tv Legends Lies The Civil War FOX News June 3, 2018 8:00pm-9:01pm PDT
indict him, as you said. mark: i have a different take on this. i thank you will see the word obstruction pop up from time to time. i don't think they worked this hard to aggressively to go home quietly. i could be dead wrong and i hope i am. it also explains why people out there need to make sure they vote because this is a political question in the jury could be decided by the american people. thank you so much for the wonderful discussion. we have appreciated it. thank you for joining us. the next time on "life, liberty and levin". >> you got a visitor. >> previously on "legends & lies"... >> i came to see the justice of my country's lost and to help hang the traitor, john brown. >> i am no traitor! >> there is no reason in the world why the negro is not entitled to all the natural rights. he is my equal and of every living man. any moment, rebels will storm this city, and that will be the end of the united states of america. >> get down, you damn fool, or you'll be shot! >> fire! >> fight, damn it! stand your ground!
>> we have fought this war together, and i have done the best i could for you. it's time to go home. >> general lee has surrendered the army of northern virginia! [ all cheering ] >> four years ago, all thoughts were anxiously directed to an impending civil war. and the war came, but the almighty has his own purposes. with firmness in the right, as god gives us to see the right, let us strive to finish the work we are in. >> ♪ i'm a good ole rebel >> i wish only for the success of the rebellion. lincoln is a tyrant who wishes to be king. >> ♪ that's just what i am >> with firmness in the right... if rebelling states do not agree to our union, their slaves will be freed.
>> ♪ they died of southern fever ♪ ♪ and southern steel and shot >> if lincoln chooses to fly the black flag, then he must be prepared to be repaid in kind. >> ♪ and i don't want any pardon ♪ ♪ no, i don't want any pardon ♪ for what i was and am ♪ i won't be reconstructed ♪ and i do not give a damn ♪ i do not give a damn >> ♪ my country 'tis of thee
♪ sweet land of liberty ♪ land where my fathers died ♪ land of the pilgrims' pride ♪ from every mountainside ♪ let freedom ring >> a political conflict cracks the foundation of a fragile union... >> get him! get him up! >> ...dividing a young nation... >> for jefferson davis! >> ...over the issues of freedom, slavery, and equality. in a brutal battle of attrition, heroes will rise. cities will fall. >> follow me, 54!
>> and the blood of thousands will stain the land. america's struggle for life, liberty, and justice for all... >> forward! >> ...becomes the civil war. [ cheers and applause ] john wilkes booth, famed actor-turned-infamous assassin, a die-hard rebel determined to resurrect the confederacy. but behind every assassin stands a man, and behind every legend lies the truth. >> hey, where do you think you're going? >> unhand me. i have a right to be here. >> you're john wilkes booth.
>> the assassination of abraham lincoln puts a final bloody stamp on the civil war, but the man who pulls the trigger remains a mystery. born in maryland, a state divided on the issue of slavery, john wilkes booth comes from a free-state family, but the hot-tempered son of an actor takes a darker path. booth turns into a fierce white supremacist who comes unhinged when the south surrenders, and the man once inspired by john brown's willingness to die for the abolitionist cause carries out his own calculated act aimed at keeping his beloved confederacy alive. >> it appears you've caught me, officer. >> booth's hatred of lincoln runs deep. and its roots lie in the same conflict as the civil war itself, pitting brother against brother, john versus his older brother, edwin. >> a horse, a horse! my kingdom for a horse. >> you could look at the
division in the booth family as sort of being the civil war microcosm. both of them are natives of maryland. edwin was very outspoken in his support for abraham lincoln, whereas john wilkes booth was very much a pro-secessionist. >> god, in your arms, be praised, victorious friends. the day is ours. the bloody dog is dead. >> bravo! bravo! bravo! >> bravo! >> bravo! >> edwin's acting career takes him across the country. he embraces high society and abolitionist ideas, but john spends most of his formative years in virginia and embraces the southern way of life. he resents his brother's talent and political views. booth sides with the slaveholders on the issue of racial equality and grows hostile toward abolitionists, especially john brown.
