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tv   DW News  Deutsche Welle  September 30, 2019 8:30pm-8:46pm CEST

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and on demand. language courses. video and or you know. where. w. . this is news africa coming up in the next 15 minutes national dialogue in cameroon week long talks to end the separatist crisis kicked off today but the stakeholders boy cause it is the exercise do and what's at stake. we get it right this country is back on track oh we get it wrong this country might fall off the precipice so we really don't have much of a choice we've got to get to freud and that's what this is all about and al-shabaab
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strikes again in somalia we'll tell you why this time is different. hello i'm christine will welcome to news africa it's good to have you along a national dialogue opened in cameroon today it's an attempt to end a conflicts in the countries and to phone provinces with people want independence now what you see in blue is and of food cameroon and that is where most of the in your speak is who account for about a 5th of cameroon's population of 24000000 people live the rest of cameroon is largely french speaking now the interest peking area is actually divided into 2 regions called northwest and southwest province the 2 provinces saw the myths and some self governance and. language rights including bilingual schools best many
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complain of francophone favored discrimination in education in the justice system and in the economy they took up enough in fighting to establish a breakaway state they call em bizarro india that's the embers on your flag now the weeklong talks will call by a president who's hoping to end the crisis that has killed more than 1500 people since fighting broke out in 2017 between the army and the separatists now at the beginning of september the separatists imposed a weekly lockdown that saw some flee the area and it's taking its toll on those who've remained. gunshots arson and soldiers on the street residents of the english speaking regions in cameroon have had enough of the violence and the monday lockdowns. everyone is affected me to my car was burned and i was not the only one all my neighbors in the very 1st
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lockdown we woke up very early in the morning we saw all the cars in flames as. traders in blue way in cameroon southwest region say they're under relentless pressure to choose sides if they close shop they risk being punished by the authorities but if they stay open they face the wrath of separatists for ignoring the call to strike that's created uncertainty. i came to buy. some food stalls because you know we need to stop which indeed. we may know where to buy that many people here have joined protests against a marginalization of the english speaking regions but their patience is wearing thin really it is better that is today. so. peace so we're pretty. me. it was you. it was before tuesday's unification day but until the dialogue starts to take
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effect the country is more divided than ever. instead of the capital you're wounded now we our reporter blasi on is standing by good to see you blaze so how did the 1st stay on the national dialogue. understands the of the national dialogue we may need to use trees including the. u.s. ambassador to come roun but the most. talked about issue here is that the separatist leaders did not shore none of them i mean the big on stools of controlling the groups on the ground did not short of and the reason is that we're already arrested and brought to come roun from nigeria and the government wants to talk to you or anyone should be in jail. for. i want us to listen to one of the delegates who is attending the summit and then will pick up from there. i think in the form of a speech it's very important that we discourse on the form of a state that is
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a central theme that's supposed to be the center out of these guys because that's why we went to the streets that's where the crisis started that's why people took up arms against it so we cannot be and talk on that things without talking about the form of the. misinformed us talking about the forming office stain tool what does that mean. and. what that means is that because come on at the moment he's a centralized system and the foreman of the studio talking about the federal system knowledge of governance because when you go preaches solid income rooms now the anglican we don't come roun on french came together in effect 110-0621 the queue to get on the i agreed to have a federal system but in in 1972 the den preston amadu i hear abandoned or unity government which is to be a central i system so for people like i want one many of $1.00 to $1.00 not
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necessarily support us of a suspicion this movement to believe that the best we all the meat we've between simply just and the government is to have a federalist system where they are going to control their resources and that if we would listen to his 1 talk of be called up when we interviewed him he talked about the root cause of this crisis that this crisis began because. we were controlled by a francophone so. great and many others what they have been getting or is that the want of address system ok you mentioned in the beginning that the separatists need as i'm not in attendance that doesn't this and the mine the whole exercise of such key stakeholders i'm not taking. a lot of people that we have spoken here chris we're going to here believe that itself is not the solution the believe that this dialogue is a stepping stone to move to the a troll solution called the crisis so
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a lot of them are hoping that with these dialogue the government will be pretty more towards the opposition and so maybe the the separatists move kind of have a sense of the government is willing to listen to them so. to and lucky for us to expect that some good resolution to be picking up the end of the dialogue and then really be disappeared just come on boy all right that's lazy on any one day for us reporting on that national dialogue thank you. our next story is in somalia which has suffered another day of bloodshed this latest attack happened in the capital city mogadishu and he military convoy hit an explosive device it was not immediately clear if there were any casualties as a result then 100 kilometers away militants carried out a major attack on a u.s. military base used by u.s. forces. in the past 3 months alone al-shabaab has carried out several major attacks
