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tv   DW News  Deutsche Welle  August 2, 2019 8:00pm-8:16pm CEST

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global $3000.00 special report. starts on this 19th sunday to. look at. this is you know we knew it was live from berlin the end of an era the u.s. and russia abandon a key cold war treaty on nuclear weapons nato sounds a note of caution. we will mirror what threshold bush we don't belong to and you officers each side points the finger at the other for
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ending the medium range missile agreement but both calls for restraint also coming up 5 years ago the so-called islamic state trying to exterminate you see the people of iraq now work begins to do mass graves in hopes of finding those to prove that. they are thank you so much for your company everyone in the west does not want a new global arms race well that's what the nato secretary general yes stoltenberg said earlier today all that was his response to the collapse of a landmark nuclear weapons treaty dating from the cold war era the ending of the intermediate range nuclear forces agreement or i.n.f. as it's known where moves limits on the arsenals of both the u.s. and russia so berg blames russia for the u.s.
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withdrawal from the treaty saying moscow failed to comply after it developed a new cruise missile. it was a tweak that announced the end of over 30 years of mutual nuclear restraint u.s. secretary of state mike pompei o squarely put the blame on russia when he declared the treaty ends today president trump had withdrawn from the agreement 6 months ago after russia deployed a new missile system that contravenes the ins terms according to washington and nato. but russia is adamant that the us is responsible for the treaties unraveling . which we have discussed the subject in detail many times from the very beginning we were saying that this is exclusively a u.s. initiative and a couple friends 1st to shatter the screen and and then terminate participation at . the crashing. moscow has proposed
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a moratorium on deploying nuclear capable missiles and nato is also keen to avoid europe becoming a staging ground for a nuclear buildup would be very we will not mirror what russia does we don't want a new officers. we have no intention to the pro if you land based. in europe. nato continues to aspire for a construct a relationship with russia when russia else actions make that possible. pompei used to eat at the end of a historic agreement struck between the u.s. and the soviet union presidents mikhail gorbachev and ronald reagan signed the treaty in 1987 a change of course have to decades of cold war you pay attention. the root of the tension was this the soviet s s 20 missiles a nuclear warhead that could strike western europe at short notice. the u.s.
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deployed its own mid-range missiles in europe leading to protests across the west. the i.n.f. treaty resulted from widespread popular demand for deescalation when the cold war ended so did the fear of nuclear armageddon but with the end of the ins the specter of nuclear confrontation looms again. it was earning me now here on the set this is dan c. hall founder and executive board member of the international campaign to abolish nuclear weapons or i can in short right here in germany and some of you might remember that in 2017 i can won the nobel peace prize a very good day thank you for being here we highlighted some of the significance of that landmark treaty but what made it so crucial where you had to remember that the people of my age and she grew up in a world which was completely different from what humanity might see now in terms of
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the fact that we were all scared there was going to be a nuclear war and we all went on the outs on the streets and millions in western europe and also in the united states went out in the streets to ask for these weapons to be scrapped and so it was a big deal when in 1907 in the reagan and gorbachev actually decided yes we'll do that and he got rid of a whole category of nuclear weapons now the focus is on russia but let's turn our attention to the u.s. is pulling out of the i.n.f. treaty by the us the right decision. and even though russia is not complying with it was it too quick to act by pulling out or definitely i am weary of the opinion that they should have really tried harder to work out their differences and russia's also perth said that they didn't think that they were in a noncompliance and they've offered to after the today's announcement also the
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treaty is ended they have also offered a moratorium so the question is could there be more done to try to save this really important treaty for europe and we don't think that enough has been done and we certainly don't think that the europeans are doing enough to try to save it as an arms controls expert yourself do you feel that there's still a use for these treaties should we be debating whether they're useful today i don't think we should be debating on the usefulness of treaties i think we should actually be debating whether we have this nuclear weapons at all anymore and the reason that i can won the nobel peace prize was because we actually helped to develop the new treaty which was. passed by the un in 2017 and would ban completely all nuclear weapons and this is where we want to go we want to get rid of all of them which is actually what obama was talking about in 2009 when he said he was looking forward to a nuclear weapon free world what does this latest collapse of the i.m.f.
