tv DW News Corona Special Deutsche Welle April 9, 2020 7:00pm-7:30pm CEST
this is the w. news live from berlin signs of hope in germany's fight against the coronavirus spot chancellor merkel warns the nation must remain vigilant she says it's still too early to consider easing restrictions on public life that many of them are also coming up. scientists take a look at an area in western germany hit particularly hard by the coronavirus to get some encouraging results we'll hear exactly what they just colored in just a moment. and the u.s.
unemployment claims hit another staggering high in the international monetary fund warns poor countries will be hit hardest with a cunt on it causing the worst financial crisis since the great depression. and god our 1st welcome to the program german chancellor angela merkel says she sees signs for optimism in the country's fight against coronavirus spot in her latest update a short time ago she want to come in no easing of the lockdown yes despite growing calls to lift at least some restrictions deserted streets in the german capital a common sight in countries facing her and a virus around the well and but according to experts in germany there are strict sions on movement seem to be having a positive effect. the number of new cases there appears to be leveling out but
with a long easter weekend looming german chancellor has warned against getting complacent to do if an old snitch we mustn't allow ourselves to be lowered into a false sense of security instead we should be really happy that more stringent measures are necessary for me this means that we cannot be reckless now we mustn't allow ourselves to be loaded into this false sense of security and i know that for myself personally you get a little hope then you gain confidence then you become a little more relaxed and then you're a little careless you know we have to stay focused the situation is fragile for you germany also announced plans on thursday to increase domestic production of protective medical gear asian manufacturers are currently responsible for 90 percent of the world's production of protective masks more than 100 companies have responded to the government's call for help but also to give more on ongoing displacement as
a result in our discussions about procurement and the purchase of personal protective equipment especially medical protective masks and we saw the 1st steps of progress. some companies that operate here in germany are already investing in increasing the production of the material that's needed for masks it's true that. signs of cautious optimism in germany but the debate over an exit strategy to lift restrictions will resume after the easter. over cleared no there from the chancellor easing restrictions let's bring in the obvious political correspondent amount of all shay's. are the americans warning germans not to relax shouldn't she be a bit more optimistic. yes indeed she only showed some very measure up to him isn't it today however she did say that there was definitely a trend there as seeing to decrease in numbers of infections it is no longer an
exponential increase that's rather a very slow very linear decrease a decrease increase in the case sorry so there's room. however she also stressed i didn't need for people to passive you with the current measures saying that there was no reason optimum and to increase them a bit was also no reason to soft and them at the moment she was so stressed out on the personal level as she left she perfectly understood that people would gets frustrated and found it's hard for they they really lifeboats and she's actually being supported by those has mr yen spawn and ahead of the research institute caught as she was on people not to let their guard down. stay with us while we take a closer look at a new study conducted in one of the worst affected regions in germany in the west of the country far ologists from the university of baum have managed to test nearly
a 1000 people then the high spec district and found that 15 percent of participants are already immune to the disease. scientists in germany have taken a close look at a region hit especially hard by the corona virus the affected community is goggled southwest of initial results show that 15 percent of the population has tested positive thought we gave people a question how to get throat swap and use the p.c.r. methods to verify whether an infection was currently present we also took a blood sample and use an antibody test to see if the person had already experienced an infection. in the minister polity of dangled the scientists calculated a mortality rate of 0.37 percent that's 5 times lower than what the u.s. based johns hopkins university projected for all of germany this may lead to a relaxing of restrictions in some areas of daily life but experts warn special measures favoring older people should still be a priority. of this also according to hold out cough instituto is
83 so it is very important to protect the elderly. heinsberg district chief says this area narrowly missed a catastrophe at the virus been detected just 2 weeks later the situation would be far worse in the meantime the curve of the number of infections has begun to flatten. studies seems to suggest that the epidemic is even less lethal in germany then comparatively low numbers we've also seen already seen also more and more politicians and business leaders are demanding a speedier end to the lock down why is the stance for still so reluctant. well the line of conduct is definitely to be extra cautious today germany's team accounted for about $5000.00 more cases bringing the total number of coronavirus infected people to over a $110000.00 so the restrictions a re men
a country that least a pretty nineteen's here in germany america say we must keep these over easter and the days afterwards because we could very very easily destroy what we have achieved you know i got america is not known for it's not decisions for untimely a decision making is so she will 1st lose and the measures are when she will be absolutely absolutely certain that this is this is the right thing to do and she is just not convinced it. briefly if you can also said that your apostle tackled this crisis together we felt that a lot as well what does it mean in concrete times. when it was quite significant that she actually mentioned european solidarity up to moments when she stayed out for example his friends spain and italy who are in favor of current a-bomb so the european countries have to find a compromise and have to find out
a way to stand together to fight a pandemic if they do want the european union to stand for its values. thank you so much. a 2nd look now at some other coronavirus related news from around the world british prime minister boris johnson remains in intensive care and sent thomas' hospital in london for a 4th day he's being treated for covert 19 the illness caused by the coronavirus british foreign secretary dominic robb was johnson's designated deputy says the prime minister is making quote positive steps. russia and saudi arabia are reportedly close to reaching a deal on cutting all production the news comes as the opec oil cartel holds a meeting via video link with the man because of the coronavirus and the price war between moscow and riyadh caused oil prices to plunge to an almost 20 year low.
