tv Arts.21 Deutsche Welle January 25, 2020 5:02am-5:30am CET
you're the one. man. i think every human on this planet on some level is aware that our home is in crisis that something is not right in our world. pop stars and musicians from continent to continent. countless artworks and installations are flown around the world for our affairs and exhibitions. and architects use huge amounts of resources for their constructions the culture
industries c o 2 footprint is and that has to change and that's our topic today starting off with a look at the whole picture the climate crisis has become a hot topic worldwide largely due to the younger generation who've been very vocal in demanding solutions they want to see decisive action now. changes with quiet still nowhere in sight. meanwhile politicians are still debating the issue and have a hard time agreeing on a course of action. for 25 years we have been trying to solve the climate crisis through market mechanisms and emissions have gone up year after year after year you know the definition of insanity is doing the same thing over and over again and hoping for different results globalization critic and environmental activist naomi klein warns that our planet is on fire and she says politicians don't dare to take
radical measures to stop this weather out of ignorance or the fear that they won't get reelected meanwhile big energy companies fund campaigns to make us believe the free market will solve the problem. we have an economic system. that defines success as and less economic growth and much of that growth is is connected to an ideology of endless consumption that is incompatible with what our planet can take and so we need a different economic paradigm. the north american intellectual calls her envisions new paradigm the green new deal the name alludes to then u.s. president franklin d. roosevelt new deal a series of programs projects and reforms in the 1930 s. that helped the us recover from the great depression introducing social security and promoting a sense of community were important aspect. when he talked about the depression
he wasn't only talking about the economy being depressed but also people were depressed so how do you lift up the people spirit and part of that with access to nature and part of that was access to the arts. klein says the environmental concepts that politicians have introduced so far often harm the weakest members of society for instance in france where rising fuel taxes protests social tensions are also growing due to climate change but as those in power have failed to come up with compelling concepts populists are capitalizing on the situation. so naomi klein advocates taking another tack making massive investments in renewables green infrastructure and affordable housing that would create new jobs once she says need to be well paid. klein says jobs in industries that are carbon
neutral should be highly paid well professions that damage the environment must no longer be profitable but how would such a thing be financed klein says it's time the wealthy were made to pay their share along with the energy companies who've long. profited from fossil fuels. polluter pays means all kinds of things like from a track financial transaction tax to cutting military spending i mean if we're going to get to 100 percent renewable energy then we don't need to spend more than a trillion dollars protecting pipelines around the world so that money can move over to a green new deal in some cases we may be needing to nationalize fossil fuel companies . klein is using climate change as an example to promote her radical criticism of capitalism in december commission president. laid out her european green deal to tackle climate change but klein doesn't think it goes far enough she seeks
a systems change if the green new deal is not guided by science and guided by justice and that doesn't mean just cutting our emissions very very rapidly it also means putting real resources on the table so poor countries in the global south are able to leapfrog over fossil fuels and go directly to renewable energy and if it doesn't have really strong social guarantees then no it's not really a green new deal. but how could this green new deal come about klein says we need to stop seeing ourselves primarily as consumers only when we start seeing ourselves as part of a larger community lou we be able to affect real change this shift is already happening in many countries thanks to young climate change activists they're not afraid of change they're not afraid of dreaming of a different system other than the one we have right now because it's not like oh this is tim it's working great except for the small matter of you know melting ice
sheets. a new age of protest has begun. and change must come quickly to prevent much of the planet ending up underwater. when the waters rise gideon mendel goes for his camera. he takes photos of people in areas hit by flooding. the people seen in them haven't yet come through the disaster. and like them he himself stands in the midst of the flood waters. writes the phone to photograph from a boat you know because i think if i'm standing in the water i can. make the best photographs and obviously it's a dangerous difficult place to be but i'd say there's something of
a. big influx of which i phone you want to speak to be very compelling. you stand shoulder to shoulder with the disaster victims. the photographer has been traveling to flood zones for some 12 years now collecting material for his long term project drowning world. he was inspired by becoming a father. he wanted to give his children some idea of the challenges their world would be facing in the future. with climate change you know in the last 20 years the more i think we're looking towards a future where flooding is going to become you know more and more frequent and more and more scary part of our lives. amanda has lived in london since the early 1990 s. . he frequents a park in the north of the british capital. and she sees it as a special place the site of
a pioneering feat of engineering and urban water hygiene and early sewage works. it's one of the places where they 1st began to filter london's water so they you know there were various color breaks out. in the 18th century and they used the creation to filter water through. clean water is also a priority for these brazilians washing the walls of their homes in the hope that the floods will soon recede. the photographer found the images of climate change familiar from the news too impersonal images of polar bears and. distant places and i thought there's a strong need for something which was surreal and i wanted to make something which could be very impactful where kind of the victims of climate change could look you directly in the eyes they are survivors the man from the amazon and from india.
