tv Arts.21 Deutsche Welle August 24, 2019 10:30pm-11:01pm CEST
and there may. language courses. video and audio. talk. of our house with an international cosmopolitan school how they wanted a completely new world of design they were breaking with the generation of their parents and i'm going to say wanted to throw out useless they wanted new life styles they wanted to be different.
this year at bell house one of the world's most influential art and design schools turns a 100 and the city is being celebrated in style. but how much do we really know about this famous movement and how much is made we went to find out. design classics which are simple and functional designed by a small art school which revolutionized the industry 100 years ago powerhouse dispensed of unnecessary fruits with its radical vision. to copious wanted to rethink architecture in the arts with artists such as best we can. play at leo and on finding out he founded the state house in weimar 919. their arts. college soon
became an avant garde. in their workshops they experimented with materials and form creating design which was unprecedented in its clarity and functionality. but it didn't appeal to everyone the 1st show home in weimar was seen as a provocation and met with heavy criticism a bunch of free spirited individuals who held nothing sacred not color materials nor perception. breaking conventions they explored new lifestyles which were rather too wild provided by 925 it was all over they were too adventurous for their home city. they ventured on to decibel an industrial city that welcomed the battle house with open arms and funded a completely new building for their school. the master houses were built nearby white cubic villas for the professors designed and equipped by paul house artists with furniture from their own workshops. director and want to
go p.s. shaped the city with the ball house movement the church and settlement offered light space and a garden for everyone as an antidote to the cramped gloomy residential blocks of the industrial cities every last detail was designed with precision and the 314 terraced houses were built cheaply and quickly. also designed by gropius was the employment office it was one of the 1st of its kind with bright glass corridors. the same ascetic was used here for different purposes with coffee goes riverside cafe on the album. from 1928 its new director harnessed maya made the bauhaus even more political and radical his houses were an attempt to make social classes based on need and not luxury. funding ended when the nazis came to power in the powerhouse close in 1930 to one last privately funded attempt came from this fund a hole in the berlin but it failed in 1033 the boss had shut down. is
bauhaus history has its ideas from the course hardly in these times of up people people are rediscovering its visionary potential how was about house continuing to inspire today we visit via again. constantine by a is used to having breakfast in his own gallery it's just like one big family the found as an artist of the. graduates of the legendary bauhaus university back contribution to the 100th anniversary year is called contemporary bauhaus the symphony flyswatter as. which can also applaud for the bow house thus i was thankful this private gallery is the official
showcase of the bauhaus university and the artists don't see bauhaus as a brand but an attitude towards the weald a common theme in their art is the destruction of the environment and the loss of nature constantine by as installation focuses on this theme to artificial palm trees and a shell which doesn't contain the sound of the sea rather the babble of advertising slogans these works ask questions of society in keeping with the principles of bauhaus. how sustainable should our society be how do we handle digitalisation these are the questions we analyze in our exhibition the challenges of the next 100 years. thinking big and acting globally the gallery i can home has become an international institution foundations the great institute and artists from china are all part of the worldwide network of the gallery owner and his business partner bianca folk to creating synergies was the principle of the bauhaus university right
from the start. as a media artist which i am you could use the architecture workshops just as well as the product design or workshops. or this brings in an interdisciplinary aspect along with the sense of community which was characteristic of weimar because. busy busy it's such a sense of community hasn't always been a given in 1925 the battle house had to leave and was regarded as a disgrace environment just like our forum is today a monumental nutsy building right next to it a mighty cube has been erected the new bell house museum. bright and minimalist an architectural statement. its purpose is not to conserve the bow house tradition but rather to act as a forum for discussion. aesthetic i'm social questions are opened up again viewed
through the mirror of history. and there are some incredible things to see from playful structures and expressionist sketches to little wooden houses with so-called furniture for the people functional but far removed from what is supposed to be found house style by maya has long been a place of experimentation. assume self said that before tackling the design of objects you basically have to put people in new clothing particularly during that period in the 19th ten's and twenty's there was a lot of talk about the new human but everybody meant something different by it selfe also reflected many different concepts and images of the human dimension of conflict here it was a time of upheaval on the one hand the human body was liberated but on the other the human was in slave to the rhythm of the machine technical progress of hope both nightmares and fascination no one could escape it. in the boathouse stage.