even the international monetary fund says the pandemic is causing the worst economic fallout since the great depression in the 1930 s. over $170.00 countries are expected to see a decline in per person income this year and almost total reversal of creek or one of our us projections emerging economies and low income nations will be worst affected. in the u.s. the job market is continuing to collapse last week saw another 6600000 people filing for unemployment benefits bringing the total number of to almost 17000000 the flood of new claims is solange at least one state opened up drives through unemployment offices like here in florida. well the economic consequences are becoming clear and increasingly frightening let's bring in massive he's the president of the german institute for economic research. the situation in the u.s.
is getting a lot to get worse before it's getting better the biggest economy in the world what does it mean for the world economy. well it will mean for the world economy that the recovery will be the late and we have to understand that the global economy is so integrated so strongly degraded in the u.s. and so important for everyone for all european economies for china that if the u.s. is not recovering the rest of the world will not become but so clearly china is ahead of the this way you see the businesses starting up again production rising but the u.s. probably has not reached the peak yet so he is probably 2 months 3 months behind what is happening in china so this will mean until the u.s. is not be covering markedly the world economy will be in a difficult situation with the international monetary fund has said that especially
emerging economies will be hit very hard by a depression a comparable to the want and the 930 s. why especially these economies. the number of reasons why emerging markets in particular developing countries are so vulnerable one is because they are often very highly dependent on a few exports and particularly on primary resources and commodity prices set of course being collapsing so government revenues have to be collapsing because they are often very much strong maybe lie on export revenues from primary commodities 2nd you have many and merging markets that highly dependent on foreign capital inflows that oftentimes finance that debt in foreign truancy and well a lot of foreign best the same so we see capital flow bursting from those countries and this double whammy this double hits off very weak revenues and at the
same time declining currencies with foreign debt means that we could see a transformation of this real economy shock from the coronavirus triggering a financial crisis a sovereign debt crisis in a managing markets and that's the big risk we have facing and that's not just affecting imaging and developing countries but that would also affect europe and the united states most of which i thank you very much. let's take a look now at some other developments concerning the pandemic corona virus infections confirmed worldwide have now passed 1500000 with the death toll approaching 90000 some countries hope the worst may soon be over after seeing sustained drops in new cases but others are seeing fresh outbreaks hungary has discovered more than 100 infections at a cast center for senior citizens in the capital budapest russia has seen
a record daily spike and confirmed virus cases nearly 1500 new infections and spain's prime minister says the country may be nearing the peak of its epidemic or makers there are set to vote on extending lockdown measures by another 2 weeks. conservationists say restrictions brought in to halt the spread of corona virus could prompt a resurgence in poaching and other threats to wildlife pandemic has prompted kenya to close its national parks that's effectively ended eco tourism them a key source of revenue that was used to protect endangered species. did breakfast time at the sheldrick wildlife trust near nairobi the organization calls itself the world's most successful elephant orphan rescue program but now it's work and it's now normals face a new threat. we have placed on to
a speech case that 90 the orphanage stopped admitting visitors last month when kenya recorded its 1st corona virus infection we can have up to 500 people here in just alice so that's an incredible source of revenue for us to ration and that we are seeing come in at the moment normally at this time they'd be out for their publication which is no longer taking place until further notice and that's why we just let them out and let them do what they want to do is play and enjoy the orphanage has also been forced to shut down other important operations including its airborne anti-poaching patrols many of the animals in its care saw their parents killed by poachers hunting their valuable tusks. we don't want to die we don't want them to die so we just have to walk with you know i mean scented sure that everybody's safe and that and most a safe as well but with no money coming in and the eyes of the world focused on
covert $900.00 impact on humans it's becoming harder to look after africa's endangered animals. that's it from me on the news team here in berlin states you now for special coverage of the all of us pandemic with monica chilton schoolgirl we'll have an update for you in $45.00. combating the corona pandemic. where does research stand. what are scientists learning. background information and. our corona update. from the 19 special next on d w. how does a virus spread. why do we panic and when we'll. just 3 of the topics covered and the weekly radio show is called spectrum if you would
like any information on the clone of virus or any other science topic you should really check out our podcast you can get it wherever you get your podcast you can also find us at. science. how useful are face masks during the corona crisis experts country agree on this should we wear them and if so who should wear them do they protect me or the other person and which types of mosques make sense asshole in many asian countries face masks are regarded as one of the main weapons in the fight against the coronavirus and in china it's even forbidden to be on the streets without a mosque. here in europe we have mixed feelings about wearing masks in times of
