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tv   Presidential Debate  FOX News  October 22, 2012 5:55pm-7:30pm PDT

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will have a tremendous lineup to analyze what you will see in a few moments. i am bill o'reilly. thanks again for watching us tonight. remember that the spin stops right here because we are definitely looking out for you. ♪ >> megyn: welcome to the third and final presidential debate between president obama and governor romney. i'm megyn kelly live in the spin room at lynn university in boca raton, florida. >> and i'm bret baier inside the debate hall. one thing is clear. this election cycle, debates matter. and both campaigns see this final debate as the last chance to move voters a significant way, especially in swing states. while foreign policy is the focus tonight, expect the u.s. economy to come up. the national debt as a national security issue. strength at home to project strength abroad and of course
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american exceptionism. democrats insist the president holds the advantage on this debate battlefield. but republicans are particularly anxious for governor romney to have another chance to address the administration's handling of libya and syria. megyn? >> megyn: i just want to say the debate hall seems more boisterous than it was last week thus eliminating need for golf voice but it was decent when we ran before the show before we started. let's bring in fox news senior political analyst brit hume and chris wallace join us from washington. brit, your thoughts. >> brit: well, my first thought would be if i were an obama spawrstder or perhaps if i were the president himself, what i would like to be able to do tonight would be to portray mitt romney as a man so committed to military force that he would be the kind of president who would be likely to get us into war while i, the president, have been the kind of president who is getting us out of them. getting us out of iraq on the process of getting us out of afghanistan, avoiding military conflicts elsewhere, trying to solve things through cooperation with other
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countries and putting pressure on countries like iran to do the right thing. mr. romney, it seems to me, has a somewhat different challenge. people seem to be taking a hard look at him now as their possible next president. and while this election may not be decided on national security and foreign policy issues, it none the less is a test for him as to weather he has sufficient command of them to be a plausible commander and chief. so, both men, it seems to me, have opportunities and challenges. the president obviously needs to score the bigger win it seems to me given the momentum in the race. >> bret: chris wallace, you talked to both campaigns today. your thoughts? >> chris: well, it's interesting because when i talked to both campaigns before, before each debate, bret, they have described almost exactly the same strategy, interestingly enough, they described very different game plans for today's debate. the romney camp says their goal is for romney, the governor, to come off tonight as sober, serious, solid as a potential as a plausible
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commander and chief as bret mentioned. when it comes to libya, they say he is not going to relitigate the details of what the president said or didn't say in the rose garden a month ago. instead, they are going to talk about it as an example of bigger failures than the president's policy. as for the president, his camp says that he wants to draw sharp contrast with romney tonight. when it comes to afghanistan, when it comes to russia, and that he wants to portray romney's foreign trip this summer as a kind of national lampoon european vacation as a bunch of blunders to show he is not up to being commander and chief. it seems almost counter indo youive. look for the president to be more aggressive tonight. romney perhaps a little less so. >> megyn: brit, how much of an advantage, if at all, is it to the president to actually being the commander and chief and having the access that he does? >> brit: the first thing that it does is he doesn't have to pass the commander and chief test, is he the commander and chief and he has proven for better or for worse that he can deal with those issues. that's a challenge for governor romney.
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the challenge for the president, of course, it seems to me is to use the debate to portray romney as unfit. that's not that easy to do. >> megyn: all right, guys. we will be back to you in a bit. after the debate, we will have complete analysis, plus we have been partnering with the online site for realtime viewer feedback key moments. when the debate is over we are going to highlight the moments that got the tweeting and their hottest topics. the first presidential debate of 2012 was the most tweeted political event in history, raking in more than 10 million tweets. during just 90 minutes. for some context, there were 150 million total tweets during the entire 17 days of the olympic games this past summer. also during the debate tonight, you will see this counter from time to time at the bottom corner of your screen. it will show the number of tweets being sent per minute about this debate. the higher the number, the bigger the moment and the more likely you will will be hearing more about that moment tomorrow. you can also follow me and bret on twitter at megyn kelly
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and at bret baier and we will be sending out some behind the scenes shots after the show. >> bret: always good behind the scenes. stand by we will restart at the top of the hour as this debate gets ready to start. ♪ >> brit: we are live at lynn university in boca raton, florida, the debate between president obama and governor romney is set to start in just seconds. i'm bret baier live insides the debate hall. >> megyn: i'm megyn kelly inside the spin room where the campaigns come after the debate to try to convince you that their side won. this is it, bret, we have been all over the country the past month following these debates and this is the last chance these candidates have to move the needle in at least in the debate forum. >> bret: it's interesting that on foreign policy the democrats believe that president obama has an advantage. today both campaigns were aggressive. they both put out web videos.
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the obama campaign put out one with former secretary of state madeleine albright saying governor romney is not up to the task, is a cold war mentality. the romney campaign put one out with the video of president obama talking to russian prime minister dmitry medvedev in which he said i will have more flexibility after the election. it was all a set-up to this foreign policy debate and, yet, we could hear a lot about the u.s. economy in this debate as well. it is going to be interesting to see the 90 minutes, the final time that these candidates will reach an unfiltered audience and millions of them. >> megyn: the pressure not just on those two candidates but also on the moderator bob schieffer after the criticism in the last debate for the moderator to stay out of it. we will see how it goes tonight. bob: good evening from the campus of lynn university here in boca raton, florida. this is the fowrstd and last debate of the 2012 campaign brought to you by the commission on presidential debates. this one is on foreign policy.
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i'm bob schieffer of cbs news. the questions are mine. and i have not shared them with the candidates or their aides. the audience has taken a vow of silence. no applause, no reaction of any kind, except right now when we welcome president barack obama and governor mitt romney. [cheers and applause] >> gentlemen, your campaigns have agreed to certain rules and they are simple. they have asked me to divide the evening into segments. i will will pose a question at the beginning of each segment,
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you will each have two minutes to respond and then we will have a general discussion until we move to the next segment. tonight's debate as both of you know comes on the 50th anniversary of the night that president kennedy told the world that the soviet union had installed nuclear missiles in cuba. perhaps the closest we have ever come to nuclear war. and it is a sobering reminder that every president faces at some point an unexpected threat to our national security from abroad. so, let's begin. the first segment is the challenge of a changing middle east and the new face of terrorism. i'm gonna put this into two segments so you will have two topic questions within this one segment on the subject. the first question and it concerns libya. the controversy over what happened there continues four americans are dead, including
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an american ambassador. questions remain what happened, what caused it? was it spontaneous? was it an intelligence failure? was it a policy failure? was there an attempt to mislead people about what really happened? governor romney, you said this was an example of an american policy in the middle east that is unraveling before our very eyes. i would like to hear each of you give your thoughts on that. governor romney, you won the toss. you go first. >> thank you, bob. and thank you for agreeing to moderate this debate this evening. thank you to lynn university for welcoming us here and mr. president, it's good to be with you again. we were together at a humorous event a little earlier and it's nice to maybe be funny this time not on purpose. we will see what happens. this is obviously an area of great concern to the entire world. and to america in particular, which is to see a complete change in the structure and
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the environment in the middle east with the arab spring came a great deal of hope that there would be a change towards more moderation, an opportunity for greater participation on the part of women and public life and in economic life in the middle east, but, instead, we have seen in nation after nation a number of disturbing events. of course, we see in syria 30,000 civilians having been killed by the military there, we see in libya an attack apparently by, i think we know now, by terrorists of some kind against our people there, four people dead, our hearts and minds go to them. maly has been taken over by al qaeda type individuals. we have in egypt a muslim brotherhood president, so what we are seeing is is a pretty dramatic reversal in the kinds of hopes we had for that region. of course, the greatest threat of all is iran, four years closer to a nuclear weapon. and we're going to have to recognize that we have to do as the president has done.
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i congratulate him on taking out usama bin laden and going after the leadership of al qaeda, but we can't kill our way out of this mess. we're going to have to put in place a very comprehensive and robust strategy to help the world of islam and other parts of the world reject this radical violent extremism which is certainly not on the run. it's certainly not hiding. this is a group that is now involved in ten or 12 countries. and it presents an enormous threat to our friends, to the world, to america, long term. and we must have a comprehensive strategy to help reject this kind of extremism. >> mr. president? >> well, my first job as commander and chief, bob, is to keep the american people safe. and that's what we have done over the last four years. we ended the war in iraq, refocused our attention on those who actually killed us on 9/11. and as a consequence, al al qaeda's core leadership has been disseminated.
