tv Eco Africa Deutsche Welle September 8, 2019 6:30pm-7:01pm CEST
with different languages we fight for different things that's fine but we all stick up for freedom freedom of speech and freedom of press. giving freedom of choice. matters. that when it comes to make your change for the better a small idea can make a big impact that's true when it comes to protecting the environment to hello and welcome to a new edition of eco africa. in lagos nigeria and joining me from south africa a viewing global my colleague harvey hey there and see and hello to all you viewers around the world it's going to be
a very interesting show so sit back and enjoy coming up and environmentalist in mali who is going live to the desert the world's most potent greenhouse gas that many people don't even know about we need to man was committed to reducing its emissions in madagascar we learned that not much money is needed to provide clean water. mozambique's go to the park was once it decimated by civil war but today it's one of africa's most biologically diverse national parks god and gods are also runs its own training programs and offers in turn chips to young scientists 22 year old marine of enchanter is one of the scientists in the program she's been studying the huge variety of answers living in the park she wants to understand what role they play in the ecosystem and document all the different species we join arena on one of the recent field trips.
when no real nervous sente sets out on the expedition into going on goes on national park she often heads streets for the fever tree forest chances are good that a young scientist will find what she's looking for there she's research and hands with the help of an aspirator she gathers specimens of every species she finds. a lot of people work. a big thing. so why. and. i really want to show the people not just the big animals have any importance system but also. and so because they provide for you. our ecosystem would look very different without bounds they perform important tasks
such as spread and seeds and eating and digest and plants and distribute new trends within the forest by decompose in large quantities of organic matter. and one of the world's most successful animal families their presence in almost every habitat and have developed in an incredible variety of ways percent estimates that national park alone harbors over $300.00 different species. why it's so fascinating because you see we have different worlds we have a different landscape and also have to contribute in terms of diversity offer and. not enough assented belongs to the new generation of female scientists in goza the park wants to see more women working to protect its wildlife u.n.
figures show that countries with great agenda inequality also have greater levels of forest cover lost air pollution and other environmental problems. they sent his colleague lauer out carmel a spot of the d.n.a. bar code study aimed at analyze and and identifying the pox types she supports the gender policy if you look at our department and our science department we have more women than men by the police you actually you cool than having having men around it's always and i'm not saying that we should at all is what you ask and if you have an equity in general being very good at the work then here is part of the world wide undertaking to catalogue all even creatures and decode the d.n.a. the global genetic database all better understanding of the diversity of life on earth and the different functions of species that 2 women hope it will inspire
girls to consider careers in science and conservation the one thing that we do need to know this but the communities around the park i was you know they get married and they have kids in the groups they make up the family. even if we're going to have a chance to finish school and it's important for them to have role models. community development is central to go and goes on national parks conservation approach it's authorities want to turn local residents into nature conservation allies using education clinics and economic development that yet it. has to be key elements in this is the girls club led by 2 mentors girls meet in the village to learn and discuss problems. melody is the leader of the program for her education is the basis for everything here and now i think it. will be goes clubs
was basically to encourage parents to send their girls to school and because we men generally do not have a value in this community is and also they are not empowered in nobody gives value to the education of women. for the package to this is the long term strategy it will hopefully guide people out of poverty and generate opportunities for young woman to lead self-determined lives maybe some will even joint dissenting and her colleagues on google goes a scientific team in recent months to sente has already identified $200.00 species she's the 1st female scientists to map this diversity in. and certainly want to be the last. so a change of continents now this week's eco hero lives in the far north of germany on the coast of the baltic sea where for a live show is a farmer and he runs a corporative that aims to combat nutrient pollution caused by excessive levels of
nitrogen and phosphorous and the soil has environmentally friendly farming practices have won him an award from the german office of the worldwide fund for nature up me this week. it's a family of swallows has taken up residence in this county shed much to visually luncheons delight he loves songbirds. and son martins live behind these concrete slabs holes were drilled in them so the birds can get in and out. then len shows and manages the farming co-operative here had puns dug in some of the fields much to the astonishment of some neighbors in the village. we simply have a responsibility not only to produce food but also to conserve nature for coming generations and to give nature the opportunity to develop we go through this
because incumbents who have farming plus nature conservation always involves compromise with a small bio tapes a marriage once he had created the right starting conditions. the pond soon filled with ground water. all kinds of plants began to grow and animals to settle. meanwhile a large scale farming operation continues around the expanse the co-operative is a joint effort by a number of farmers who together have 3400 hectares of land that's the equivalent of about 5000 football pitches large combine for harvesting lupin's which grow well in northern germany stand the soil they don't need much fertilizer thanks to the nitrogen fixing bacteria in their root nodules. lupin's are rich in protein and make excellent fodder for cattle and there are sustainable alternative to imported
