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tv   ZDF Bauhaus  Deutsche Welle  September 7, 2020 5:30pm-6:30pm CEST

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coincidence. would be improbable happened. the office was going to clean up the creation of our solar system without where it is a bit like winning the lottery going to. what is more unique stored september 18th on g.w. . more than 80 percent of our oceans remain on matter unobserved and unexplored. we know more about the surface of the moon. and even mouse. yet we're busy polluting our scenes and the coronavirus pandemic has led to a new kind of waste. that there was 3 deaths conceal an arsenal of bio active compounds packed with pharmaceutical potential. researchers are studying the ream bacteria in the hope of finding new antibiotics.
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welcome to tomorrow today this week with a special focus on the ocean. lab. bacteria are found all around us they reproduce by splitting into occasionally random genetic mutations occur during this crisis this can make some bacteria more resistant. to mutated bacteria die off but sometimes the me taishan protects the bacterial cells from the effects of antibiotics for example. the antibiotics kills the bacteria without the mutation of the others thrive. the edge of biotech resistant bacteria can then go on to refrigerate with less competition and form a whole new company. this is evolution. via natural selection but it's caused by
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human intervention. to arctic resistant bacteria can rapidly establish themselves in hospitals the concentration is the ticket only hine. factory farming is another source of antibiotic resistant bacteria. they can spread by the sewage system and ultimately harm our health it's a vicious circle but perhaps the ocean could hold the solution. there could be a treasure trove of unimagined which is lying here in the depths hiding within marine. microbiologist you n.p.l. and his team from e.t.h. ceric gather samples for analysis back in the lab at the university. the country feel and we know that many kinds of spawn are jam packed with bacteria
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. that they can make up as much as half of a sponges weight hundreds of different species of microorganisms all living together in close proximity doesn't this is the goldmine of bio active substances. but why is that so interesting and important in the search for new and more effective antibiotics because wherever lots of bacteria competing for space in nutrition antibacterial agents are present. soil for example is teeming with bacteria and fundy and they're all fighting each other it's war in there. and micro organisms are smart they're basically specialized chemicals factories. they produce and deploy antibiotics to destroy their enemy. the aim is to sort them and find ones. could be useful to us. different
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microorganisms 1st identified and then culture it is. harmful bacteria that make us sick cultured separately on blast play they replicate and formats across the surface samples of the microorganisms and then deposited on the bacterial coaches if an empty spot forms that means an antibacterial agent in a sample has killed the bacteria around it the bald patch is known as the zone of inhibit ssion this is a way to identify candidates for further research to see if they could lead to new drugs. most antibiotics known today do indeed hail from the soil it's readily accessible but has not yielded much that's new or exciting for decades. sponges have not yet been so start really researched they're the new frontier they could be
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harboring powerful agents which bacteria that make us sick have not developed any resistance the team won't reveal which species of sponge of the most promising for now that's a closely guarded secret the research is want to be sure of their findings before announcing any breakthrough. what we've discovered has prompted a lot of excitement in the lab. to find a new antibiotic that's effective against multi resistant bacteria is the holy grail because they're so very hard to get rid of we're feeling pretty optimistic right now that a new drug can be found. but the work is extremely challenging the bacteria from the sponges a very delicate the team have managed to identify and study them for the 1st time using a new method they invented that's a major step in its own right. identifying an antibacterial agent in nature is one thing that turning it into a reliable. rugby's
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a process is also fraught with difficulties and that's no guarantee of success. doesn't say a long it's a very slow and arduous process that takes about a decade and is also very expensive. should p.-l. and his team find a holy grail any resulting new drug would probably not immediately go into mass production and be widely used. if it is indeed effective against the deadliest of multi resistant bacteria it would probably 1st join the exclusive club of downstate resort agents and to be used sparingly if. it's a pharmaceutical treasure trove. valuable by active substances are contained in sponges and molluscs and coral reefs which could help us combat viruses or cancer for example. but we already destroying those valuable resources before we
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even get to grasp their potential. to. the south coast of maine yorka researches with the on attack marine science n.g.o.s a gathering plastic in the mediterranean in order to collect data. sophie who go it's the captain of the research vessel. as a dozen this is what's called a month search warrant and it was given to us by an organization called 5 giant its own native $3000.00 mounted tools for use by scientists around the world of. the structure is inspired by them and to re a species found in sub tropical and tropical oceans. and i hope we filter the water for 30 minutes what we're looking for a micro plastics that's. the net works exactly like a man to read