transformed dunces into mechanical figures the triadic ballet is famous for its cost james. painting and the stage performance intertwine. weimar always had the space to experiment to risk new things i think that's one thing that still resonates today at the bauhaus university which also works very experimentally of course it also works internationally but it is very experimental film until a change of venue the galloping i can hi i'm also has a burma chamber and then the exhibition is called from the lamp to the studio media artist hymn book is running a workshop he teaches design technology at the bell house university experiments with elect. onyx which he also uses for his own work. in the exhibition he shows a subversive program which allows people to pixelate their faces using a special batch. he calls it the wish machine that's good and it's all
about privacy for all those smartphone pictures of me or other people that turn up on facebook and they're automatically tagged with a face recognition and then my name is on and if i just want to be myself for an evening without a bizarre photo of me turning up and then this will be a solution because for the from the off told dusty goes on. christiane gold is also an inventor he designs new surfaces for control devices at the moment he's testing materials with an chambers to create all kinds of inflatable shapes just having. i showed this to a group of textile engineers and they immediately said great this is just what we need. this could also be the hoard for an inflatable car. again suddenly during the production process points of reference appear that we didn't even think of at the beginning you have. to get me i can
hi i'm provide space to research new technologies in an artistic way think laterally and ask questions this is where the battle house lives on. that house created a number of modernist pioneers among them the 3000 house directors about a gropius hannah smile and nice fun to roll her but was the powerhouse just a boys' club that's a myth there are also some outstanding women. but what these women lacked was a kind of professional representation. dollars for 3. of the female artists. consciously being forgotten is something that can also be observed in painting sculpture in literature and in many many other areas a number. of columns of these women were rediscovered when
a political and social discourse began about women's role in society. but who were these modern a super women. 3 who left their mark on the dollhouse were writer editor and dollhouse 1st lady is a go people. furniture designer and paul house master levi's. and textile artist as like many female pupils of the ball house she had to learn weaving though she wanted to study painting albert began studying at the powerhouse in 1902 though she never intended to become a textile artist she was a natural talent she was inspired by yosef her teacher and later her husband and the paintings of coldplay. her work is now being rediscovered in europe. and death and they really are one of a kind please says if you can instantly tell that here on the album has created
something extremely special. that's coupled with an incredibly interesting dialogue between the material and. it's not a tool about being fashionable. as works seamlessly interweave elements of industrial production handiwork and art in 1930 august became the 1st female to graduate from the bell house school for her final project she developed a fabric for the trade union school and banal today a ball house landmark her material was used to cover walls of the school auditorium plain and simple yet revolutionary it reflected light absorbed sound and was easy to clean. on the i was funny of us develop this text on a. after much consideration and research she used a material that had only been on the market for a few years cellophane today we know it from food packaging.
after the nazis seized power in 1933 being jewish she and her husband fled to the us there she belonged to the artistic god and created experimented with talk and wrote about the art of weaving today her patterns and designs are enjoying a renaissance only out of us is finally getting the recognition she deserves like other forgotten dollhouse artists and peter than many of them were recognized during that time and quickly and the respect of their colleagues both male and female and a lot of people also fell into obscurity during the years of political dictatorship and persecution here in germany that were here. these forgotten vile house women are now being celebrated in new books like. the wife of volatile contributed to the interior design at the director's house of death she was a new kind of woman the perfect heroine for a novel. connelly the only these women lived in a new era they could vote and be elected they could do jobs traditionally done by
men there was a feeling of freedom that they could do anything and smoothly he couldn't. these young wild free spirited and strong pioneers dared to take on new roles. the daughter of an upper class family becoming a working woman unheard of back that is a goal to be a structured in a new life style. is something said 1st and if the whole self concept of women working outside the home was one that had to be learned. maybe that's what made eason so of ennius and revolutionary. she modernized household economics to save the women of the future time you which they could then devote to that professional activities were. suitable. for years christiane along a has been conducting research on another modernist career woman league ice she was
already a key figure in the art scene when she became a bell house master and head of the school's interior design workshop in 1932. when her partner architect miss fond of war built this house in berlin she designed the furniture. lehi she also worked with him on the villa enclave no trace of her work remains why is that. difficult when you know during my research i realized it simply couldn't be done because she was female nowadays we might go in the height of his superwoman she was incredibly well organized communicative and very assertive even with men. the fact that she's been forgotten can be attributed solely to me. but also to the male dominated writing of history which was looking for classic heroes he warns of heroes like nice wonder whore who designed the german pavilion for the 1929 international exposition in barcelona together with believe. in fact she was the pavilions artistic director
and it's doubtful whether he's fond of her were designed its furniture on his own. soul who really created this design classic. and. it's an interesting question because this is an iconic piece of furniture the day bed. but there are many indications that many high created it. is interest 1st published under her name in 1932. and the only drawing of this day bed that exists is also by her from around 1935 and it's the anyone from the pre-war period of the 4. as early as 1949 new york's museum of modern art devoted a solo show to any all of us textile art though outside the. united states she's still relatively unknown. he's a copious is now a novel heroine but in real life she was an editor organizer and equal partner for the bell house founder. and clearly
