tv Eco Africa Deutsche Welle October 30, 2019 1:30pm-2:01pm CET
you know my grandchildren were born after the wall fell morning. 3 generations of one family on a journey through recent german history. starts number 6 on d w. did you know that one can serve the entire harvest sperm dummies with the help of drones we didn't know either but now we do and we'll show you how it is done welcome to another edition of eco africa i'm sandra to know you're coming to from kampala uganda. hello sandra and hello everybody thank you for joining us of today show and they are tight we have the fossil park in lagos nigeria on today's program
will pay a visit to could do well but not the story on drone technology revolutionizing farming and i want to talk go to visit a company that is trying to tackle the country's mountains of trash finally it was over to germany to look at the business of beans and how important they are. i hope that what's your appetite for what's coming up on the program now let's head 1st to cote d'ivoire just one of many countries across africa where salt degradation and extreme weather conditions mean have us are declining so it's all the more importance to make the best use of resources and optimize farming practices and to abacha kareem and his roles they help the young are gonna miss to watch over unimproved crops out in the field and i've always believed that the technology can help to lead his country into a mall bountiful future. oh.
these tomato plantation is morny tug nothing from one cause but the a gone over an area the size of a small footprint feature east toby born in port c.t. vision from. the drone idea was launched by a local start ups set up by a bucket cutty he wants to use the new surveillance technology to make traditional farming move productive and move sustainable and from fastened by example let's say a plot of land has an entry given problem on one of its 5 back to as. that's something you can't make out with your own eyes but a drone can identify the area in question and that makes it easier to resolve the problem and at the same time increase your year when you're not sure and i mean really a lot more after sitting off the drone uses it's coming read to create digital aerial ops these are entirely computer dumb on the ground to take to. other issues
on plantations it's part of a new i.t. assisted form of farming called agriculture it's everything. he's visited it means that we can use the technology to determine exactly where plants have been afflicted by a disease and instead of treating an entire person off land we can focus on the specific area actually affected. my theory and he's trying to show for doing it that's also good for the environment fewer pesticides mean healthier song on list pollution on plantations. from a fungus and what began walking together with the startup about a year ago in addition to the environmental aspect he also sees another crucial advantage for his country's agricultural industry. then.
we have a lot of land under a lot of options for expanding off our land but it's physically demanding market and very tricky to implement which has put a lot of people off farming but this technology is extremely efficient and it can also tend to young people back to farming. if. much of the deforestation is done to provide space for huge new plantations ivory cost is the biggest cocoa producer in africa according to figures from the wild bank over the last half a century ivory cost has lost around 80 percent of its forests. already we are fighting the 1st question a lot of farmers think they need to 20 i thought in order to ensure because of it but we showed them how they can get similar yields with one hectare or just 5000 square metres
a little later the 2nd drawn is ready to take to the skies it has almost 10 liters of liquid best to say than vollard we should be applied exactly where it is needed . deploying drones also prevents damage to the plants roots from the heavy farming machines normally used. i reckon the one with one drawn you can spray to hector as in under 12 minutes with conventional means you'd need an entire day to cover one or 2 hectares. he now has a dozen strong team of prominent stuff out on 40 customers already using their phones digital solution although attracting a plentiful wasn't easy at fast. enough you know i think writing for the farming sector has been around for a long time i want when new technologies are introduced it's takes our word for people to be convinced of the benefits with a cost of being
a major fatah monitoring from seed to harvest cost between $4.80 euros which for many families initially seems a big bow to the startups clinton now extending 2000000 senate gun that drones will be touching down father a food too. let's stick with agriculture for the moment another major danger for food production where have all the bees got any answers so i'll go well near experts say a number of things pose a threat to the bees it usurped in many parts of the world among them monocultures pesticides and the climate crisis without these pollinators farmers will suffer along with entire ecosystems some enterprising us in germany has come up with some clever ideas on how to keep these buzzing.