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a filter feeder. so what we catch is what u.s. feed all. of us on one side on 1st. rays feed on so plankton which they channel into their mouth but these days that's not all the 40 year old species of raid that inhabit these waters consume. stacks that fit into this box on micro plastics they're smaller than 5 millimeter anything big this just on the plastics we make that distinction when we collect data. plastic particles like these will clog up the oceans for hundreds of years before disintegrating fully. world. marine animals feed on them with deadly consequences. just as i can see it's a fact other the 3rd or even
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a hole for these creatures consume is plastic. some $500000.00 tons of micro plastics waste and it's up in the mediterranean every year that's the equivalent of $34000.00 plastic bottles every minute the worst polluters and 10 italy and egypt primarily due to tourism. an average $13000.00 plastic particles are now adrift per square kilometer of the mediterranean. does it breaks down more and more until it's micro plastic then the rain animals feed on it and it enters the food chain. like the. scientists are currently researching where the nano plastics end up in fish and therefore in the food we eat. studies have shown that almost 75 percent of fish in the atlantic have ingested plastic.
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plastics are also detrimental to the ocean itself. 2 kilometers off the coast there researches have discovered go snatch fishing nets that have been left or lost in the ocean by fishermen. these account for about a 3rd of the plastic in the mediterranean. but what they found today of fishing nets that are probably used by fisherman who are truly desperate. as a dozen guys and this is about the 12 ghosts in it that we found this summer. they likely come from north africa it's a traditional way of fishing i cast the net and just wait to see what they catch. us is the mantra that it's very bad for turtles mainly because they tend to just
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swim straight into a net. becky. and then before they know it and figure out what's happening all the rope and nets from them that's. nearly $400.00 types of marine animals have been found in nets like these once a sea turtle for example has got caught in one it's almost impossible for it to free itself and it dies a painful death at least 100000 marine mammals and more than a 1000000 marine birds die in these nets in year. this turtle got lucky the researches managed to free it but before these animals natural habitat can once again be safe and the world's oceans freed of plastic waste humans need to massively reduced their reliance on plastics. why does it take so long for plastic to biodegrade in many cases hundreds of years
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. for example polypropylene is made up of propylene molecules the polymer has a long backbone of carbon atoms that form very strong bonds these chemical structures don't occur in nature so microorganisms contract them down effectively. but plastic has conquered alcohol in. plastic bottles are made from petroleum they are light practical and can be found pretty much everywhere. globally a 1000000 are sold every single minute of the day if they were placed end to end the plastic bottles sold in 2016 would form a chain stretching all the way to the planet mercury but we don't need to go to mercury so you've bought a drink in a plastic bottle and finished it what happens next in an ideal scenario it will be really used some can be refilled up to 15 times if they're washed properly most
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aren't that started out. many and out in a shredder where the ground up into flakes of plastic. these can be used to make products like fleece clothing very nice except for the fact that every time the fleece is washed it releases plastic particles into the water. what about the rest of the plastic bottles they get thrown away or dropped right in the street or somewhere out in nature a significant portion of them land in dumps or are eventually carried out to sea. between 5 and 13000000 tons of plastic garbage end up in the ocean every year a huge problem because plastics can take up to 450 years to decompose. if plastic trash doesn't get caught in propellers on ships or isn't washed up on the beach in the floating pieces grow smaller and smaller as they drift with the currents algae grows on their services and that draws fish and sea birds they think
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the particles are food and swallow them when too much collects in their stomachs real food no longer passes through and they starve. and if those fish end up in our nets they enter our food supply directly either is fresh or can see food do we want to eat that no we don't because it certainly isn't healthy soo do we actually need plastic bottles to shorten clear answer is no there are many alternatives and best of all is to try to only use water from local sources good drinking water can be had straight out of the tap in many countries if it has to be transported bottles made of glass or stainless steel can do the trick and they can be used many times and are therefore a good alternative to plastic bottles soon we might even have ones made of algae that are composed of even bottles that you can eat there are many ideas out there.
