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tv   The Day  Deutsche Welle  August 24, 2019 1:02am-1:31am CEST

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back but further details are not yet known. brazil's president says his country lacks the resolve this to control the wildfires raging across the amazon rainforest that he accuses france's president of colonialism when he tweets at the fire as an international crisis that should be a top priority at this weekend's g 7 it's a meeting that shaping up to be fraught with tension with disagreements on core issues like climate iran and even whether russia should still be the table i'm filled in by then this is the day. the world was teaching a long time and now it's the g 7 i must say i'm very much with chancellor merkel in thinking that the case has yet to be made
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out for russia to return to the g 7 i think it would be a good thing if russia were there so we can speak directly to speak for all the rest you know by telephone and other things your person who is going to see if they have their group of 7 with a kind of make decisions amongst themselves will use an issue to go to rebuilding the city said people want today's g 7 starts with the mobilization of civil society . visas who this is you decided to be servant even when it doesn't deliver. on folders in the worst possible circumstances it's still true school. also coming up on the day especially reports on child labor in bolivia where it's legal to send 10 year old children not to work even at night and in dangerous surroundings that pleasure in vienna also districts there are lots of criminal gangs and they are the biggest threat for me.
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so. those wildfires raging through the amazon rain forests of maybe zones the world agenda with g 7 leaders say they want to come up with concrete measures to deal with global concerns mounting a record number of places and their potential impact on the world's climate there's also been shop criticism of brazil's right wing president dr also noro on friday the french president accused him of failing to honor international environmental protection commitments emmanuelle macro is hosting this weekend's g 7 meeting in the air it's and has tweeted that the amazon wildfires would be a priority is the tweets our house is burning literally the amazon rain forest the lungs which produce 20 percent of our planet's oxygen he's on fire members of the g. 7 summit let's discuss this emergency 1st order in today's. let's take a closer look at this with peter cullen carts and he was britain's ambassador to
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brazil from 2004 to 2008 he joins us from london welcome to d.w. president also laura says he's country a lot of resources to control these fires yet when the french president describes the situation as an international crisis president bolton are calls him a colonialist so he doesn't want international help what does he want well i think we can see president both in our ears as. he takes them a much different priority to development including development of some land that really aren't in the realm of them and to development further brazilian agriculture over what the external world would probably like to do which was to pay more attention to environmental present. so he doesn't see this as a major crisis as the major crisis that the rest of the world does. oh no i think that's true. but i think the rest of the world would be
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a would be advised probably not to. try to just pressure him from the outside and certainly this is a global crisis you have to do something in order to save the world. the brazilian react very. quickly way to that kind of attitude what we've found in the past is that it's actually much better through he'll to learn interest in preservation of the other than what you both about agriculture but it's also very seriously about running for the common agricultural land that both brazil but also also are going to honor and paraguayan or use a threat stonework and they make their brazilians are pretty we have france and ireland saying they will block this trade deal between south america. so a trade bloc and the e.u. unless brazil takes firm action what is the likely response do you think from
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brussels about. well i think they won't be very happy by that about that i think there are clearly advantages for them in particular for the agricultural industry in the e.u. members who will do your work has been signed but i think they will rather react badly and so fine if you don't want to sign it we've been dealing we've been trading with you were a number of years doing very well in our agricultural sector and we are live without going to your preview manya i think would be much better to try and i think your people to their thought interest but also to make it clear that we're not going to cut off aid to environmental projects if i think both norway and germany have threatened. in other words you've got to keep talking and you've got to bring them along and you've got to make them see even quite difficult characters my pursuit of the narrow that there is some self-interest for them not
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letting destruction of the amazon go any further one wonders where the scientists in brazil and the rest of the world have been when president balsara was listening environmental protections in his country it's seems odd to say to him after the fact that the base fires are burning this was a bad idea i'm sure there were voices raised before he started along this path say this is a bad idea. so there were certain you know i mean there's a very well developed. science community in brazil and they're also very active and you know they're concerned about the environment and indeed you know there's been a lot of pressure on the brazilian government but unfortunately he has taken the stance that. he's one of those who takes a slightly from pune of time if you're in the good of a climate change denier and therefore he's been able with a strong parliamentary majority to ignore both. those scientists who said this is