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in addition, we are now able to transition out of afghanistan in a responsible way, making sure that afghans take responsibility for their own security. and that allows us also to rebuild alliances and make friends around the world to combat future threats. now, with respect to libya, as i indicated in the last debate, when we received that phone call, i immediately made sure that, number one, that we did everything we could to secure those americans who were still in harm's way. number two, that we would investigate exactly what happened and, number three, most importantly, that we would go after those who killed americans and we would bring them to justice. and that's exactly what we're going to do. i think it's important to step back and think about what happened in libya. keep in mind that i and americans took leadership in organizing an international coalition that made sure that we were able to, without
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putting troops on the ground at the cost of less than what we spent in two weeks in iraq liberate a country that had been under the yoke of dictatorship in 40 years. got rid of a despot who had killed americans. as a consequence, despite this tragedy, you had tens of thousands of libyans after the events in benghazi marching and saying america is our friend. we stand with them. now, that represents the opportunity we have to take advantage of. and, you know, governor romney, i'm glad that you agree that we have been successful in going after al qaeda, but i have to tell you that, you know, your strategy previously has been one that has been all over the map and is not designed to keep americans safe or to build on the opportunities that exist in the middle east. >> well, my strategy is pretty straightforward which is to go after the bad guys, to make sure we do our very best to interrupt them to kill them, to take them out of the
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picture, but my strategy is broader than that. that's important, of course. but the key that we're going to have to pursue is a pathway to get the muslim world to be able to reject extremism on its own. we don't want another iraq. we don't want another afghanistan. that's not the right course for us. the right course for us is to make sure that we go after the people who are leaders of these various anti-american groups and these jihadists but also help the muslim world. how do we do that? the group of arab scholars came together organized by the u.n. to look at how we can help the world reject these terrorists. and the answer they came up with was this: one more economic development, we should key our foreign aid, our direct foreign investment in that of our friends. we should coordinate it to make sure we push back and give them more economic development. number two education. number three gender quality. number four the rule of law. we have to help these nations create civil societies. but what's been happening over the last couple of years is as we have watched this at the
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multi-in the middle east, this rising tide of chaos occur. you see al qaeda rushing in. you see other jihadist groups rushing in. and there through the many nations in the middle east. it's wonderful that libya seems to be making some progress despite this terrible tragedy but next door, of course, we have egypt, libya 6 million population. egypt 80 million population. we want to make sure we are seeing progress throughout the middle east with having north maly taken over by al qaeda with syria having assad continuing to kill, murder his own people this is a region in temult and iran on the path to a nuclear weapon. >> we will get to that but let's give the president a chance. >> governor romney, i am glad that you recognize al qaeda is a threat. because a few months ago when you were asked what's the biggest geopolitical threating america you said russia. not al qaeda you said russia. and the 1980s are now calling to ask for their foreign policy back because the cold
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war has been over for 20 years. but, governor, you know, when it comes to our foreign policy, you seem to want to import the foreign policies of the 1980s, just like the social policies of the 1950s and the economic policies of the 1920s. you say that you are not interested in duplicating what happened in iraq but just a few weeks ago you said you think we should have more troops in iraq right now. and the challenge we have -- i know you haven't been in a position to actually execute foreign policy, but every time you have offered an opinion, have you been wrong. you said we should have gone into iraq despite the fact that there were no weapons of mass destruction. you said that we should still have troops in iraq to this day. you indicated that we shouldn't be passing nuclear treaties with russia, despite the fact that 71 senators, democrats and republics voted for it you said that first we
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should not have a time line in afghanistan, then you said we should. now you say maybe or it depends. which means not only were you wrong but you are also confusing and sending mixed messages both to our troops and our allies. so, what we need to do with respect to the middle east is strong steady leadership, not wrong and reckless leadership that is all over the map. and, unfortunately, that's the kind of opinions that you have offered through the this campaign. and it is not a recipe for american strength or keeping america safe. >> i'm going to add a couple of minutes here to give you a chance to respond. >> well, of course, i don't concur with what the president said about my own record and the things that i have said. they don't happen to be accurate. but i can say this: that we're talking about the middle east, and how to help the middle east reject the kind of terrorism we are seeing and the rising tied of temult and confusion. and attacking me is not an agenda. attacking me is not talking
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about how we are going it deal with the challenges that exist in the middle east and take advantage of the opportunity there and stem the tide of this violence but i will respond to a couple of things that you mentioned first of all, russia i indicate sad geopolitical foe. >> -- >> excuse me. geopolitical feo. -- foe. iran is the greatest national security threat. russia has battled us in the u.n. i'm not going to wear rose colored glasses when it comes to russia or mr. putin. i will not say to him i will give you more flexibility after the election. after the election he will get more backbone. number two, with regards to iraq, you and i agreed, i believe, that there should have been a status of forces agreement. >> that's not true. >> you didn't want a status of forces agreement? >> what i would not have done is left 10,000 troops in iraq that would tie us down. that certainly would not help us in the middle east. >> i'm sorry, you actually, there was an effort on the part of the president to have a status of forces agreement and i concurred in that and
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said that we should have some number of troops that stayed on. that was something that i concurred with. that was your posture, that was my posture as well. you thought it should be 5,000 troops. i thought it should have been more troops. the answer was we got no troops through whatsoever. >> just a few weeks ago you indicated that we should still have troops in iraq. >> i'm sorry, i indicated that you failed to put in place a status of forces agreement at the end of the conflict that existed. >> governor, here is one thing i have learned as commander and chief. you have got to be clear both to our allies and our enemies about where you stand and what you mean. now, you just gave a speech a few weeks ago in which you said we should still have troops in iraq. that is not a recipe for making sure that we are taking advantage of the opportunities and meeting the challenge of the middle east. now, it is absolutely true that we cannot just meet these challenges militarily. and so what i have done through
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throughout my presidency and will continue to do is make sure our countries are supporting counter terrorism efforts. number two, make sure that they are standing by our interest in israel's security because it is a true friend, and our greatest ally in the region. number three: we do have to make sure that we are protecting religious minorities and women because these countries can't develop unless all the population, not just half of it, is developing. number four, we do have to develop their economic -- their economic capabilities. but number five, the other thing that we have to do is recognize that we can't continue to do nation building in these regions. part of american leadership is making sure that we are doing nation building here at home. that will help us maintain the kind of american leadership that we need. >> let me interject the second topic question in this segment about the middle east and so on. and that as you both mentioned, alluded to this and that is syria. a war in syria has now spilled
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over into lebanon. we have, what, more than 100 people that were killed there in a bomb. there were demonstrations there. 8 people dead. mr. president, it's been more than a year since you told assad he had to go. since then 30,000 syrians have died. we have had 300,000 refugees, the war goes on. he is still there. should we reassess our policy and see if we can find a better way to influence events there or is that even possible? and you go first, sir. >> what we have done is organize the international community saying assad has to go. we have mobilized sanctions against that government. we have made sure that they are isolated. we have provided humanitarian assistance and we are helping the opposition organize and we're particularly interested in making sure that we are mobilizing the moderate forces inside of syria. but ultimately, syrians are going to have to determine their own future.
