tv DW News Corona Special Deutsche Welle April 17, 2020 7:00pm-7:31pm CEST
this is e w news live from berlin germany's health minister says the country is getting the coronavirus pandemic under control health officials say the curve is flattening but the minister sounds of cautious note tells germans not to be overconfident. also on the program china admits the death toll in rwanda is much higher than they originally reported the news comes as the country's economic output drops for the 1st time in 30 years. and the president of brazil saxes
health minister after clashes of efforts to contain the covert $900.00 pandemic the crisis is taking heavy toll on the poor who are struggling to make ends meet. of. his welcome to the program germany's health minister says his country now has the coronavirus pandemic under control this comes as the country plans to gradually ease lock down measures next week against sponsorships germany's health care system as at no point been overwhelmed the country has seen one of the highest numbers of infections in europe but as seen comparatively low death rates officials say that's due to widespread testing in the early stages of the outbreak. sponsored to germany had reached a turning point but sounded a note of caution. now we can say this was successful we have managed to bring the
dynamic growth back to a linear growth the infection numbers have decreased significantly especially the relative increases from day to day the outbreak has now become manageable and controllable again. but in managing the corona epidemic germany is doing relatively well that makes us humble not overconfident. germany's public health institute the institute says that on average each new patient is now infecting less than one other person meaning the outbreak is on the decline. if you are reproduction number we calculate is currently 0.7 on average in germany of course there are regional differences here too but it's clear that this reproduction number has continued to fall which means that on average each person no longer effects another person i each person is infected infection of
the person under present. that's brand going to surely he's the deputy director of the institute of. charlotte's a hospital in berlin positionally as we've just heard the call of iris infection rate is currently 0.7 on average in germany how significant is that number for this country. these are good news of course because we are no longer in the exponential growth phase that means you have less new infections and that also means that the restriction measurements have been effective but we have to be still cautious because if you look back in history in 180919 when spanish flu. yes may cost many casualties then $1.00 could that punt team it came in
a sweet waves so 1st of a force relatively benign but is it 2nd safe to totter so that could be moved 3 maids maybe and therefore we have to go on with this testing they have to go on it to look at c.e. intensive care units to see how many people need medical care and in case they also will be liars the virus is spreading again you have again to. install. restriction measurements and case numbers in germany have fallen significantly but the mortality rate is up is the government's assessment too optimistic and maybe. i don't think so so far we don't have the exact number as the case or tell you to rate so the best estimates are
point 4.6 and it could be that you know the virus is moving into retirement homes and then elder people i'm sure wish this is not a growing of ours and much more susceptible to the virus and may see more casualties gender for. these new numbers enough evidence for you to start to start easing lockdown measures which are expected to do which is expected to happen next week. yes one can. look down measurements a little bit fine one has to really control it one has to monitor it and one has to look if the virus is spreading again and then as i pointed out and we have to install measurements again so that pandemic is not all that the virus didn't die out so far this protest slow down but the virus is still
there and you have to be very cautious still. just professor venter sureness the charlotte hospital here in berlin thank you very much it's a pleasure now clear a picture of post lockdown china is beginning to emerge the full impact of the corona virus has left the country reeling with economy taking a massive hit figures for the 1st 3 months of this year show the 1st drop in output for almost 30 years 2nd blow new figures reveal that the death toll in the city of one where the virus was 1st detected is actually 50 percent higher than previously reported our report begins with the slumping economy. the lockdown may be lifting but the virus has left its mark for the 1st time in decades china's economy has plummeted people can return to work but with virtually no demand many businesses
remain closed. car sales that 1st dropped then plummeted down 21.6 percent in january then down 92 percent in february according to the china association of automobile manufacturers. china home to the world's 2nd largest economy has released its 1st quarter g.d.p. a drop of 6.8 percent millions of workers do not qualify for unemployment benefits and many businesses are on their knees what should be peak season for many is now the worst in recent memory. of course the situation is dire awful it's as a source for me. i've got no idea how or how to get through this year. there's no hiding from reality my business might not survive this year that i might be unemployed. next year i don't know. chinese officials released another startling figure the number of coronavirus
deaths in who has been raised to almost 4000 that's a 50 percent increase from earlier numbers the news has fuelled concerns that china has covered up the true extent of the outbreak an accusation the country denies. the situation in. china for us but you travel restrictions is stuck in germany much he has you know china well what impact does this new economic data that we have on day to day lives for average chinese people. well this is the data from the 1st quarter so the month of january february and march and this was the time when china was in complete lockdown we are hearing that the economy has been restarted that more firms are at work now but we do not know at which capacity they are working and there is still a lot of caution in place when it comes to talking about it has been that it had
