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tv   Focus on Europe  Deutsche Welle  September 19, 2019 9:30am-10:01am CEST

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from corner to flash from housing a good time this is where. the 77. this weekend. hello and welcome to focus on europe i lie about a lola thanks for joining us the sinking of the m.s.s. in the baltic sea was the worst maritime disaster in post-war europe in september of 1994 the ferry was caught in a storm and sank in just 30 minutes few of the 1000 people on board survived today questions and conspiracy theories still linger after the official investigation
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concluded 25 years on survivor ted hare stepped is still waiting for closure but he recently suffered another setback a court rejected a multi-million dollar compensation claim survivors of the sunken histone year and victims' families launched a lawsuit for their pain and suffering to add to their grief authorities still refused to salvage the wreck and can't fears that the truth of what happened that day between talon and stockholm will remain lost at sea. memories can come back on expectedly one can't help standing by the water for example. when he's back in 1904 again as a passenger on the baltic sea ferry estonia from thailand to stock up. to september 25th on your story out of mayday mayday.
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at 1 22 am the captain of the estonia makes a desperate s.o.s. call the ship is in a heavy storm. suddenly a huge wave breaks off the bell visor from the hole the ferry fills up with water and minutes and begins to sink. it on you know what's going on got to reply the whole ferry fell on the side and it really came as a shock to all of us and the next there when we needed to get from the ship down to their the water and then of course in the cold water to try to find a raft to climb up to and then later. those of us who were alive in the morning rescued by helicopter by then most of the people on our rafts were dead they froze to death so we were only 6 alive in the morning maybe 20 in the beginning. 852 people died their names are engraved on this monument
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casualties from a dozen countries it was the biggest maritime disaster in europe since world war 2 . an investigation in 1907 showed that there was a problem with a bow doors locking system safety regulations for baltic sea ferries were tightened but the wreck was not salvaged. that was a mistake so it's heading vitor the german swedish lawyer is still occupied with the estonia case even in his spare time vitter has represented dozens of the victim's relatives in court and also initiated his own investigations he says the investigations of the record were insufficient. the run just projects into this phase or is torn open all of this water on the card just a star board list. only a stone has sinks. and of course you have to know what does it look like on the
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card deck where the trucks properly lashed down officially there's no film material for me inside of the car deck. we say you have to go down there again and take a look at it even if it was a long time ago does not in the year is a watertight bulkhead was missing behind the bell visor the lawyer says neither the german ship built or nor the french safety inspectors were found guilty of intentional fault when they use the race when possible to type ok. you could do that for coastal traffic but not on the hike seems. very tense should have said stop it's not sea was it needs the bulkhead 1st. this summer a french court again rejected a claim by british colleagues for damages against the ship's safety inspectors. on behalf of more than 1000 claimants they demanded 40000000 euros in compensation.
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can't have that money isn't as important as the truth about the estonia catastrophe . a survivor and a member of the swedish parliament for many years he tells of persistent rumors that a bomb caused the ferry to sink planted by intelligence services or terrorists let's try to find every everything we can. and maybe you can also put some of these so close piracy theories to to a tourist because this is not good for the democratic societies that there's a lot of suspicion either floating around so so i definitely think it would be useful for everyone. and he thinks that the 852 who died in the baltic sea 25 years ago on that day in september deserve that. it's a way of life that has sustained indigenous nomads for centuries and one of the most remote places on earth the nets people of russia have made
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a livelihood of herding reindeer along an insular but now they are preparing to part ways with their past as their tundra is transformed the climate crisis is thawing the permafrost and hampering their movements but for the government global warming offers them access to untapped gas and oil reserves a construction boom is reviving communities as children like prepare for a future very different to that of their parents. from above the tenets of the nets people and their rainy day look like high ricklefs. they will come together in the knowledge that. when you're resting place that everybody is helping. the rain to mean everything to the next. young woman takes care of his favorite rainy day right away his mother is that too but if he did no. more serious than what about under 3 days we move on otherwise
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we'll ruin the soil and we'll be able to come here again next year. the sooner continue but without rehman it's his last day with his animals and family. a helicopter is coming to morrow to bring the children to school. and if he said no we would in my boots the dawn of a new era children have to learn that they won't have as many reindeer as we do. because more and more drilling rigs for gas are being built in the tundra the reindeer suffer as a result. but nevertheless mccutcheon and husband miss you their lives isn't a monster and the travel the holy it's true the tundra even enjoying a winter temperatures as low as minus 50 degrees celsius. they are carefully preparing this summer around minus a city life although he will prove that the pneumatic knife.