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we didn't just drink it also provides us with green energy via hydroelectric power so. most if through it that begins to 10. generated turns this mechanical energy into electricity. the problem is that fish and other creatures swim in the. land to palaver like this means says he's dead for them so what's the chance. this little fellow isn't quite ready for action yet if it weren't being kept firmly in place it would disappear into the murky depths. is a fish with unfortunately for the time being this fish lacks all intelligence it doesn't have a brain it doesn't have a way to move or a sensor system for now we just checking the model. we want to know if it's capable of withstanding conditions in a turbine such as
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a current of 1.2 meters per 2nd and to see what happens to it. stefan her going to his team at the university of magdeburg are working on a prototype of a robotic fish. in order to protect the many thousands of real fish that die every year travelling through hard row electric power plants. lucille has been shredded by a turbine because biologists explains hydroelectric power plants are fraught with risks. getting directly hit by a turbine blade is one cause of death another risk is that a fish gets caught between moving parts and its skin gets torn or damaged. strong turbulence is also a major problem because it means fish get thrown about like in a washing machine. hydroelectric power station not. breakers in europe are
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supposed to ensure that fish can travel through their turbines and safely for now real fish are used in the requisite safety tests and that's where robotic fish come in. the process of investigating mortality rates involves animal testing and in germany that killed several 1000 fish a year sometimes up to $100000.00. the tests don't always run as smoothly as this one here a fish is swimming through a turbine that's moving very slowly that's not always the case. the aim is to conduct such tests in future with robotic fish equipped with a lightweight drive system and sensors to supply the researchers with data about injuries sustained in hydroelectric plants. as a source of renewable energy hydroelectric power plants are increasingly common so
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this is a problem that needs to be addressed. and the robotic fish could be a solution. but motive turbines destroy them to. plan is to build the head much like the black box of a plane so it will survive even if the rest is destroyed. but it won't matter if the tail comes off you can just attach another one. but as long as the data are safe and can be recovered. while there is widespread awareness of the need to avoid cruelty to other animals the suffering of fish is often overlooked. aquatic robots should help put an end to the turbine trauma.
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even if fish seem pretty silent to once they do communicate with each other. clownfish click their teeth of is make blubbering noises all sing like gods. caring cost gets to speak to each other and some shock seem to use visual cues to keep in touch. the. ground but the way from nigeria so just a question about that. how do you fish see in mortar. underwater everything looks blurry to humans that's because water has a higher density than act so lightweight bend as they pass from at a water under slowed down that means an image isn't focused exactly on the retina as is the case out of water but behind it hence the blur diving goggles compensate for that. little. girl or fish by contrast
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have almost spare echo hard lenses and can see everything up to a distance of one meter clearly. all. to look further away they are just focused by moving the lens closer to the retina. they still can't really see far but usually they don't need to. they have a wide panoramic view because of their sight facing eyes. ultra wide angle camera lenses called fisheye lenses mimic this effect. fish see more colors than we can they have receptus not only for red green and blue light but also for ultraviolet. light. in the dark depths that helps them locate prey that sport brilliant colors fisherman use
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colorful bait to exploit this ability in fish. something to shoot turns out to can distinguish different human faces. as a study of archer fish found as. they shoot down prey by spitting a jet of water. in the experiment they were trained to hit a picture of a particular face in most cases they succeeded. fish vision is far better adapted to water than ours otherwise they wouldn't survive. the problem is right why are great but i'm going to have to do you have a science question you've always wanted answered it. say it is and if we answer it on the show you'll get a little surprise as a thank you if i'm right come on just because. for most stories from the world of science go to our website or find us on twitter
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. these of course if these so planted that are abundant in most lakes. they are only 2 to 6 millimeters in size when conditions are right they can reproduce pretty rapidly. but when environmental conditions contest conducive their eggs can lay dormant for years until the air is cleaner again this was the case in lake constance which borders southern germany switzerland and austria. lakes are home to complex ecosystems although lakes and ponds only make up 3 percent of the earth's surface they're an important natural habitat but being thrown out of balance by overfishing pollution and climate change. constants in central europe once fell victim to some of these factors to. believe the officer