soy or the farmers do use fertilizers and pesticides but aim to minimise the use of chemical crop rotation helps maintain this oils and sustain good yields. and that's certainly minimise the use of fertilizer by planting a wide range of crops in sequence lupin's booster nitrogen in the soil crops will plant after the lupins then benefit from nitrogen and we use less chemical fertilizers that's an important factor. when excess fertilizer is washed out of the soil streams that crisscross the landscape carry it to the baltic sea about 20 kilometers away and that is bad for the marine ecosystem. the water at the beach may be clear and clean right now but an overabundance of nutrients encourage the growth of plankton and bacteria particularly in the debt as
they grow they typically the oxygen in the water oxygen starved regions are called dead zones fish and other marine creatures can't live there it's become a serious problem in the baltic. in order to prevent that from happening. show and the other farmers in the co-operative have surrounded the fields with hedges and meadows to absorb any runoff. well some of you do use intensive farming methods but we've also laid out 20 metre wide strips around our fields that are left to their own devices no fertilizer they're more kind of one. you hope going to be rich off them start from the idea is that a lot of the nutrients in chemical runoff from the fields won't travel beyond the strips of land and will stay out of the streams and not get flushed into the baltic another way to reduce the use of chemicals is to fertilize the fields with dung
from the cooperatives cows and chickens. and show is also concerned for the well being of the livestock. but any self respecting farmer would do the same we give our animals the kind of food they need which we produce ourselves and of course we give them adequate space to move around in. with the move because. the schools are spacious and laid out with straw they would lend show often thinks about converting their farms meeting dairy production to organic. but that would mean doing entirely without chemical fertilizers and pesticides out in the fields. another example of how each and every one of us can make a difference if we put our minds to it we take you now to the island of madagascar
frequent droughts and a rapidly growing population have made clean drinking water a cost resource and the capital antananarivo right see many of the city's residents now rely on the water collected from swamps and self built wells what is often contaminated with simple but effective means a local organization proves that not much money is needed to provide clean drinking water and the method has also great benefits for the environment. a crew from the roman madagascar's national water utility is repairing a broken pipe in a tenant about 40 percent of the city's drinking water is lost it leaks like these repair teams are advised and trained on how to detect and fix such leaks by the ngo water and sanitation for the urban poor a w s u p a. nevers our record towson is a program officer. saving resources doesn't need to be big as
creating a new treatment for anything but the money's in better managing the resource the group who have now the better management says the only thing john michael improve the service by going to the. w s u p is working to improve antananarivo his will to management the metropolitan areas population has doubled to some 3000000 over the past 20 years. 2 thirds of the people have no access to clean drinking water according to w.s.u. about one quarter of deaths among children under the age of 5 here a link to water borne diseases. members are and her team at w.s.u. p. help provide basic infrastructure to prevent waste water from polluting the environment and improve access to clean water in partnership with the city the n g o has already built 500 will take us that sell drinking water. they've also built
laundry blocks across the city. remember hansei comes here to watch a family's laundry she also does laundry for a few customers which provides her a source of income. because i know from the pain of my own final this bring happiness and i found allows me to only be the morning we are now i don't have to go to the river to fetch we're trying which makes my life much easier. to go to the river which is for the when i saw him for the fun of it the. cuckoo. many locals still rely on contaminated surface water to meet their daily needs the river which passes through antananarivo is a city's largest source of water local people fish and do their washin here but the water is contaminated by role sewage and the waste that litters the riverbank. members are and says providing better infrastructure isn't enough political action
is also necessary to create a lasting change. the work that we are doing is contributing to to show to the governments how the how will be the impact of this type of a petition to the people who live and how the government could improve this people's life through our work to our priority our action we will show we will influence the government that there is some action that could be taken to avoid people's lives destruction. the municipal water utility agrees but lacks the resources to take action only a small part of a turn an area is connected to the sewage system. and none of its waste water is properly treated. the director of the municipal waste water facility worries that
environmental pollution will soon make it impossible to provide local residents to save drinking water. the problem. the problem with respect to the quality of drinking water is environmental degradation. just needs. to spend. with w s u p s assistance the city has drafted a proposal to expand its waste water treatment facilities these improvements in water management urgently needed as many bizarre record only too well otherwise the river will not be a source of life but a threat to the local environment and people. now into a potential success story in germany do you all know. what switchgear is is