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cuts from the last weekend are 2 oldest already students our youngest son ron is starting 6th grade but he prefers to be in the tundra with the reindeer and of coolies. it's hard to him to say goodbye. as he's a reindeer his dog and his freedom all summer long. the red black at boarding school i cry with longing. which is. what you are but i like technology and mathematics that's what i like to do a boarding school. 2 i want to become a pilot that. dreams of one day being able to fly over the tundra in
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a helicopter and take the children to school. but how much longer can life in the tundra be possible his parents worry about the animals climate change has long been noticeable in addition of more. more oil and gas companies are expanding into the tundra. him without the cash in winter the snow is covered in smoke from the towers making a hard crust so the reindeer can eat their fat layer is only one centimeter thick it used to be 3 or 4 centimeters many die why did. you come up with the thing in the end we're left with nothing reindeer are a food clothing and means of transport was the moment. that i did
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it and. then the helicopter arrived to pick up the children mccutcheon a was that she won't see her son for months because she'll have to help her husband with the exhausting trek through the tundra. it's difficult for the crew to locate this one comes down to don't ever be a mile peninsula as the nomads are constantly on the move. as the plan the frost was lakes for when they weren't any before. now on ram and has to sit still. some subjects are even taught in that own language so that the number of children to not forget it. spirit has been teaching here for 25 years she wants the children to be proud of their origins proud of the name it's
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come chant. your family you mean handicrafts outdoors the 1st days are the worst for rahm and mentally he's still in the tundra only his sister comforts him but am i think of well i thought when i was little we wouldn't see a soul for days today you can see drilling rigs smoke. on the one hand it's good for the country that oil is being extracted and bringing money away on the other hand this oil is no law. longer like it was it i'm worried because a reindeer graze there but i'm afraid that. the parents are ready to move on because the trick nor pounds of kilometers to the arctic ocean. in the past just may be covered with snow new. winter is approaching and 10 months
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into the future here in the tundra. a powder keg in the balkans the multiethnic republic of kosovo is home to a centuries old conflict that is threatening stability in the region well despite kosovo declaring independence in 2008 serbia doesn't recognize its sovereignty and the deadlock has made tensions especially high in the country's north where many serbian course of ours live this is also where the mafia controls a major smuggling ring one which kosovar inspector bar deal hacks is determined to shut down our reporter accompanied him on a raid. kosovo inspector by deal hoxsey mustafa and his team are in the border region to serbia. they're tracking down smugglers. tourist missi only all so our task is to check our agents
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lives on the grounds in the front door but as bloody mary that it's a. it's a difficult and dangerous mission. one of the informants from the smuggling me you joins and he's received a tip off. i sent you a message a truck is on its way to mitrovica hillward whose truck is it oh you know it belongs to. yeah we're in limbo snobbish no. vets situation if. 'd 'd there are lots of illegals here large trucks. most of them are used for smuggling goods from serbia into kosovo. before. the trucks cross these mountains into kosovo ever since kosovo introduced tariffs of 100 percent for goods from neighboring serbia smuggling has been rampant it's
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a political hotbed. this region here in the north of kosovo is home to ethnic serbs and the smugglers are also 100 percent serbian. and that's you know that it's sort of i.r.c. it's difficult because we're being followed and there are surveillance posts all along the roads that's in take on the but be subtle now here's what i need this at the end of may the situation in the north of the country escalated during a large scale raid by his colleagues from the cost of a police this muggers had tried to stop a special police unit from the capital prishtina with their trucks the police responded with full force. $1000.00 police officers were arrested on allegations of corruption and smuggling including coasts of ours with albanian bosnian and some with serbian roots. on the day of the raid the serbian government showed its support for the cost of ours by sending troops to the border. the
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situation was tense. got the. albanian forces have arrested a dozen people in northern coast of all and metohija under the pretense of fighting organized crime and corruption to report to a criminal this is an attempt to criminalizing our compatriots. well. the mood in northern coast of all is tense this region is known as a stronghold of serbian nationalism and many feel threatened in their very existence by tariffs of 100 percent on serbian goods. this is primarily an economical issue because if it weren't for these goods being imported into north corso walk then we would not probably survive the products that we are seeing here are important from serbia proper so they're basically serbian products so if the police says it's smuggled in it's a criminal activity then it means that we're all smugglers nor criminals in the
