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tv   Global 3000  Deutsche Welle  August 14, 2019 4:30am-5:01am CEST

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the global 3000 talked to a team of british researchers who take a more optimistic view. the world is not always a good plan but it's a much much fairer that one. is the world really getting better. at global $3000.00 special reports. starts august 19th on. welcome to global 3000. divers recently thought they discovered a new reef in the mediterranean but what appeared to be bright colorful corals were in fact mountains of plastic waste swaying in the currents. humans have put their
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stamp on the planet and it's not always been a pretty one a report from the united nations says biodiversity is declining at a dangerous rate more than a 1000000 species could soon become extinct. there's almost no place on earth that's been spared from human activity not even the poles or remote mountains such as in the kurdish region of northern iraq it's one of the world's most conflict ridden areas borders drawn after world war one left the kurdish region straddling 4 states turkey syria iraq and iran. this has resulted in uprisings of violence and wars that still continue today. most recently against so-called islamic state over the decades millions of people have been displaced some fled to isolated mountain areas. kurdistan's wildlife has also been badly. affected
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many species are now endangered but there is new hope in the current dark region of northern iraq thanks to dedicated conservationists. summer temperatures can exceed 40 degrees celsius here in the karratha in the kurdistan region of iraq. that's why biologist hannah ross and her colleague corner a shout out like to get an early start they're looking for traces of the biggest predator here a leopard that's considered the spirit of the karada. the developer the flagship species so it's very important it's on the top predator so it's on top of the food chain. the persian leopard is virtually invisible people who live here in the mountains of countdown know where the leopard but furry few have ever seen it. even 100 who's been working and doing research here for years now has never encountered a leopard in the wild that's why they use camera traps. so
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this is the wild growth. and we get a lot of pictures of them on our camera trials which is a good. indicator of the prey and a bit of an apology for the person i heard this is one of the reasons why we can't approach and look for the actually. it seems this morning we've got a lot of pictures of mammals different animal species and also a lot of birds we have. the wild goat. we have. gray wolf jackal fox wild cats. the leopards have to compete with wolves for their prey and occasionally other leopards but persian leopards have become very rare in these mountains so this leopard is their 1st photographic record of the persian leopard for iraq that we
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had. and this through this we disagree discover the persian leopard in 2011. this one is a new individual that we discovered in kind of in 2017 and this way we know for sure that we have 3 adult leopards living in rome in these mountains. worldwide the population of persian leopards is estimated at less than $1300.00 the graceful yet ferocious big cat is listed as endangered. the conservationists climb the steep rocky terrain as often as possible they haven't given up hope of spotting a leopard on one of the other cliffs this is its main hunting ground. this is a typical habitat for the love birds. normally for ferris oak forest and rocky area so they do is when they hunt they normally sit on a tree or under
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a tree and looking out over looking in what is going on there and then when they look to pray they jump down the mountain it's easier for them because they're so powerful and they jump so high and once they're lucky to get the prey that they drag it to it on to a tree and then that's where they eat it. the fate of the persian leopard is dependent on its habitat. for decades of war violence and human migration in iraq have left their mark on both people and animals here. at the strength of the law could be compared to this strength of human beings especially kurds who with stuart a lot of conflicts and rests in our region. my family his family freedom fighters those who fought against saddam hussein and so i was
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born in the mountains while my parents were actually fighting against the regime and my connection with nature in the mountains goes along a knife so that as i grew up there my parents fought for the mountains but now there's nothing to see on the mountains so i am striving to see wildlife back again on the mountains like you see this mountain with that animals and there's no point . for years now how has been negotiating with iraqi. protected area. her efforts seem to have paid off. $2300.00 hectares of mountainous terrain are to be designated a nature reserve for the leopards. the locals have to be convinced as well years of unrest have forced people to leave so there aren't many left and the younger generation often look for jobs in the big cities but out on mohammad sali stayed. while but for me the leopard is
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a kind of natural heritage i'd like to see more of them in these mountains. the new nature reserve is also meant to attract tourists a much needed source of income. a tourist lodges currently being built with the support of the international union for conservation of nature. i understand that a lot of people wouldn't expect that this you know iraq is for vacation and for having fun but actually i can promise that this region is very safe but the 1st visitors are not the guests they were hoping for oil reserves are believed to be situated along the border of the protected area even though the oil company is considering ways to support the reserve drilling would nevertheless be inevitable. after half an hour the unwelcome visitors leave my personal thinking is that oil and oil exploration is one of the biggest negative
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impacts on the environment and no matter how much they try again with still live big footprint on the environment the isolation of the mountains in the kurdistan region is the best protection for iraq's leopards. only if the area is left untouched. does the spirit of the character have a chance. my vision for the future and especially the conservation of wildlife particularly is to have a network of protected areas established for our reach and to have more prosperity and to have more peace for the local people and local communities that live around them and also for the wildlife in.
