Experiments in the Revival of Organisms
- Publication date
- Public Domain
- Digitizing sponsor
- Soviet Film Agency
[Educational Screen] "The film records the successful experiments in the resuscitation of life to dead animals, as conducted by Dr. S.S. Bryukhonenko at the Institute of Experimental Physiology and Therapy, Voronezh, U.S.S.R. According to the New York Times, the experiments are hailed by American biologists as promising a new epoch in medical science, 'bringing closer the day when operations now incompatible with life will be possible'."
Ken Smith sez: It's a fake! This film is a fake! It's ostensibily about a machine (it looks like a piston assembly out of a Model T) that miraculously brings dogs back to life that have been killed (or decapitated) -- but what it REALLY is is some sort of weird British/American WWII propaganda sop designed to make the Russians look intelligent(?). The dead dogs aren't really dead (at least, not those that are revived in this film) and the dismembered "live" dog's head isn't really dismembered (you can see it sticking through a cardboard backdrop). "After the experiment the dogs live for years, put on weight, and have families." Very weird.
blood (running out of a tube into a glass) dogs (drinking water) stopwatch
Safety Danger Lurks
- Closed captioning
- Soviet Union
- Run time
Subject: EXPERIMENTS IN THE REVIVAL OF ORGANISMS
Subject: Everything was scientifically explained in 1929
The original document was scanned, translated and published here:
Subject: is the dog's head conscious?
Subject: Just one question for the doubters
Subject: An Important Historical Document
Subject: Brykhonenko got a patent for autojector in 1925
"Bryukhonenko applied for a patent on his “Device for Artificial Circulation” in Russia on November 29, 1928. On December 15, 1934, the patent was issued (USSR patent No. 35976). In 1929, the device was patented both in Germany (No. 139825) and in England (No. 30708/28); and in 1930, in France (No. 662878)."
If Ken Smith knew history he wouldn't have suggested that "it was "British/American WWII propaganda sop" because he would have known that the USSR entered WWII in June 1941.
Subject: reality people
Subject: This is fake!
Subject: Animal Research
Subject: When semantics are important:
Really? You condone, are in favor of and are willing to facilitate the abuse of animals? Really??
Or, more likely, you are an animal abuse activist.
Sometimes, it's just one word that can really screw things up for people.
Subject: Are you serious?
Bonsho: "I never knew such a thing was possible. Respect."
You're telling me that you had no idea blood transfusions were possible? This is the basis for all modern dialysis and transfusions, developed in Russia before 1940. This is an important piece of medical and World history.
Subject: Awesome Work
Subject: I download by...
That is how I do it anyway.
Subject: Please help
Subject: I hate your new video player!
Subject: this film changed my life
Subject: Really? Disturbing? Man up, people!
It's more disturbing that in America and Europe dogs live better lives and have more rights than humans!
I almost chocked when I saw a video of yoga for dogs growing popular! This world has gone bonkers!
Subject: Brain Death
Subject: Soviet technology not so inferior
Subject: Cyboric future
Subject: Dubious Title & Autojector Limitations
The autojecter seemed to have a limitation not mentioned since people usually forget that the lungs perform gas exchange. The metabolic activities, such as respiration, have products that need to be expelled such as CO2.
Didn't seem like a so-called mad scientist or propaganda film but more like a medical advancement report, although the idea of fakery is intriguing and very possible even by ScAmerica the not so innocent it seems.
Subject: I'm not sure about this....
Subject: this film documents EVIL
Subject: There was no Soviet/USA friendship
Subject: Real Science
Subject: totally gross and cool-- plus a tickish decapitated dog heads
To update a below review: our Lord Wikipedia supports the authenticity of this movie.
Part of me feels terrible for the isolated head - poor thing. However, I think that this is/was an astounding achievement. The dogs shown after their 'resurrection' seem to be well, if the video is all truth, but to judge the accuracy of the report here I'd really need more information... Information is often exaggerated, and that certainly was -the- era for propaganda...
Anyhow, A+++. So cool.
Subject: dramatized is not faked
and also YouTube to see current developements in
If you're sure this is fake just refuse the poison
gas and cooldown method when you have your heart
If you're not doing the experiments, it isn't science.
Subject: A real possibility
Some of the reviewers suggest that revival of the dogs was impossible because the brain cannot live for more than 4-6 minutes without circulation and oxygen. We now know that this is not true. The brain does become very acidotic without oxygen. If circulation and oxygenation is suddenly resumed after 6 minutes of anoxia, the brain will die as a result of 'reperfusion injury'. However, if the brain is rapidly cooled during or before reperfusion begins, the reperfusion injury can be controlled and the brain brought back to life without damage.
My best educated guess is that the anoxic brain does not actually die for about 30 minutes. This is time enough for doctors and perfusionists to get the patient on pump, cool them off and correct the acidosis before the brain dies.