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north of course. he says the 100 percent tariffs are responsible for an increase in goods smuggled into kosovo but the course of our government argues that the tariffs are simply a reaction to serbia failing to recognize the republic of kosovo and its borders or can be foremost on the information of the smugglers from serbia our support and encouraged cooperation together with the authorities there does not exist focus it's a deep political and ethnic divide in order to catch smugglers red handed inspector hoxsey mustafa needs to rely on informants to give him names and places you know. the group i can tell you who the most important smugglers are here they take care of finding bias and they also sell the goods themselves. for. stuff explains that kosovo is missing out on these tariffs resulting in political and economic destabilization in the memphis and. i'm convinced that this problem
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can be solved by fighting uncompromisingly against criminal gangs that's a pretty mean they're not only harming kosovo's budget but creating problems for our citizens in the northern communities 2 or afraid of the free. will but suck them acclaim and all the. inspector by deal hudson was tough and his unit. are preparing for many more raids along this dangerous and politically charged border. women power switzerland's lower house of parliament could see sweeping changes as a record number of women are running for election they have come a long way with women were 1st granted suffrage and 1971 they would have to wait another 20 years to vote in all tantrums or federal states well thousands recently took to the streets to demand gender equality and farmer lucky bollman feels the
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odds are stacked against her and she's speaking up for change despite some resistance. former lawdy bowman lives in the canton of argo it looks idyllic but she says looks can be deceiving on many farms here wives are completely dependent on their husbands they work hard you have no money of their own or social security if you've probably heard by their eye problems if couples divorce. first women lose their home usually the from was taken over from the husband's parents and the woman married into the family so she leaves and has nothing to prove she works there. a part time job and a prenuptial agreement ensure that she won't suffer a similar fate and her husband supports her efforts bodies call for a woman to strike could have caused problems in other farming families some saw it as a provocation. the clearly shown grief help of course that
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leaves you open to attack i've received a lot of negative feedback but if all is good at home and you have support then it's much easier to do this. but it's also about something fundamental go oh i woman should have the same rights as a man period. you think that would be self-evident switzerland yet in june hundreds of thousands of women demonstrated for better wages and affordable day care. and to protest that many top managers of swiss firms all look like this this or this. manuel horne ago says in switzerland women have to choose between having children or a career. that i learned in this rich country women shouldn't have so little income and be so dependent either on the man or on the state just to get by. the mitsu but you don't think it's an incredible in justice. one that everyone here has experienced 1st hand ma and had
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a tough time returning to the working world after spending a decade as a stay at home mom so sometimes itself but kate saw men get promoted and earn more money she got left behind she fears falling down the career ladder. one step in the right direction would be more paternity leave employers are only required by law to give fathers a single day off firms reject further government intervention. in practice companies have been finding solutions with their employees for years when a young worker becomes a father one company might offer him 3 days another 5. another might give him 6 weeks depending on. it's capabilities you know because. the women decide what to do next there are so many issues for instance my carers and teachers jobs traditionally held by women are so poorly paid. to constantly going see a lot of you can spend your whole workday working for society but society won't thank
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you for it because it's oft you don't you just missed why should a banker earn more than i do why is his work worth more than mine for me that's the underlying issue of the well. even it's organizers were surprised by the strikes impact but for these women it's just the beginning. i lift around and we put women center stage now i really hope these women will actively take part in discussions everywhere and not withdraw or relinquish responsibility. both fit onto it to me stop giving. the swiss go to the polls in october women here fought hard for the right to vote now they plan to use it to better their lot. where do you go when you've reached the end of the rote is a question that's become a hot topic in britain not 1st philosophers but 14 of pathfinders they're on a mission to recover public rights of way on private property before they disappear
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from the map for good well thousands of trails have been lost or in some cases intentionally hidden now david ormond and his army of volunteers are in a race against time to uncover a network of paths. david and his friends are doing some detective work in norfolk county in the east of england looking for old public pathways and are calling for the free right of way which they feel might disappear forever. is no reason old program has a size and complexity of trees in a federal. and you'll see that the road here is hollowed respective to the fields are the sides you can indication it's a very old road in the suddenly the perth comes to an end. of summer.
