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tv   DW News  Deutsche Welle  September 30, 2019 11:30pm-11:46pm CEST

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it's personal it's divisive it's about topics that are such as who are going to climb a tree in the return of. the only reason to check it out. this is t.v. news africa coming up in the next 15 minutes national dialogue in cameroon week long talks to end the separatist crisis kicked off today but key stakeholders boy cos it is the exercise do and what's at stake. we get it right this palm trees back on track but we get to drawing this country might fall off the precipice so we really don't have much of a choice we've got to get it right. and that's what this is all about and
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al-shabaab strikes again in somalia we'll tell you why this time is different. hello i'm christine will welcome to news africa it's good to have you along a national dialogue opened in cameroon today it's an attempt to end a conflict in the countries and provinces we have people want independence now what you see in blue is and good food cameroon and that is where most of the english speaking is who account for about a 5th of cameroon population of 24000000 people live the rest of cameroon is largely french speaking now the interesting thing area is actually divided into 2 regions called north west and southwest province the 2 provinces saw the missives some self governance and language rights include. being bilingual schools but many
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complain of francophone favored discrimination in education in the justice system and in the economy they took up and have been fighting to establish a breakaway state they call em bizarro india that's the and design your flag now the week long talks will called by a president who's hoping to end the crisis that has killed more than 1500 people since fighting broke out in 2017 between the army and the separatists now at the beginning of september the separatists imposed a weekly lockdown that saw some flee the area and it's taking its toll on those who've remained. gunshots arson and soldiers on the street residents of the english speaking regions in cameroon have had enough of the violence and the monday lockdowns. everyone is affected my car was burned and i was not the only one all my neighbors in the very 1st lockdown we woke up very early in the morning we saw all the cars in flames as.
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traitors in blue way in cameroon southwest region say they're under relentless pressure to choose sides if they close shop they risk being punished by the authorities but if they stay open they face the wrath of separatists for ignoring the call to strike that's created uncertainty. i came to buy. some food stalls because you know we need to stop which indeed. we may not have which provided. many people here have joined protests against a marginalization of the english speaking regions but their patience is wearing thin really it is better than he is today. so. so were pretty. me. it was. peaceful when. it was before tuesday's unification day but until the dialogue starts to take
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effect the country is more divided than ever. instead of the capital you're wounded now we our reporter blasi on is standing by good to see you blaze so how did the 1st stay on the national dialogue. on this 1st day of the national dialogue we may need to industries including the. u.s. ambassador to come around but the most. talked about issue here is that the separatist leaders did not shore none of them i mean to be gone. out of control into groups on the ground did not sure of and the reason is that. already i resisted and brought to come roun from nigeria and the government wants to talk to me or anyone should be in jail. for. i want us to listen to one of the delegates who is attending the summit and then we'll pick up from there put it by looking at her in the form of a speech it's very important that we discourse on the form of a speech that is the central theme that's supposed to be the center out of these
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dialogue because that's why we went to the streets that's where the crisis started that's why people took up arms against it so we cannot be and talk on things without talking about the form of the. misinformed us talking about the forming office stain tool what does that mean. and. what that means is that because come on at the moment he's a centralized system and the foreman of the studio talking about the federal system knowledge of governance because when he preaches solid income rooms now the anglican we don't come roun on french came together in effect 110-0621 the cute together and they agreed to have a federal system but in in 1972 the den preston amadu i hear joel abandoned or unity government which is to be a centralized system so for people like i want one many of the ones who are not
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necessarily support us of a suspicion this movement that believe that the best we all the meat we've between separatist and the government is too half of a dress you stand where there are reforms and we need to control their resources and that if we would listen to his talk of be called up when we interviewed him he talked about the root cause of this crisis that this crisis began because. we were controlled by a francophone so. great and many others what they have been getting or is that the want of address system ok you mentioned in the beginning that the super says need is are not in attendance but doesn't this and the mine the whole exercise of such key stakeholders are not taking. a lot of people we have spoken here crystal can do here believe that does that look itself is not the solution the believe that this dialogue is a stepping stone to move to the a troll solution called the crises so
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a lot of them are with these dialogues the government will be treated more of course the opposition and so maybe the bill separatists who kind of have a sense that the government is willing to listen to them so i did a lot of people as the expecting that some good resolution to be to get of the end of the dialogue and then really be disappointed and come on board all right that's lazy on any one day for us reporting on that national dialogue thank you. our next story is in somalia which has suffered another day off bloodshed this latest attack happened in the capital city that the sure way and military convoy hit an explosive device it was not immediately clear if there were any casualties as a result then 100 kilometers away militants carried out a major attack on a u.s. military base used by u.s. forces. in the past 3 months alone has carried out several major attacks
