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tv   Eco India  Deutsche Welle  December 9, 2019 1:30pm-2:01pm CET

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the climate boost green energy solutions and reforestation. they created interactive content teaching the next generation about environmental protection and more determined to build something here for the next generation of global one dio's the multimedia environment series on g.w. . this is all wood beautiful landscapes forest and animals to think that all this is threatened by climate change is distressing we have to change our ways if we want to see about that it. many discussions take place at different levels of society to address exactly this high level meetings an international climate conference is
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held every year with representatives from most countries this week let's dive deeper them in the impact they have you know watching eco india and i'm somewhat of a coming to you from mumbai the indian government has signed the paris climate agreement and plans to change its energy mix 50 percent renewable energy by 2022 is the and solar power plays a big role in achieving. that danny hamlet of one is barely 100 kilometers away from india's business capital in mumbai but until just a few years ago it had no concept of electricity. its residents relied on far as demand so supply can imagine.
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things changed in the summer of 2016. and that is where their loved ones are now there is light everywhere and they. have never imagined this. village is the government. comes and goes. here we have access to electricity thank you for saving. money so that you know this is quite believing that it always does anybody and when they lay down as i get these i mean it's out of. today one of aussies able to address the daily energy needs of its 265 residents with an uninterrupted supply of power generated through its solar. micro-grid. wish to ensure visits
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a smooth operation to its daily maintenance and also troubleshooting. so right there. and if any are even not sure if this would ever get in the past a lot of cities have made as an organization but once they left home none of them were going to find out if that means that that money that that got up guys and i. owing to its extremely small population when wasi does not fit into the government's calculations of what constitutes a really good. and instead it is awfully fond of could oculus together with discounted gloucester for their hamlets in the district of maharashtra. and the. this means that despite the indian government's ambitious 100 person electrification program electricity through the national public grid has never properly reached such remote
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communities. to close this gap some united go founded. in 2008 when these kind of it is a problem is the cost of taking the going to these areas for a small load and this is a small number of households it becomes a bit of a challenge that a large number of such hamlets are to an electrified while official figures suggest india is inching closer to 100 percent household electrification the challenge to bring clean and affordability extremely remote households remains largely unaddressed the social enterprise provides access to electricity through renewable energy models. no need they want to actually install this but i think having seen it and i willing to put that initial money. you know clear to bank on little equivocation going to get an annuity from the local one of them becoming the solar power as
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a storage in the battery bank while overhead cross mission lines make sure that electricity is brought to every household and. the total cost of this installation was $3000000.00 rupees or $37000.00. it's that of the graham who just has successfully set up solar micro-grid in 65 remote villages. these decentralized micro grids are now and dolly own and operated by local communities with each household being judged according to such. reading gone he's part of one was the stern member village and as you can read it and shows that the grid runs effectively and as responsibly find voice in the house rooms. i mean. in the last week of every month
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our committee holds an eating there discuss the billing and the status of our state and the so i cackled is sometimes a customer is unable to really play with a one month and we allow them to meet up with the next month belittle but if it's still on paid off to keep in mind we will demand the money and tell them if they don't have them they literally supply the house bill will eat out of the levy but this does not happen until today the sale of the. apart from electrifying households the micro-grid also didn't respond to flog him in. the old. the solar power has helped and a lot of the distress for the village and boss. me to do it by man i. do freshwater we have to walk all the debate to the red barn and during that time no one was taking care of the kids but it took us
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a lot of time. off from there i didn't have time to even make food any. massive but again i had a chronic. not public bum supplies water that were dying to have. a bad life that little italian. friend there was no electricity of them like a father how to speak that night but now we can stop cooking only in my mind i got them before sometimes a little bit and then he calmly for what i used to purchase with my life because of kerosene every month which was very expensive and he said what if we'd had electricity or the life that would have been there for you to push all of us what. the micro-grid has made a substantial change to life and been bussy as the new power and light bring in many for new opportunities for its residents young and though.
