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tv   DW News Corona Special  Deutsche Welle  April 9, 2020 5:00pm-5:30pm CEST

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so millions can live. this is the w. news live from berlin signs of hope in germany's fight against the coronavirus bust charts america warns the nation must remain vigilant she says it's still too early to consider easing restrictions on public life but many of them are. also coming out scientists in western germany take a look at the marriott hits particularly hard by the crowd of iris and get some encouraging results we'll hear exactly what they discovered in
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a moment. and inside india's containment zones so we report on what it's like to live in the areas for the country's toughest measures against the spread of cohen about. his welcome to the program german chancellor angela merkel says she sees signs for optimism in the country's fight against coronavirus but in our latest update a short time ago she warns there can be no easing of the lockdown yes despite growing coals to lift some restrictions deserted streets in the german capital a common sight in countries facing current virus around the world but according to experts in germany there are strict sions on movement seem to be having a positive effect. the number of new cases there appears to be levelling out but
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with a long easter weekend looming german chancellor has warned against getting complacent you do have an old snitch we mustn't allow ourselves to be lowered into a false sense of security instead we should be really happy that more stringent measures are necessary for me this means that we cannot be reckless now we mustn't allow ourselves to be lulled into this false sense of security and i know that for myself personally you get a little hope then you gain confidence then you become a little more relaxed and then you're a little careless i know we have to stay focused the situation is fragile you germany also announced plans on thursday to increase domestic production of protective medical gear asian manufacturers are currently responsible for 90 percent of the world's production of protective masks more than 100 companies have responded to the government's call for help but also to share give more going on as
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a result in our discussions about procurement and the purchase of personal protective equipment is specially medical protective masks we saw the 1st steps of progress. some companies that operate here in germany are already investing in increasing the production of the material that's needed for masks and the it's true that. hopes among germany's european neighbors of mutual eyes debt however were cautious after merkel ruled out the highly debated corona bonds. over clear no there from the chancellor easing restrictions let's bring in the obvious political correspondent a man of all shay's. argo america is warning the germans not to relax shouldn't she be a bit more optimistic. yes indeed she only showed some very measure up to him isn't it today however as she did say that there was definitely a trend there as seeing to decrease in numbers of infections it is no longer an
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exponential increase but rather a very slow very lean or decrease decrease or increase in the case sorry so there's room. however she also stressed i did need for people to pet city you know with the current measures saying that there was no reason not the moment to increase them a bit it was also no reason to soft and them at the moment she was so stressed out on the personal levers she level she put she perfectly understood that people would get a 1st train did and found it hard a full day. life but in dothan she's actually being supported by those has mr young and ahead of the research institute caught as she went on people not to let their guard down. and stay with us while we take a closer look at a new study conducted in one of the worst affected regions in germany in the west of the country federal agents from the university of bomb have managed to test nearly a 1000 people then the hind spec district and found that 15 percent of participants
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are already immune to the disease. scientists in germany have taken a close look at a region hit especially hard by the corona virus the affected community is goggled southwest of distilled or initial results show that 15 percent of the population has tested positive thought we gave people a questionnaire took a throat swap and used the p.c.r. methods to verify whether an infection was currently present we also took a blood sample and use an antibody test to see if the person had already experienced an infection. in the minas apology of dangled the scientists calculated a mortality rate of 0.37 percent that's 5 times lower than what the u.s. based johns hopkins university projected for all of germany this may lead to a relaxing of restrictions in some areas of daily life but experts warn special measures favoring older people should still be a priority. age of this also according to what call institute data is
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80 so it is very important to protect the elderly. heinsberg district chief says this area narrowly missed a catastrophe had the virus been detected just 2 weeks later the situation would be far worse in the meantime the curve of the number of infections has begun to flatten. studies seems to suggest that the epidemic is even less lethal in germany then comparatively low numbers we've also seen already seen also more and more politicians and business leaders are demanding a speedy a end to the lockdown why is the chancellor still so reluctant. well the line of conduct is definitely to be extra cautious today germany's team accounted for about 5000 more cases bringing the total number of coronavirus infected people to over 810000 such a restriction remain
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a country that least apra denying teens here in germany america say we must keep these over easter and the days afterwards because we could very very easily destroy what we have achieved you know i got america is not known for its not decisions for untimely a decision making as so she will 1st lose in the measures or when she will be absolutely absolutely certain that this is this is the right thing to do and she is just not convinced yet. one more question briefly if you can mark also said that europe has to tackle this crisis together we've heard that a lot as well but what does it mean in concrete times. when it was quite significant that she actually mentioned european summit darity up to moments where she stood up as for example his friends spain and italy who are in favor of current a bomb so the european countries have to find a compromise and have to find out