scarcity many believe mosques should be reserved for health care workers who depend on protection for that few seems to have changed recently now more and more local authorities do recommend to wear masks in public so let's talk about phase. and what they can do for us during a pandemic. while come to aleko with $900.00 special here and news i want to get good to have you with us is wearing a face mask useful during the coronavirus crisis or is it all just nonsense opinions divided but there seems to be a growing consensus that we can stay in permanent crisis mode but how do we end the lockdown without risking a rise in new cases and consequently a higher death toll could compulsory facemask policies be the outset well in a moment we'll talk to an expert from the w h o but 1st this report. not all respirator masks are created equal we can generally distinguish between the 3 main types. so-called
filtering face piece or f f p mask fit snugly around the nose mouth and chin and to filter out the tiniest airborne particles the most effective type lets no viruses in or out. an excellent valve makes breathing easier but increases the risk of viruses escaping someone unfelt f.f.t. mask protects both the wearer and the person they encounter with a valve that only reliably protects the wearer if f.p. masks are in short supply worldwide so they should be mainly reserved for medical personnel. a mask that's often seen now it is this simple protective face piece for the mouth and nose known as the surgical mask it consists of several layers of paper or non woven fabric with a thin wire to make it fit over the nose when the wearer coughs or sneezes the surgical mask blocks the large droplets but on inhalation hair also flows in over
the sides that means mainly protect others from infection rather than the wearer. once the mask is wet from breathing after 8 hours wearing time at the most it has to be discard. in the coated 19 crisis professionally manufactured masks are in short supply that's led to a flourishing cottage industry in d.i.y. amounts whether using handkerchiefs t. shirts or vacuum cleaner bags people all around the world are revving up their sewing machines a textile mask functions rather like a protective mask made of paper but generally has a poor seal and blocks only a 3rd of the droplets of the surgical mask does according to a study. however a cloth mask can be washed and reused the most important thing is no matter which mask you wear it can only be effective if used with hygiene measures like thorough hand washing and keeping a safe distance from others. and still some people say the mask is better than none
others however warn that mask give people a false sense of security for more i'm joined by professor ben cowling at the university of hong kong his research there focuses on respiratory virus transmission and the impact of control measures on professor callan he's also a co-director of the w. h. o. collaborating center for infectious disease epidemiology and control at the h k you school of public health good to have you with us so please there are still a lot of mosque critics out there and they say that there's simply not enough evidence that wearing masks could actually stop or at least reduce the spread of the virus you however were involved in a study that was published just last week tell us a bit about that. sure so the study that we did last week was a very careful experimental study in a lower tree of how much virus comes out of the mouths of people with influenza or common cold infections including common cold run a virus and we found
a lot of virus in the x. outbreath not only in the large structures but also in the small particle aerosols and the 2nd part of the study we looked at how well facemask blocked that virus from getting into the environment we captured all of the exhaled breath that these patients were breathing now and we found substantial reductions in the virus that was able to get into the environment when those patients wore surgical face masks including influenza and including human coronavirus well that sounds to me like the study says that we should wear face masks and perhaps it should even be mandatory what you say i think we need to be careful not to think that may face mask or magic weapon against cause it we know the best things that we can do in the community is stay at home stay away from other people because that's what would definitely stop transmission but then if we do need to go out i think it might be better if people were wearing a mask than if they weren't but you mentioned the beginning the supply limitations is one of the big challenges to back kind of policy or i did just one more question
about this discussion around whether or not we should wear face mask because it's also linked to see is that a sas code too could be airborne what do we know about that. well we don't know i think the jury's still out in the clip that you just played now you mentioned her face mass block the large profits from coming out of someone who's infected but for the other person who's wearing them some of the air comes in the sides actually in both cases the air will come in the sides and leak but they can still protect against droplets what we found in our study was that actually surgical mask a block many of the aerosol particles as well so even if sars kovi too is airborne a surgical mask could still provide some benefit obviously not as much as it would against the large risk but it could still provide some benefit whereas in as you mentioned earlier surgical mask or any kind of mask really they're in short supply right now a lot of people are turning to d.i.y. mask what kind of mask makes sense in your view for the general public