a company that aims to get bees to where they needed the truth i was it wasn't easy to wind people over we were total strangers walking up to be keepers saying we want to be many were skeptical. but it soon caught on one beekeeper has let neil's gabber take 100 of his hives to this auction in northern germany to pollinate apple trees gather lends out beehives to farmers throughout germany it's his contribution to the fight to stop economies collapsing whenever farmers need bees to pollinate their crops they can go to his website an algorithm that matches each farmers need with the available hives this option owner ordered $100.00 hives the bees only show up if the conditions are right there. has just sides are an issue which has to be addressed openly. so that means we've agreed to only use products that don't harm be. things which don't harm beneficial creatures and we've shifted some tasks to
the evening hours so we don't hamper the bees activities. to mr been focused the population suffer from urban encroachment epidemics on agricultural monocultures so in a separate english. if companies like b hero are developing technological solutions to help the market of dependency of bees is huge we're talking about hundreds of of billions of dollars so that was genetically. change in order to not be dependent on people the nation actually can grow better if we put the bees in the field so saw is also a very interesting market for us peace get agitated when they keep it as make their presence felt so it's a good idea to leave them in peace for days on end but that too can be risky if the
queen the whole colony can die. this is our product it has sensors inside. multiple sensors and we just put it inside a hive in the main kong and it just we put it inside and it morning towards the hive 247 then we take this there are we are loaded to the to the cloud and then to our algorithms and we are able to understand what's going on in the hive. but the hero will still need to develop the rescue system further before it's fully ready to go. unlike neil's gabber the german businessman has already found his niche. the sharing services cost fruit farm okra zelda's dolman $6000.00 euros a quarter of which goes to the company. we're
very fortunate that our land is quite some way away from other orchards. so we decided to try out this pollination service. and i must say it's gone very well . the travelling be spend 2 weeks here after that their work is complete and they can return home. the conversation i have been under my. announced with. the sharing harnesses the resources of small scale beekeepers across germany to maintain and promote key services to farming and it's important work without babies there's been no pollination and no biodiversity. in many african countries that are experiencing economies global warming populations. other nations west management has done into a major ongoing problem the amount of stuff produced but this is our ability to recycle repulsed this or even properly dispose it over but luckily for all of us
this to plenty of people ready to take the challenge head off the top of the company africa's loved ones like you are saying that getting it is making a profit recycling sorting and reselling west to asia and europe. this printing press runs almost nonstop silly def reach son of africa is one of the busiest printing houses in mo made the capital of togo. but what about the paper waste the printing has used to just dump it somewhere or waste collectors would come by ok surely and charge to take it away. now it's the other way around the african global rethought. company regularly picks up the old paper and even pays for us. it was embarrassing to see the waste pile up in our principal a.g.r. collects it now and gives us money for it and that money goes towards paying for
ink and other things it helps a lot. more than everybody added facility in the maze african global recycling receives about $350.00 tons of waste a month from businesses schools and government offices. the paper is weight and those who produce the waste get one or one and a half the euro cents per kilo it may not sound like much but it all adds up. founded a.g.r. in 2013 after working in recycling in europe. his vision goes far beyond just recycling. waste is a great opportunity for development on the african continent corporate informal market there's also a social aspect because we offer employment to people who didn't complete their
schooling or learn a trade we train them for. life shaping is a private school in may 1 of 40 schools where a.d.r. has installed recycling bins for metal paper and plastic the pupils have been taught to separate the truck which. lets us see the plastic and the paper will be transformed into new things that's why we put it here in the bins so it can all be recycled for. soup he says. the school's collaboration with the recycling company brings in money which it can spend on say teaching materials. it's also a way of teaching the kids to take care of the environment. trash is like a game for the kids that's the main motivation for them especially for the little ones so. when the bins are full the school calls the company and a team comes to collect the trash. the children evidently find the whole process
interesting. has a ripple effect because. the kids talk about it at home and help make the parents more aware of the issues. once a parent told me they had started to recycle at home to another parent called me and asked if we could come and collect their old magazines and newspapers. a.g.r. thorfinn cleans the wasted collect and sells a lot of it to money factories in europe they transform paper into cardboard and into new bottles for example. 80 or 90 percent of my recycled african waste to europe because it's well sorted and fulfills international standards. so for european recyclers my materials are as good as or maybe even better than those collected on their continent.
sorted cleaned and packed the waste is ready to be transported overseas it's raw material for new and useful objects. this week's doing a bit also deals with plastic in this gas plastic collection john and you can't which means often child in english is convinced that all of us can do all of these to clear our streets forests and waterways of rubbish a recent project initiative by the german environmental activists is in cooperation with 2 schools on the tiles on an island off sunday that. zanzibar an island off the coast of tens or near has a beautiful beaches and a major problem with plastic trash.
