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tv   The Day  Deutsche Welle  August 23, 2019 1:02am-1:30am CEST

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and right now it is burning forest fires are raging in brazil and the consequences for the fight against climate change could be devastating who is responsible and what can be done i'm sumi so misconduct in berlin this is the day. in my opinion the fars of the amazon might have been started by n.g.o.s because they lost money. their intention to make trouble for brazil but it was the residue. it's totally absurd the fires are burning because of a policy of environmental devastation. that our global forest has been buying us time in this by the fisheries service that the amazon rain forest has been giving
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us will fall will fall away then the global climate change will go a lot faster so the fact that we're seeing this conflict where girls result isn't just dark for brazil. it's a problem for the world. also coming up on the day boris johnson's brags the tour moves on this time paris the british prime minister insists with a little creativity and energy there is a way out of the brags that deadlock both france and germany say there is no time for a new agreement but if london can come up with something clever they might be willing to talk i want to be cute and see if you knew of the french people and that of course i want to do and i think we can get a deal and they give him. a warm welcome to all our viewers on p.b.s. in the united states and across the world tonight and environmental disaster with global implications the amazon is burning in brazil at
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a record rate forest fires are raging in the rain forest there have been nearly $73000.00 fires this year already a more than 80 percent increase compared to last year environmental group. they're blaming the rightwing president jar balls the narrow they say he has loosened environmental regulations and encouraged loggers and farmers to clear the land accelerating deforestation. obo sonora has struck back claiming that n.g.o.s might be starting the fires themselves to make him look bad he was pressed once again today and again he cited no evidence. do you want me to blame the indigenous martians there are strong suspicions it's because the ngos lost their funding and you will get a bill to the good. when the strong suspicions based on what is known for all but there's no proof nobody writes all set fire to that if you don't catch someone red
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handed setting the fire then look for those who ordered it it's a crime. that it could be the farmers who was born here is everyone is a suspect but the biggest suspects are the n.g.o.s. now the raging fires covered sao paulo which is home to more than $12000000.00 people under a blanket of smoke so thick it blocked out the sun we see video here of how brazil's biggest city was plunged into darkness in the middle of the day and there were also reports of black rain in sao paolo a twitter user posted a photo here of what she says is a glass of rainwater and you can see it looks more like something from a dirty puddle. let's get some analysis on the story now we have mollica vera sammy with us she's a researcher at prelims humboldt university she's an expert on sustainability and conservation and she's currently researching how to prevent before station high molokai thank you for joining us and put this into context for us how significant is the situation that we're seeing on the ground in the amazon right now as you
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just pointed out you know this is an 80 percent increase from normal levels and i think the forest fires i'm on the fest ations of the governance level. issues in brazil right now that's encouraging organized crime and killing of indigenous people. in 2818 we saw every week 3 indigenous people that's every week being killed for protecting their and suster land so so what that means is that. these 5 years have huge implications for biodiversity and the people living in the forests i do want to ask you more about the governance but tell us what those implications are 1st of all for biodiversity why is this such an important land as you know the amazon basin is very rich in bad diversity and has important for us. to impacts on the forests climate
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implications and and and and of course biodiversity implications because of it's a reach but for biodiversity in the wild fight forest fires are rare in the amazon but in the during the dry season people exploit the dry conditions to set fire years for for a screening for farm lands and cattle pastures so what you get getting is that the current government governance situations and very warm conditions in brazil is encouraging more people to more organized crime suspiciously for forests fearing so what do you mean by organized crime who do you say is. behind this so there is a huge land market in brazil for clearing len and legalizing these land these lands for for farming and cattle right ranching so i'm not talking about farmers and of course some of the fires are caused by farmers and but most much of it is what you