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this is where the pathfinders work begins looking for evidence that it was illegally closed off. hikers organizations estimate that more than 10000 kilometers of public pathways are inaccessible can't really get through there can you. so people. may want to be moving out there. many years ago a former land owner planted a hedge in the middle of the path. and used to join one church to not the church and presume the way the rector walked up and down and the congregation. that's part of probably with that the fall of the present landowners that some of these positives is of years old so no land drona has the right to stop people walking on land where people have tried think roman soldiers who didn't everybody said. david once the document the case.
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the current landowner doesn't want to perth the cross is property so it's going to be a power struggle in the end the council will decide. to do a lot more work i should go back and look at the. satellite freeze as i get an overall view of perhaps where the past was. david has submitted $27.00 applications and all he's called for 30 trucks on one property alone to be made accessible the land administrator says that will never happen as public parts can lead to concerns over security and frequent incidence of illegal waste them being. evidence yeah i need me to look at the evidence it's possible that we could agree maybe maybe one or 2 the tracks there are some drives that have got a lot of history history. but there are other parts that we're looking at. was made by the by the farm it was part of a field. it wasn't it's not
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a recognized drug so we would probably resist this this particular track. but david would never settle for that for him and some matter of principle what's driving this is the requirement to to have all these documented by $22.00 and jennifer 2026 and that deadline goes we lose all ability to find lost rights of way suppose that the public ought to have a right to walk over those rights away so continue without hedley and legally closed off they were entire disappear. so david and sue and dean will keep on looking they want to fight for the right to roam the english countryside until the bitter end. not all who wander are lost thanks for watching focus on europe let me know your
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thoughts on the show by getting in touch with me on twitter remember you can also watch our program online at d w dot com by for now. the am. move. the food movement going.
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to. enjoy the conflict zone confronting the powerful late last year don't assume for the withdrawal of u.s. forces from syria my guess is we'll use the state of the moons if you use our own basudeb james just for a few special representative of the us for syria to gage lutes from any of the images policies of the coach who flew into a successful outcome of conflict so from our throughput w. bush. farmland has been called ethiopia's ringgold the
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country has an abundant supply and leases it to international aircrew for giants the government is after high export revenues and the corporations high profit margins but not everyone benefits from the booming business or the selling out of a country dead donkey stuff. in 75 minutes on d w. boy. more. fake hair and real story. where i come from a lot of women who like me have fake hair sometimes the hair style takes up to 2 days that's a lot of time that needs to be filled so people at the salon talk about what's happening in their lives so i became a journalist to be a storyteller and i always want to find those real authentic stories from everyday
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people who have something to share. with all the time i spent at the salon i know a good quality here when i see it and the good story when i hear it my name is elizabeth saul and i work at studio albums. now do you percent of americans at some point in our lives will experience hardship .
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this is deja vu news live from berlin those in charge of the fukushima nuclear power plant that went into meltdown are found not guilty 3 former executives were accused of failing to mitigate the disaster which came in the wake of the 20th tsunami it was the only criminal trial resulting from that nuclear catastrophe also coming up. saudi arabia displays the drones and missiles it says proves tehran sponsored the attacks on its oil installations the u.s. labels the attacks an act of war.

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