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it would be safe to see that on many many problems the source when it comes to climate change india could biggest economy of asia for example is great not as fast as the last decade but it is growing rapidly and this means the country needs a lot of fuel and energy. india is one of the. energy consumers in the world and its energy demand is only likely to spiral the country has been drawing considerable attention towards how it is going to increase energy access while maintaining its commitment made of the patters climate summit towards reducing emissions from the perspective of primary energy mix of the country you will see that the energy scene of the country is predominantly dominated by coal and then the emerging star in the you know the scene is up close
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the it is making major disruptions in the energy resources to offer country sure renewable at the moment so when you combine hydro power it's very somber its contribution is back to the field of somewhere around 7 percent. in keeping with its commitment india has set itself a target of increasing its power generation capacity through renewables up to 40 percent by 2030 investments of 300000000000 euros will be needed over the next decade. while there are concerns over the country being able to meet its targets the government of india has declared assurances of being on track. currently wind energy has the largest share of installed capacity within the renewable energy mix however the coming years will see some considerable strides in
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the solar energy sector but the transition to have clean energy does not inevitably suggest a simultaneous phasing out of the country's dependence on fossil fuels. now it's very difficult for you know the government or even for the private kind of shared very dependence on fossil fuels in dark regard what we have to do is we have to take a very graduated approach wherein we bring renewables. you know more. you know mano where you know your economic. expectations. but at the same time you are not i know. today india is producing the world's cheapest solar power since 2010 set of course spend by 80 percent the most prestigious decline of any country but continuing to
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meet the rising energy hunger of the population will require investment. we can all agree that fossil fuel based energy is one of the biggest causes of climate change but is valuable energy really feasible or climate change is one of the most common questions that comes up what if there isn't enough sun on a particular day the wind isn't strong enough a community in the south of germany didn't just ask these questions they tested it out hands up with success. this is the night train from berlin to the far south of germany it's going to be a 12 hour journey to fill create a village in the foothills of the outskirts famous for pioneering the transition to green energy. none of its energy comes from fossil fuels all of it comes from renewables. it's all there in
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nature we don't need to take any energy from fossil sources on the ground plenty is given to us every day we just have to make use of it. produces 8 times as much electricity as its 2600 residents can use all that electricity isn't produced in one big plant but in a decentralized fashion and it's then made available to others. the grid. delegations from the places around the world marked by flags have come to inspect this prevalent ledge. that usually welcomes by. he's been married for 23 years and has been involved in the shift to renewables from the start.
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we are known to mine in 1909 we asked everybody here how things should be and 2021 wind energy was just one of the many different issues 92 percent said they were in favor which was a sensational result. people here are very proud of what's been developed. basically they've done it themselves. we can quote. become thinking and thinking of . the villagers have invested 50000000 euros over the past 2 decades 300 photovoltaics systems 9 wind turbines as well as several hydro electric and combined heat and power plants. we want to show that it is possible to create a regional circular economy for energy production and energy use this. of course it has to make economic sense so if it erodes
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a profit and we save money and we're doing something positive for the environment that's doubly good. but i don't know if there's no did we stop and go to. another father the green revolution or fill whole street is vandal and i'm glad. he's a farmer who started experimenting with renewable energy in the 1990 s. . he soon won over his fellow villagers and set up a wind farm co-operative. to anyone who lives in the community where a windmill is located can invest the more people join the lower the amount each may invest it's currently 5000 euros and no more any higher amount and we have too much money everybody keeps asking when are we going to build another wind turbine.
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i know has set up for bio gas plants on his farm they now heat the entire village. he designed some of the components himself the energy sources are all local animal waste from 20 nearby farms. they replace 700000 liters of heating oil a year. less as generating energy from biomass alone point be enough to complete the transition to renewables at the national level sun wind and hydro power also need it. with their mix and with the right mix it won't be hard to attain 100 percent renewables and many people don't believe that but it's true the amount of clean energy we produce in a very part sleet could also be generated in other communities districts and states . and we're going to rise of the.
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energy generation is one key factor to others are energy storage and developing an intelligent grid so power can be moved to where it's needed. energy reservoirs are needed for days when the wind drops or the sun doesn't shine. or when demand is higher than usual. there's no known company and addresses both these issues it makes lithium ion phosphate batteries which in combination with solar panels enables households to become largely energy independent. it also manages an electricity sharing system so on and community. runs it or just you but they say it's cloudy here but the sun is shining in hamburg then our customers in hamburg have energy in abundance. that batteries are fully charged and they feed the excess into the grid which can then be used by our
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customers here their link to via our zone and community that was the 1st step the 2nd was to approach the grid operators and offer to help them stabilize the grid it's not stuff you'd survive. private power sharing could perhaps one day make the large utility companies and the huge power plants redundant if hundreds of thousands of communities went the way of it ports fade and set up autonomous energy generation and sharing systems. one small village in bavaria could inspire other people across germany and in other countries. the global temperature rise needs to be limited to $1.00 to $2.00 big reset at a maximum that's what was agreed in the paris climate agreement in 2016 but countries around the globe how much has happened since then let's take
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a closer look at the status report. which countries are doing the most to protect the climate and who's not pulling their weight the analysts network climate action tracker has compiled a ranking. the only countries on course to meet the $1.00 degree celsius limit the goal of the paris agreement or gambia and morocco. in 2018 morocco completed one of the world's biggest solar power plants. the north african country plans to produce over 40 percent of its energy from renewables. if everyone followed india's example global warming could it. beheld to 2 degrees its massive tree planting programs are having
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a positive effect india has committed itself to ensuring that over one 3rd of its areas forested to help absorb c o 2. custer reka is also in the 2 degree club the small central american country aims to be climate neutral by 2021 part of that drive involves cutting emissions of the greenhouse gas nature's oxide from its coffee bean production fertilizers are responsible for most of those emissions. the country hopes to cut their use by training farmers to use the chemicals more efficiently. and. if the whole world behaved like the e.u. temperatures would rise by 3 degrees the german government is now planning to introduce carbon pricing on gasoline heating oil and gas. but critics say a price of $10.00 euros per tonne is far too low and they say that across the e.u.