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call girl orse the people who are looking for land to convert into cattle ranching and farming and this is a business that's happening in brazil and the current government situation is encouraging that kind of business model you keep saying the current government situation are you pointing the finger directly at the president also narrow environmentalists say he has leased loosen the regulation environmental regulation can there really be a direct link made between his policies and what we're seeing i think i think there can be directly and i think he's encouraging he's dismantling and vironment the laws and he's. in particularly he's undermining indigenous rights. because he knows that indigenous people have been protecting those forests so this double actions is really dangerous for the amazon right now what can countries like germany for example do here to help the situation i think. i think
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recently we saw the suspension of german aid for the environment and we clearly see that this has no if it didn't work and didn't work i think what we see is that the only actions that can really work is to work with the trade deal trade agreement other trade agreement between bridge between the e.u. and the marcos a country clearly says that both parties need to respect the united nations convention for a more for climate change clearly everything that's happening in brazil even before the trade agreement. we oversee it happening the trade agreement was still sign and now that we see the money for the acceleration of the actions on the ground. the dismantling and of and vironment the laws and. especially an indigenous people we see that the trade deal is even more dangerous so what we are
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asking is for angela merkel to work with e.u. governments to block these these trade deals until governments like bows and arrows government able to show commitments to the paris agreement in particularly to russia to the rights of indigenous people if you talk about economic pressure here just very very briefly to our boss in our says his government doesn't have the resources to fight these fires do you believe that no because i think i think we saw in the past that the space agency have done amazing work in fact we have seen that nowhere in the world where they are doing live monitoring of their frustration and immediate enforcement so this has happened in the past i don't know what has changed right now economically for bows and arrows to say that they don't have the resources to do it all right mallika vera saw me from berlin's humbled university thank you so much for sharing your insights with us today thank you so me. coming back to europe now a hearty handshake for boris johnson in paris today and
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a show friendship with the french president but beneath the warm gestures of the brags that deadlock hasn't budged both men stood their ground today a man on my call saying that ireland's integrity is still the biggest priority for the european union and boris johnson repeated that the backstop the insurance policy to avoid a hard border in ireland is not acceptable still they agreed that it is possible to find a solution and it's up to london to come up with one. yes and of and no one will wait until october 31st to find a good solution if we can't find one we can balance back of a not so we have to make this a useful month. yet there are realities linked to the our situation and your relationship with island we have to respect what's already been negotiated on this point. will supply i don't want to repeat one crucial thing under no circumstances will the u.k. be putting checks at the front and we don't think it's necessary from the point of
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view of the if you to do that to protect the integrity of the single market we think there are other ways of doing that we've got i think adequate time to do it let's get on with doing it have you correspondent max hoffman was in paris following today's events he sent us this assessment the fundamentals didn't change here in paris they're still the same boris johnson the u.k. prime minister wants to get rid of the backstop and everyone else in the european union including the money remark on the french president wanted to preserve it to preserve the integrity of the single market but $1.00 thing seems to be different boris johnson has started saying that no matter what happens on the 31st of october the u.k. will not enforce border checks border controls on this border between northern ireland which is part of the u.k. and the republic of ireland which is part of the european union that potentially puts the pressure on the european union what will they do in case of
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a no deal brags that if the u.k. does not enforce this border will they do it and risk having more violence like in the past decades if they don't then they cannot preserve the integrity of the single market so this once again has become a high stakes poker game and the question is who if anyone will blink 1st. all right let's get more analysis on the story now nico doris is a senior lecturer and european union law the university of east anglia in england thank you for joining us and i want to get your take 1st of all just 2 days of talks for boris johnson in berlin and paris and we saw some friendly and positive tones on both days but at the end of the day nothing really has changed so what did you take away from what we've seen. i would agree with what your correspondent said i mean that go war so it is true that. there were some flit from you to serve the