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a way to stand together to fight a pandemic if they do want the european union to stand for its values. i mean i would say is and thank you so much. now let's take a look at some other coronavirus related news from around the world. the virus pandemic has now killed at least $100.00 doctors in italy and that's according to the country's national federation representing doctors the toll includes some of those whom d'italia government called out of retirement a month ago it's also estimated some 30 nursing staff have died from cope with 90. international monetary fund says the pandemic is causing the worst economic fallout since the great depression in the 1930 s. over $170.00 countries are expected to see a decline in per person income this year and almost total reversal of precursor of
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ira's projections emerging economies and low income nations will be worst affected . the us job market is continuing to collapse last week saw another 6600000 people filing for unemployment benefits bringing the total number to almost 17000000 the flood of new claims is so large that at least one state of florida has opened up a drive through unemployment offices. to play loads of eastern european farm hands have arrived in germany to pick a speratus and help with spring planting strict precautions on place to ensure the seasonal workers aren't carrying the new coronavirus a total of 80000 farm workers will be permitted to enter germany this spring. russia and saudi arabia are reportedly close to reaching a deal on cutting oil production the news comes as the opec oil cartel holds a meeting via video link we demand because of the coronavirus the price war between
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moscow and riyadh have caused all prizes to plunge to an almost 20 year low. to india now and a decision by the government in the capital delhi to designate 20 so-called containment zones in the city are considered hotspots where the coronavirus rapidly spreads are the indian states have also defined such sones the decision comes in the midst of a nationwide lockdown restricting free movement of more than 1200000000 people within the containment zones rules even stricter as our correspondent. explains now these containment zones are basically considered hotspots even as we could on our bias cases have been identified and there is an expectation of a proliferation this is the government's effort to break the chain of transmission now india is already in the midst of the t.v. lockdown but these are the inside different they have been completely sealed off
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while dressed up in some other spots of the country can step out to access essential services this is not permitted within these containment zones all essential services will be provided to them at their doorstep on this stretch that alleged to move and those who are backing regiments and handing them over to the security guard so that big would then provide these wedge to lose all these essential to divest events inside another key difference is that while the media as a part of the central slope says is allowed free movement as spread it is not allowed into these containment zones to again break the chain of transmission now this strategy is going to be an important part of india as we forward in fighting the spread all of the code on our wireless the lockdown is supposed to end in the middle of next week but it may well be extended a decision on this is expected in the later part of this week by saturday perhaps the prime minister in consultation with all the local vetoes is likely to come out with a decision about if this t.v.
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is going to be extended. they measured as while reporting there let's take a look at some other developments concerning the pandemic corona virus infections confirmed worldwide have now passed 1500000 with the death toll approaching 90000 some countries hope the worst may soon be over after seeing sustained drops in new cases fast others are seeing fresh outbreaks hungary has discovered more than 100 infections at a cast center for senior citizens in the capital budapest russia has seen a record daily spike in confirmed virus cases nearly 1500 new infections and spain's prime minister says the country may be nearing the peak of its epidemic lawmakers are set to vote on extending logged on measures by another 2 weeks. conservationists say restrictions brought in to hold the spread across the virus could prompt a resurgence in poaching and other threats to wildlife the pandemic has prompted
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kenya to close its national parks it's effectively ended eco tourism that a key source of revenue that was used to protect endangered species. it's breakfast time at the sheldrick wildlife trust near nairobi the organization calls itself the world's most successful elephant orphan rescue program but now it's work and it's now normals face a new threat. we have placed on to us g h k that 90 the orphanage stopped admitting visitors last month when kenya recorded its 1st corona virus infection we can have up to 500 people here just so that's an incredible source of revenue for us to ration and we are seeing come in at the moment normally at this time they'd be out for the public session which is no longer taking place until further notice and that's where we just let them out and let them do what they want to do. and enjoy the orphanage has also been
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forced to shut down other important operations including its airborne anti-poaching patrols many of the animals in its care saw their parents killed by poachers hunting their valuable tusks. we don't want to die we don't want them to die so we just have to walk with you know i mean scented sure that everybody's safe and that and most are safe as well but with no money coming in and the eyes of the world focused on covert $900.00 impact on humans it's becoming harder to look after africa's endangered animals. an inventor in the southern indian city of hydro about his injecting a bit of humor into his country's national lockdown his latest work is a corona virus shapes a vehicle it's on the road to remind locals of the need to stay off the streets us
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the pandemic sweeps the world because it isn't quite perfect yet and doesn't always fire on all cylinders but when it's moving comic suit takai yadav biggest it will remind people to remain social distance. and that's it from me on the news team here and evelyn stay tuned now for our special coverage the coronavirus product with one of the tools. combating the corona pandemic. where does research stand. what are scientists learning. background information and news. hour carona update. code 19 special next on d w. beethoven is for me. is for.
