tv Arts.21 Deutsche Welle October 20, 2019 7:30am-8:01am CEST
lifestyle you're a. little. 16 year. old. earth . or something global in 2 years tell stories of creative people and innovative projects around the world ideas to protect the climate and boost green energy solutions by global oil deals being done in series of global 3000 on d. w. and online. ural that would trigger artificial intelligence is also a mirror back want to. watch .
a certain kind of passion is always useful. the kind that motivates change motivates action. taking place against a background of global political and social upheaval this year's frankfurt book fair is reacting to pressing issues such as digital transformation and climate change and the challenges they bring. more and more activists and writers are concerned with the health of our planet. and their books are being snapped up by concerned readers.
the world is off balance with extreme storms and flooding on one hand and widespread droughts on the other. tassie is a melting and sea levels rising is catastrophic global climate change upon us no one is going to destroy the world except for us and nobody is going to save the world except for us putting aside natural fluctuations humans are responsible for 100 percent of the global warming. can the world still be saved as a question that a growing number of writers are asking themselves along with a new genre clive fight climate fiction the topic also looms large in the field of nonfiction where the weather is the latest book by bestselling author jonathan safran foer he believes that saving the planet begins at breakfast. it's time we changed the way we eat. it doesn't always look or feel big often looks and feels quite modest. i'm going to have oatmeal or soy milk in my coffee instead of
cow's milk. that doesn't work well on a bumper sticker or a t. shirt nobody you know raise the fist of the sky and says oh. but if we all did it if we all made changes just like that. we would save the planet. every state q.e. takes a toll on the environment scientists say cattle farming and extensive agriculture cause about one 3rd of total emissions. burning the rainforests the planet's green lungs and fossil fuels also does its part to heat the planet. many plant and animal species are heading for extinction diesel one example and the disturbing promise of the bestselling novel the history of d.c. by no region right at my end and. the 3rd installment in our climate quartet has just been published in german translation it deals with the survival of a rare breed of course and humankind's responsibility finisher. oh
yeah we understand on my. objective level that we should change the way we live because our planet meet needs it but now we start to understand what it deeply and i think it novel scruby it way to get that understanding at least that's what the readers tell me. with nature as we know it some day exist only in novels and memorise the warning signs a multiplying and ever more on longing one recent study predicted that rising sea levels could inundate vast coastal regions of the islands in the mediterranean. region discretion which translates as wild weather is a science based book written for the name by physicist and climate research at friedrich auto she can pass and contrasts weather events of today with data from pre-industrial times that amounts to proof of manmade climate change is an emotive
cycle but one that is to show how what we scientists are doing is different from what us president trump is doing by the facts we found are different from these alternative facts. i think it's important to understand that so we can keep actual facts separate from alternative facts. on the. climate questions have never before been so prominent at the book for revenues for nonfiction books in german on the topic rose 10 percent this year. the demand for information seems endless. the book fair is responding with panel discussions on the relationship between humankind and nature. the climate crisis is definitely helping shift books. when it's your catastrophe it sells even better right but one of the things we're seeing that is the nicer side of that and perhaps the most hopeful side is that we're starting to come. together around the climate crisis in
a world that is very politically torn to pieces we're finding the new enemy. it's mainly younger people who are getting active the world over they're demanding action from the politicians now there's a 2 books appeals to the powerful have made waves even in the book trade messages get involved. in germany publishing houses are also getting involved and thinking about sustainability. some have done away with plastic packaging. the whole thing publishing group passed resolved to reduce that c into footprint. option and it was just as popular far the greatest problem as the paper still producing it consumes lots of energy and that makes up 70 percent of our carbon footprint and another big part comes from transporting the paper and books us and for together that amounts to another 20 percent and we also consider
the c o 2 output of our business trips and our employees commutes to and from work have ties and make them eat up by. the company is leading the way for the industry and taking a big step towards greater environmental responsibility. one small publisher meanwhile has gone completely climate truck with notebooks made of grass paper that's fully compatible. it seems climate change has arrived in the world of books and publishing. books that ask yourself eloquent photographs also tell of the destruction being wreaked upon our world and the suffering of humankind he is the recipient of this year's peace prize of the german duck trade. during the 1980 s. there was a gold rush in brazil more than 50. 1000 young men worked at the sarah polley mine
the working and living conditions were appalling sebastiano is dug out o. documented the situation with a series of powerful photographs. those pictures are now on display at the photograph his community i'm in stockholm. greed violence hardship. these stark black and white images were taken in 1986 so i got those photographs won him world wide recognition and confirmed his uncompromising passion for this art form. to be a football the 1st finger must be a tough go of it but some can be a foot off you must have a play for the big players before but. to be there to. walk with the light or cook all the plants with the composition photography is
a stethoscope that quite dictates that. here must have these. sagar those photos are so well composed that they almost seem staged some critics accused him of glorifying human suffering but he says he simply portrayed the situation as it was. the photographs capture a fraction of a 2nd in time but it took him weeks to prepare for the shots. that 5 days. and they mean this because i sleep with that i eat the it it became part of then that means they were there for the wanted to be even with this guy in that allowed me to do a series of because. there was a lot of drinking and violence at the mine police were often called to the scene.