restarted we know what the world looks like what germany looks like what western countries looks like so exports from china to the western world are very low and it will take a long time for the chinese economy to get back to what it was before the crisis well here's a look at the other interesting number that came out today. has updated its death toll number and now reports it's 50 percent higher than before that's quite staggering what does it say about the reliability of beijing's communication with the why the world. it is no surprise that the number is higher than it was previously reported we have heard reports of people being cremated without the greatest hits and things like that this is an admission that something has been going on that that that their work aces that have not been included in the officer statistics of course we do not know what extent this new figure is accurate and
what the real death toll was but it comes at a moment when china is under 30 is criticism for its cover up from the u.s. but also from the french president mccraw who has criticized the cover up so it might be something like a gesture towards these critics to take some wind out of the sails of the critics to give a new figure. so this previously clearly under reported figure would not be used permanently against china but we cannot say really what the real extent is all the figures from china have to be treated with caution but here's billing there thank you. to brazil now where president jab also naro has fired his health minister of the country's response to the coronavirus also now who has come under fire for dismissing the disease as a little flu says that while life is priceless the economy needs to return to
normality the country's so-called informal workers have seen their livelihoods destroyed by the pandemic. 31 year old ladies have been last used to work as in many carriers but today she's forced to live on handouts there's no work anymore. the mother of 7 and her husband live in a little house in the 2 on one of many poor neighborhoods in new york is on the arrow. and i have been without income since the start of the quarantine and before that i had my clients i could buy things for the house for the children my husband was also working which is that since choro now virus we don't have anything in my. volunteers in the hobby is distributing bags of food for 600 of the 25000 families living there among the beneficiaries are independent americans who have not received any income since march when their restrictive measures were announced. in
the community there are a lot of people who are street sellers people reckon today to eat tomorrow and because of the quarantine doors are closed if they don't work today what are they going to eat tomorrow in the meantime the government at least announced that tens of thousands of informal and independent markets in brazil were received $603.00 our list per month about $120.00 during the pandemic to help them to deal with the crisis. well the coronavirus is having a massive impact on the lives good things that come out of the global crisis is the solidarity people are showing with those around them so we've asked our correspondents around the world to give us some examples initiatives like these ones here are making the strongest difference and the most important one neighbor is trying to help the less privileged year alone they're preparing up to 4000 meals a day and deliver it to the needy ones south africa has one of the most an equal
societies in the world with a mess of poverty problem and without initiatives like this one many people would have to go to bed hungry istanbul turkey is largest city street dogs and cats have been for centuries i keep part of the city's 5 brick they have survived by retired people in each of the city streets providing food but those people are confined to home as part of efforts to contain the virus restaurants to another source of food for these animals are also shuttered a few shops that are remaining open all giving some food to the animals but now the city's local authorities too are stepping into the breach and giving food to these animals so they too have a chance of surviving these difficult times bogota is one of south america's biggest gastronomical hotspots but ever since the coronavirus forced colombia into lockdown the color mary hustle and bustle has come to a sudden halt all of the country's bars are closed and 70 percent of restaurants
have stopped operating in order to help especially small business owners through these trying times a national brewing company has launched an innovative crowdfunding campaign for as long as the quarantine lasts you can buy vouchers for your favorite bars or restaurants and redeem them for anything on the menu once they reopen if they reopen that is. and now some news of the weird and wonderful variety scientists have discovered what they believe is the world's largest longest animal off the coast of western australia so-called zoids have merged into a floating colony that is at least 46 meters long it was found by an underwater robot that allowed researchers to explore deep sea canyons and coral reefs around australia that had never been seen before as ord saw animals that clone themselves thousands of times and work together to form a gelatinous spring. here's a reminder of the top story we're following for you germany's health minister says
the country's months long lockdown measures have paid off the pandemic albrecht is manageable if it even though the infection rate is on the decline cautioned against over confidence. and that's it from me and the news team here and then to follow us on twitter on instagram d w news i'm god of thanks for watching. combating the corona pandemic. where does research stand. what are scientists learning. background information and news. hour carona updated. coded 19 special next on d w. has a virus spread. why do we panic and when we're all the same. just 3 of the topics covered and