but kids from 2 schools are now collecting old plastic bottles the project was started by the n.-g. o. kand an organization that was founded by marina and boat from germany. to the ferry these huge amounts of plastic of it scared me of elected by the kids especially. why didn't we kids find it in there where. security shows that when you take action surgery patients. the kids also tell their friends and families that plastic spoils the environment. the recycling company pays the school's $0.08 a kilo for the plastic. like that
but i'm lying hussein by yeah and i think collecting plastic is a. good project. but it brings in money to pay for new school books and i'm not but that was not. done can supports clean up projects in over 30 countries. i believe. and how about you. if you're also doing your bit tell us about it. visit our website or send us a tweet hash tag doing your bit. we share your stories. eps on monkeys are closest on my relatives but are under threat in many places in africa so protected areas are needed to help these primates some by one of the
biggest sanctuaries use in uganda can you tell us more about that. yes sandra kibali national park has on the specially high density of primates 13 different species that's and moved the part one of uganda as the most important tourist attractions we joined a tour there i will bring it to you. you have to head deep into the forests here if you want to catch a glimpse of key bally national parks for the most inhabitants such as the red color boss monkey. no where would you find a higher density of primates then here in western uganda it both starting species in all not including humans. but where are the chimpanzees chimp trackin is one of the pox most popular attractions of prio we have a cure for this but unless the chimpanzees build each night is the 1st sign of their presence so far and making mistakes is really very bad done on befalling
presses because these are one way of of avoiding the enemies. or predators and also containing this for human beings what will we continue in bed feeds on our beds over no but you keep changing this after more than an hour of tracking the group discovers the chimpanzees or rather the chimps discover them. and they call out to notify the other. was. was. for this group of having to eat animals it's not their 1st contact with tourists they get was still they could be dangerous so visitors have to follow the rules like maintaining a distance of at least 8 meters. or.
chimpanzees eat on scent termites but also fruits and even meat. yes. they are fairly safe because the local people benefit from their being protected. 20 percent of the pac entry and other fees goes to the local community. and residents get controlled access to the forest. grasses. provoke come forth from the specific species. right through them. and must be. given and given protection going before this. one. this is end of the leader of the chimpanzee troupe.
young and was both a. first in the high ranking speak in a man with a $150.00 tracking fee tourist an important source of income for the national pap and when after their talk they understand the trait in species better we're more likely to take a stand for their protection. it was a great experience this goes back to the look at us they relax in their trees like we do at the beaches at home they help forward their living from it is it was a great experience to know i do know that the other thing is. they keep making funny noises they're going to get to themselves. he values 1450 chimpanzees are uganda's largest population of this endangered species the closest living relative
of humankind and with us. when it comes to coffee experts say there's enormous potential for growth in africa many countries on the continent already exported all over the world and global demand is warming mozambique recently jumped on the coffee bandwagon i mean all goes well the region around mount go wrong goza could soon be enjoying widespread reforestation and employment opportunities for the locals all friends to the humble coffee. thank you could read about in cleaner sorts through the coffee beans laid out on racks to dry in the sun hadn't cleaner has been growing coffee for 4 years on the upper slopes of mom go to goes a. little game like that over. the reason why i like green coffee is because. the money enabled me to buy all
sorts of things for my family like cooking oil school books for the children and other household. in the last decades of the tropical rain forest at mount garden gosa has been cut down by local farmers who wanted to grow crops most of the local wildlife was also poached matthew jordan works for the garden gosa national park encourages local farmers to plant coffee trees together with indigenous trees you know that to stop deforestation and bring life back to the park this is made of hardwood trees planted alongside the coffee trees and what that does is it provides its shade about 60 percent 6040 percent shade for the coffee and that creates this really high quality coffee big beans delicious delicious coffee beans 20 years ago goes a national park was derelict as
a result of the country's devastating civil war rebel forces use the park as a base for their guerrilla war against the government even recent years have seen sporadic fighting but this summer the 2 sides signed a peace agreement now the government the pocket ministration and an ngo can focus on efforts to revive the park jordan thinks that the projects need for farmers will give rebels motivation to give up their weapons what we've seen is that hope is really transformative and people are really believing it and they say that's. they keep coming back to us that's why they keep promoting it and we see that every year we're on boarding more and more farm folk are read about and we know the coffee has been a blessing the newly reforested plantations could also persuade many young people to stay in the region strengthening the comfy industry. to negotiate and i
would love my kids to have the prospect of going coffin any minute i know how because of a source of hope like a. packet of ministration is planted over 300000 coffee and indigenous trees hundreds of thousands more not to follow over the next few years the climate that month is perfect for shade grown coffee with the reforestation program mozambique might even become a major coffee producer like ethiopia all kenya. it's all for a coffee cup this week i hope you found the show helpful and informative thanks for watching i'm bite from the faucet now it's a win biggest nigeria so don't be sure to join us once again next week for another edition of africa environment magazine or visit our website and social media platforms until then i am sunda to no video signing up from kampala in uganda.
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