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beethoven is for him beethoven. and beethoven is for. beethoven is for everyone. but until 1202250th anniversary here on d w. how useful are face masks during the corona crisis experts contrie to agree on this should we weather. and if so who should wear them do they protect me or the other person and which types of masks make sense at all in many asian countries face masks are regarded as one of the main weapons in the fight against the coronavirus and in china it's even forbidden to be on the streets without
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a mosque. here in europe we have mixed feelings about wearing masks in times of scarcity many believe masks should be reserved for health care workers depend on protection but that view seems to have changed recently now more and more local authorities do recommend to wear masks in public so let's talk about face masks and what they can do for us during a. welcome to our covert $900.00 special here and you news i want to get johnson berlin good to have you with us is wearing a face mask useful during the coronavirus crisis or is it all just nonsense opinions are divided but there seems to be a growing consensus that we can't stay in permanent crisis mode how do we end the lockdown without risking a rise in new cases and consequently higher death toll could compulsory facemask policies be the out so well in a moment we'll talk to an expert from the w h o but 1st this report. not all respirator masks are created
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equal we can generally distinguish between the 3 main types. so-called filtering face piece or f f p mask fit snugly around the nose mouth and chin in the filter of the tiniest airborne particles the most effective type let's no viruses in or out. an excellent valve makes breathing easier but increases the risk of viruses escaping through an unselfish f.f.t. mask protects both the wearer and the person they encounter with a valve that only reliably protects the wearer if f.p. masks are in short supply worldwide so they should be mainly research. for a medical person now. a mask that's often seen now it is this simple protective face piece for the mouth and nose known as the surgical mask it consists of several layers of paper or non woven fabric with a thin wire to make it fit over the nose. when the wearer coughs or sneezes the
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surgical mask blocks the large droplets but on inhalation air also flows in over the sides that means mainly protect others from infection rather than the wearer. once the mask is wet from breathing after 8 hours wearing time at the most it has to be discarded. in the coated $900.00 prices professionally manufactured masks are in short supply that's led to a flourishing cottage industry in d.i.y. masks whether using handkerchiefs t. shirts or vacuum cleaner bags people all around the world are revving up their sewing machines at textile mask functions rather like a protective mask made of paper but generally has a poor seal and blocks only a 3rd of the droplets of the surgical mask does according to a study. however a cloth mask can be washed and reused the most important thing is no matter which mask you wear it can only be effective if used with hygiene measures like thorough
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hand washing and keeping a safe distance from others. and still some people say any mask is better than none others however warn that mask give people a false sense of security for more i'm joined by professor thing at the university of hong kong his research there focuses on respiratory virus transmission and the impact of control measures on professor callan he's also a co-director of the w. h. o. collaborating center for infectious disease epidemiology and control at the h. k. you school of public health good to have you with us so please there are still a lot of mosque critics out there and they say that this simply not enough evidence that wearing masks could actually stop or at least reduce the spread of the virus you however were involved in a study that was published just last week tell us a bit about that. sure so the study that we did last week was a very careful experimental study in a look forward tree of how much virus comes out of the mouths of people with
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influenza or common cold infections including a common cold or flu virus and we found a lot of virus in the x. our breath not only in the large droppers but also in the small particle aerosols and the 2nd part of the study we looked at how well facemask blocked that virus from getting into the environment we captured all of the x. out breath that these patients were breathing now and we found substantial reductions in the virus that was able to get into environment when those patients wore surgical facemasks including influenza and including human coronavirus well that sounds to me like the study says that we should wear face masks and perhaps it should even be mandatory would you say i think we need to be careful not to think that may face mask or magic weapon against corbett we know the best things that we can do in the community is stay at home stay away from other people because that's what would definitely stop transmission but then if we do need to go out i think it might be better if people were wearing a mask than if they weren't but you mentioned the beginning the supply limitations
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is one of the big challenges to that kind of policy or added at just one more question about this discussion there are whether or not we should wear face mask because it's also linked to fears that a sas code to could be airborne what do we know about that. well we don't know i think the jury's still out in the clip that you just played now you mention the face masks block the large profits from coming out of someone who's infected but for the other person who's wearing them some of the air comes in the sides actually in both cases the air will come in the sides and leak but they can still protect against droplets what we found in our study was that actually surgical mask a block many of the aerosol particles as well so even if sars kovi too is airborne a surgical mask could still provide some benefit obviously not as much as it would against the larger risk but it could still provide some benefit right and as you mentioned earlier surgical mask or any kind of mask really they're in short supply