Subject: "Experiments in the Revival of Organisms" used in award-winning science film!
Please check it out on http://thegoodheartattack.blogspot.com
THE GOOD HEART ATTACK - The resurrection of dead dogs in Russia in the 1930s. An unstoppable heart in the US half a century later. And now in London a hand-made heart attack. How a strange, paradoxical discovery is helping to save lives...
Won the BEST VIDEO AWARD at the Vedere La Scienza Festival 2009, became SHOOTING PEOPLE's FILM OF THE MONTH October 2009 and won the series award at Australian film festival Scinema as part of the Science on Film series.
Renowned video artist and filmmaker Andrew Koetting wrote about THE GOOD HEART ATTACK: "A well constructed and informative short film which weaves archive into the edit in a seamless and interesting way."
See for yourself at http://thegoodheartattack.blogspot.com
Subject: Try this perspective
Subject: I did a video review of this
Subject: truth & fiction
What was done in this film was to blend fact and fiction very cleverly.
In our current world we forget that the vast majority of people pre- WWII were technologically naive, and it would have fooled many in the target audience.
The problem that all propogandists face is that "You can fool some of the people all of the time, or all of the people some of the time...."
I am looking for any pointers on where these experiments are conducted. Or if they are full-flegedly carried out in some hospital. Anyone with any inkling, please mail me at firstname.lastname@example.org
This is a desperate attempt to save a loved one.
Subject: An Article About This Film!
Some of the reviewers here are quoted, too. :D
Subject: odd film, of course
Life Returns--which involved a boy's dog being revived.
To contradict another reviewer's notions on basic biology, the heart is relatively autonomous. The origin of the heart beat is inherent to cardiac muscle. The autonomic nervous system (i.e. sympathetic nervous system from the thoracolumbar spinal cord and the parasympathetic system from the cranial and sacral regions) influences the heart rate, rhythm and contractility, but does not initiate the heart beat.
As for movements of the head, there was still part of the neck attached accounting for that movement. The head did not "lift off the table", but jerked to a certain extent. Nothing earth shattering here, just basic physiology.
The revival of the hypovolemic dogs was also credible, especially since they required over a week of recovery time.
Subject: More about this film:
I have just made a vast overhall of the wikipedia page for this film. I've tried to remove bias, and have presented both sides of the argument over this film's veracity. At the same time, however, I think many of you will be interested in some of the information about Bryukhonenko's work I have unearthed - much of which was obtained through Russian sources and medical papers.
I do ask that anyone who wants to modify the page please take the time I have to research the experiment, before making rash edits.
As for my review, I've not only enjoyed this film, but have used it in several of my own works. It was edited into a film of mine, SCHIAVO, which screened at Indie Memphis Film Festival, and plays a big part in a short story I wrote.
Subject: One Way to Get Ahead
Ratings: Camp/Humor Value: ****. Weirdness: *****. Historical Interest: *****. Overall Rating: ****.
Subject: geeez... pure non-sense!
1. A heart requires a 'pacemaker', in the form of nerves from the brain. It will not last for any length of time severed from this link. The heart also will not restart spontaneously just because oxygenated blood is flowing. Cardiac muscle scars very easily when oxygen is limited, thus the high incidence of heart attacks in humans.
2. Irreversible brain death takes mere minutes to occur at room temperature. Even accounting for the relative simplicity of a canine brain, it is not likely that revival would be possible after ten minutes of clinical death without severe negative effects to the animal's central nervous system
3. The heart-lung machine described would not operate at anywhere near the capacity required for a large organism, such as the example dog. The 'lung' was far too small and could not have sustained a useful oxygenation rate. The two pumps replacing the heart were also inadequate for the task. A modern heart-lung machine is much larger for these reasons.
It is not likely that this film represents serious scientific research, rather Soviet propaganda. Perhaps the Soviets did research in this area but technology (and understanding) was not adequate for the research to be successful.
All these points aside, however, the film does do a reasonable job at describing how a basic heart-lung machine would function."
The second point is the most obvious and undisputable; just to remind you - human brain dies within 4 minutes if it's not supplied with blood. the changes that take place are irreversible due to the simple fact that nerve cells are very highly dependant on GLUCOSE supply (not just oxygen!) and without it they almost instantly die. btw, that's why it is extremely important to perform the ABC first aid asap, when you see a victim of an accident. the sooner, the better. and coming back to the movie - apart from obvious faking when it comes to the shots of the head, in the end our great narrator boasts about dogs who were revived after 8, 9 and 15 (!) minutes. science, or rather medical fiction.
of course the quality of this film has nothing to do with its realism - the atmosphere is incredible. all those freakish russian doctors etc, creepy machinery and spooky diagrams with russian fonts... definitely worth watching.