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the switch from coal to renewable should be happening a lot faster. if every country followed in china's footsteps we'd be looking at a 4 degree increase china is also the earth's biggest greenhouse gas emitter responsible for about a 3rd of all emissions despite a shift to solar power china's economy remains heavily dependent on coal. and according to climate action tracker global warming would exceed 4 degrees if everyone were to follow the example of the u.s. it has announced that it's pulling out of the paris climate treaty though many u.s. cities and states are keen to do their bit to fight the climate crisis. around but all in all the effort to curb global warming has to happen on
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a global level. scientists say go being the world's huge and increasing appetite for it is essential avoid the devastating effects of climate change but is that an option to hope that we could just stop meat consumption worldwide ah this is a scene about alternatives in place in barcelona in spain a high. innovation we found a startup developing a substitute for meat produced by a 3 d. printer. varies away often managing the resources of a planet which is not sustainable. there is a big changes when the food industry is impacted very much so for example is china as a me the past is once more meat consumption and we want to provide even their governments of china and india with alternatives for their population. to engineer just
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wants to spark a food revolution with plant based protein and a 3 d. printer. to start up nova meat is working on technology to replicate the sensory properties of meat. this process creates special michael filaments and his micro filaments try to mimic henri sambo what is actually in the muscles in. the chickens. where the tissue of a name is very complex is created in a year's very organized way and yet i think. in our case we say. we found this. but there was able to order these micro fibers as if they were muscular fibers and when the technologies radio and when the scale is rated we will provide a proper food that has that back sure that period's that taste is southie and is better for about. one sort of writes the code for the program and
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is just designed his 1st steak well designed it is quite easy now and we have to make it real which is the hard part to create a sure the structure. is quite easy but that's really one is it's perhaps. so why go to all the trouble when we think about the way we are to. it that it's quite complex know how we have to go of the crop that we feed the car when to go in the car how we have to manage to convert the protein from the crop so the cow that's for me that's complex. that's not that complex because we are taking natural ingredients we are taking our property from vegetables. we are just combining the right ones and putting that together with. the printer uses a mix from bryson p s which require
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a fraction of the water needed to produce speech and this we can state as without all the lent and the added costs of raising and slaughtering livestock which will search if everyone in the world starts eating meat regularly. it's not real meat but it's designed to taste just like it. ultimately affordability will be the key to its success once you really have a different start ups of different companies bringing this to a supermarket you will lead a price which will go lower than actually. still there are the energy costs to think about. we do something at room temperature now we've got much pressure we don't control in the unit you're seeing the machine is quite simple and we believe you'd be more efficient also in terms of energy costs should be around 95 percent more efficient in terms of both offer less than the acquired less water required
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and less greenhouse gas emissions. present we're tearing down forests to plant the crops to feed the animals that end up on our plates. finding a way to feed people and protect the planet is one of the great challenges of our time. at the end of the day it comes down to people like you when not some noise about the safety of our planet the people of climate conferences off of or are our representatives attempting to solve possibly the biggest crisis of the next 100 years i hope you will make your voice heard too we'll be back next week once again until then the back.
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of the. hour.
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i'm not a gem i guess sometimes i am but i stand up and women have an effect i don't think stephen for gemma culture says nothing at stereotypes aquatics but if you think you see from countries that are not time. needed seems to be from this grandmother day out. it's all about. look i'm a joke going mean for me to get funded up the. post wasn't going to get me
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a sectional agent but as affectionately as you can. slam the mere putin in the middle of his election campaign in the year 2000 and documentary was filmed for russian television but director vitali munson captured much more was to turn the camera back on the moment of course you're going to see the film secretly krone gold a power grab actually everything was on the sunniest new plan structure. featuring tom supporting roles through the freedom of expression. and featuring a lead role like you've never seen before let me be clear with you. for that mater 7 years of age do the ends justify the means. who tunes witnesses starts december 13th on d w. this
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is deja vu news live from berlin a volcano erupts suddenly in new zealand at least 5 people are dead and another 20 injured in the eruption of a popular tourist destination and authorities say an unknown number of people are unaccounted for. also coming up russia is banned from all local sports events for 4 years the world anti-doping agency says moscow trying to stop drug cheats from being exposed to millions know russian team at the next olympic games. more than 13000 dead.

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