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atmosphere was about the glow frenziedly especially when it comes to that meeting with some solar america but actually both. both. men. don't have reinstated their positions so they haven't moved from one fundamentally that is hungry mind on the one hand mr johnson said that he doesn't want to he wants to dietz the box still but on the other hand he's friends with german counterparts have said that. you cannot just be the boss box on the less you bring some kind of free at least speak out there and gives something that is actually included in that we should all agreement that it was agreed in november and yet nikos johnson seemed to indicate that they could find a solution with some creativity and energy he said i like this can do attitude that he heard particularly in berlin so why are we all of a sudden seeing this movement behind the idea of an alternative solution does he
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know something that we don't yet. i don't know whether he knows something that i don't know but the point is that for the last 2 and a half years when the negotiations have started we are all looking for a solution to the our sport or the is there and no to gunderson that wall that they don't set a customs union and they are not a little bit too large already that they don't have that they have a fictionalise board that they u.k. wants to be out of the customs union wants to be out of the single market so there will be some kind of sex when it comes to goods even if they get bored but mr johnson has been walking many times that report that was commissioned by post but perspective the u.k. needs that when it comes to issues like. that it takes on. the northern ireland has to be one a union actually pointing to a situation whereby ireland will actually diverts from the rest of the youth but
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the point is there that actually. how the northern ireland we see may you meet that is somehow regulatory. there is no solution to the border problem boris johnson said multiple times over the past 2 days that the u.k. under no circumstances would put checks or controls on the e.u. border and you've just been touching upon this so if there is a no deal brags that what does happen at the border. look i mean perhaps in the short term both sides will be like them to boot immediate takes on the border but in the long term and especially if the u.k. decides today verbs from the e.u. standards show if the u.k. as it warms makes a free trade agreement with big us and boards goods that do not correspond to they used on that they view by definition in order to prove. they can give us
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a good market then and so on consumers we have to put some 6 now whether they will be on the board before they will be in the land so if i did land or somewhere else it's something to be discussed but it's possible to have a no board node 6 if the u.k. and they you are not. to a certain extent right that is the legal situation of course nikos i want to ask you a lot was made particularly in the british media of anglo-american suppose that a 30 day timetable that forced johnson then said he welcomed this blistering schedule she commented on that today she walked that back a little i want to play you what she said. was the money it would be better to say can be done by october 31st so it's not about 30 days it just means it can be achieved in a short period of time after all the u.k. says it wants to leave the e.u. on october 31st also. you can see reality is whatever
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happens whether it's 30 days or not it has to happen fast so how quickly do they have to come to an agreement to avoid a no deal bret's it on october 31st. and the 1st one that one has to make is that there has been an argument between. the u.k. and the other 27 governments this agreement has not been ratified by the by the parliament show. if they want to reinvent the wheel and to read i then let it drop the whole agreement i don't think that is enough bang they did for some consummate saying this but there is not sufficient time to actually say the whole argument and there is no opportunity to my understanding of actually seeing the backstory so i think what the europeans buddies missed medical of the commission mr mike own actually pointing is to saying this in the political the collaboration finding ways to make sure that the backstop we'd be that legally but it would be very very
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difficult to get it unless the u.k. sam how accepts that jumps on finds that as a landing zone for his political situation it's very difficult to see in that got in political constellation and agreement to be achieved all right nicholas qataris a senior lecturer in european union law at the university of east anglia thank you very much for joining us thank you. well the british prime minister struck an informal tone in his talks with chancellor merkel and president calling them both by their 1st names and dodging in a few jokes and not even the pomp and extravagance of a palace in paris could install a sense of decorum the press lapped up but this moment when forced on to lean back and casually put his foot on one of the tables johnson was heard to say sorry but the french president in seem to mind too much it certainly produced the most memorable snapshot of the day.