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and so everything we're doing, we're doing in consultation with our partners in the region, including israel, which obviously has a huge interest in seeing what happens in syria, coordinating with turkey and other countries in the region that have a great interest in this. now, what we're seeing taking place in syria is heart-breaking. and that's why he are going to do everything we can to make sure that we are helping the opposition. but, we also have to recognize that, you know, for us to get more entangled militarily in syria is a serious step. we have to do so, making absolutely certain that we know who we are helping, 're noe hands of folks who eventually could turn them against us or our allies in the region. and i am confident that assad's days are numbers. but what we can't do is to simply suggest that as governor romney at times has suggested that giving heavy weapons, for example, to the syrian opposition is a simple proposition that would lead us
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to be safer over the long term. >> governor? >> well, let's step back and talk about what's happening in syria and how important it is, first of all, 30,000 people being killed by their government is a humanitarian disaster. secondly, syria is an opportunity for us, because syria plays an important role in the middle east, particularly right now. syria is iran's only ally in the arab world. it's their route to the sea. it's the route for them to arm hezbollah in lebanon which threatens, of course, our ally, israel. so seeing syria remove assad is a very high priority to us. number two seeing a replacement government syrian people is critical for us. finally we don't want to have military involvement there. we don't want to get drawn into a military conflict. the right course for us is working through our partners and with our own resources to identify responsible parties within syria, organize them, bring them together in a form of, if not government, a form of council that can take the
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lead in syria and then make sure they have the arms necessary to defend themselves. we do need to make sure that they don't have arms that get into the wrong hands. those arms could be used to hurt us down the road. we need to make sure as well that we coordinate this effort with our allies, and particularly with israel. but the saudis and the qatary and the turks are all very concerned about. this they are willing to work us with. we need to have a very effective leadership effort in syria, making sure that the insurgents there are armed and insurgents that become armed are people who will be the responsible parties. recognize, i believe that assad must go. i believe he will go. but i believe we want to make sure that we have the relationships, friendship with the people who take his place such that in the years to come we see syria as a friend and syria as a responsible party in the middle east. this is is a critical opportunity for america. and what i'm afraid is that as we have watched over the past year or so, first the
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president saying well we will let the u.n. deal with it, and assad -- excuse me, kofi annan came in and said we have a seas fire that didn't work. look to the russians and see if you can do something. we should be playing the leadership role there. not on the ground with military. >> all right. >> play a leadership role. >> we are playing leadership role. we organize the friends of syria. we are mobilizing humanitarian support and support for the opposition. and we are making sure that those we help are those who will be friends of ours in the long term and friends of our allies in the region over the long term. but, you know, going back to libya because this is an example of how we make choices. you know, when we went into libya, and we were able to immediately stop the massacre there, because of the unique circumstances and the coalition that we had helped to organize, we also had to make sure that muammar qaddafi didn't stay there. and to the governor's credit you supported us going into libyaened at coalition that we
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organized. but when it came time to making sure that qaddafi did not stay in power, that he was captured, governor, your suggestion was that this was mission creep. that this was mission model. imagine if we had pulled out at that point. now, muammar qaddafi had more american blood on his hands than any individual other than usama bin laden. and so we were going it make sure that we finished the job. that's part of the reason why the libyans stand with us. but we did so in a careful, thoughtful way, making certain that we knew who we were dealing with, that those forces of moderation on the ground were ones that we could work with. and we have to take the same kind of steady, thoughtful leadership when it comes to syria. that's exactly what we're doing. >> governor, can i just ask you: would you go beyond what the administration would do. for example, would you put in flow fly -- no fly zones over
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syria. >> i don't want to have our military involved in syria. i don't think there is necessity to put our military in syria at this stage. i don't anticipate that in the future. as i indicated our objectives are to replace assad and to have in place a new government which is friendly to us, a responsible government, if possible, and i want to make sure they get armed and they have the arms necessary to defend themselves but also to remove assad. but i do not want to see a military involvement on the part of our troops. and this isn't going to be necessary. we have with our partners in the region, we have sufficient resources to support those groups. but, look, this has been going on for a year. there is a time -- this should have been a time for american leadership. we should have taken a lead role, not militarily, a leading role, organizationally, governmentally, to bring together the parties there, to find responsible parties. as you hear from intelligence sources even today, the insurgents are highly desperate. they haven't come together, they haven't formed a unity
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group, a council of some kind. that needs to help. america can help that happen. we need to make sure they have the arms they need to carry out the very important role which getting rid of assad. >> can we get a quick response, mr. president? >> i will be very quick. what you just heard governor romney say -- he doesn't have different ideas. that's because we are doing exactly what we should be doing to try to promote a moderate, syrian leadership and an effective transition so that we get assad out. that's the kind of leadership we have shown. that's the kind of leadership we will continue to show. >> may i ask you, you know, during the egyptian turmoil, there came a point when you said it was time for president mubarak to go. some in your administration thought perhaps we should have waited a while on that. do you have any regrets about that? >> no, i don't. because i think that america has to stand with democracy. the notion that we would have
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tanks run over those young people who were in tahrir square, that is not the kind of american leadership that john f. kennedy talked about 50 years ago. but what i have also said is that now that you have a democratically elected government in egypt, that they have to make sure that they take responsibility for protecting religious minorities. and we have put significant pressure on them to make sure they are doing that. to recognize the rights of women, which is critical throughout the region. these countries can't develop if young women are not given the kind of education that they need. they have to abide by their treaty with israel. that is a red line with us. not only is israel's security at stake but our security is at stake if that unravels. we have make sure they are cooperating with us when it comes to counter terrorism. we will help them with respect to developing their own economy because, ultimately, what's going to make the egyptian revolution successful for the people of egypt but
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also for the world is if those young people who gathered there are seeing opportunities. their aspirations are similar to young people here. they want jobs. they want to be able to make sure their kids are going to a good school. they want to make sure that they have a roof over their heads and that they have the prospects of a better life in the future. and so one of the things that we have been doing is, for example, organizing entrepreneurship conferences with these egyptians to give them a sense of how they can start rebuilding their economy in a way that's non-corrupt, that's transparent. but what is also important for us to understand is that for america to be successful in this region, there are some things that we are going to have to do here at home as well. you know, one of the challenges over the last decade is we have done experiments and nation building in places like iraq and afghanistan. and we have neglected, for example, developing our own economy, our own energy sectors, our own education system and it's very harvard
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for us to project leadership around the world when we're not doing what we need to do. >> governor romney, i want to hear your response to that, but i would just ask you, would you have stuck with mubarak? >> no, i believe as the president indicated and said at the time that i supported his action there. i felt that -- i wish we would have had a better vision of the future. i wish that looking back at the beginning of the president's term and even further back than that that we would have recognized that there was a growing energy and passion for freedom in that part of the world and we would have worked more aggressively with our friend and with other friends in the region to have them make the transition towards a more representative form of government such that it didn't explode in the way it did. but once it exploded, i felt the same as the president did, which is these freedom voices in the streets of egypt for the people who were speaking of our principles and president mubarak had done things which were unimaginable and the idea of him crushing his people was not something
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of peace is falling to america. we didn't ask for it, but it's an honor that we have it for us to be able to promote those principles of peace requires us to be strong. and that begins with a strong economy here at home. unfortunately the economy is not stronger. when the president of iraq, excuse me of iran, ahmadinejad said that our debt makes us not a great country, that's a frightening thing. former chief of the -- joint chief of staff admirable mullen said our debt is the biggest national security threat we face. we have weakened our economy. we need a strong economy. we need to have as well a strong military. our military is second to none in the world. we're blessed with terrific
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soldiers and extraordinary technology and intelligence. but the idea of a trillion dollars in cuts through sequestration and budget cuts to the military would change that we need to have strong allies. our association and connection with our allies is essential to america's strength. we're the great nation that has allies. 42 allies and friends around the world. and finally we have to stand by our principles. and if we're strong in each of those things, american influence will grow. but, unfortunately, in nowhere in the world is america's influence greater today than it was four years ago. and that's because we have been weaker -- >> you are going to have a chance to respond to that because that's a perfect segway into our next segment and that is what is america's role in the world? and that is the question. what do each of you sees a our role in the world? and i believe governor romney, it's your turn to go first. >> well, i absolutely believe that america has a responsibility and the privilege of helping defend
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freedom and promote the principles that make the world more peaceful. and those principles include human rights, human dignity, free enterprise, freedom of expression, elections. because when there are elections, people tend to vote for peace. they don't vote for war. so we want to promote those principles around the world. we recognize that there are places of conflict in the world. we want to end those conflicts to the extent humanly possible. but in order to be able to fulfill our role in the world, america must be strong. america must lead. and for that to happen, we have to strengthen our economy here at home. you can't have 23 million people struggling to get a job. you can't have an economy that over the last three years slowing down its growth rate. you can't have kids coming out of college half of whom can't find a job today or a job commensurate with their college degree. we have to get our economy going. and our military. we have got to strengthen our
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military long term. we don't know what the world is going to throw at us down the road. we make decisions today in a military that will confront challenges we can't imagine. in the 2,000 debates there was no mention of terrorism, for instance and the year later 9/11 happened. so we have to make decisions based upon uncertainty. that means a strong military. i will not cut our military budget. we have to also stand by our allies. i think the tension that existed between israel and the united states was very unfortunate i think also pulling our missile defense program out of poland in the way we did was also unfortunate in terms of if you will, disrupting the relationship in some ways as it existed between us. and with regards to standing for our principles. when the students took to the streets to tehran and people there protested, the green revolution occurred for the president to be silent, i thought, was an enofer must -- enormous mistake. we have to strong for our
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allies our military and strong economy. mr. president. >> america remains the one indispensable nation and the world needs a strong america and it is stronger now than when i came into office. because we ended the war in iraq, we were able to refocus our attention on not only the terrorist threat but also beginning a transition process in afghanistan. it also allowed us to refocus on alliances, relationships that have been neglected for a decade. and governor romney, our alliances have never been stronger. in asia, in europe, in africa, with israel where we have unprecedented military and intelligence cooperation, including dealing with the iranian threat. but what we also have been able to do is position ourselves so we can start rebuilding america and that's what my plan does, making sure that we are bringing manufacturing back to our shores so we are creating jobs
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here as we have done with the auto industry. not rewarding companies that are shipping jobs overseas. making sure we have the best education system in the world, including retraining our workers for the jobs of tomorrow. doing everything we can to control our own energy. we have cut our oil imports to the lowest level in two decades. because we have developed oil and natural gas but we also have to develop clean energy technologies that will allow us to cut our exports in half by 2020. that's the kind of leadership that we need to show. and we have got to make sure that we reduce our deficit. unfortunately governor romney's plan doesn't do it. we have got to do it in a responsible way by cutting out spending that we don't need but also by asking the wealthiest to pay a little bit more that way we can invest in the research and technology that's always kept us at the cutting edge. now, governor romney has taken a different approach through the this campaign. both at home and abroad, he has proposed wrong and reckless policies.