but i think any mass is better than no mass but we know the materials that are a bit thicker probably have better still trace in performance so a cotton mask or cloth mosque is probably better than a scarf but we actually don't know that much there haven't been that many studies on the different choices and i think dust now one of the plywood sees now you already mentioned that a mask condra plays measures like social distancing or washing your hands but there's a lot of discussion now in in europe about an exit strategy from the lock down can face mask help us return to an almost normal life so odd a prerequisite for ending the lockdown. i don't think mosques are going to be a magic weapon that lets life go back to normal if people would just wear masks and washing their hands i think they would do something but probably not enough to
allow life to otherwise return to normal i think we're still going to need a lot of social distancing and the other measures to test and trace but maybe if we do the masses well every little bit will help is there a downside to wearing a face mask why is there such a reluctance amongst even experts of recommending it to say any mosque is better than none so is there a downside we should know about yes some experts have been saying that perhaps people could choose between staying at home or going out and it's better to stay home everybody agrees that but then if there was a mosque available maybe that person would go out with a mosque instead of staying at home with no mosque and actually it's better to stay at home but if you do really need to go out it should be better to wear a mask to not wear a mask i think the experts are really saying there could be some consequence to behavior so that people wear the mask they think it makes them protected and actually it's more like a small benefit and if everybody does it then we get
a small benefit as a community right professor thank having there from the university of hong kong thank you so much for your time and yes to stay healthy. facemasks lock down and of course the constant fear of catching the virus many of us look for a way out of this nightmare by following conspiracy theories that explain what really happens or by discovering old health myths that promise to keep us safe be aware that there is a full scale but in this detail the use derrick williams time for your questions. can you kill the virus by spraying alcohol chloride. ok this is a really bad idea the only place on your body where you should use alcohol based sanitizers is on your hands because they are what transmits the virus to your face
that's how it enters your body through the membranes in your nose or mouth or also your eyes and when using hand sanitizers you should pay close attention to recommendations about how frequently they can be used without causing damage to your skin don't ever spray a sanitizer or chemical on your body or your face you'll do no good and you'll possibly do a lot of harm. is that connection between kevin 1005 g. net but. you're referring to the conspiracy theory currently making the rounds on a lot of social media platforms that the spread of the virus is somehow linked to the spread of 5 g. technology now this was a brand new myth for me at 1st i couldn't believe it was serious because the idea is so patently absurd but apparently people are taking it seriously enough to go out and set fire to mobile communications masts folks let's get something straight
this disease is caused by a virus not radio plays let me repeat that it's caused by a virus not by radio waves every national and international health body on the planet agrees on that so if you're somehow involved in spreading this idea please stop and especially stop if you're one of the ones trying to burn down telecommunications infrastructure emergency service personnel have much more important things to deal with at the moment. derrick williams they're setting the record straight and he'll be back tomorrow good friday to answer your questions and that was our covert 1000 special for today thanks for joining us for more on the pandemic do check out our social media channels and our website at www dot com which has dedicated kovac 9000 pages in 30 languages i want to get jones in berlin and we'd like to leave you with some images of creative albeit not necessarily
serious ideas for face masks you can see them coming up now here we have oversized plastic bottles and of course large lettuce leaves and there are men with long and well groomed to be it well that might be something for you to go for creativity in times of a pandemic. enter the conflict zone with tim sebastian 16 months to go by since a saudi journalist jamal khashoggi was killed by agents of his own street my guest is our go out to bear the saudis minister of state for foreign affairs why are there still so many unanswered questions about the murder and why the massive crackdown on human rights activists inside saudi arabia conflict into the next hour of the g.w.
part of the. we know that this is very time for us to coronavirus is changing the world changing our lives so please take care of yourself good systems wash your hands if you can stay at how we are doing when you are here for you we are working hard listening to keep you informed on all of our platforms we are all in this together and together make it through still you say to everybody stacey stacey stay safe increased. is facing. a tough piece for me. is for you. beethoven is for helen. beethoven is for her. return is for the.
beethoven is for us. is for current. beethoven 202250th anniversary here on down you know. this was a global fiction that it was not authorized we still don't know what happened to the remains of just a shock it always up possible we don't have a history of good things are satisfied 16 months of gone by since the saudi journalist jamal khashoggi was killed by agents of his own state is down both but the issue doesn't go away my guest this week here at the munich security conference is i though. the saudi minister of state for foreign of fests.