many of them lost their homes and possessions. but not their dignity. their waiting to return to their houses like florence abraham from nigeria. mendel met her in a transit camp she took him to her father's house. she was a poker her home and her very crude was completely flooded there she lost everything. men don't offer her a few dollars in thanks for her willingness to take part in his photo project i try to give her the money and she said to me no i don't want your money i want you to show the world what's happened to me. also wanted to show the world what was happening when he shot his 1st photos in the 1980 s. images of racial unrest in his home country south africa. over the years that it has evolved he gave up the austere black and white for color and distance himself from the long established photo essay style for magazines. began to strive for
aesthetic compositions as in his 5 lines series. what i'm doing there is some sort of following the line of water. that is a situation of great chaos and disorder and i find myself compelled to make these very structured very precise images. sometimes quite abstract. but the images as that equalities never overshadow their messages they draw the viewer's attention. increasingly they're being shown at arts events in galleries and open air exhibitions. mendel sees himself as both an artist and an activist. these prints are part of a set of what are called drowning world shields which are actually there were produced for the protests around the clock $21.00 conference in paris we made just under
a 100 of them as. part of trying to change purses. demonstrators in paris made good use of them. climate protests have long since become a mass phenomenon echoing their mental says the apocalypse is already happening. initially was working to. highlight a crisis which could destroy the lives of my children but as things are looking now this really could destroy my life and i think we could be looking at huge comical and calamity within the next 10 to 15 years. artists are often among the 1st to see the signs of the times. in november 29000 swiss television was filming a new episode of the crime series touch or. on screen it was about murder and mayhem but off camera there was a greater focus on the environment. the film industry needs to go green for
example hollywood has one of the biggest polluters in greater los angeles. its technology bright lights extravagant sets consume vast amounts of energy. the firm like climates calculated the carbon footprint less. each day from shooting the swiss t.v. crime show. it came to $32.00 tons of c o 2. many of the emissions resulted from the vehicles used on hotel stays so the shooting where most of the crew lives in syria. alone save 10 tons of c o 2. but might claim it found ways to minimize their carbon footprint even more. having each crew member use their own coffee mug. using vegan makeup. and 2nd hand costumes. and serving vegetarian food. what's really important is to include the people working on the project.
the swiss crew all got the message and were happy to do their part. london 29000. that's a gallery just declared a climate emergency. museum hopes to reduce its c o 2 emissions by 10 percent by 2023 by switching to green electricity and using the train for business trips that sounds good but it's just the beginning. because the art world can be wasteful with opulent buildings. large open spaces that need lots of lighting and constant climate control. not to mention all of the art shows art fairs and exhibitions with works alone from all over the world and international visitors because there are people sustainable and wild and free. yes this. now is the time for us to change our relationship to this planet. so that
we're no longer the cause of so much damage. in early january a major exhibition by over for a listen close at the tate modern for years he's tried to raise consciousness of the word. as for julie threw as art but the show's opening he placed blocks of ice from greenland in front of the museum 122 tons worth to give people a real sense of the glaciers melting. this ice watch project also left behind a chilling legacy a sizable carbon footprint. january 2020 an exhibition at the architecture forum tells woody tales but it has nothing to do with quaint or charming. architects even a jewish and yana of the not from the company people who are passionate about new
projects that have big potential for shaping the future. they are what is a great material it's available locally in many countries and it's grown sustainably it'll always grow back to supply future generations for the conflict. and also it's breathable and a good insulator plus it's a very pleasant material for interiors in. verna indeed wish say it's high time the construction industry became more environmental and sustainable and less obsessed with profit so the 2 women have become active in architects for feature a nationwide collaboration of german architects and civil engineers it's true the industry doesn't have a good record when it comes to climate protection it keeps using more land while churning out mountains of waste and c o 2 emissions 40 percent of what germany puts into the atmosphere the worst offender is concrete. this dana bill material simply can't