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rena is a researcher from indonesia she is examining how the lake has changed. its route on the head before the 960 this lake was all ego trophic meaning it had a low level of nutrients but by the 1980 s. it had become a new church vic this means that over time and the plant life like algal can flourish to the detriment of animal life and its water quality decreased because of additional phosphates from agriculture and household waste the governments of the 3 countries that border the lake germany austria and switzerland decided to restore it and now it's all a good chance we could get in so it's returned to its natural state. researchers are trying to find out how aquatic life reacts when the lake changes in this way from all eager trophic trophic and back by the naturally or through human
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intervention knowing this is key to preserving lakes and their ecosystems 0 plankton such as daphnia are often used as test subjects because they react quickly to changes in the environment. police up to reno has brought a variety of so plants in from the lake to be examined in the laboratory. mia by studying as they were plankton like daphne now we have to understand how the lake changes from your church fake to only go to church fake said from an overly high nutrient level which is not good for the ecosystem to a lower level and a better quality lake. the marine biologists conducted various experiments on daphne in the lab measuring their body size each time she wants to know how they respond when the level of audi which is their food supply decreases she also exposed them to a greater number of predators both of these are effects that occur in the shift from you traffic to all of the traffic waters. i have up and i hope that i can use
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the knowledge i gained in germany when i return to indonesia if i can understand how daphnia adapt to predators and to the availability of food then i can use that information to breed fish in a sandpit lake in indonesia using only natural food. if there were a plant in our natural food for fish i wanted to make the lake more beneficial to the community by creating an eco friendly fish farming area without artificial feed only relying on the natural food in the lake. lake constance it's now a healthy body of water again the data that elite of to mean a collective here will hopefully help her to restore lakes in indonesia and to rejuvenate these vital ecosystems.
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that's all for now on tomorrow today we'll be back next week with more engrossing stories about science and technology until then by.
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i subscribe to do you know where your books are something more in the world than what we make. capture for. me books are known to. play a free to any full of surprises. all out. to some subservient to the bold steps of the great privilege. in not learning
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but only when it. is you know i mean in your monotonous incline us. goes over the next verse into kamiya. us all up with thought about a. vision of getting. it on what it. this you know i mean you're monotonous inquiry new. york is sort of a moment to notice. what i'm going to miss you know but i'm with what an organizer i know but as a term of. this you know i mean in your mind not a single i knew or didn't come when you call you but all morning. the number and generous. the show could go because i see a variety of sorts of. pressure on. you know what i've only said but i couric a number to a frantic. point 0.10 because i survived so. i
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must. play the by . the book. this is d w news live from berlin the russian opposition leader alexina vali regains consciousness the berlin hospital treating the valving sad that had taken him out of the induced coma he's been in since falling ill the german government says he was poisoned we'll have the latest on the story. also coming up a crackdown in balance with us local media reported that opposition leader mario color has been abducted in the street hundreds more have been arrested in the latest rally against president bush and coast decades long breath on power. and the
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president of the e.u. commission warns the u.k. to respect the brakes it would crawl deal or brisk a future trade hard to shut this after u.k. pm boris johnson think hills he's either playing. i'm sumi so much going to thank you for joining us we start with breaking news a berlin hospital says that russian opposition leader alexina volly has been taken out of an induced coma doctors treating him at the sherry tay saying his condition is now improving after he was possibly poisoned with the soviet era nerve agent novi chalk the case is being treated as an assassination attempt on the ball he who is one of president vladimir putin's harshest critics western leaders are calling on moscow to cooperate with an international investigation the kremlin denies any involvement. and political correspondent hans brunt is at the charity hospital for