and the policeman was just the present but the problem the state if you look at the walker he was holding become aloft the rifle but the poorest man has a gun in the other hand we've the finger prepared to put a shot that we walk here will not happen this is a pit but sometimes the fire in some week you. sold out his career was the subject of a 24 team film that was called directed by his son. so i got to grew up on a ranch in southern brazil later he earned a master's degree in economics. in 1969 he was exiled by brazil's military dictatorship. so that when his wife fled to france he taught himself photography and became a freelancer his work was shaped by the poverty and violence he'd seen in his youth if there were
a photographer from sweden print german approach so. i had another view of the planet there was a view looking from here to solve for the planet for the poor but i born in brazil you when i showed you pictures like this one is not to provoke. you know what it is i'm sure on the side my side got. so gatto chronicled the plight of migrants in a book of photographs called exodus. he took pictures of the civil war in rwanda and was one of the 1st to bring the conflict to the world's attention. later sagal combined photographs of landscapes wildlife and people who were living in ancestral communities into a project called genesis. so those photographs are known for their compositional beauty and integrity.
this one was taken at a national park in zambia. and . for his latest projects i'm going to return to brazil to cover the devastation of the zone rainforest since the 1960 s. nearly 20 percent of the forest has been destroyed sagar says president. has done nothing to stop deforestation here's what they've been satisfactory for the next he's allowed for war it destroyed the forest now because of the international pressure he's saying that this for a 2nd for just not the true. so i gotto and his wife lydia continue
to use their photographs to call attention to the exploitation of people and our planet. yes. but he has no desire to get involved in politics here he lets his photograph speak for him. on the to be just a mock. off in the political but. by. i think my life inside the way this story in my picture was a little bit off as well. this is just my way off like. sebastiano so guardo is the 1st photographer to win the peace prize of the german publishers association in honor of his life's work. digital advances are also creating a people as well as exciting opportunities which are leaving their mark on
literature to. the arts plus festival at the frankfurt book fair explores the future of culture and creativity. being read. how will artificial intelligence affect the future of literature and culture. will go volunteer feels comfortable in both worlds moment as an author himself and the founder of the arts plus the estival of digital culture and he's been studying the creative power of machines. one can't you just read off the most where featuring artificial intelligence here at the book fair because it could play an important role in publishing for example in marketing it's 12 but it will take a few years before artificial intelligence will be able to write a quality novel. now will travel from the
frankfurt book fair to the few turia berlin's newly opened house of futures we're meeting 2 authors meaning one dog who was born in india and now lives in new york. and can call who was born in the us and now lives in vienna and berlin both writers are fascinated with the possibilities that i offers. this is. fantastic. and i think it's a really interesting subject. and it dates back to frankenstein. ai somehow manages to combine all these different topics and fantasies. in her latest book lie ofili cotton portrays a wide variety of futuristic fantasies including time travel and parallel universes where thoughts become a reality a world of cyborg where human beings are not the measure of all things.
i see a number of different reality options and that includes intelligence that we can't possibly imagine and then. if you. makes the unimaginable a bit more understandable what sort of art will machines be able to create. they just reproduce the original material that's been fed into them what with poetry generated by a neuronal network look like. the norm etc write poetry and the thing is because poetry is already a little abstract off so the neural net sporty often reads like a real person. where is the poetry coming from then why does that poetry make sense if a machine has written a woman and you still get feelings from it then where where does the soul that's creating that. need was a serious challenge to our concept of human creative genius can machines really
express the same sentiments as those that are found in the soul of a human artist or has that concept become outdated. what is a so it is a very politically loaded question because it's one of the things that the colonizers the christians once and used against slaves and black people and people of other communities saying that is ok. to treat these people like animals because they don't have a soul like only the christian has a soul. was born in kolkata into this so-called untouchable cast which has suffered discrimination for centuries meaning believes that ai could provide people with an opportunity to fight injustice and make the world a better place. there's discrimination in big data which like changes their responses to certain people as opposed to other people and now they're like there's a possibility of being able to reason for itself there's a large question of will that while still remain and already not one of the most
privileged people in the world so i am not one of the people who will lose power if there's a different world order maybe it's the conservatives who should be who aren't. and cotton goes a step further she envisions supposed to minister aging which people have simply become superfluous. poster with some for at least as good as. the post humanism is an interesting concept i enjoy playing around with the idea of having a world that gets along just fine without human beings just life will go on without than that maybe my favorite fantasy. of course in a world like that and cotton herself would become redundant holger valan doesn't think much of such apocalyptic visions. problems what mushroom increase the fish are given it's kind of mean why should machines create art when there are no people around to appreciate it besides i think it's a terrible idea and it's not going to happen any time soon. artificial intelligence
is really good at comparing various kinds of data but not agreeing artists. and arts plus the new york media theatre company 3 legged dog shows with such a dystopian future might look like. people stranded in an underground complex subjected to the whims of artificial. legends but even this vision was created by human imagination. time now to head to norway this year's guest of honor at the frankfurt book fair we visit bergen the wettest city in europe to see how the country inspires its writers . it's raining and dark and. it usually is but the bleak weather makes for a 1st eilis rarely seen any overcast skies creativity is flourishing.