a weekly radio show is called spectrum if you would like any information on the chrono larysa or any other science topic you should really check out our podcast you can get it wherever you get your podcast you can also find us at. science. as the penn demi groups through the world shattering national health systems and economies a global response to help pick up the pieces has never been more central but international corporation has acted under the weight of the coronavirus the united nations the world health organization and the g 20 unable to take the lead. countries have closed themselves off each locked into a contest to secure supplies of limited resources like face masks protective clothing and medication. but how it is now is not how it has to be
deepened them a cremains a chance for countries to come together and create opportunity from crisis so. how will the world look after all this. welcome to go over 19 special here on the. it is good to have you with us now when looking at the what the future might bring is good to remember what shakespeare wants that past is prologue meaning looking back can help one look ahead of the duchesse story bregman has made a career of looking at the great crises of the past millenia he's concluded that they've always lead to major interventions and eventually beneficial shifts for him the coronavirus calamity has shown the kind of solidarity that humanity is capable of heralding positive changes for greater society.
so let's bring in the man himself historian rick bragman it's good to have you on the program in your new book humankind a hopeful history you say that empathy compassion and kindness make us human beings now how do people hoarding toilet paper buying more clothes of noodles and spreading fake news during the current crisis fit into that argument. well that's a great question you know this is all theory within western culture and scientists call the veneer theory it's the idea that civilization is only a thin veneer and this isn't something happens say a natural disaster tsunami or an earthquake or a pandemic that people go back to their true selves and that they show who they really are because they're basically selfish animals before they start hoarding stuff and they panic and cetera et cetera this is a very popular story in the media have always after natural disasters you know think about katrina in 2000 by the that's what people have been exonerated sing
tourism really it's what people are experiencing is the opposite actually i think it's pretty my deal is it so if you zoom out a little bit i think the vast majority of the behavior that we see right now is pro-social in nature and you see you really see an explosion of cooperation and kindness on the local level and surely there is some panic buying there is some warning but even there i mean i'd love to talk about toilet paper by the way because the fascinating thing is that most of the toilet paper shortage is just to supply their lives right so there are 2 kinds of toilet paper commercial toilet paper and that sort of a bit of a use a hole right so the kinds of paper that you use at an office is different from what you use it go and suddenly there's this huge increase in the amount of you know that sort of a for the user because people are you know so they go to that oh so easily i mean that's the reason why there was suddenly such a shortage but will he tend to do because this is such an old idea within our culture is to say oh that must be because of selfishness in order to ensure there's a little bit of that but i think the zoom out and if you look at the science we
have all this you find that ekta the most behavior is pro-social in nature and people are actually helping each other so what specific signs. of a change for the better do you see. ok so what we have seen in the 15 to 20 years is that there has been a kind of signed revolution within different scientific disciplines so whether you talk about anthropology or archaeology or psychology or sociology all the sciences that move to a much more hopeful view of human nature and the fascinating thing is that they often don't even know it from each other so for example biologists have been arguing in the last couple of years that we have evolved to be friendly truly call this survival of the frenzies which means that for millenia when we were in that nomadic hunter gatherers it was actually different use them only to have been as kids so the chance of passing on their genes to next generation psychologists have
been discovering something very similar you know for example they studied the behavior of people during an emergency say someone's drowning or attacked in the streets and based on real evidence from c.c.t.v. footage they found that in 1000 percent of all cases people actually help each other so it's very much the opposite of what i say the new is of our culture or the holywood movies always tell you ok you also claim that the era of neo liberalism has come to an end thanks to the coronavirus why. well i don't know if you seen the the editorial in the financial times you know from 2 weeks ago i mean this is the biggies maybe one of the most powerful newspapers in the globe and even the financial times is saying right now in an editorial that there needs to be an end to the policy direction of the last 40 years and for 40 years we've relied on values like individual isn't selfishness and you know the central idea of you know
what most people call that the old rule is the idea that most people are selfish and you're in the midst of that in the midst of them and you realize that's not going to get you anywhere and what has been happening is that i did it just 56 years ago were seen as crazy and very unrealistic are now moving into the mainstream you know the idea of well taxes they seeking you know a bigger role for the state all these ideas are becoming much more prominent right now. recur bregman historian and we certainly hope that you're making the case for a better society after the event i make does come to rutgers thank you so much for talking to us sure thank you. well from picturing what the world will look like after the pandemic on to the issues of the here and now the questions you've been sending us about the coronavirus and there are so many our science editor derek williams hardly gets to leave his all.