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us now hi hans tell us more about what the hospital has been saying well it has been a pretty brief statement what they have been saying is that they have lifted the artificial coma in which nobody has been for the last a couple of weeks since since the poisoning that he is responding to speech signals but one presumes that he come out yet told himself because he is still under ventilation he is still being artificially you're a spirit so presumably he cannot yet speak but he is responding to speech so he is back to consciousness as it were but they also say that they come out here say what the long term effects of the poisoning will be hans this comes at a time as germany is stepping up pressure on moscow to get to the bottom of what happened i mean tell us what's been going on on that front. yes the german authorities have been insisting that moscow that russia has to investigate this
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crime this presumed crime seriously and farrelly that it has not been doing says so far there has also been some bickering about what information the german authorities are going to supply to the russian authorities for instance the tests that have been made here in germany to confirm that this was a chemical weapons a substance that was used to poison and avani at the same time there is a lot of discussion about what kind of consequences that might have full the relationship between germany and russia and in the center of that is discussions about the north no 3 true pipeline a gas pipeline going through the baltic sea from russia to germany which is about to be completed hasn't been completed yet and germany has been saying that this product line might possibly be affected this pipeline project by the situation at the moment let's hear what the german foreign minister and the government spokesman said about this today. france's offer for. their the phone for now as i believe
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that would be wrong to rule out these having any impacts on the project for the. very shells for. the chancellor of greece it's wrong to rule anything out. you know the u.s. has been pressuring germany to scrap this pipeline project for a long time so could this dispute over the poisoning of me actually end up killing this deal. it's a possibility that's certainly in the rearmost possibility at the moment as we've just heard from the government spokespeople but at the same time germany has been defending this pipeline project for a long time for many years and today the government spokesman said that it wasn't in fact a german french act it was a project in which international companies were involved but it was a project that will supply gas not only to germany but to the whole of europe so that's a decision if if there is going to be a decision it will be taken on
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a european level and that will take some time yet our political correspondent hans branch reporting at the sheraton hospital for us with the very latest thank you hans. now reports from bella who say a prominent opposition leader has been abducted by an identified people in the capital minsk the website t u t b y says maria called a sneak over was pushed into a minivan by men in black clothing and driven away the apparent abduction comes after a mass protest on sunday in which more than 600 people were arrested protesters have turned out for the past 4 weeks calling on longtime authoritarian leader alexander lukashenko to step down after a contested election. and an economy is following the story for us in minsk he sent us this update. well this seems to be a continuation of the government strategy of attempt to deny ability not using police in uniform to do this kind of thing sending out security agents either in
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plain clothes sometimes wearing balaclavas sometimes on the batons to do their dirty work as it were yesterday we saw that happening with detentions at the end of the demonstration i was just standing on the street and suddenly students were running past running for cover in cafes in shopping centers sometimes these people in plain clothes following them as a classic of a well we understand she was in the downtown here minutes on her way to the post office to pick up some legal documents as part of some court cases against her when suddenly that van stopped and pulled her in less because team hasn't been able to reach a preview as they do believe this is a situation interesting enough police here interior ministry denying any official detention. and now they're not willing to own up to these arrests medical i think it was one of 3 women who really set the election campaign on fire earlier this summer the other beings lodge and also who ventured was the presidential candidate was then forced to flee. and there's also a 3rd woman that i think it's a caller who is now in poland somebody you can see was the only one basically who
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hasn't taken the hints from the government here to leave the country who was basically forced them to detain her now by refusing to be edged out of her own country as so many other opposition figures have she has also been involved in the founding of a new party but i think that early early early days of that kind of thing now i'm at the moment this is about the symbolism of these protests coming out week after week and she is certainly one of most recognizable and most competent faces of those protests even if those crowds are happening without kind of an obvious organization or leader so an economy there for us in minsk not just some other stories from around the world a saudi court has given long jail terms to people of the murder of journalist jamal khashoggi the court to overturn earlier death sentences and instead handed down sentences between 7 and 20 years such that she was killed as a saudi embassy in this. and 2018. at least 5 people are missing after a powerful typhoon swept across parts of japan and south korea high shen was the 2nd typhoon to hit the 2 countries in as many weeks prompting massive accusations