many leave the city and move away many don't manage to live in bergen for long the prison like rain the damp confinement between the hills makes you sick and weary of life you're forced to live behind closed doors alone or in small families. thomas aspinall writes about everyday ordinary experiences and about his home city . the music scene is very good literature it seems very good because of this to stealing over of despair and being enclosed in the tween 7 mountains and i like i really like the people. and the mentality i like the language the way they speak very very cruel and harsh and very very very annoying and very insulting and very arrogant i love that. but there's another mentality he doesn't like for centuries
bergen was a busy poor and trade poor affluence to the city. system most of all money in bergen and aspinall ses these families are narrow minded conservative and obsessed with their wealth. it's also a city with all these old craters all. his own family sent to moscow take over the firm and you're supposed to and then you have this homosexual son will disappear to stick to all to destroy so i like. anyone who can afford it lives in the hills away from the picture ask a storage city center ins co world heritage site it's now a popular tourist attraction and usually teeming with visitors many of whom arrive on huge cruise ships. to see the changelog the shops chaves interest to pretty much the biggest problem is going to strip it. what was that he said about
bergen as being insulting and there's also another burden a city that's proud of its arts and culture such as the national stage there's a well henrik ibsen was writer in residence and art director. the coda at museums currently hosting an exhibition of work by edward monk. the university and its libraries. and literature house complete with an impressive bookstore. and of course its writing academy where young authors from across the country come to hone their craft. world famous writer karl overclass cobb was one of the school's 1st students and 1988 and thomas as pedal was his teacher suddenly you have this situation where there are really good writers living at the same office as you so we were challenging in the charter what can we do
a little witch and what could be radical in that i would do something radical with with each other and have to say i would do it even more radical than the sort of competition. gave rise to a highly also biographical and subjective style that's deeply personal steeped in one's eyes and self-doubt and my neatly detailed and completely ignores the privacy . well the last communist socialist country in in the north and europe it was the swedish prime minister who said it is true because there was a still social democratic a quality way of thinking so you are supposed to take care of your neighbor and to be appalled to the collective you shouldn't say. so there was no in the church except the hopes of the police the great exception of everything and we discovered that. and it was that they would say who he or she thinks he
or she is who do you think you are. a free man who speaks his mind thomas s.p.l. would no doubt. these days class god lives in sweden but the cafe operator where he used to meet up with a buddy right is still a fashionable hangout powers having pegs for organizes regular meetings here tonight he's presenting an anthology of work by 12 local poets. down not. only that we have to do something i mean it rains all the time there's $300.00 days of rain a year so you have to do something we have to we have to sort of. that starts or a solution i guess towards depression. going crazy and we we we have to. be creative to start. to survive in a country whose people have
a pretty good standard of living thanks to the oil that's been flowing from norway's offshore oil fields for almost 50 years. even future generations will benefit you so why is government investment in the profits yet many no regions are in 2 minds about the exploitation of oil reserves. we know that we live from this for so. which is bad for the whole globe on this or my my choice of this living from this. growing up. surviving on this money i think a lot of the writers in north this deal with this provide if they get state funding they know that the state funding is oil money so are they going. to going to rec to dust. literature doesn't necessarily have the answer. we all know that the good times around them says thomas asked about his advice and joy in life while you can
to lead a. lifestyle during. the moment. 13. take food personally with the wonderful people one story that made the game so special. for all true fans fall. even it's on d w. boy. it's as if they don't need to keep a day about other people's gold for the over branson home the force i'm from the whole of the closeness even though they claim a little that missed the boat on the valets at the last dragon was worth recalling
the whole. deal brooks. cutting through the noise. where i come from people are known for being tough but fair new yorkers a lot of people tell it like it it they call it the concrete jungle the melting. the city that never sleeps it's this energy that makes it feel like old but amid the hustle it's important to listen and pay attention because it's not just the loudest voices who need to be heard but we all have a story to tell me when i see it is my job as a journalist to go beyond the obvious now i'm basing your outlay of my work takes me around the world to me but my instincts for me in the states to tell the important stories behind the headlines what is the heart of the story why does it matter who live in past. times to focus what you want to outsource to cut through
the noise to get to the truth. my name is sarah kelly and i wanted to double it was going to. the be. plain . this is do w. news live from berlin another break that extension is on the table u.k. prime minister boris johnson was compelled to write to the e.u. asking for a delay he also wrote a separate letter saying he doesn't want one this comes after the u.k. parliament voted to put off ratifying his brakes a deal.