if you've had over 19 and recovered do you still need to wear. although the effectiveness of wearing a mask as a measure to prevent you from catching cove at 19 is still being debated there's no a pretty broad consensus that it certainly makes sense to wear one if you have the disease because it will make you less of a danger for others in theory if you had the virus and recovered you shouldn't have to wear a mask for at least a while because theory says that after fighting off the disease you should be immune which means you can no longer produce the virus and infect others or on the flip side you cannot be reinfected by others the problem is that this is all still very much theory as experts still have to little information about things like the possibility of reinfection they can't yet make real science based recommendations
about people who have recovered they need more time to gather data so if you want to continue to wear a mask even after having covert 19 i don't think anyone at this point would consider that silly. when we have a vaccine with people who have already had coma 19 be vaccinated as well. this is an interesting question because it touches closely on the question of the munity takeover at 19 which we still don't know much about but by the time the vaccine becomes available which despite a lot of hype nobody expects to happen before next year we will have a lot more information about how long your immune response is likely to last and when you've had this disease that will of course informed decisions about who needs
vaccinations most. what's clear is that if and when they become available frontline health workers will be the 1st to be vaccinated and i imagine that will include those who have already had the virus even if they're only given it as a precautionary measure depending on what we know by then about the length of the average american response it's quite likely i think that people who haven't had the disease will be prioritized over those who have had it but this is all still really hypothetical because we still don't have the data we need on a large number of critical aspects and any potential vaccines are still quite a way down the road. can diet affect how vulnerable you are to covert 19. probably no other factor has more of an impact on your health in the long term than your diet i haven't seen any specific scientific studies
showing that a particular diet like a plant based one makes you less vulnerable to cope at 19 and the other diet that would probably be impossible to show anyway in the middle of this pandemic but there are recommendations that health bodies and doctors are continuing to make pretty much across the board 1st and foremost even though they might not be easy to come by where you live you should try to eat a range of fresh unprocessed foods every day 2nd drink plenty of water and of course no matter how great the temptation try to avoid comfort foods loaded with sugar and fat salt they might lift your mood temporarily but in the long run they won't give your immune system what it needs to put up a fight. that was data science editor derek williams and if you have
a question for him about the pandemic simply posted in the comments section of our d.w. you tube channel and read the rest of this edition of covert 900 special for more i highly recommend a website d.w. dot com which is dedicated covert 900 pages and 39 which is i'm chris coburn bolen thanks for watching and we'll leave you now with pictures of the last part of the globe yet to be hit by the pandemic remoteness of antarctica is a blessing and a curse it's kept covert 19 at bay but would make sending help difficult if it does spread there all the estimated 4000 people there can only hope that doesn't happen thanks for watching and taking.
the views from the windows him to them. and what to the passengers expect when they disembark. driving the rains across mongolia an extraordinary experience. before. they were abducted by the nazis until it into germany to be raised as citizens of the early. during world war 2 thousands of polish children suffered.
even today many of them don't know who their real parents were. they've lived with this trauma for decades it's. stealin children the kidnapping campaign of nazi germany starts april 28th w. . hello and welcome to another edition of africa where we highlight environmental topics on ideas from europe and africa sondra to nobody and this week we'll be looking at the many ways you can recycle plastic west i am in kampala uganda and as always i'm costing with my colleague. in nigeria.