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he has praised george bush as a good economic steward and dick cheney as somebody who shows great wisdom and judgment and taking us back to those kinds of strategies that got us into this mess are not the way that we are going to maintain leadership in the 21st century. >> governor romney, wrong and reckless policies? >> i have got a policy for the future. and an agenda for the future. and when it comes to our economy here at home, i know what it takes to create 12 million new jobs and rising take-home pay. what we have seen over the last four years is not something i want to see over the next four years. the president said by now we would be at 5.4% unemployment. we are 9 million jobs short of that. i will get america working again and see rising take-home pay again and i will do it with five simple steps. number one, we are going to have north american energy independence. we're going to do it by taking full advantage of oil, coal, gas, nuclear, and our renewables. number two, we're going to increase our trade. trade grows about 12% per year. it doubles about every five or
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so years. we can do better than that particularly in latin america. the opportunities for us in latin america we have just not taken advantage of fully. as a matter of fact, latin america's economy is almost as big as the economy of china. we're all focused on china. latin america is a huge opportunity for us. time zone, language opportunities. number three, we're going to have to have training programs that work for our workers and schools that finally put the parents and the teachers and the kids first and the teacher union is going to have to go behind. then we have to get to a balanced budget. we can't expect entrepreneurs and businesses large and small to take their life savings or their company's money and invest in america if they think we are headed to the road to greece. and that's where we are going right now unless we finally get off this spending and borrowing bing. and i will get us on track to a balanced budget. and finally, number five, we have got to champion small business, small business is where jobs come from. two thirds of our jobs come from small businesses.
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new business formation is down to the lowest level in 30 years under this administration. i want to bring it back and get back good jobs and rising take home pay. >> let's talk about where we need to compete. first of all governor romney talks about small businesses. governor, when you were in massachusetts, small businesses development ranked about 48th, i think out of 50 states in massachusetts because the policies that you are promoting actually don't help small businesses and the way you define small businesses include folks at the very top, they include you and me. that's not the kind of small business promotion we need. but let's take an example that we know is going to make a difference for the 21st century and that's our education policy. we didn't have a lot of chance to talk about this in the last debate. now, under my leadership, what we have done is reformed education, working with governors, 46 states, we have seen progress and gains in schools that were having a terrible time, and they're starting to finally make progress.
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and what i now want to do is to hire more teachers, especially in math and science, because we know we have fallen behind when it comes to math and science. those teachers can make a difference. now, governor romney, when you were asked by teachers whether or not this would help the economy know, you say this isn't going to help the economy grow. when you were asked about reduced class sizes you said class sizes don't make a difference. i tell you when you talk to teachers, they will tell you it does make a difference. and if we have got math teachers who are able to provide the kind of support that they need for our kids, that's what's going to determine whether or not the new businesses are created here, companies are going to locate here depending on whether we have got the most highly skilled workforce and the kinds of budget proposals that you have put forward. when we don't ask either you or me to pay a dime more in terms of reducing the deficit but, instead, we slash support for education, that's undermining our long-term competitiveness. that is not good for america's position in the world.
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and the world notices. >> let me get back to foreign policy. can i just get back -- >> -- well, i need to speak a moment. >> okay. >> bob, just about education. >> okay. >> i'm so proud of the state that i had the chance to be governor of. we have every two years tests that look at how well our kids are doing. fourth graders and eighth graders are tested in english and math. while i was governor, i was proud that our fourth graders came out number one of all 50 states in english and also in math and our eighth graders number one in english and also in math. first time one state had been number one in all four measures. how do we do that? well, republics and democrats came together on a bipartisan basis to put in place education principles that focused on having great teachers in the classroom. >> 10 years earlier -- >> -- that was what allowed us to become the number one state in the nation. >> but that was 10 years before you took office. and then you cut education spending when you came into office. >> we kept our schools number one in the nation and they are still number one today. >> all right.
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>> the principles we put in place we gave kids not just a graduation exam that determined whether they were up to the skills needed to be able to compete but also if they graduated the top quarter of their class, they got a four-year tuition-free ride at any massachusetts public institution of higher learning. >> that happened before you came into office. >> that was actually mine, mr. president. you got that fact wrong. >> i want to try to shift it because we have heard some of this in the other debates. governor, you say you wanted a biggser military, you want a bigger navy. you don't want to cut defense spending. what i want to ask you, we are talking about financial problems in this country. where are you going to get the money? >> well, let's come back and talk about the military but all the way through. first of all, i'm going through from the very beginning we are going to cut about 5% of the discretionary budget including military. >> you can get driving us deeper into debt. >> come on our web site and look how we get to a balanced budget within 8 to 10 years.
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we do it by getting -- by reducing spending and a whole series of programs. by the way number one i get rid of is obama care. there are a number of things that sound good but frankly we just can't afford them. that one doesn't sound good and it's not affordable. i get rid of that day one. program after program that we don't absolutely have to have and we get rid of them. number two, we take some programs that we are going to keep like medicaid which is a program for the poor, we'll take that healthcare program for the poor and we give it to the states to run because the states run these programs more efficiently. as a governor i thought, please, give me this program. >> can he do that. >> i can run this more efficiently than the federal government and states, by the way, are proving it states like arizona, rhode island have taken these medicaid dollars, have shown they can run these programs more cost effectively. i want to do those two things and gets us to a balanced budget within 8 to 10 years but the military.
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let's get to the military though. >> that's what i'm trying to get. >> he should have answered the first question. >> look, governor romney has called for $5 trillion of tax cuts that he says is he going to pay for by closing deductions. the math doesn't work he continues to claim that he is going to do it. he then wants to spend another $2 trillion on military spending that our military is not asking for. now, keep in mind that our military spending has gone up every single year that i have been in office. we spend more on our military than the next 10 countries combined, china, russia, france, the united kingdom, you name it. and what i did was work with our joint chiefs of staff to think about what are we going to need in the future to make sure that we are safe? and that's the budget that we have put forward. but, what you can't do is
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spend $2 trillion in additional military spending that the military is not asking for, $5 trillion on tax cuts. you say that you are going to pay for it by closing loopholes and deductions without naming what those loopholes and deductions are, and then somehow you are also going to deal with the deficit that we have already got. the math simply doesn't work. but when it comes to our military, what we have to think about is not, you know, just budgets, we have got to think about capabilities. we need to be thinking about cyber security. we need to be thinking about space. that's exactly what our budget does, but it's driven by strategy. it's not driven by politics. it's not driven by members of congress and what they would like to see. it's driven by what are we going to need to keep the american people safe? that's exactly what our budget does. and it also then allows us to reduce our deficit, which is a significant national security concern. because we have got to make sure that our economy is strong at home, so that we can
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project military power overseas. >> bob, i'm pleased that i have balanced budgets. i was in the world of business for 25 years. if you didn't balance your budget, you went out of business. i went to the olympics that was out of balance and we got it on balance and made a success there. i had the chance to be governor of state, four years in a row democrats and republicans came together to balance the budget. we cut taxes 19 times. balanced our budget. the president hasn't balanced a budget yet. i expect to have the opportunity to do so myself. i'm going to be able to balance the budget. let's talk about military spending. and that's this. >> 30 seconds. >> excuse me, our navy is smaller now than any time since 1917. the navy said they needed 313 ships to carry out their mission. we are now at 285. we are headed down to the low 200s if we go through a sequestration. that's unacceptable to me. i want to make sure that we have the ships that are required by our navy. our air force is older and smaller than any time since it was founded in 1947.