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not a good i don't. suppose when we look at the situation we're in climate change is one thing back that can be talked away or something far away and in the future but here we are talking about a massive fire raging across vast swathes of his country can you see once this situation is resolved one way or the other can you see the president changing his approach and perhaps signaling to the farmers that yeah we're going to go a different direction from here on. well i think the thing which would push him in that direction was more of a promise in particularly the large agro industry for doing what some of them of which is that they're also want to have to stay noble agriculture and they don't believe that cutting down more of the amazon rain forest is the way to go and that
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process of his own industry telling him that this is not necessarily a good idea can be held by outsiders for instance by investors as well as government but also by those who buy agricultural products from brazil making it clear that they want green supply during rush hour and we won't start out won't continue buying things if this continues as ever it's all about the money going to former ambassador peter a former british ambassador of brazil thank you. well while the amazon burn center national have delegations and a long list of activist groups and n.g.o.s are assembling in the french coastal city of berates for the g. 7 summit of major industrialized countries activists have linked the g 7 survival theme we're fighting inequality a to their arms on wildfires categorizing global poverty as another threat in the
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world security and barrett says high for what promises to be a challenging ourselves as well as present as far as g 7 leaders face of a major thorny issues like migration iran and international trade so what should we expect from this g 7 g w scale battis is in barrett's is his assessment. on this g 7 summit the french president took took a precaution after donald trump on the last he's having a meeting walked away not signing a come common declaration of mutual declaration so there would not be a declaration but the french president does want some tangible results not just on the wildfires but particularly on the inequality in africa so a number of subjects he's invited a number of african leaders and a number of key subjects are on the agenda such as providing more credits more money for particularly female entrepreneurialism africa providing more support for educational and environmental projects now these are just
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a few examples of the things that will happen but you can't help but absolve is that the effort by the french president to broaden the agenda is also sort of signifying that the problems of the world can noble longer be resolved by an exclusive club of of 7 states 7 states who do not agree on many things but they need other leaders to come along. masses in berets take a closer look at what to expect peyton chase he's a senior fellow at the german marshall fund where he specializes in john's atlantic relations joins us from brussels welcome to day w. now you've written this meeting of what should be like minded leaders devoted to liberal democracy and market economics is likely to be tense a west that tension likely to come from. well i think everyone thinks that it's going to come from mr trump and to some extent it will but i think it's important
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to take a step back to go from what your correspondent was saying to realize that the g. 7 summit as such is actually really important thing because it brings the 7 major democracies together to to think about how we can collaboratively find ways to strengthen the democratic norms and the market economies that are the basis of the international order and i think that it's in that context it gives them this informal discussion point. unfortunately as informal as it's supposed to be there are a number of fireworks expected some help and even today in the trade war with china but i think that even with one of the things the president mcclellan is trying to do as your correspondent was pointing out was to say that this is about fighting inequality this is what the country should be doing and he should be doing it because google is ation in technological change i think mr mccraw believes are actually really important but the distributional effects both within our societies
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and internationally are something we need to address and he has tried to use that she's 7 process which is when ministers meet throughout the year to actually address these things and there's been a very major report that's just been issued on gender equality for instance that i should recommend to your readers your viewers so so here's the thing though at that g. 7 they'll get together thank you very often produce these communiques they say this would be a good thing to say to have a good track record when it comes to the g 7 countries actually making go and on their promises. you know interestingly you know they say they have a pretty good record at least according to university of toronto the engine 1st steve for auto has for years had a system of tracking the commitment the g 7 countries make in their various declarations and to see whether or not they actually do them and it's not been too
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bad it's been 7580 percent on a lot of the things they that they've talked about and when they give in some cases i think in. development ministers had 40 different pledges in the last year and they you know the university of toronto said that they were ticking them off but their job is to try to lead the international community to agree among themselves about good policy directions in increasing funding for health care and then going to the un institutions that they helped create and in trying to get jane courage all the members to do so nothing comes out of the summit the summit the g 7 itself doesn't do things but it helps power the international community at least that's what it's supposed to be so ok so that the headline of this day 70 is fighting inequality but it's also about the money this is this this is about the
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industrialized world and the world is teetering on the brink of another recession so it must be difficult for that the latest there to gather and not to point a president trump and say well when we look at trade wars with china and trade wars a between the e.u. and america and if the america imposing steel tariffs around the world it must be hard for them to see him in the room and say i'm not saying this if you will fault . is very will suspect that there will be some of i think that they are. mr trump for his part his i'm sure you can imagine will try to turn the tables and say no it's really your fault you've been taking advantage of us for all these times you need to open your own market markets that's what he's been saying since he's become president. i think both sides both all of the members of the g 7 will agree that some of china's more reach us policies also contribute to this but the other countries are going to say that the way that mr trump is dealing with