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now mean for i can't efforts and also for this country germany which once again finds itself in the middle of a very tricky situation well it makes everything a lot harder of course because at least we had the feeling that there was a treaty protecting europe but now we have to fight now also to try to stop missiles being brought back into europe which would in dangerous all once again and return this to the same position we were in in the eighty's which we thought we had left behind but. so we do have this new treaty and we also have nearly half of the countries that we need to ratify the nuclear ban treaty so we're quite positive positive about the idea that we will get there in the end you're quite positive that this must be definitely a low point i mean is this an end of an era would you think is going to replace the system that we have a right now and what is the future of arms control well to be fair we knew this was
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coming i mean we had 6 months to prepare for this day and we are prepared we have been thinking about what to do and we are calling on european leaders to now stand up and work in the interests of europe and called on the united states and russia not to station or deploy any nuclear weapons in europe and do you think they'll be receptive to your demands well i hope so and i'm starting with jim and foreign minister all right sam feel hall from i can thank you for coming and going we appreciate your insights thank you 5 years ago these so-called islamic states started its attacks on the religious minority in iraq a campaign of genocide while these images that you're about to see show you see these fleeing the onslaught of iowa's forces in august 24 team without food or water an estimated 200 children died of dehydration alone as people descend at the slopes of mount singe are these edis ancestral home in northwestern iraq for those
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left behind life became a nightmare i have spiders raped women and killed men all these singe our region was liberated from the so-called islamic state back in november 25th teen but many years e.d.'s still live in refugee camps and thousands remain unaccounted for. remembers exactly when he last saw his brother it was august 3rd 2 cells 14 went together with their families they fled the approaching i s. fighters his brother tried to find food and was caught by the terrorists along with 5 other family members for a long time bashar hoped that his brows i was still a life. no longer have any hope there is no more ah yes. not in syria not anywhere and only they would have been able to keep prisoners in. bashar and those left of his family currently live in
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a refugee camp in northern iraq like many yes they are afraid to go back home afraid of their arab neighbors who they say cooperated with i guess. bashar and his family provided blood samples to the authorities hoping that the remains of his brother will be found they are haunted by the memories bashar says but still. better to know what happened to my brother. in march iraqi or thirties together with the un finally began to exhume the 1st mass graves. many years edis came to witness it. desperately seeking closure 5 years after i as killed their men and enslaved their women and children hundreds if not thousands of years he used a belief to be buried here the disinterment began in kojo hometown of nobel peace prize winner and that young ruler at herself and i s victims she caught on
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authorities to protect the mass graves and thus the evidence of what the years he's had to endure. there is not a single yazidi family they didn't taste the bitterness of this genocide they all lost their loved ones their property and their dreams. blott central sent bones are being tested in a forensic lab in fact that. specialists are trying to identify victims through their d.n.a. and they are searching for criminal evidence. but time has taken its toll the bones have been exposed to flats fire and fighting it could take years experts say to put cases together but the families want answers sooner. as a pause them how to do work will be carried out quickly and not neglected them and i don't want them to start to assume the graves now and then drag their feet for 2 or 3 years the. minute if you haven't been to date only
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12 out of more than 70 confirmed mass graves have been exhumed recent divide fires in the u.c.d. homeland have already destroyed several grace and each day it is getting harder to identify possible victims in to secure hard evidence for islamic states crimes and i'm now joined in the studio by a german u.c.d. filmmaker and author do center call or she documented the plight of iraq's minority in a film called how are my journey to genocide a very warm welcome now in 2014 at this very very dark time in the history of your people you decided to go to iraq with your father because you wanted to explore your ancestral roots by going to the you see the homeland and then of course the i.r.s. genocide was unleashed on your community but you still decided to go why.
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because i had to go there soul to see the pictures today for the genocide and it's beginning i'm very painful and it's a very dark week for all of us in the world and in 2014 when that happens to my people no one was interested in the ongoing genocide and that was the reason why i had to go there because of the fact that i was a daughter. who left the country because of being threatened and the fact that that i wasn't joining us on the other side forced me to go there and to make a documentary of my life a very sad one so it was like a life changing moment i went there as a journalist and came back as a human rights activist but there was no other choice because many people there crying and calling me and it was like genocide is happening here at the wood is not
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interested in the and that was the reason why i went them i'm very interested in kind of that tension that you that you kind of described there had like you to go more into it so you want to document as a professional what is going on there but at the same time these are people that look like you sound like you are part of your community would you know paint a picture for us what did you find when you arrived there i find going genocide to people who had feel i saw it. and it was a big crisis and of course there was a lot of feel i must try it before it was going there but in the moment when i was there i knew and i felt that i was needed there and i saw the people who just came back. from systems are milton's and every one of us was seeing the post. in the sims on militants and of course there was a big fear people. like shocked i would say shock today
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and they were not able to speak. they were crying and it was like a trauma what is going on here and what is happening to people and at that time many many people where i just kept it to you so we also get colds from the women who are in fun in iraq and just heard the names of the cities where like or what i'm doing here what is happening here and that at that time it was one of the most dangerous places because it was 2 weeks after james foley was beheaded and my mother was crying and was like why are you going there go my daughter and i said but i miss the journalists and therefore i have to go and i was very proud that my father came with me but from the beginning when you saw all the refugees who were living there. in the very awful situation i didn't ask any more about my own feelings because there was a happening on going on tell me about once i mean of course i mean what has
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happened to the u.c.d. . i mean we can't even imagine a slave rape.

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