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we have changed for the first time since f.d.r. since f.d.r. we have always had the strategy of saying we could fight in two conflicts at once. now we are changing to one conflict. look, this, in my view, is the highest responsibility of the president of the united states which is to maintain the safety of the american people and i will not cut our military budget by a trillion dollars, which is the combination of the budget cuts that the president has as well as a sequestration cuts. that, in my view, is making our future less certain and less secure. i won't do it. >> bob, let me make comments on this. first of all he the is he is he success strer is not something i proposed something congress has proposed and that will not. not reducing our military spending it's maintaining it i think governor romney maybe hasn't spent enough time looking at how our military works. you mentioned the navy, for example, and we have fewer ships than we did in 1916. governor, we also have fewer horses and bay owe nets because the nature of our military has changed.
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we had these things called aircraft carriers where planes land on them. we had the ships that go under water. nuclear submarines and so the question is not a game of battle ship where we are counting ships. it's what are our capabilities. when i sit down with the secretary of the navy and joint chiefs of staff, we determine how are we going to be best able to meet all of our defense needs in a way that also keeps faith with our troops that also makes sure that our veterans have the kind of support that they need when they come home, and that is not reflected in the kind of budget that you are putting forward because it just doesn't work. and, we visited the web site quite a bit. and it still doesn't work. >> a lot to cover. [ laughter ] >> i would like to move to the next segment. red lines, israel and iran. would either of you and you will have two minutes and president obama you have the first go at this one. would either of you be willing
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to declare that an attack on israel is an attack on the united states, which, of course, is the same promise that we give to our close allies like japan. and if you made such a declaration, would not that deter iran? it certainly has deterred the soviet union for a long, long time when we made that -- when we made that promise to our allies. mr. president? >> first of all, israel is a true friend. it our greatest ally in the region. and if israel is attacked, america will stand with israel. i have made that clear through the my presidency. >> so you are saying we have already made that declaration? >> i will stand with israel if they are attacked. and this is the reason why working with israel we have created the strongest military and intelligence cooperation between our two countries in history. in fact, this week we will be carrying out the largest military exercise with israel in history. this very week.
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but, to the issue of iran, as long as i'm president of the united states, iran will not get a nuclear weapon. i have made that clear when i came into office. we then organized the strongest coalition and the strongest sanctions against iran in history. and it is crippling their economy. their currency has dropped 80%. their oil production has plunged to the lowest level since they were fighting a war with iraq 20 years ago. so their economy is in a shambles. and the reason we did this is because a nuclear iran is a threat to our national security and it's a threat to israel's national security. we cannot afford to have a nuclear arms race in the most volatile region of the world. iran is a state sponsor of terrorism. and for them to be able to provide nuclear technology to non-state actors, that's unacceptable. and they have said that they want to see israel wiped off the map. so, the work that we have done
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with respect to sanctions now offers iran a choice. they can take the diplomatic root and end their nuclear program or they will have to face a united world and a united states president, me, who said we are not going to take any options off the table. the disagreement i have with governor romney is that during the course of this campaign he has often talked as if we should take premature military action. i think that would be a mistake because when i have sent young men and women into harm's way, i always understand that that is the last resort not the first resort. >> two minutes. >> well, first of all, i want to underscore the same point the president made, which is that if i'm president of the united states, when i'm president of the united states, we will stand with israel. and if israel is attacked, we have their back, not just diplomatically, not culturally but militarily. that's number one. number two with regards to
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iran and the threat of iran, there is no question but a nuclear iran, a nuclear capable iran is unacceptable to americans. it presents a threat not only to our friends but ultimately a threat to us to have iran to have nuclear material, nuclear weapons to be used against us or to be used to be threatening to us. it's also essential for us to understand what our mission is in iran. that is to dissuade iran from having a nuclear weapon through peaceful and diplomatic means. and crippling sanctions are something i called for five years ago when i was in israel speaking at the conference. i laid out seven steps. crippling sanctions were number one. and they do work. you are seeing it right now in the economy. absolutely the right thing to do to have crippling sanctions. i would have put them in place earlier but it's good that we have them. number two, something i would add today is, i would tighten those sanctions. i would say that ships that carry iranian oil can't come into our ports. i imagine the eu would agree with us as well. not only ships couldn't, i would say companies that are moving their oil can't.
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people trading in their oil can't. i would tighten those sanctions. i would take on diplomatic efforts. i would make sure ahmadinejad is indicted under the genocide convention. his words amount to genocide incitation. i would indict him for it it i would also make sure that their diplomats are treated like the pariah they are around the world. the same we treated the apartheid diplomats in south africa. we need to increase pressure time and time again on iran. because anything other than a solution to this, which says -- which stops this nuclear foley of theirs is unacceptable to america. and, of course, a military action is the last resort. it is something one would only, only consider if all of the other avenues had been tried to their full extent. >> let me ask both of you. reports united states part of an international group have agreed in principle to talk about iran's nuclear program.
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what is the deal, if there are such talks, what is the deal that you would accept, mr. president? >> well, first of all, those are reports in the newspaper. they are not true. but, our goal is to get iran to recognize it needs to give up its nuclear program. and abide by the u.n. resolutions that have been in place because they have the opportunity to reenter the community of nations. and we would welcome that. there are people in iran who have the same sass pier -- aspirations as people around the world for a better life. we hope that their leadership takes the right decision. but, the deal we'll accept is they end their nuclear program. it's very straightforward. and, you know, i'm glad that governor romney agrees with the steps that we're taking. you know, there have been times, governor, frankly, during the course of this campaign where it sounded like you thought that you would do the same things we did but you
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would say them louder and somehow that would make a difference. and it turns out that the work involved in setting up these crippling sanctions is pain-staking. it's meticulous. we started from the day we got into office. and the reason it was so important and this is a testament to how we have restored american credibility and strength around the world is that we had to make sure that all the countries participated. even countries like russia and china. because if it's just us that are imposing sanctions, we have had sanctions in place for a long time. it's because we got everybody to agree that iran is seeing so much pressure. and we have got to maintain that pressure. there is a deal to be had. and that is that they abide by the rules that have already been established. they convince the international community they are not pursuing a nuclear program. there are inspections that are very intrusive. but over time, what they can do is regain credibility.
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in the meantime though, we are not going to let up the pressure until we have clear evidence that takes place. one last thing, just to make this point. the clock is ticking. we are not going to allow iran to perpetually engage in negotiations that lead nowhere. and i have been very clear to them. you know, because of the intelligence coordination that we do with a range of countries, including israel, we have a sense of when they would get break-out capacity which means that we would not be able to intervene in time to stop their nuclear program and that clock is ticking. we're going to make sure that if they do not meet the demands of the international community, then we are going to take all options necessary to make sure they don't have a nuclear weapon. >> governor? >> i think from the very beginning one of the challenges we have had with iran is that they have looked at this administration and felt that the administration was not as strong as it needed to be. i think they saw weakness. where they had expected to find american strength. and say that because from the
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very beginning the president in his campaign some four years ago said he would meet with all the world's worst actors in the first year he would sit down with chavez and kim jong il, with castro and with president ahmadinejad of iran. and i think they looked and thought well, that's an unusual honor to receive from the president of the united states. and then the president began what i have called an apology tour of going to various nations in the middle east and criticizing america. i think they looked at that and saw weakness. then when there were dissidents in the streets of tehran, green revolution holding signs is america with us the president was silent. i think they noticed that as well. i think when the president said he was going to create daylight between ourselves and israel that they noticed that as well. all of these things suggested, i think, to the iranian mullahs that, hey, you know, we can keep on pushing along here. we can keep on talks going on. we're just going to keep on spinning centrifuges.