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this in the way that his trade war with china is introducing uncertainty that's having reverberating effect on all of them and they're going to ask him to calm things down and also promise to work with him to try to not shine into work constructive approach as well and given the president's antipathy to international gatherings one wonders why you bother is going what does he actually get out of these meetings. well. probably less than he might want to because i think he likes to be more in the spotlight but remember the united states is the host of the g 7 next year when he still president you know really to be in the spotlight so you know it probably behooves it not to make too much of a fuss this time as he did last time in canada you might recall that he left the summit and basically said i'm not signing that communique which is one reason why the french are not going to have one this year and so on that point what do you
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think president de macro would regard as a win from these talks. you know mr mcchrystal was actually a chief serving sure that is the lead official reporting to the head of state organizing the summit for a number of years under president will. he knows the process he knows how to use it and he has he has i think took bolten delegated a lot of the power and authority to the ministers who meet during the course of the presidency the foreign ministers development ministers finance ministers education ministers labor ministers all these people meet in the g 7 format and i think he's been pushing them to do things in that sense he will be able to talk to his talk about his presidency talk about the report of this gender equality advisory council and say see we have done things in this year i think that he's feeling that if i
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get out of the sun without any problems oh dear ok it is and it would be good as well if he could contain. a u.s. president to not allow him to dominate proceedings. that subject as was just pointed out of it's a president trump has had quite a week at let's listen to him at his next to marine one of making friends and influencing europe. we're holding thousands of prices fighters right down in europe has to take them out of europe doesn't take them i have no choice but to release them into the countries from which they came which is germany and france and other places so we're going to tell them that we've already told them take these prisoners that we've captured because the united states is not going to put of and guantanamo for the next 50 years and pay for. most from the chase just about what will bring into the conversation because spawn of propofol in washington is
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going to talk us now through a particularly bizarre wake for the president to welcome pablo it has been quite a we. it certainly has now you just heard there from president trump phil he was referring to of course the thousands of. isis foreign fighters who are being held by u.s. forces there in syria he was basically saying that they're not going to be sent or taken into one town of mobile bay and essentially that the united states is not going to. pay for their further detention but like you said it's been a certainly it's been an interesting week here and let's not forget that earlier this week he canceled a planned trip to denmark over his interest in purchasing greenland he said that the comments from the danish prime minister after she called the idea absurd were nasty which. many danes of course he also angered members of the jewish community
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here in the united states after he said any jew who would vote for the democrats would be disloyal and then adding to that and he also stressed actually in that same news conference that we saw the images from there we was talking about i says he mentioned. russia and should be brought in to the g 7 g 7 which of course would then become the g 8 which caused a lot of concern amongst his critics who said that he should instead of a anger united states traditional allies should perhaps focus on nurturing that relationship. spend so much time you know sort of being friendly will say with a countries that the united states is normally not so friendly with the spring people chase from the general. fund back in pizza this sort of behavior in
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a world leader i wonder if meetings like the g. 7 if people find this unsettling open hops they just fucked and there's a sort of predictable unpredictability. i think all the leaders in the g 7 countries now are getting accustomed to mr well maybe that's what we're. used to mr trump i mean they've dealt with them a lot they've been with him in other multilateral meeting cities suddenly g 20 the un un general assembly meetings so they they know what sorts of things can happen you might recall a iconic photograph of the last g. 7 summit with. another surrounding the president looking pretty obstreperous. again i think that they were hoping that in private they can talk to him and say look we need to make things better it's in your interest for us to make things better to make the global economy better you need to think we need to find a way forward there must be
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a way for you in the chinese to save face what can we do to be part of the uk there at least if i were they how do we try to do it that way good talking to you thanks for joining us and pay to chase us from the german marshall fund pablo of mass and washington thank you. much. for sending children to work is illegal in most countries but in bolivia children can be employed from the age of 10 as a result more than 850000 young people living outside school we followed some of the book to support work to help support. that was these 4 children are singing to honor the dead. but not because the deceased is a loved one and they're doing it for money. at the end they chant our father. for god.