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in july a suicide bombing in mogadishu killed the city's mayor inside his office if you days later the group targeted a popular hotel in the usually safe town off. then just a little over a week ago they raided the elsa lead military base killing more than 20 so mali soldiers. i'm now joined by my colleague told me a lot people who's reported extensively from somalia and have it for many years good to have you told me so what do we know about cities twin attacks well if you look at the attack that happened in mogadishu that targeted an italian military convoy most of the time in somalia when when people are moving around especially foreign as and most especially westerners they move in very heavy security so for this convoy to have hit an explosive like this shows that al shabaab must have
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planned this very well or there must have been some lapse in the convoys own security but then the major one i would say was what happened in the balad ugly military facility that's a major air base just not far from mogadishu it's an air base that's used mostly by the u.s. forces they train local somali military there but they also use it as a launching pad for drone attacks and militants raided the place they used a car bomb to try to breach the parents of the external security and then try to storm gunmen they were repelled but the fact that they even tried this in the 1st place shows that they've become even bolder ok so they've become even bolder as you say by what we've seen in this attack but give us a sense of just how big the presence of al shabaab is in somalia when we hear from the government they almost give the impression that this is a group that they're diminishing but just give us
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a sense of the scale of how much these people occupy the country all the government for years has said they've been pushing back but think about it if you have a somali national army you have the u.s. forces you have the african union i mean some troops as well all of them working together to fight al shabaab but also is present has a major presence in southern and central parts of somalia where it's not just going on top attacks it's not just like a pest it's actually in certain parts of of the country. operating like a government it's taxing locals forcing people to pay taxes otherwise it threatens them with a tax so this is a group that's trying to be a kind of de facto government in these parts of the country but as i mentioned it's also getting bolder in the kinds of attacks it's carrying out so not just general attacks on the people who are going for high a profile targets who are even better protected but than the average somali person so that shows of this group is not just bold in terms of its spirit but also has the resources to try and carry out these attacks right i mean and that begs the
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question what they accomplished today what does it tell us about the ill for all fight against al shabaab what clearly if all these foreign and local forces are working together in the air on the ground. even offering amnesty east to. bob militants and given them a way out of this militancy and yet that's not working to stop this group think clearly that military approach is not working and there probably has to be more to be done some other way maybe involving the local communities maybe involved offering all the option of talks which has actually rejected it said it doesn't recognize this local government it calls it and infidel government and so it says it's not going to engage with them but clearly this military strategy on its own is not working and there has to be some other approach for long term solution all right well we'll keep our eyes on that story and thankful for that insight to me
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illegible thank you. and that is it for now from the news africa as always you can catch all our stories on our website and facebook page we're always interested to know what you think about the stories that we do coven perhaps the stories in your country that you think we should be giving some coverage to. and we'll leave you now with pictures from fashion week with some of uganda's best designers at the showcasing their latest creations we'll see you next time.
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i'm secure in the fire more than tired and in the end this is a me you're not a lot of the more rules and you. are you familiar with this. with the smugglers with miles of the what's your story ready. i'm with numbers of women especially are victims of violence in. part and send us
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your story your train or with understand this new culture. or not a very little another you want to become citizens. in for migrants your platform for a while information. what was life really like for people living in socialist east germany a new online archive featuring hundreds of hours of film realistic shot by ordinary people living under the dictatorship has just gone online and also coming up on arts and culture. the dangers of making art under the nazis one of the most celebrated novels written in post-war germany the german the us finally makes it to the big screen. and speaking of german the world famous
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october fast with at least one big twist this october fest with hundreds of thousands of visitors isn't in germany at all so where is it. first off though and summit look at life inside the former east germany a dictatorship that hundreds of people died trying to escape now though almost 30 years after the fall of the berlin wall initiators of a new project called open memory box say it's time to finally start looking at other aspects of east germany too. personal memories we coated in a country that no longer exists. these home movies capture assigned of the former germany that most outsiders never knew private recordings that are now public thanks to dock.

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