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now there are some 10,000 centrifuges spinning uranium preparing to create a nuclear threat to the united states and to the world. that's unacceptable for us. and it's essential for a president to show strength. from the very beginning to make it very clear what is acceptable and not acceptable and iran ran nuclear program is not acceptable to us. they must not develop nuclear capability. the to make sure they understand that is from having from the very beginning the tightest sanctions possible. they need to be tightened, our diplomatic isolation needs to be tougher. we need to indict ahmadinejad, we need to put the pressure on them as hard as we possibly can because if we do that, we won't have to take the military action. >> bob, let me just respond. nothing governor romney just said is true. starting with this notion of me apologizing. this has been probably the biggest whopper that's been told during the course of this campaign. and every fact checker and every reporter has looked at it, governor, has said this is not true.
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and when it comes to tightening sanctions, look, as i said before, we have put in the toughest, most crippling sanctions ever. and the fact is, while we were coordinating an international coalition to make sure these sanctions were effective, you were still invested in a chinese state oil company that was doing business with the iranian oil sector. so i will let the american people decide, judge who is going to be more effective and more credible when it comes to imposing crippling sanctions. and with respect to our attitude about the iranian revolution, i was very clear about the murderous activities that had taken place and that was contrary to international law and everything that civilized people stand for. and so the strength that we have shown in iran is shown by the fact that we have been able to mobilize the world. when i came into office, the world was divided. iran was resurgent.
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iran is at its weakest point economically, strategically, militarily than since in many years. we are going to continue to keep the pressure on to make sure that they do not get a nuclear weapon. that's in america's national interest and that will be the case so long as i'm president. >> we're four years closer to a nuclear iran. we're four years closer to a nuclear iran. and we should not have wasted these four years to the extent they have continued to be able to spin thiessen tri fiewdges and get that much closer that's number one. number two, the reason i call it an apology tour is because you went to the middle east and you flew to egypt and to saudi arabia and to turkey and iraq and by the way you skipped israel, our closest friend in the region, but you went to the other nations and, by the way, they noticed that you skipped israel. and then in those nations, and on arabic tv you said america had been dismissive and derisive you said on occasion
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america had dictated to other nations. mr. president, america has not dictated to other nations, we have freed other nations from dictators. >> bob, let me respond. if we're going to talk about trips that we have taken, you know, when i was a candidate for office, first trip i took was to visit our troops. and when i went to israel as a candidate, i didn't take donors, i didn't attend fundraisers, i went to the holocaust museum there to remind myself the nature of evil and why our bond with israel will be unbreakable. and then i went down to the border towns of sterok which had experienced missiles raining down from hamas. and i saw families there who showed me where missiles have come down near their children's bedrooms and i was reminded of what that would mean if those were my kids. which is why as president we
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funded iron dome program to stop those missiles. so that's how i have used my travels when i travel to israel and when i travel to the region. and the central question at this point is going to be who is going to be credible to all parties involved and they can look at my track record whether it's iran's sanctions, whether it's dealing with counter terrorism, whether it's supporting democracy, whether it's supporting women's rights, whether it's supporting religious minorities, and they can say that the president of the united states and the united states of america has stood on the right side of history. and that kind of credibility is precisely why we have been able to show leadership on a wide range of issues facing the world right now. >> what if -- what if the prime minister of israel called you on the phone and said our bombers are on the
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way, we're going to bomb iran? what do you say? >> bob, let's not go into hypotheticals of that nature. our relationship with israel, my relationship with the prime minister of israel is such that we would not get a call saying our bombers are on the way. or their fighters are on the way. this is the kind of thing that would have been discussed and thoroughly evaluated well before that kind -- >> you say -- let's see what the president would -- >> let's go back to what the president was speaking about which is what is happening in the world and the president's statement that things are going so well. look, i look at what's happening around the world and i see iran four years closer to a bomb. i see the middle east with a rising tide of violence, chaos, item temult. i see jihaddists ready to spread. whether they are rising or at the same level hard to measure. it's clear they are there. very strong. i see syria with 30,000 civilians dead.
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assad still in power. i see our trade deficit with china larger than it's -- grows larger ever year as a matter of fact. i look around the world and i don't feel that you see north korea continuing to export their nuclear technology. russian says they are not going to follow. back away from nuclear proliferation treaty we had with them. i look around the world and i don't see our influence growing around the world i see our influence receding in part due to the president failing to due to our economic challenges at home failure commitment to our military the way i think it ought to be. in part because of the turmoil with israel. i mean, the president received a letter from 38 democrat senators saying that tensions with israel are a real problem. they asked him please repair the tension. democrat senators please repair the -- from his own party. >> governor, the problem is is
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that on a whole range of issues, whether it's the middle east, whether it's afghanistan, whether it's iraq, whether it's now iran, you have been all over the map. i mean, i'm pleased that you now are endorsing our policy of applying diplomatic pressure. and potentially having bilateral discussions with the iranians to end their nuclear program. but, just a few years ago, you said that's something you would never do. in the same way that you initially opposed a timetable in afghanistan. now you are for it. although it depends. in the same way that you say you would have ended the war in iraq, but recently gave a speech saying that we should have 20,000 more folks in there. the same way that you said that it was mission creep to go after qaddafi. when it comes to going after usama bin laden, you said well
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any president would make that call. but, when you were a candidate in 2008, as i was, and i said if i got bin laden in our sights, i would take that shot. you said we shouldn't move heaven and earth to get one man. and you said we should ask pakistan for permission. and if we had asked pakistan permission, we would not have gotten him. it was worth moving and heaven and earth to get him. after we killed bin laden, i was at ground zero for a memorial and talked to a young woman who was four years old when 9/11 happened. and the last conversation she had with her father was him calling from the twin towers saying peyton, i love you and i will always watch over you. and for the next decade, she was haunted by that conversation. and she said to me, you know, by finally getting bin laden, that brought some closure to me. and when we do things like
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that, when we bring those who have harmed us to justice, that sends a message to the world and it tells peyton that we did not forget her father. >> all right. >> and i make that point because that's the kind of clarity of leadership and those decisions are not always popular. those decisions generally are not poll tested and even some in my own party including my current vice president had the same critique as you did. but what the american people understand is is that i look at what we need to get done to keep the american people safe and to move our interest forward and i make those decisions. >> all right. let's go and that leads us, this takes us right to the next segment, governor. america's longest war, afghanistan and pakistan. >> bob, governor, you get to go first. >> but you can't have the president just lay out a whole series of items without giving me a chance to respond. >> with respect, sir, you had laid out quite a program. >> there that's probably true. [ laughter ] >> we will give you. >> we will agree on that. >> we will catch up.
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the united states is scheduled to take over responsibility for security in afghanistan to the afghan government in 2014. at that point we will withdraw our combat troops, leave a smaller force of americans, if i understand our policy, in afghanistan for training purposes. it seems to me the key question here is what do you do if the deadline arrives and it is obvious the afghans are unable to handle their security? do we still leave? and i believe, governor romney, you go first. >> we will be finished by 2014. and when i'm president, we'll make sure we bring our troops out by the end of 2014. the commanders and the generals there are on track to do so. we have seen progress over the past several years. the surge has been successful. and the training program is proceeding at pace. there are now a large number of afghan security forces, 350,000 that are ready to step in to provide security.
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and we're going to be able to make that transition by the end of 2014. so our troops will come home at that point. i can tell you at the same time that we will make sure that -- we look at what's happening in pakistan and recognize what's happening in pakistan is going to have a major impact on the success in afghanistan. and i say that because i know a lot of people just feel like we just just brush our hands and walk away, i don't mean you, mr. president, some people in our nation feel that pakistan is being nice to us and that we should just walk away from them. pakistan is important to the region, to the world, and to us. because pakistan has 100 nuclear warheads and they are rushing to build a lot more. they have more than great britain sometime in the relatively near future. they also have the network and the taliban existent within their country. so a pakistan that falls apart because a failed state would be of extraordinary danger to afghanistan and to us.