compete with the non-sustainable ones because the emissions count lated or figured into the costs and cost. architects for future are calling for go. greater transparency and fully accountable pricing more funding for research and sustainable construction and an entirely new way of thinking on the part of plans. to tie sustainability ought to be heart of every project and not considered separately and it's also very important for the universities to demonstrate how much fun it can be to plan sustainability and what a creative and exciting challenge it can be with an incredible number of possible solutions and. this was once a barracks 1st it was crushed and then reprocess that's recycled concrete these great blocks are ready for their next walls. they may not be carbon neutral but at
least they're being reused in new developments going up here in munich with space for 5500 apartments. but the problem in germany is quite simply that we don't have any sand left. so we don't have any new spaces for garbage dumps we have lots of buildings standing empty for whatever reason for not wanting the materials wouldn't have to be hauled in from china or the us katanga shift the size us with we wouldn't have to extract the materials from the earths crust anymore but from other buildings and infrastructures we can reprocess these materials as new building materials to flow back into the city into the constructed environment about it. in one example about half of the 1700000 tons of materials from a demolished building ought to be recycled the other half is waste made unusable through glue chemicals i haven't been mixed with materials that turn into hazardous waste of the demolition 60 percent of germany's garbage is construction waste.
consultation to lots of things better with improved structural design than with chemical treatment since they have to find a way back to the old master builders the wooden half. timbered houses last 4 to 500 years just because they used a totally different structural design. learning from the past and preserving resources for the future the solutions needed to do that are not always the fastest or the cheapest or they're hampered by red tape cutting through all this requires fall sightedness when one when you plan something new or convert existing structures for other uses you should bear in mind that you're planning for future generations and not just for the next 30 years. where you might also have to consider that the architecture that we present to the media sets examples for how to approach design. oh how the buildings should look
what i'm after all buildings are always demonstrations of palla amongst its own. a suburb in theory here new ways of building a living are regularly tried out in a special research place 3 german architects have conceived in designed 120 square meter apartment that's 100 percent recyclable and most of the materials it's made of have themselves been recycled. using your mother yard in the objects of materials we see here used to be seltzer bottles or juice cartons before a door handle that was already used in the seventy's is now in use again for example 5 and often this is a way of showing people that today it's possible to plan in terms of cycles of it though and to live that way too sweeping you want to leave. the countertop of
melted down recycled glass was made by a start up in cologne. the sides of the kitchen unit are made of pressed carrot and potato peelings. the insulation is made up the fiber jeans. the paneling in the bath is hard plastic taken from old cutting boards and bottle caps. and the walls consist of wood chips combined with a tender fungus that actually makes them grow. the vision is up an entire city built exclusively of materials it has produced by itself of buildings intelligently converted and maintained using available materials and without producing new waste the history and that's the ideal city the city of the future you might call it urban mining always on the search for what the city can provide and for ways of reusing at it would have to be an ongoing exchange whenever
something has. to be built somewhere you'd have to see what's no longer needed somewhere else that would serve your purpose is. rapidly changing societies need a constant flow of new ideas even if different parts of the world face different challenges every problem can have viable innovative solutions the architects for future are optimistic that these solutions can be found. they can film industry be carbon neutral. consumes vast amounts of electricity huge holes in live events also impacted negatively on the environment many musicians are no longer willing to accept this in a video american pop singer. our earth is warming up and our. extreme weather is wrecking. from california to the amazon our forests are burning
we are in a climate emergency we cannot let this happen on our watch so 1000000 species are becoming extinct because of mankind's actions and time is running in. the most recent example the devastating forest fires which have been raging in australia for months now. and what a concept in sydney and early january popstar elton john made a big donation to the bushfire relief. there are people who. want to save homes the people most of the lives. is the blood of the animals. tonight. thank you. and back.
we are 1st out and this type of decision this type of action. but i think more will follow. the swedish musicians make the point that there are also musical benefits to not flying because then conductors made just around the world to play with many different orchestras their repertoire is often the same our decision to stop flying in our system and conductors has also affected other ways that we look on repertoire or anything that will help us in being more the more particular we can be the better about our continent. we have a slogan which is like to change everything it takes everyone but not everybody doing the same thing.
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