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this week's global ideas is also about species protection the number of insects worldwide has fallen drastically agriculture takes a big share of the blame our reporter mabel good luck went to morocco to find out about a research project that hopes to benefit farmers and insects. these cari and their flowers attract a lot of insects researcher stephanie christman is delighted to see them after all they're essential for pollination here in morocco though many simply view insects as pests now a skin designed to educate farmers about the need to protect them has been introduced simply planting strips of wild flowers as is often done in germany isn't the best solution here. right now as. the project may be for rich countries but it's not scalable to know on middle income countries so we decided to. move in from country whereas
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a well developed agricultural sector like mark will. develop a model for us then double and scalable. in here in morocco and then spend it to the other countries. unlike other common insect protection plans the focus here is on the neighboring farmers to generate an income from everything they grow. farming with alternative pollinators or if up for short is the name of the plan it works like this 3 quarters of the land is used to grow the main crops like eggplant for example cultivated around it are plants that attract more insects because of their colors shapes and when they're in bloom the farmer can also sell them. as a control there are fields in which only the main crop grows that way the researchers can assess the effectiveness of the intervention. of
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ph d. student uncas months team will be. here she's collecting insect samples that will later be examined in the lab when it comes to protecting pollinators she says economic arguments are just as important as environmental ones. if only about. nature they would be interested if we talk about increasing the yield at weekend conservative nature will be. the best approach to. provide all. the farmers. stephanie christman works at an institute in the moroccan capital rabat it was here that she developed up she says the consequences of global insect disappearance could be dramatic such as loss of food crops soil erosion and even human migration.
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when my get into a world which is love peaceful anymore. in all areas because everybody will be affected and i think we have to start thinking on pollinator laws and on pollinate of protection and also in terms of keeping global peace. the thousands of samples she collects help scientists gain an overview of insect populations. we can for example take this one yeah this is amazing be. the mason views that will make us above ground the researchers have been studying feeding and breeding behavior they've also shown farmers how to spot insect nast's we did interviews with families they don't recognise the last year or so for there's we have to go through the field and to show them that yeah there are make them and seeing their lands
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and their fields or with their i have a pile in. and so when they have a large amount of like kilometers of cereal field. from the point of view of the wild pollinator this is a hot here. and they cannot cross as we cannot cross. wheat doesn't need insects to reproduce so the bumble bees are lucky if they find any flowers in the vast fields especially since unlike honeybees they can't fly very fine. one problem is the growing tendency toward monoculture in morocco as the country modernize its agriculture. the government agency is cooperating with the fact. it says the insect protection model can easily be integrated into the country's agricultural planning. to pull up
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i think fuck all the inclusion of wild pollinators in our culture fits in perfectly with the ministries current strategy. it involves making our culture more intelligent in the face of climate change and. looking mighty. agriculture in the face of climate change the agency now offers training based on the fab model farmers learn that plants that rely on pollinators usually consume less water than wheat for example that's useful to know because in the future water will be even scarce or who will. train the farmers know what to do in 2050 but we can educate them in a way that they are able to respond to the reality they will have and sustaining pollinate as well that an. increase a class a climate change resilience of their life and the long law lets take up on
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pollinate the protection the better. farmers as insect protectors based on the current data the model seems to be working yeah so let's take in there any. people live in very very good conditions very dry. the farmers make more profit from the areas with more pollinator friendly plants and this is the 2nd year that mohammed chokri has been farming using the fat method. that has been our income has increased and with it our lives have improved. we benefit from it so we can sell more. previously we only sold wheat vegetables and pulses. now i know that i can grow different products. as well as other vegetables besides the traditional ones. the old enough to get. creamed wants to
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use the method on a much bigger field in the future and if other countries adopt the fact model the impact on insect populations could be significant. coral reefs cover an area of around 600000 square kilometers worldwide they grow almost exclusively in warm tropical seas the reefs are among the most biodiverse ecosystems on the planet with $60000.00 species discovered there so far including thousands of different fish the reefs may be home to up to a 1000000 animal species. but rising sea temperatures are causing what's known as coral bleaching with fatal consequences. fishing harms biodiversity to and garbage poisons the marine life in the reef turning things around is a big challenge. it's
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breathtaking view see you believe it is paradise on earth or at least that's how it looks. back. but the country's most prized possession lies under water the incredible biodiversity of it 7000 year old coral reef the 2nd largest in the world where reef was dying but is now gradually being brought back to life many foreign and it's one of those fighting on its behalf she can't think of a more wonderful job she says even as a child the 25 year old knew she'd one day become a safer of reefs what i feel like when i go to work it's like this when they call me and say all right we're going to go do this laughing work here go check the corals here or whatever it is i am like alright let's do this let's let's rock this