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and so we're going to have to remain helpful in encouraging pakistan to move towards a more stable government and rebuild a relationship with us. that means that our aid that we provide to pakistan is going to have to be conditioned upon certain bench marks being met. so, for me, i look at this as both a need to help move pakistan in the right direction and also to get afghanistan to be ready and they will be ready by the end of 2014. >> mr. president? >> when i came into office, we were still bogged down in iraq and afghanistan had been drifting for a decade. we ended the war in iraq, refocused our attention on afghanistan. and we did deliver a surge of troops. that was facilitated in part because we had ended the war in iraq. and we are now in a position where we have met many of the objectives that got us there in the first place. part of what had happened is we had forgotten why we had gone.
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we went because there were people who were responsible for 3,000 american deaths. and so we disseminated al qaeda's core leadership in the border regions between afghanistan and pakistan. we then started to build up afghan forces. and we're now in a position where we can transition out. because there is no reason why americans should die when afghans are perfectly capable of defending their own country. now, that transition has to take place in a responsible fashion. we have been there a long time, and we have got to make sure that we and our coalition partners are pulling out responsibly and giving afghans the capabilities that they need. but, what i think the american people recognize is after a decade of war, it's time to do some nation-building here at home. and what we can now do is free up some resources to, for example, put americans back to work, especially our veterans. rebuilding our roads, our
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bridges, our schools. making sure that, you know, our veterans are getting the care that they need when it comes to post-traumatic stress disorder and traumatic brain injury, making sure that the certifications that they need for good jobs of the future are in place. you know, i was having lunch with some -- a veteran in minnesota who had been a medic dealing with the most extreme circumstances when he came home and he wanted to become a nurse, he had to start from scratch. and what we have said is let's change those certifications. the first lady has done great work with an organization called joining forces, putting our veterans back to work. and as a consequence, veterans' unemployment is actually now lower than the general population. it was higher when i came into office. those are the kinds of things that we can now do because we're making that transition in afghanistan. >> all right. let me go to governor romney. because you talked about pakistan and what needs to be done there.
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general allen, our commander in afghanistan, says that americans continue to die at the hands of groups who are supported by pakistan. we know that pakistan has arrested the doctor who helped us catch obama's bin laden, it still provides safe haven for terrorists, yet, would he he continue to give pakistan billions of dollars. is it full-time for -- is it time for us to divorce pakistan? >> no, it's not time for us to divorce a nation on earth that has 100 nuclear weapons and is on the way to double that at some point. a nation that has a serious threats from terrorist groups within its nation. as i indicated before the taliban haqqani network. it's a nation that's not like others and it does not have the civilian leadership that's calling the shots there you have the isi, their intelligence organization is probably the most powerful of three branches there. then you have the military and then you have the civilian
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government. this is a nation which, if it falls apart, if it becomes a failed state, there are nuclear weapons there. you have got terrorists there who can grasp their hands -- grab their hands on those nuclear weapons. this is an important part of the world for us. pacific stan is technically an ally. and they are not acting very much like an ally right now. we have some work to do. i don't blame the administration for the fact that the relationship with pakistan is strained. we had to go into pakistan. we had to go in there to get usama bin laden. that was the right thing to do. and that upset them but there was obviously a great deal of anger even before that but we're going to have to work with the people in pakistan to try and help them move to a more responsible course than the one that they are on. it's important for them. it's important for the nuclear weapons. it's important for the success of afghanistan because inside pakistan you have a large
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taliban they are going to come rushing back into afghanistan when we go. that's one of the reasons the afghan security forces have so much work to do to be able to fight against that but it's important for us to recognize that we can't just walk away from pakistan. but we do need to make sure as we send support for them that this is tied to them making progress on matters that would lead them to becoming a civil society. >> let me ask you, governor, because we know president obama's position on this. what is your position on the use of drones? >> well, i believe that we should use any and all means necessary to take out people who pose a threat to us and our friends around the world. and it's widely reported that drones are being used in drone strikes and i support that entirely. and feel the president was right to up the usage of that technology and believe that we should continue to use it, to continue to go after the people who represent a threat to this nation and to our friends. let me also note that as i said earlier, we're going to
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have to do more than just going after leaders and killing bad guys. important as that is, we're also going to have to have a far more effective and comprehensive strategy to help move the world away from terror and islamic extremism. we haven't done that lot about e things. but you look at the record over the last four years and say is iran closer to a bomb? yes. is the middle east in temult? yes. is al qaeda on the run? on its heels? no. are israel and the palestinians closer to reaching a peace agreement? no. they haven't had talks in two years. we have not seen the progress we need to have and i'm convinced that with strong leadership and an effort to build a strategy based upon helping these nations reject extremism we can see the kind of peace and prosperity the world demands. >> keep in mind our strategy wasn't just going after bin laden. we have created partnerships throughout the region to deal
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with extremism in somalia, in yemen, in pakistan. and what we have also done is engage these governments in the kind of reforms that are actually going to make a difference in people's lives day to day. to make sure that their governments aren't corrupt, to make sure that they are treating women with the kind of respect and dignity that every nation that succeeds has shown. and to make sure that they have got a free market system that works. so, across the board, we are engaging them in building capacity in these countries and we have stood on the side of democracy. one thing i think americans should be proud of, when tunisians began protesting, this nation, me, my administration stood with them earlier than just about any other country. in egypt, we stood on the side of democracy. in libya, we stood on the side of the people. and as a consequence, there is
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no doubt that attitudes about americans have changed. but they are always going to be elements in these countries that potentially threaten the united states. and we want to shrink those groups and those networks and we can do that, but we're always -- also going to have to maintain vigilance when it comes to terrorist activity. the truth is though that al qaeda is much weaker than it was when i came into office and they don't have the same capacities to attack the u.s. homeland and our allies as they did four years ago. >> let's go to the next segment because it's a very important one. it is the rise of china and future challenges for america. i want to just begin this by asking both of you and, mr. president, you go first this time. what do you believe is the greatest future threat to the national security of this country? >> well, i think it will continue to be terrorist
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networks. we have to remain vigilant as i just said. but with respect to china, china is both an adversary but also a potential partner in the international community if it's following the rules. so my attitude coming into office was that we are going to insist that china plays by the same rules as everybody else. now, i know americans had seen jobs being shipped overseas, businesses and workers not getting a level playing field when it came to trade. and that's the reason why i set up a trade task force to it go after cheaters when it came to international trade. that's the reason why we have brought more cases against china for violating trade rules than the other -- the previous administration had done in two terms. and we have won just about every case that we have filed. that has been decided. in fact, just recently, steel
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workers in ohio and throughout the midwest, pennsylvania, are in a position now to sell steel to china because we won that case. we had a tire case in which they were flooding us with cheap domestic tires, our cheap chinese tigers, and we put -- tires, and we put a stop to it save jobs throughout america. i have to say that governor romney criticized me for being too tough in that tire case, said this wouldn't be good for american workers and it would be protectionist. i will tell it you those workers don't feel that way. they feel as if they had finally an administration who was going to take this issue seriously. over the long term, in order for us to compete with china, we have also got to make sure though that we are taking care of business here at home. if we don't have the best education system in the world, if we don't continue to put money into research and technology, that will allow us to create great businesses here in the united states, that's how we lose the
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competition and unfortunately, governor romney's budget and his proposals would not allow us to make those investments. >> all right. governor? >> well, first of all, it's not government that makes business successful. it's not government investments that make businesses grow and hire people. let me also note that the greatest threat that the world faces, the greatest national security threat is a nuclear iran. let's talk about china. china has an interest that's very much like ours, in one respect. that is they want a stable world. they don't want war. they don't don't want to see protectionism. they don't want to see the world break out into various forms of chaos because they have to manufacture goods and put penal to work and they have about 20 million people coming out of the farms every year, coming into the cities, needing jobs. so they want the economy to work and the world to be free and open. and so we can be a partner with china. we don't have to be an adversary. in any way, shape, or form, we can work with them, we can
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collaborate with them if they are willing to be responsible. now, they look at us and say is it a good idea to be with america? how strong are we going to be? how strong is our economy? they look at the fact that we owe them a trillion dollars and owe other people 16 trillion in total, including them. they look at our decision to cut back on our military capabilities a trillion dollars. the secretary of defense called these trillion dollars of cuts to our military devastating. it's not my term. it's the president's own secretary of defense called them devastating. they look at america's commitments around the world and they see what's happening and they say well, okay, is america going to be strong? and the answer is yes. if i'm president, america will be very strong. we'll also make sure that we have trade relations with china that work for us. i have watched year in and year out as companies have shut down and people have lost their jobs because china has not played by the same rules. in part by holding down artificially the value of their currency.