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and knocking out power to thousands of homes and wiki leaks founder julian assange has resumed his court battle in london to avoid extradition to the united states the u.s. government wants to bring a stanch to trial of a wiki leaks publication a secret u.s. military documents a decade ago the extradition hearings hinge on whether a songes the actions are considered journalism. or you commission president was enough underline is warning the u.k. to respect its withdrawal agreement with the block or risk any future trade partnership her tweet comes after british prime minister forced johnson setting up top or 15th deadline for a deal or you would pull the u.k. out of negotiations were port's also say his government is preparing legislation that would override parts of the withdrawal deal that was already agreed upon last year that would mean a dramatic reversal after years of dialogue. it's not 12 months since british prime
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minister boris johnson unlikely deal from the jaws of defeat after a long negotiations with the european union. i do think that this deal represents a very good deal both for the e.u. and for the u.k. in interviews heat praise on his hard work you heard of is a fantastic deal for all of the u.k. at heart the deal would prevent an internal border in ireland know his government has found fault with the details and is reportedly planning to tear up parts of it a move that could see borders return jeopardizing peace in the region. ireland's foreign minister said unilaterally reneging on a treaty would be a very unwise way to proceed coming at the start of a crunch week for trade talks the e.u.'s chief negotiator told french radio he was can sound good but your right what can i see today i remain worried it's not the
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last round of brakes in negotiations that is starting this week we have other runs in late september and in october i went to london again last week or so these are difficult negotiations because the british want the best of 2 worlds in a way here. talking to the u.k.'s health minister insisted a deal was still achievable. the question is whether we can whether we can land a. future trade agreement i'm confident that we can. johnson won reelection last december on a promise that he could build his way to breaks it a strategy that proved popular at home but me yet undermined britain standing abroad. let's take a look now at some of the latest developments in the coronavirus pandemic india has overtaken brazil on the list of countries worst affected by the pandemic it now has
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the 2nd highest tally in the world with more than 4200000 cases france has placed 7 more regions on high alert after a record daily rise and infections that move affects major cities like lille strasberg and digital and allows authorities to impose exceptional measures to slow the viruses spread australia says it will receive the 1st batches of a potential vaccine in january of next year the vaccine made by the pharmaceutical company astra zeneca is currently undergoing late stage clinical trials. now it is back to school time for much of the world but the coronavirus has made returning to classes a challenge almost everywhere we asked our correspondents around the world to tell us how school reopening are going in their country. it was a mix of nerves and excitement as the kids this is london high school headed back for the 1st time since march the teachers here tell me they're ready with stockard
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class times social distancing measures and one way systems but for the older students in particular the road back to the classroom hasn't been easy schools here are reeling from a series of chaotic government which left many kids over the summer facing days of uncertainty about how their results would be awarded the canceled exams and this new school year isn't bringing back any more stability teachers here say many kids a month behind on learning they're warning that the knock on effects could take that toll for some time to come there is no one way of opening schools in the u.s. here in washington d.c. area schools like francis stephens elementary remain closed and students continue with online learning at home other states happily reopen their schools but their kids have to keep their distance from each other and were masks all day that even goes for 4 and 5 year olds in kindergarten one mother has told me that she will