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in july a suicide bombing in mogadishu killed the city's mayor inside his office if you days later the group targeted a popular hotel in the usually safe town off. then just a little over a week ago they raided the elsa lead military base killing more than 20 so mali soldiers. i'm now joined by my colleague told me a lot people who's reported extensively from somalia and have it for many years good to have you told me so what do we know about cities twin attacks well if you look at the attack that happened in mogadishu that targeted an italian military convoy most of the time in somalia when when people are moving around especially foreign as and most especially westerners they move in very heavy security so for this convoy to have hit an explosive like this shows that al shabaab must have
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planned this very well or there must have been some lapse in the convoys own security but then the major one i would say was what happened in the balad only military facility that's a major airbase just not far from mogadishu it's an air base that's used mostly by the u.s. forces they train local somali military there but they also use it as a launching pad for drone attacks and militants raided the place they've used a car bomb to try to breach the parents the external security and then try to storm gunmen they were repelled but the fact that they even tried this in the 1st place shows that they've become even bolder ok so they've become even bolder as you say by what we've seen in this attack but give us a sense of just how big the presence of al shabaab is in somalia when we hear from the government they almost give the impression that this is a group that they're diminishing but just give us
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a sense of the scale of how much these people occupy the country well the government for years has said they've been pushing back but finck about it you have a somali national army you have the u.s. forces you have the african union amisom troops as well all of them working together to fight al shabaab but also is present has a major presence in southern and central parts of somalia where it's not just carrying out attacks it's not just like a pest it's actually in certain parts of of the country. operating like a government it's taxing locals forcing people to pay taxes otherwise or threatens them with a tax so this is a group that's trying to be a kind of de facto government in these parts of the country but as i mentioned it's also getting bolder in the kinds of attacks of carrying out the not just general attacks on the people who are going for high a profile targets who are even better protected but then the average somali person so that shows of this group is not just bold in terms of its spirit but also has
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the resources to try and carry out these attacks right i mean and that begs the question what they accomplished today what does it tell us about the ill for all fight against al shabaab what clearly if all these foreign and local forces are working together in the air on the ground. even offering amnesty used to. the militants and given them a way out of this militancy and yet that's not working to stop this group think clearly that military approach is not working and there probably has to be more to be done some other way maybe involving the local communities maybe involved offering al shabaab the option of talks which was actually rejected it said it doesn't recognize the local government it calls it and infidel government and so it says it's not going to engage with them but clearly this military strategy on its own is not working and there has to be some other approach for long term solution all right well we'll keep our eyes on that story and thankful for that insight as
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to me illegible thank you. and that is it for now from news africa as always you can catch all our stories on our website and facebook page we're always interested to know what you think about the stories that we do coven perhaps the stories in your country that you think we should be giving some coverage to. and we'll leave you now with pictures from fashion week with some of your guns as best design is at the showcasing their latest creations we'll see you next time.
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with tom gravitational. the finest musical composition. mystery. film in that she wasn't just. don't tell me that there's.
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more you know and the tortured come up in the morning. of. the bombs. starts october 11th come on in our i am. what was life really like for people living in socialist east germany a new online archive featuring hundreds of hours of film reels shot by ordinary people living under the dictatorship has just gone online and also coming up on arts and culture. the dangers of making art under the nazis one of the most celebrated novels written in post-war germany the german basset finally makes it to the big screen. and speaking of german the world famous
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october fast with at least one big twist this october fest with hundreds of thousands of visitors isn't in germany at all so where is it. first off though and summit look at life inside the former east germany a dictatorship that hundreds of people died trying to escape now though almost 30 years after the fall of the berlin wall initiators of a new project called open memory box say it's time to finally start looking at other aspects of east germany too. personal memories we coated in a country that no longer exists. these home movies kept to a science of the format in germany that most outsiders would never knew private recordings that are now public thanks to die.

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