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it holds down the prices of their goods. it means our goods aren't as competitive, and we lose jobs. that's got to end. they are making some progress. they need to make more. that's why on day one i will label them a currency membershipper. -- manipulator. which allows us to apply tariffs. they are stealing our intellectual property patents, design, technology. hacking into our computers, counterfeiting our goods. they have to understand we want to trade with them, we want a world that's stable. we like free enterprise but you have got to play by the rules. >> governor, let me just ask you, if you declare them a currency manipulator on day one, some people would say you are just going to start a trade war with china on day one. is that -- isn't there a risk that that could happen? >> well, they sell us about this much stuff every year. and we sell them about this much stuff every year. so it's pretty clear who doesn't want a trade war. and there is one going on right now which we don't know about. it's a silent one. and they are winning.
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we have enormous trade balance with china and it's worse this year than last year and worse last year than the year before. and so we have to understand that we can't just surrender and lose jobs year in and year out, we have to say to our friends in china, look, you guys are playing aggressively, we understand it. but this can't keep on going. you can't keep on holding down the value of your currency, stealing our intellectual property, counterfeiting our products, selling them around the world, even into the united states. i was with one company that makes valves in process industries, they said look we were having valves coming in that were broken and we had to repair them under warranty and we looked them up and they had our serial number on them and we noticed there was more than one with that serial number there were counterfeit products being made overseas with the same serial number as the u.s. company. the same packaging, these were being sold into our market and around the world as if they were made by the u.s. competitor. this can't go on.
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i want to a great relationship with china. china can be our partner. but that doesn't mean they can just roll all over us and steal our jobs on an unfair basis. >> well, governor romney is right. you are familiar with jobs being shipped overseas because you invested in companies that were shipping jobs overseas. and, you know, that's your right. i mean, that's how our free market works. but i have made a different bet on american workers. if we had taken your advice, governor romney about our auto industry, we would be buying cars from china instead of selling cars to china. if we take your advice with respect to how we change our tax code so that companies that earn profits overseas don't pay u.s. taxes compared to companies here that are paying taxes, now that's estimated to create 800,000 jobs, the problem is they won't be here they will be in places like china. and if we're not making investments in education and basic research, which is not something that the private sector is doing at a
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sufficient pace right now and has never done, then we will lose the lead in things like clean energy technology. now, with respect to what we have done with china already, u.s. exports have doubled since i came into office to china. and actually currencies are at their most advantageous point for u.s. exporters since 1993. absolutely have to make more progress. that's why we are going to keep on pressing. and when it comes to our military and chinese security, farther part of -- part of the reason that we were able to pivot to the pacific region after having ended the war in iraq and transitioning out of afghanistan is precisely because this is going to be a massive growth area in the future. and we believe china can be a partner but we're also sending a very clear signal that america is a pacific power. that we are going to have a preference there. we are working with countries
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in the region to make sure, for example, that ships can pass through that commerce continues. and we're organizing trade relations with countries other than china so that china starts feeling more pressure about meeting basic international standards. that's the kind of leadership we have shown in the region. that's the kind of leadership that we'll continue to show. >> i just want to take one of those points, again, attacking me is not talking about an agenda for getting more trade and opening up more jobs in this country. but the president mentioned the auto industry and somehow i would be in favor of jobs being elsewhere. nothing could be further from the truth. i'm a son of detroit. i was born in detroit. my dad was head of a car company. i like american cars. and i would do nothing to hurt the u.s. auto industry. my plan to get the industry on its feet when it was in real trouble was not to start writing checks. it was president bush that wrote the first checks. i disagreed with that. i said these companies need to
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go through a managed bankruptcy and in that process they can get government help and government guarantees but they need to go through a bankruptcy to get rid of excess cost and the debt burden that they had built up. and fortunately. >> governor romney that's not what you said. >> you can take a look at the op-ed. i am still speaking. i said we would provide guarantees and that what is what was able to allow these companies to go through bankruptcy to come out of bankruptcy under no circumstances would i do anything other than to help this industry get on its feet. and the idea that as has been suggested that i would leg liquidate the industry of course not. >> let's check the record. >> that's a height of silliness i have never said i would liquidate the industry. >> people in detroit don't forget. >> that's why i have the kind of commitment to make sure that our industries in this country can compete and be successful. we, in this country can compete successfully with anyone in the world and we're
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going to. we're going to have to have a president, however, that doesn't think that somehow the government investing in car companies like tesla and fisker, making electric battery cars, this is not research, mr. president, this is the government investing in companies. investing in solyndra. this is a company. this isn't basic research. i want to invest in research. research is great. providing funding to universities and think tanks are great. but investing in companies, absolutely not. that's the wrong way to go. i'm still speaking. i want to make sure we make america more competitive and we do those things that make america the most attractive place in the world for entrepreneurs innovators, businesses to grow, but you're investing in companies doesn't do that in fact, it makes it less likely for them to come here because the private sector is not going to invest in a solar company if you're investing in someone else's. >> look, i think anybody out there can check the record.
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governor romney you keep on trying to, you know, air brush history here. you were very clear that you would not provide government assistance to the u.s. auto companies even if they went through bankruptcy. you said that they could get it in the private marketplace. that wasn't true. they would have gone through. >> you are wrong. you are wrong, mr. president. >> no, i am not wrong. >> people can look it up, you are right. >> people will look it up. but more importantly, it is true that in order for us to be competitive, we're going to have to make some smart choices right now. cutting our education budget, that's not a smart choice. that will not help us compete with china. cutting our investments in research and technology, that's not a smart choice. that will not help us compete with china. bringing down our deficit by adding $7 trillion of tax cuts and nirlt spending that our -- military spending that our military is not asking for before we get to the debt that
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we currently have, that is not going to make us more competitive. those are the kinds of choices the american people face right now. having a tax code that rewards companies that are shipping jobs overseas instead of companies that are investing here in the united states. that will not make us more competitive. and the one thing that i'm absolutely clear about, is that after a decade this in which we saw drift, jobs being shipped overseas, nobody championing american workers and american businesses we have now begun to make real progress. what we can't do is go back to the same policies that got us into such difficulty in the first place. that's why we have to move forward and not go back. >> i couldn't agree about going forward but i certainly don't want to go back to the policies of the last four years. the policies of the last four years has seen incomes in america decline every year for middle income families. now down $4,300 during your term. 23 million americans still struggling to find a good job.
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when you came to office 32 million people on food stamps. today 47 million people on food stamps. when you came to office just over 10 trlz -- $10 trillion in debt. now $16 trillion in debt. it hasn't worked. you said by now we would be at 5.4% unemployment. we are 9 million jobs short of that i have met some of those people. i have met them in appleton, wisconsin. i met a young woman in philadelphia who is coming out of college, can't find work. i have been -- ann was with someone just the other day just weeping about not being able to get work. it's just a tragedy in a nation so prosperous as ours that the last four years have been so hard. and that's why it's so critical that we make america once again the most attractive place in the world to start businesses, to build jobs, to grow the economy, and that's not going to happen by just hiring teachers. look, i love teachers. and i'm happy to have states and communities that want to hire teachers to do that by
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the way i don't like to have the federal government start pushing its way deeper and deeper into our schools. let the states and locates do that. i was a governor. the federal government didn't hire our teachers i love teachers but i want to get our private sector growing and i think i know how to do it. >> i think we all love teachers. governor, thank you so much for a very vigorous debate. we have come to the end. it is time for closing statements. i believe you're first, mr. president. >> well, thank you very much, bob, governor romney, and to lynn university. you have now heard three debates. months of campaigning and way too many tv commercials. [ laughter ] and now you have got a choice. over the last four years we have made real progress digging our way out of policies that gave us two prolonged wars, record deficits, and the worst economic crisis since the great depression. and governor romney wants to take us back to those policies. foreign policy that is wrong an


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