retailers are now joining the initiative to instead of disposing of food that is past its sell by date the retail chain woolworths donate it to charitable organizations that work with the poor of the food is still within the use by date and to ensure it remains refrigerated at all times woolworths issues it directly from the shops cold storage room. it has given me great hope for the future that we will no longer have the absurd situation of wasting the food to feed all the environmental and climate impacts that go along with that and actually work to get that through the value chain to ensure that all edible food is equal and ideally reaches those who need it the most. today the unsold food is going to
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a homeless shelter in cape town it's a practice that could work for the whole of south africa in a country where 12000000 people regularly go hungry at least a part of the surplus food could be put to good use. from the south of the continent we had back up to the north the next report council morocco when initiative is bringing light to remote villages in the atlas mountains a single bottle in places like that can change the lives of entire families and in this project it's being done in a sustainable way that's why they initiated the setting up simple saul of tarsus times but the country wants to set an example in the region and he's also trying to implement solar energy on a wider scale to do it morrocco has build one of the biggest solar power plants that uses and the rate of $7500.00 mirrors and the clean energy comes from a steady reliable source the sun would shine zionist $3000.00 r.'s 0 year in
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morocco. the drive into the atlas mountains takes us hours for technician joe would be journeys like this one into far flung villages are part of the job and yet there's still something special because the work he does in installing solar panels changes people's lives. to wonderful to see how thrilled a family is when they get electric like for the 1st time. it's just really nice. the mountain village of todd has no running water no electricity and no telephones mohammed ben saeed as family can hardly wait for his colleague to arrive and install a solar panel on their rooftop. they look on eagerly as the work gets underway.
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the solar panel will cost the family a few $100.00 euros that's a lot of money here it's a pretty quick job the technology is relatively simple but maintenance and the batteries longevity are still problematic the system has to be wired up in a somewhat unorthodox way but nevertheless it works joad connects the module to the battery and it starts charging. it doesn't take long to install our technology the time consuming part is getting to these villages so if i see. the farmer's entire livelihood lies in these fields suffer on. just one gram of the red spice can earn him up to a euro burnside's family has financed their solar powered system with a crop. no but it's all solar power is expensive and we don't have much money. but we hope this panel will improve our lives.
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the moment of truth has almost come joad runs the battery cables into the house and screws in the light bulb well 1st off. it's an exciting moment for the entire family for the 1st time ever the house has artificial lighting. this is great i could never see at night sometimes cockroaches crept into the cooking pot with so happy now. you can't imagine what a great feeling it is to see how pleased people are evil i know and if i imagine that. this evening and had to rot the lights are on for the 1st time for the band so huge family it's a dream come true. the next morning joe dentist colleague make their way home they're heading to the city of was in the south of morocco. it's
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strategically placed on the edge of the sahara and is known as the doorway to the desert. this is where joe wood small business is based morocco gets some 3000 hours of sunshine every year 28 year old joad has 4 employees and he says business is booming and that's partly because morocco his government has been investing in sustainable energy for years and was assad is now home to one of the world's largest solar power plants. what is the. what is as an artist the world capital of solar energy because of this new large power plant. nor do that. even from far away you can see the plants main tower it's been names nor which in arabic means light until recently morocco relied on imported fuel for almost all of its energy needs now the country is changing that by developing projects like this
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one there is some 7 and a half 1000 mirrors surrounding the towers in a vast field the mirrors reflect the sunlight focusing it on to the top of the tower which heat up to more than 1000 degrees celcius. the moroccan manager of the project tariq vertical walker who is meeting with marcos fresh enough from the german development bank k b f w germany has lent more than 800000000 euros to the project the biggest single contributor morocco couldn't have financed the project alone it all up but then it just was. morocco has no fossil fuels. at the same time our energy needs are increasing. that's the reason our government is backing renewables. in just a few years more than 40 percent of morocco's electricity will be generated from the sun and wind there are plans to build 5 large plants like this one meaning the
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country could soon be a global leader for solar power. from the high tech energy projects back to the mountains a donkey is being loaded up and his team are heading off to the next tom. although morocco has expanded at select tricity gretta mentally in recent years some villages are simply too remote to reach them which is why these solar technicians are sorely needed. last night bella and his wife speak of the hardships they experienced last december that's one reason why they to finally want a like truck. again they can we used to just use candles but when it's stormy outside make it all blown out right away. we don't have anything here lives a very difficult.
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tells us that moments like these are the reason he does what he does he says the long tracks out of town are worth it every time. morocco is often referred to as the place where the sun sets but the sun is certainly rising on the energy revolution taking place here. time to wrap things up on today's show and to say goodbye from here in johannesburg south africa but would love to see you again next week thank you zee also sign of for now from here but don't forget that you can always think she went into our show by checking out the content on our website and social media platforms from the whole eco africa team thanks for joining us goodbye from lagos.
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thank you for. coming. in. the family.
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coming. up. jellyfish are mysterious and graceful in real life and you know our. generation glance artist stephanie. captures their charm yes we're. making their beautiful. time. the romance in 30 minutes on w. born
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or. can the body more not hard and in the end this i mean you're not allowed to stay here any more he was injured back. are you familiar with this. when the smugglers would lie and study what's your story ready ready. i mean what numbers of women especially in victims of violence in. take part and send us your story we are trying always to understand this new culture. not of a little or nothing yet you want to become a citizen. in so migrants your platform for information.
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education is not only for employment education is for and palm and i'm sure that incoming 1015 years the one of them think about how through in colcord the values of tolerance loser understanding these things cannot be ignored for have a because the fundamentalist forces and the fanatic course is also acting very deeply and intensely and they cannot undermine their power the power of communication the power off technology ordinary people must not modernise support them must not socially support them the international community has to invest more on their education which can prevent young people to enter into that type of political cers .
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this is evil good news live from berlin hong kong protesters are calling it their summer of discontent as they continue to march for democracy police have fired tear gas to disperse crowds who have barricaded themselves into the city's center and defiance of an official we'll hear from our correspondent as well as one of the key figures in hong kong's pro-democracy movement also coming up and lebanon syrian refugees are being forced to demolish their own temporary homes or watched.

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