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right now a lot of people are turning to d.i.y. mask what kind of mask makes sense in your view for the general public but i think any mass is better than no mass but we know that materials that are a bit thicker probably have better performance so a cotton mask across mask is probably better than a scarf but we we actually don't know that much there haven't been that many studies on the different choices and i think dust now one of the plywood sees now you already mentioned that a mask kondrat plays measures like social distancing or washing your hands but there's a lot of discussion now in europe and bowed to an exit strategy from the lock down can face mask help us return to an almost normal life so are they prerequisite for ending the lockdown. i don't think masks are going to be a magic weapon that lets life go back to normal if people were just wearing masks
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and washing their hands i think they will do something but probably not enough to allow life to otherwise return to normal i think we're still going to need a lot of social distancing and the other measures to test and trace but maybe if we do the masses well every little bit will help is there a downside to wearing a face mask why is there such a reluctance amongst even experts of recommending it to you say any mask is better than none so is there a downside we should know about yes some experts have been saying that perhaps people could choose between staying at home or going out and it's better to stay home everybody agrees that but then if there was a mosque available maybe that person would go out with a mosque instead of staying at home with no mosque and actually it's better to stay at home but if you do really need to go out it should be better to wear a mask to not wear a mask i think the experts are really saying there could be some consequence to behavior so that people wear the mask they think it makes them protected and
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actually it's more like a small benefit and if everybody does it then we get a small benefit as a community all right professor thank having there from the university of hong kong thank you so much for your time and yes to stay healthy. facemasks lockdown and of course the constant fear of catching the virus many of us look for a way out of this nightmare by following conspiracy theories that explain what really happens or by discovering old health myths that promise to keep us safe be aware that there is a full scale it's better list to detail the use derrick williams time for your questions. can you kill the virus by spraying alcohol chloride on you. ok this is a really bad idea the only place on your body where you should use alcohol based
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sanitizers is on your hands because they are what transmits the virus to your face that's how it enters your body through the membranes in your nose or mouth or also your eyes and when using hand sanitizers you should pay close attention to recommendations about health frequently they can be used without causing damage to your skin don't ever spray a sanitizer or chemical on your body or your face you'll do no good and you'll possibly do a lot of harm. is that connection between kevin 1005 but. you're referring to the conspiracy theory currently making the rounds on a lot of social media platforms that the spread of the virus is somehow linked to the spread of 5 she technology now this was a brand new myth for me at 1st i couldn't believe it was serious because the idea is so patently absurd but apparently people are taking it seriously enough to go
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out and set fire to mobile communications masts folks let's get something straight this disease is caused by a virus not radio waves let me repeat that it's caused by a virus not by radio waves every national and international health body on the planet agrees on that so if you're somehow involved in spreading this idea please stop and especially stop if you're one of the ones trying to burn down telecommunications infrastructure emergency service personnel have much more important things to deal with at the moment. derek williams they're setting the record straight and. we'll be back tomorrow good friday to answer your questions and that was 1000 special for today thanks for joining us for more on the pandemic do check out our social media channels and our website that's d.w. dot com which has dedicated kovac 9000 pages in seti languages i want to get jones
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in berlin and we'd like to leave you with some bottles and of course lots of lettuce leaves and there are men with long and well groomed to be it's well that might be something for you to go for a creativity in times of a pandemic. of. europe. what unites us. what divides. trudging course. what binds the continent together. the answers and stories aplenty. spotlight on people. next on w. in
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a way to discover the down home schoolers who helped world start man on e.w. . but. all of. my gorgeous love was food for the russian soul. and. so many different walks of life some want to come back and oddly enough one but all of that comes straight from the heart to look forward to see you open for the morning delusion the march into. some. of the logs to their final resting place the russians w.q. mantra. the
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global corona trysts you can find more information online at t.w. dot com and on t.w. social media channels. oh and a very warm welcome indeed to focus on europe with me peter craven and we begin this week in eastern europe in poland to be precise where a man called pavel adam over each scene on the right of your screen was the man of the northern port city of gadhafi then almost exactly a year ago he was.


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