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probably not send her daughter to conduct are in this year because of that with strict rules like this she says it feels more like prison students are back in school throughout the whole of china including more harm where the epidemic has started. students need to wear mosques there are social distancing measures and staggered schedules but otherwise schools are supposed to go back to the curriculum . here in beirut the capital of lebanon the pandemic is not the only crisis that faces the educational system right behind me is an exhibit of a school out of $160.00 that were totally destroyed or damaged due to the. explosion why the school here is only a few days away the destruction that was caused by the explosion i graduated the calamity on residents already suffering from an unprecedented economic crisis. the german government is ruling out a 2nd lockdown confident that the current testing tracing and tracking capacities
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will be enough to contain the current levels of corona outbreaks in the absence of a tangible health crisis and with the economy recovering faster than expected there is now an all out debate here and over whether the government wasn't too courses in the 1st place a loud minority has been taking to the streets over this nationwide schools remain open but when it comes to the question which conditions like must apply that still regional patchwork. there just one sports item for you in tennis world number one novak djokovic has been disqualified from the u.s. open the 33 year old was a favorite to win the grand slam in new york but that all ended when the serbian hit a line judge with the ball in the 1st set against baines public at a new bull stop it appeared unintentional but joke of it was still ejected from the tournament despite his pleading with so many players missing the tournaments amid
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the coronavirus pandemic a 1st time men's champion will be crowned this year. coming up next the pandemic has turned vacations into staycation so who has benefited from that turnaround stephen beardsley has more on your business stay tuned. i'm secure in the volume or target and in the end this for me you are not allowed to stay here anymore we will send you back. are you familiar with this. with the smugglers were clients of. what's your story ready. i'm working on was a women especially. victims of violence. take part and send us your story we are
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trying always to understand this new culture. not even a turn off and yet you want to become a citizen. in so migrants your platform for reliable information. kenya was a pioneer in the plastics free movement of could be pressured to change course some fair trade talks with the u.s. could open the door to more plastic waste. and that's not the only pressure facing kenya also on the show will look at the country's efforts to build out its mobile networks all navigating a dispute over network suppliers like wall way. and the pandemic is giving harvey holiday's a powerful tailwinds look at the trend toward staycation and booking the hotel on 4
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wheels. good welcome to the show i'm susan beardsley in berlin it's good to have you with us kenya is considered a pioneer in the effort to move away from plastics introducing strict measures against plastic bags and single use plastics in 2017 now it appears the petro chemical industry would like to change that an industry lobby group has reportedly asked the u.s. to push for a reopening of the african plastics market as part of broader trade negotiations between the u.s. and kenya. in kenya only old landfills a reminder of the time when plastic bags were still in use after the country bombed plastic bags 3 years ago their only reusable bags for sale in the supermarkets today a role model for the rest of africa. but not everyone is happy as kenya negotiates a new trade deal with the united states the american chemistry council lobby group wants to use the talks to scrap the ban on export plastics to the east african
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country again. greenpeace warns that the country's achievements in protecting the environment are in danger this deal will have consequences in terms of the environmental pollution because plastics have been part. of our water board is the reverse of the oceans and this is something rock kenyans have rejected quite significantly. kenya has been a regional leader in the fight against plastic waste the country has banned single use plastic in all its protected areas greenpeace warns the trade deal will turn the country into a transit point for plastic waste to other african countries. the african countries are looking. to actually reject the deal in also reject the fact that they want to be used as an into point to access the african markets. if the lobby group gets its way kenyans might be pushed back in their fight to liberate themselves from plastic waste. not just in cleaning up where kenya leads the way in africa also in
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technology for the sub-saharan region the country's middle class is growing and so is the demands on mobile networks a strong telecoms companies to set up their east african headquarters in the nation but the pandemic and growing political pressure are holding back expansion of the most modern broadband networks. in kenya's capital nairobi everyone seems to be online cellular services here have grown rapidly in the past several years in 2009 only 30 percent of kenyans huge cell phones but in the past year the number is risen to over 50 percent according to the mobile service association g s m a modern geza an engineer a telecommunications company liquid telecom hopes the next big leap will be installing 5 g. networks. and jobs being different countries in the i mean you send us an. antenna and. the thing to be able to deploy the.