that a partisan the home of a company that distributes electricity around the building so what has that got to do with the environment you might ask you about least a lot that's because these switch gears use an extremely potent greenhouse gas much worse than c o 2 so one german company has come up with an alternative a worthy candidate for this week's doing your bit. a major part of the power grid is an electrical substation typically it's equipped with switch gear often insulated with sulfur hexafluoride or s.f. 6 it's the world's most potent greenhouse gas $8000.00 tons of it end up in the atmosphere each year. berlin based electrical engineer mangia not ramesh is working on an alternative technology his company new ventura has developed switchgear that uses regular air instead of
a set of 6 the technology could be a game changer in terms of climate protection. for me it's very important to make this shift happen this is something i started 10 years before and they continue and it's my lifetime goal is to make this happen. in life you don't get so many fans a chance to make such a big french replacing all conventional switch gear with the new kind could eliminate a lot of greenhouse gas warming the equivalent of 100000000 new cars a year ramesh says get industry has been hesitant it says making the shift would be very costly but then again so is the impact of s.f. 6 in the atmosphere. and how about you. if you're also doing your bit tell us about it visit our website or send his
a tweet. doing your. share stories. and now one next report we need to give you a few facts on deforestation fussily the number of trees disappearing. from our planet every minute is equal to the surface area of a football field that per minute secondly that loss will force a card for up to 17 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions. here in t. it's a really sad and that's where all continents in sub-saharan africa were for fuel is being consumed up to $200.00 times faster than the annual growth rate of the trees but these days there are initiatives like the green belt movement that seek to bring change because a many realize that the effects of climate change or otherwise destroy the habitat
. thank you. charcoal is big business in bamako the capital of mali. almost everybody charcoal to cook with and the population is growing. my mom is a charcoal match and. she's doing well but her very success is becoming a source of concern. that there are fewer and fewer trees. to do that scary if you go out of town you'll see what i mean. an australian agronomist with the ngo world vision tony rinaldo has developed a method of countering the deforestation that affects large parts of africa his work won him the right livelihood award also known as the alternative nobel prize. landis cleared of the vegetation the land gradually degrades and becomes less and less productive less and less can be grown on
a profit can be made from it and people become more desperate so there is a very strong link between conflict and land and also between migration and then degree. tells rinaldo that she now has to get her charcoal from 160 kilometers away because sources closer to bamako have dried up it's a similar situation in and around many of africa's big cities the disappearance of forests and degradation of the land is a huge problem. how do we fortunately through famine manage natural regeneration through the regeneration of trees and landscapes is a very low cost rapid and scalable method to reverse that degradation in the 1980 s. we're now discovered that in many places there are intact underground networks of roots struggling to grow and pruning shoots can help trees and bushes flourish well
vision is now promoting the f.m. n r technique in 24 countries around the world. northern ghana. was among the 1st farmers to adopt it a decade. go. it has changed so much in my village. we used to have to drive our cattle long distances to graze. cvs could steal them. but now they can graze nearby. but there's still a lot to do the villages are regularly go out and work on reviving areas of degraded land applying when otto's technique and trying new shoots growing out of old stumps. farmer manage natural regeneration isn't complicated it involves targeted pruning and protecting of new growth still it's very effective the
saplings will hopefully grow into tall trees. we cut some shoots but leave the bigger ones just one or 2. what we cut away we use as firewood. the key advantage over planting new trees is that the roots are already there and reach deep into the soil so even if it rarely rains they can tap into the groundwater trees can also raise the water table release moisture into the air and fertilize the soil when the leaves fall and decompose as conditions improved samuel bunton was able to increase his herd. it has helped a lot life used to be much harder but now things are different we have a proper income we can look after our families pay for health insurance and school fees and everybody has enough to eat. in your memory 82 hectares of land have so
far been reforested but large stretches still look like a desert. degraded dry land regions may have countless intact tree root systems that could yet heeled new trees if they're properly tended . rinaldo organizers conferences across africa on f.m. and are also in countries that are in turmoil such as mali. grenada has devoted his life to restoring africa's forests. he says regenerating local vegetation improves the lives of millions and giving people hope can help transform the political landscape as well in many a country. transform the whole country. because it has that potential people to be able to be self-sufficient on their own land they're not going to be so interested in joining
a fight somewhere else for families to raise they have aspirations and how they would like to live cities such as burma co consumer vast amounts of natural resources even as they become ever more scarce the restoration of vegetation around cities and elsewhere can improve people's quality of life and perhaps reduce the potential for violence and conflict. yet another reason to take care of our environment i hope you enjoyed the last 30 odd minutes as much as i did if so then join us next week for another edition until there is goodbye from lagos nigeria and over to. thanks randi as always it was a pleasure to host the show with you thanks for watching remember to do what you can do to take care of your environment see you next week and bye bye from south africa. dumb.
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