highish the few surviving documents show that milly gosh was a great designer and far ahead of her time but starting in 1933 when the nazis came to power wasn't so choosy about who she worked for she wasn't the only one. when the nazis took over $930.00 story they closed down the bow house bought controversially some leading bell houseless continued they would under hitler. to each his own i'm a cop saw him at the nazi concentration camp and who can vote. created by inmate and former boss pupil fund. it uses the unmistakable dollhouse typeface despite the fact that the nazi regime denounced the school for its degenerate art and even pressured its leadership into closing the bar house in berlin often said in the
fischel propaganda they rejected the ban has entirely it was considered to be bolshevist jewish marxist and everything the nazis deemed negative in bank was not dismissed. but unofficially that stance wasn't as clear the nazis saw the typical baal house functionality as a sign of progress and welcomed its new objectivity. and the artists how did the guard of the bauhaus respond after $933.00. to. take. one of the most influential teachers he create a graphic design on the universal typeface which became signatures of the ball house. but starting in 1933 by a began to create pots. propaganda designing catalogues and exhibitions which celebrated the ideology of racist doctrines of the 3rd riteish. a t.v. soon there were a film about house pupils and teachers who remained and were eager to continue
receiving commissions in germany ones who then exhibited little of the battle houses reformist spirit and ethical principles different. responded hole was no exception in 1934 he joined gobos chamber of culture supported hitler and contributed to nazi exhibitions he just wanted to build regardless for whom enticed by new commissions he emigrated to the united states in 1938 there he designed iconic structures like the seagram building in new york. nice fonda became a star architect his pandering to the nazis was soon forgotten and hasn't tarnished the baja structure taishan to this day still there's little reason to place the powerhouse on a moral pedestal. some of the bauhaus teaches in students who went into exile became successful in the us our house became internationally famous but it was never
a purely german phenomenon teachers and students came from all over the world areas sharon had experienced life on a kibbutz and tell us don and brought those ideas with him to death south later he returned to the middle east and built a legendary white city in tel aviv and a pioneering university in one area. ready the family oello well university in effect in the southwest of nigeria. ready ready ready area share on this university campus is an open and airy. thénard to the hot climate on the yo ruba culture when he tank and the university became the symbol of the fledgling democracy and we think new discoveries is very important. for the jews because it was. initiated. maybe 16. bendis of nigeria from the brit british. rule. so basically for them it's the 1st action in the julian university and it
stands for a protest against the architecture back then modernism was progressive and today 3 f. rat aims to find out in his film moving away each. player. to . exit. the universe itself is true. this it is there far away in far for people interested to be talked to these are crumpled. these markers circulated streets around 200 kilometers to the south is lagos. nigeria as largest city is constantly changing. like the representatives of contemporary down house and. asks how do we want to
live now and in the future she thinks of the revolutionary ideas of a century ago are still relevant today. when we had monism comment in the as of any post colonialism the architects that came of the day. i love the architecture that has really formed the structure of the city of lagos on the early modernism of the forty's fifty's and sixty's still today declared the architecture of lagos is expanding at a breathtaking pace it's africa's 2nd largest city and one of the world's most densely populated somewhere between colonialism and modernism nigerian architects are creating that own design language. what was considered as african tenets of the within the rules that say. we need to be realistic and design appropriately for the city that we live in now we we have to face the fact that in the city of some people say 18000000 some people say 22 we need to live in smaller and smaller
spaces. is an ultra modern and up market district of lagos here the architect is constructing minimalist housing units similar to ones built around the globe. a new architecture for new lifestyles functional economic and compact. so this is astounding 2 bedroom apartment so it's open plan kitchen it's really about i think efficient living. apartments for nigeria as growing middle class who are increasingly cosmopolitan. and you always need to reflect on. on how living in a city is evolving and changing i mean the whole world has changed for the demographic is changing how people live the family unit is being redefined you know and we need to make sure that we produce an architecture that's reflects that and that's what the boss did back at the university campus in. its buildings were
constructed in the 1960 s. and seventy's open on all sides they function like energy efficient passive houses and coolum sounds every inch of space is used efficiently architect ariel sharon employed ideas he'd learned during his studies about how school in debt his architecture is tailored to the people and the surroundings the topography natural light and climate. this is north more than awkward said sure i'll just repeat could still go to a pod well if your old farmhouse already know this is more than open to about will you. rest with the most group can you. show me this design is part of bauhaus imagine eastham a research project and axe. bishan celebrates the bell house school its legacy and its capacity for promoting trans cultural exchange the campus is seen as an architectural milestone. ready ready ready the buildings were kept as they were
built and they still function. quite well and of course this is thanks to a very intelligent architecture what sharon the architect of this campus learned from his teacher the bows and a smile is exactly this very serious almost scientific approach. tribe of course would also call social issues. house as lively open and global social dialogue that's what about has imagined instead is all about the project as a collaboration between the great institute the bell has corporation. and the balance house. as good as it is going to focus of the project is why was the bauhaus adopted or in some cases rejected and why was it all used to reinterpret it and we discovered that it was about creating a blueprint for a new society and
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