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in iran president hassan rouhani has been talking tough about the world's oil supplies he says that if the u.s. keeps up its pressure to stop iran from exporting its oil then international waters will no longer be secure in the past tehran has threatened to close the strategically important strait of hormuz much of the world's oil supply passes through this waterway last month iran seized a british flag tanker in the strait did that mean so there's a top o. went to the island of hormuz in the strait and sent us this report. it's early morning in the sun beating down on the island of relentless there's no natural water source and few other resources for that matter despite that the island has been highly valued for centuries as a strategic location part to go for instance constructed this fortress spec in 1507 to control mara team traffic in the persian gulf today the strait of hormuz is once again witness to conflict as the standoff over british like tank seized by iranian
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authorities continues. a fisherman takes us out into the straight past the island of la rock the iranian military uses the island to monitor the area which includes the narrow passage all ships must pass through to reach the largest oil imports in the region. on all tankers like this one a quarter of the global oil consumption passes through the strait of hormuz making it a very strategic location for international trade and an important leveraging point for iran there's no mcgrew public has repeatedly threatened to close the strait of hormuz for international ships as long as it's not allowed to export its own oil but so far it hasn't done so but the detainment of the one british tanker is already enough to slow down traffic and trade in this area a lot. currently very few international tankers use iranian waters to navigate the strait many fear being swept up in the conflict between washington and tehran and
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they run in military is not alone as it petrols these waters the u.s. has also deployed ships into the persian gulf the u.s. wants to strengthen its presence here to guarantee the passage of international cargo ships which has angered the iranian government as well as the iranian people and i don't think they would welcome any sort of you know military presence from the region itself that's a part of iran's political culture not to you know. actors in the region iran try to reach out to again to you know many countries in the region kuwait. and they are open of course to the u.a.e. and i think saudi arabia as well to discuss these kind of issues. there's been no movement on the issue so far iran's neighbors seem unwilling to offer support. few people on the island of seem interested in politics they're just hoping there
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will be a swift end to the regional standoff. if the tensions are resolved the entire economy improve and we're part of that. everyone is out of work here in hormuz i don't know what to do with my wife and kids we can't all live on fishing alone. things would improve for tourism more tourists would pay a visit to this island and that way it could develop. without stability turning homo's into a popular tourist destination remains a distant prospect. anyone who's a fan of the sound of music will remember julie andrews yodeling her heart out in the song the lonely gold heard long before the advent of smartphones cow and goat herds used yodeling of the else as
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a way to call from one mountain to another but what began as a melodic language in switzerland and austria has involved into a sophisticated musical form in itself one that has staying power. ok it could be but be totally meaningless and lally will. probably be the we don't know when the 1st alpine dairy farmer let rip with the 1st yoda. perhaps the most plausible explanation courting the scattered herd of cows in for milking but with so much artistic creativity be invested into such a monday in task. time oh you know her.
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it's rather hard to imagine now but there was a time when yodeling was considered revolutionary. you could even say there was a kind of republican yodel for example in switzerland one of the 1st democratic countries or she role of the was to free it from the code in at the beginning of the 19th century. these countries were associated with freedom in the art of the rest of europe with. the euro songs that came down from the i don't see europe where transformed into songs of freedom hide an interesting theory where the battles are just great p.r. measures for alpine folk music while christophe doctors research does suggest that there was a yodel at that time one which gripped the heart of europe and soon produced its
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1st superstar. family from silicon. in addition to the rhinos hundreds of alpine singers and even opera divas took yodeling to the lives. and overseas postures near 0 balance also at the new york metropolitan opera their views were not great but that didn't stop yodel mania gripping the us to consider the whole world's met in the usa in the 19th century and a mix of languages were spoken my idea is that yodelling was the lowest common denominator of the glades to goodman's i mean it no. no no. no no no no no. in the usa yodel mania lost its luster in the 1950 s. . but so decades ago yodeling was liberated from being solely the preserve of german folk music t.v. shows indie folk music bands and everyone's gone vocalists have breathed new life
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into lives on law and why not what could be more beautiful than transforming those cries of distress into a positive heartfelt yellow that echoes around the world you. are right that's it for the day but as always the conversation continues online to find us on twitter either athlete of the units or at smugly ask don't forget to use our hash tag the day i'm sumi someone's gotta thank you for watching and for making us a part of your day. good
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