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let's rock today. in the coastal village of local survive on fishing and tourism both of which depend on the reef. you know i come on this trip many times many it is and i say man i am so blessed and i look at everything that i am that is in front of me and i think i hope one day this doesn't become a memory. beneath the surface it's clear why the reef is struggling the corals have been dying off the sea water is too warm too acidic under frequent sight clones have wreaked havoc here and climate change is turning everything gray here together with marine biologist lisa current entre organization of fragments of hope monique is rebuilding the corals. were overdue and so there's no time to waste right now on the roads are basically like the forest in the seas so just like the trees in the forest provide
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a habitat and shelter for so many other animals the corals do the same on the reef . very meticulously after much research and careful selection they take a few fragments of some especially hard to quit rowing corals then they plant them in new places it's called micro fragmenting 1st the corals are caught into small pieces. and. these are the fragments of hope and time is of the essence. the divers plant the small pieces of living coral among the dead ones. several times a week they place the coral pieces in prepared cement as they need a secure foundation. this is a good i don't work but it's for the for the pretty future and that's all that matters. around 80 percent of the fragments survive these ones have been growing
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for 18 months life is returning and attracting more life with us as a school of sardines for example the fish needs the corals. which have been leslie is a fisherman like his father and grandfather before him and his son is set to follow in his footsteps. edin watches the pelican it shows him where his bait will go for you which for years more than i start my day. with this is much more. than also sees himself as a reef protector he'd never use large fishing nets for example they kill too many animals and corals. you don't have a hoodoo if you have been a fish to walk there. you know. the reef just them protects the fishes. if they don't have that you have the fishes in these corals and stuff like
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that the growth of die. that len is dedication to fishing sustainably not everyone is he protects the crayfish just like the queen conch it's not yet fishing season. though he's not so forgiving with the fire fish this. fish is that liberal because a group of 4 of. the believe government has now divided the reef into zones in order to protect us you can only fish in your own area to allow a species to recover but at in is committed to. get across the future is not going to be here for the kids will. serve as much as possible the future will be beautiful. hedlund was among those pushing pressure on the governments that is when it handed out exploration licenses to oil companies images of the catastrophic oil spill in the gulf of mexico in 2010 shocks many here into action atlan helped
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organize petitions the u.n. supported the campaign only then did the government back down in. creating more oil plugs no. one knew the oil spill and it will refer to. the people of belize are fighting for their. money to take stock of the farm to coral she'll see. and find new homes for. the reef protectors work is financed by project money and donations they kindly show us the result of 8 years of work coral cover has increased from just 6 press tends to over 50 percent. of all the hard work it's worth us the reef has been able to recuperate. this is not solving the climate change craze it are the series is a little bit ended binah some time for the coastal community people here i say it's all about political will i think we can do this if we have all if we have the
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people behind us we can do this. a long day draws to a close and lynn sells his daily catch to a fish restaurant from the city fresh to the place. now many coral has to take firm enough hold that it can withstand any storm that comes its way. once again our reporters were invited to take a glimpse inside one of the world's living rooms this time in india.
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this is my husband's house and that although. we live in this beautiful place home and for me and we have somehow find found best of friends and a. confidant. and i think the war and the love and the trust we have. why this painting it's all special to me. there is chaos all around is there is anger that is hatred but good cop he's all kong and heat and with enough food and i love that about this painting so no matter how much chaos you have
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a night you can always find happens. so this matter is one of the pieces that i've managed to carry over from my childhood. both home there's a belong to my mother my father had but she is dead like 60 years back and to bring this here and to look into this matter that somehow managed to steal those men and even keep it with me. thank you so much for coming. to what made you our humble aboard. i wish this meeting could have been longer
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but we wish to have to if we wish ill health and you wish we can feel again. that's it for global 3000 this week we'd love to hear from you e-mail us at global 3000 i d w dot com or visit us on facebook you'll find us under g.w. when i see you next time bye bye. for
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. traditionally capital good is politics in the hands of the man some people are also feeling the pinch of climate change frames that are predictable ah you cannot but you cannot invent. something announced to my son i keep
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slightly still my stay seems. to focus so you know 30 minutes sponte w. . illusions of influence perception. thinking and action. more willing to change attractive appearances and old to easily finally see the danger of. more companies when the bubble cut it's time for clarity made in germany even 2 minutes long double. letter we were. when we were. 80 percent of americans at some point in our lives will experience hardship listen. to. sex make. raring to
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marry. if there is any good product benefits remember you have to find it between the wife school. the literature 100 german streets. i think everything challenging 1st on how to make a muslim. school much different culture between here and there challenging for. the only. traditionalists i think it was worth it for me to come to germany. and figure out my license to work as a swimming instructor to share now our 2 children 100 toasters one vast system. what's your story take part share it on info migrants dot net.
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frankfurt. international gateway to the best connection self and road and rail. located in the heart of europe you are connected to the. experience of outstanding shopping and dining offers and try our services. biala gassed at frankfurt airport city managed by from. hong kong airport was effectively shut down for a 2nd straight day as police moved against protesters all departure check ins have been suspended demonstrators are rallying in solidarity for victims of police brutality on the weekend hong kong leader kerry has warned escalating tensions in the city could put on a quote path of.

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