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country and by doing so because that. would be able to fit into countries that enable. countries to believe that new mobile devices and send it to other countries but the coronavirus pandemic is threatening the country's plans to roll out their 5 g. network what's more can use telecommunications giant safari com is considering using huawei 5 g. technology from china in the u.s. while weighs 5 g. technology has been banned over concerns that it could facilitate chinese government spying operations i think areas in a difficult situation maybe because maybe that's somewhere in the middle the chinese telecoms vendors have certainly made more investment in africa in terms of the resources they had the placement they've created and as a result african operators were invested heavily in that chinese equipment now we seeing pressure from the u.s. not to use some of these equipments and in 500 networks they've been applying that
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pressure to other nations in europe. can use economy desperately needs and says to stabilize speed internet but it changing that goal has so far been from the cost of goods. and from all this let's go now to wally good luck he's the head of sub-saharan africa for g.s. in a which represents network carriers well it's good to have you with us we just saw a report there on 5 g. potentially coming to kenya what are the opportunities for 5 g. in africa what is the outlook. thank you very much thank you for having me i think by that she came yeah i mean even the rest of us. you know the table but more than a minute and i have people with life he comes in and he still phones before she pipes driving for cheap and it's a shot across sub-saharan africa and then you came to developing the right business
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casey's to use if i did she said this when 5 could become small base in sub-saharan africa what is the investment climate like right now in sub-saharan africa when it comes to building out infrastructure you talk about developing 4 g. are we seeing more money going into this yes we are we continue to see strong investment in the region. the strong demand. and the opportunities i let me lead sub-saharan africa has major population of young people what did you talk me to was only experience with the inside of. you price so you know this little what you need to go in as we can get some of the better ask right like the right content is really and we can get the price of the price. at the price on goes down we can get more on the casey we would need the significant this will
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provide the necessary to use all those who continue to invest there right now we're seeing a lot of build out of 5 g. networks here in europe as well there's a great big discussion about vendors a lot of that gear including huawei and whether huawei should be used is the same debate occurring in sub-saharan africa and africa rather are african nations being asked to avoid certain vendors like huawei by the u.s. . well i do a lot of. i don't know. about the soft light breeze. and. the pain all chinese made. both on the radio and on the. web so we've definitely owns the doesn't. mean all the amount of e.c.m. because he. came to show and it was a significant relief to
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a bigger team reached the right equipment it would not be easy for our emitters speech all right while a good luck with the g s m a coming to us from lagos nigeria there thank you very much. right now to some of the other business stories making headlines around the world south korea's samsung has won a $6700000000.00 contract to provide 5 g. technology to verizon communications in the u.s. samsung's competitor huawei is grappling with sanctions and washington's efforts to get allies around the world to shut out the chinese company. u.k. home prices hit record highs in august the rising at the fastest pace in 16 years as post lockdown britain's seek new homes prices increased by more than 5 percent helped by a freeze on taxes for new homes. and germany wants to enter the space race according
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to media reports the government is planning to build a space port the news comes on the same day that munich company east or aerospace begins production of what could become the 1st privately built german rocket to be fired into orbit. all right over now to an industry that's profiting during this very difficult coronavirus time caravans or r.v. holidays it's a great get away if you're keen on self isolating and escaping the crowds of all inclusive tourist resorts and hotels sales in germany right now are shooting through the roof. it's like lego only bigger. craftsmen are assembling a comp or the company oil immobile in southwestern germany is building dumbest fast as they can. which means they build up to 10 a day. and yes we've noticed in all our markets that oil immobile as well as the brown common mode on the new brown foster
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for young people are selling like hotcakes 30 to 40 percent growth that's what's intellects. 400 employees build a compass in their own carpentry department employees work in 3 shifts building the furniture for the vehicle but demand is so high that customers have to wait a long time before delivery. but growth in the camper sector is not equally distributed the standard mobile homes are doing well but the real winners are these vans that can be renovated they account for almost half of all new registrations in germany. due to the coronavirus crisis sale of these 4 wheeled homes are booming not just in germany it's true in britain as well. as we could drive to the forest or we could drive to the beach we wouldn't be near anybody until we could keep to ourselves but still be in our own little look down in the van. many british
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camper owners even use it as their home office demand for campers with the necessary accessories is on the rise. or ever will be illin germany has just built a 3000 square meter exhibition hall the company sure the growth will continue and it's not just a trend caused by the coronavirus of the from the i might if you decide to spend 425-0000 euros on a recreational vehicle it's going to be around for a while. i think that. it's a feeling of freedom an individual while still maintaining social distance there are plenty of reasons to go camping now potential customers have to visit the exhibit despite the coronavirus crisis. and that's it for me and the business team here in berlin as always you can find out more about these and other stories online a d w dot com slash business on facebook and twitter as well as you can beardsley. as always it's good to have you with us.
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information on the crown of virus or any other science topic you should really check out our podcast you can get it wherever you get your podcast you can also find us at dot com. science. this is d w news issue coming up today protests for democracy on the day it was denied. on congress to vote on the elections despite a government order of the form them to next year although coronavirus pharaoh's police make arrests as protesters state farm on their demand.


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