Subject: not a fake
no matter what that idiot below here says, experiments like this are a first step to true actual scientific immortality
Subject: Pornography for Science Nerds
You know the type. They excuse their physical impotence by inflating their egotistical nature and in so doing lead a charge under a self-righteous spear which--c'mon people, let's be real--is little more than a phallic proxy for some Freudian shortcoming (ahem) of theirs.
This film was produced by them, was propagated by them and was lauded by them alone. I advise you all to watch this film so that you will have an idea of what our society's "great minds" do in their spare time when they can't find any good porno.
Subject: Robo's oversight
Subject: End of the movie
The ability to do that would require a lot more than just pumping blood into the head. You'd have to reattach the nerve endings in the spinal column for the head to have any control of its body. I don't think we have the technology to do that even today. Isn't that the main reason we can't heal people who have spinal column injuries?
I was skeptical of a severed head being kept alive, but reattaching it to the body was complete science fiction in the 1940's.
Subject: You guys shouldn't be so gullible
Haldane was certainly not a stupid man, but I think in this case he may have been one of Lenin's (via Stalin) "useful idiots".
All that said, the film is well made and interesting. There are very few examples of Soviet film footage here, which is a shame. Surely there must be alot more out there.
Subject: Interesting, but here's something better:
It briefly details how scientists have managed to "kill" dogs in much the same manner as this video, then reanimate them in more or less the same state as when they "died" three hours ago. Fairly amazing stuff.
In all likelyhood the dog's heart was stopped THEN they removed the head surgically while tying off blood vessels and connecting the veins and arteries to the machine, in effect there would be very little blood loss then.
The dog's tongue movement was very strained but not fake, the muscles are in the head for the tongue. Even so he was clearly under duress trying to swallow when his throat was severed.
Frankly I don't see any big miracle in the technique to make it doubtfull, the machine was little more than a pump- pump the blood in and out, and in the 1940's we had a century's worth of inventions of various complex machines under the belt to enable construction of this fairly simple machine compared to one that knits broadloom carpets for example.
WHile the other dogs revived and were apparantly normal after being "dead" for 10 minutes, I suspect there was damage to blood cells by the machine as well as some subtle damage to the brain that wouldn't be easy to detect by someone other than the dog's owner who was intimately familar with the dog and his behaviour to catch any subtle changes.
The nurse at the end seemed to be a dog lover which was nice at least.
I can say that this film absolutly true.
Subject: what the hell??
Subject: Wow i am amazed...
Subject: Not Necessarily Untrue
Subject: Pink Stainless Tail use and endorse Soviet propaganda
Subject: Here is what I have found
when I saw this thing I had to poke around.
Here is what I have found.
1. The guy S.S. Bryukhonenko existed.
2. He *did* work in the field of Life Extension in Russia in the mid part of the 20th century.
that is the most credible reference I have found.
Here is one that is a bit more suspect, but only due to the source.
If anyone finds more information please post it.
Subject: What's the deal???
Anyway, at the very least it's a very good sci-fi film, and it'll send shivers down your spine. Although hardcore animal lovers definitely shouldn't watch.
Would make a nice chaser after viewing "Frankenstein".
Subject: Painful Humour
Subject: They are still at it!
This film is very similar to recent documentary adverts for the human cryogenic companies and the "strange" head swap experements by a Dr. White.
This film is a good example the modernist blind faith in science and the medical experement.
Subject: Fakey... but hey, it's Haldane!
Subject: "It's dead jim!" or "It's time to put on makeup, it's time to dress up right!"
Subject: Refrigerators keep food fresh
Consider also the fact that various organs are now transplanted from one human to another after having been dead for much longer periods of time. These transplanted organs resume their normal function very quickly after their revival in their new living environment.
The longer a person is dead, the more their body will decay, and the more difficult it will be for them to make a full recovery. The most delicate of all our body parts is the brain, so the loss of mental facilities is the greatest danger. The greatest success in resuscitation after longer periods of time have been achieved in children who have drowned in very cold water. The younger the patient the better their potential for recovery, and colder temperatures preserve the body the same way refrigerators keep food fresh.
The artificial hearts depicted in the film look almost exactly like the ones first used in the United States. In fact the ones first used on human patients looked and worked very similarly. Of course with each new generation of the artificial heart technology, the devices are increasingly smaller. There are also a variety of machines that have been used as artificial lungs and breathing devices.
Today it is common knowledge that the dead can be brought back to life by simple means. As living proof, there are many living people walking amongst us that were once dead. They live normal lives, grow and have families readily understand, they either quickly dispel as fake or they explain away in mystical terms. This should help explain the original review below.
Subject: Oh, those wacky Russians!
Subject: Fascinating Historical Document
I must concur, however, with another reviewer with regard to the fact that some parts of this film seem fabricated.
Subject: Bizarre and mysterious