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and kevin this cemetery is their place of employment they're hired to sing for the relatives of the dearly departed. they receive 20 bolivian as each time worth about 2 and a half years that's a lot of money for children who are growing up without a father. but the. 10 year old kevin longs to buy a football but he has to spend his earnings on medical treatments for his mother who's ill. it's strange working in a cemetery that grounding katzenbach and dogsled around and garbage everywhere. these children who come every day after school are known as the graveyard kids. every 4th child in the libya has some kind of job that's about 100000 working children. sleep starting at 10 every night
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15 year old energy buy cigarettes at a kiosk and resells them for any profit he can manage. what people have to face will be assiduously. if i have to work so i can bring money home that's why i try to sell a lot sleep. but to sleep and he works in a pub district. 5 days a week he makes his way through rundown bars and clubs selling cigarettes for $0.25 each. business is always sluggish at 1st. then more profitable as the might progress is. relieved when clients are seated it's easier for anybody to make a sale. but he has to keep a watchful eye. out for the president also districts there are lots of criminal gangs and they are the biggest threat for me as well. not far from
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entry is christiane all of 10 years old he's collecting garbage because he wants a better life. from premises but i want to buy new shoes. and go to school. like other working children here christiane belongs to a bolivian child laborers union 5 years ago it pushed through a demand to allow miners to work legally starting at age 10. youngsters like and marry and christiane say they have more rights now and they're hoping for bigger opportunities. i want my own business a house and the car i'd like to be an important person. thanks comes. to. the singing graveyard children say the only way to support their desperately poor families is by working. i mean it they pay us 10 to 20 below the
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honors for every premier sometimes 100 because i'm so young said. that's nearly 12 year is a lot of money for a working bolivian children. well outside for the day i was always a conversation continues online to us on twitter i. use optical though forget to use a hash tag the day i leave it out with these images of protesters linking hands in hong kong to form a 30 kilometer long human chain through the city of and. yet
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. many can't seem. to get some major. john let's talk men. and. a nun driving machine miss eighty's am she a 45 posts the world's most powerful cylinder engine in
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a production cars. 16. with him had a big gun because suckers were lions you know if i had known the boat would be that small i never would have gone on the trail of you i would not have put myself in my heritage so you know how dangerous a lot of the theme of the collective of slave would. love one son to the other one it wouldn't be you know that even though i had serious problems on a personal level and i was unable to live their lives i'm going to. want to know their story to margaret's terrifying and reliable information for margaret's. look closely. carefully. don't look to simply choose to do good.
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to. discover. the i. subscribe to documentary to. a $12.00 punch practically designed to take off donald trump is responded in kind out there china if the us with a fresh round of. 1st on american goods and after the feds. didn't respond the way trump wanted into. some worries they can't drink away french nerves are
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anxious over donald trump's threats to slap levies on their wine. a historic free trade deal between the e.u. and the.

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