tv Shift Deutsche Welle August 24, 2019 7:15pm-7:31pm CEST
and you're watching the news live from berlin coming up next is shift with a look at the city of the future that's after the break. with and remember you can always get the latest news and information around the clock on our web site that's dot com thanks for joining us. earth the home for saving googling 2 years tell stories of creative people and innovative projects around the world ideas to protect the climate and boost green energy solutions by global ideas seen by a series of global 3000 on t.w. and online. how does title taste. w. correspondent. and host mainly to explore the various flavors of the exotic squeezing
out. fusion and some kind of a challenge for you. to. start september 1st on g.w. . the city of the future is smart it's entirely interconnected to will regulate traffic save energy 5 crime assisted by big data and the internet of things brave new world or rather a surveillance nightmare what because it is look like and do we really want to live there autopsy today on shift. more than half of the world's population lives in cities and this number is steadily rising resulting in enormous challenges while people want traffic more
pollution more energy consumption more water usage but waste small cities are supposed to help cope with these problem. projects are popping up everywhere for instance in nigeria south korea india or malaysia a livable city that can think for itself how does this work like this for example. visions of the future this is a smart city as imagined by tech companies and urban planning is regular street lights are replaced by small poles which connect to other internet of things devices and provide broadband thanks to dr alice cause accidents hardly ever happen . and drones and robots deliver the goods even coffee. in this future is pretty solid grows on the ground at the urban farm. of minted and virtual reality make processes more efficient. one example is that
firefighters on duty can be assisted by the control center and check helps to find and correct system areas to prevent damage before it happens. sounds fantastic but in order for these ideas to become reality technical preconditions are essential a central role for so the new mobo communications standard 5 g. it's the engine for the internet of things and enables interconnected infrastructures on a grand scale an expert on smart cities is your. he's a researcher at the institute for technology management at the university of st gallen and has published a book with guidelines for cities that want to become smart we want to know how do i make a city smart and why. we want to improve people's lives. that's how i would summarize the goal of a smart city. in order to do this it's important for citizens to be able to
properly explain what kind of city they'd like to live in. that's the starting point and we can begin designing a smart city based on. those demands. imagine you're the mayor of the city and want to turn it into a smart you'd have to consider the following. you need to make your city interconnected by adding census data for instance to cause the street lights to be able to regulate traffic or to measuring stations stations throughout the town that measure levels. the smart city is usually a combination of the different urban systems that we have. for the most that means mobility systems housing system. administrators systems energy systems education systems and so on anything affecting citizens in their everyday lives can be
assigned a digital shadow. that simply collecting data is insufficient big data is no end in itself data needs to be prepared and analyzed. solutions for usage it can be. someone is close. when the air is heavy. anything's possible interconnected smart said. to build a small city one must do 3 things connected devices collect data and assess this data to find solution for the citizens but how do i benefit from the smart city here. in. the city saves taxes by using resources more efficiently with the help of sensors from public spaces are only irrigated when they're too dry . garbage bins are only emptied once they're. in
helsinki garbage trucks have become obsolete waste is transferred to underground collection points without noise or pollution. in rio de janeiro. aero a smartphone app is enabling residents to shape their surroundings the app smart favela creates a 3 dimensional avatar of the shantytowns when city planners come up with new ideas these can be looked at on the app and then citizens can vote on them. in palo alto in the u.s. parking lots now have sensors please notify citizens whenever a parking space is free the city's traffic is constantly recorded. smart robo cops are supposed to make do by safer the police robots are equipped with cameras and can find persons through facial recognition tech reports can be filed on a touchpad. and dry hole that ukraine citizens can view the incomes of civil servants and check on how politicians have voted in the city council.
the city owned businesses laid bare their accounts using open data in the fight against corruption. in darmstadt germany interconnected sensors assess the air quality and send this information to a data center which analyzes air pollution and if necessary reports bad air quality . in order for these systems to work vast amounts of data on all citizens are required but who ensures that the data is safe and who has access to it different solutions exist. the data is essential for city it provides the basis for designing intelligent applications for the city but what about data protection. to be clear in a smart city there is no protection from data being collected but on the other hand
it's precisely this data that provides the basis for implementing and controlling this in the system. as a result very careful and conscientious decisions need to be me. regarding how the data is handled. if the city controls this can be advantageous when it comes to data protection but most cities lack the technical expertise to process and analyze the data for this reason many cities cooperate with big tech companies they have the capacity and the algorithms needed to work with data analysis like google. the alphabet corp it will construct an entire district of toronto with the news technology of course but the data stays with corporations like alphabet which is problematic as they use our data to make money. an entire city state and that's really off as many opportunities so what to do experts argue for so-called data utilities these are publicly financed but independent organizations they managed
controlled access to data anyone interested in developing smart city solutions could use them no matter if city owned business local startup or big company a promising approach i think everyone should be able to profit from. their. personal data is anonymised as a citizen i cannot influence which state of mind is being used. to cold a project by the european union goes even further to empower individuals to control their data citizens themselves should decide whether personal information stays private or if it's being shared in order to make the city smarter. pilot projects have been running in amsterdam and barcelona 28 we believe should be understood as a public infrastructure as a common good. transportation. they also believe
that citizens can responsibly deal with their own. a desirable goal should be in charge of their own data. private corporations or governments control data in the smart where do you draw the line when it comes to surveillance an example from china. taxi headquarters in china the red cars the. algorithms used histories to predict which areas are likely to have a lot of customers and. drivers can then directly head to these locations like. his car is part of the network consisting of around 20000 taxis. and it's equipped with an interior camera. headquarters can watch him work and listen in on all conversations. in the beginning i was uncomfortable as i didn't really know much about it and felt constantly observed but actually there is no
reason for concern the cameras protect the customers drivers to. privacy is ensured as not everyone can view the videos. according to the taxi headquarters all data is well protected and deleted after $72.00. they say the system is great for educating drive and the footage can be used to settle conflicts complaints the taxi provider. and that most likely camera as to drive is less worried about being threatened but the police also has access to the video. taxis. another problem street parking lots. are connected to the internet and offer potential gateways for hackers theoretically one weak link is all it takes to shut down the city's central servers and cyber terrorists could go even further. demonstrates how to protect
oneself. in terms of digital administration and stonie and beats. and yet estonians can vote online and almost all public services are digitally accessible but this also increases vulnerability. in 2007 estonia was targeted by cyber attacks from a global network of connected thoughts names both online banking and government websites where affected in response to estonia has implemented annual international training on fighting attacks from hackett's they organized by nato inside the defense hub and over 20 nations the military and tech companies take part. question is look we got the ship good. luck the question is when you get it through the cyber security is not something you can do once because that landscape are changing every day cyber security is also crucial for smart cities they are
becoming a steadily increasing economic factor tech companies use smart cities around the world to test their future technologies the big question is does this benefit the citizens to a point of importance to me who controls the applications and who owns the data we need to find responsible solutions and the citizens' interest what's your opinion would you like to live this way i was not is your city join the discussion i'm looking forward to your feedback bye for now and see you next time.
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