>> john wilkes booth -- he's got these friends in the local militia, and when john brown gets sentenced to death, he borrows a hat from one friend and a jacket from another and he pieces together a uniform and pretends like he is a member of the militia. so he wanted to see vengeance done. >> this country was formed for the white, not the black man, and looking upon african slavery, i, for one, have ever considered one of the greatest blessings, both for themselves and us, that god ever bestowed upon a favored nation. >> god bless virginia! [ indistinct shouting ] >> john brown's hanging has a lasting effect on john wilkes booth. the influence of a man willing to give his life for
a cause serves as an example. so what starts as an abstract hatred of northern ideals now begins to grow into a life's mission for preserving the southern way of life by any means necessary. [ all cheering ] >> the traitor's dead! the traitor's dead! >> booth sees himself as a man of action, like the characters he plays on stage, or even john brown, but he is not a fighter. when civil war breaks out, he fails to enlist. he continues acting and shares the stage with his brother, until a union success threatens their uneasy truce. >> general sherman's army has taken the macon and western railroad, the last supply line to atlanta. >> do you read this to spur me on? >> johnny, i don't really care which side you're on, but is it too much to ask that you respect my status and reputation in my own home? >> i wish only for the success of the rebellion.
lincoln is a tyrant who wishes to be king. >> a tyrant? >> yes. >> my dear brother, the man is a prince. >> his pedigree, his coarse jokes, his policy are a disgrace to the seat he holds. he has half his family in office. >> you are my brother, always, but you should go elsewhere to make such sentiments known. >> john wilkes booth was a passionate southerner. he believed in everything that the south stood for. as a result, he want anti-abraham lincoln. he despised lincoln, and so he decided to take matters into his own hands. >> lincoln's re-election becomes the tipping point for booth. faced with four more years of the anti-slavery republican in office, he devises a plan to derail the union. >> follow me, mr. booth. i'll get you a good seat for the speech. >> with firmness in the right,
as god gives us to see the right, let us strive to finish the work we are in, to bind up the nation's wounds, to care for him... >> john wilkes booth saw the war ending, and southern honor was dying with the end of the war. he was going to kidnap president abraham lincoln and ransom him for the freedom of confederate soldiers, and that was his way of making sure that the war really wasn't going to end. >> booth taps into the underground network of confederate sympathizers in washington and maryland to assemble a team. >> why are you looking at that table? >> that's general grant's wife. >> the one in the white dress?
>> that's the one. >> booth recruits a fairly motley crew of confederate sympathizers. david herold is a pharmacist's assistant who knows the ins and outs of the city. he's also familiar with the maryland countryside, knows how to get out of town quickly. george atzerodt is a criminal smuggler. and last, lewis powell is a violent thug who fought and was wounded at gettysburg and also fought with partisan confederate raiders. >> there is something peculiar about those men. that pale one seems quite intent on listening to us. i fear there will be an uprising soon. >> doesn't he look familiar? >> i should hope not. he seems crazy. >> i believe he's an actor. >> [ chuckles ] and that only confirms his insanity. >> so, you're telling me that you plan to abduct the president?
>> let me worry about that. i just need you to guide us out of the city. >> well, if we don't act soon, i'm out. >> one way or another, the south will have its retribution. when we have finished, this city will plunge into chaos. everything is falling into place, gentlemen. falling into place. >> booth has his team and a plan to kidnap abraham lincoln, but when lee surrenders at appomattox, booth's hatred of the union
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>> fire! >> four years of suffering and death finally come to an end when robert e. lee surrenders the confederate army to ulysses s. grant. as the north celebrates a union victory, booth's plan to kidnap abraham lincoln becomes a conspiracy to commit murder. >> ♪ we'll rally once again ♪ shouting the battle of cry of freedom ♪ ♪ we will rally around the hills ♪ >> hey, booth! come lend us your golden pipes. >> how can you sing when the nation is doomed? >> ♪ the union forever ♪ hurrah, boys, hurrah ♪ down with the traitors ♪ and up with the star >> though many dismiss killers like john wilkes booth as simply psychopathic or crazy, his plan to kill the president is not an impulsive act. it's a calculated, premeditated plot, fueled by a lifetime's worth of resentment at those who would try to destroy the southern way of life. in booth's mind, the union's success is a victory for tyranny,
and it is his patriotic duty to kill lincoln to save the country he claims to love. >> god will burn this all to the ground. >> the decision to assassinate the president makes booth's plan much simpler. now all he needs is the right opportunity. >> to the left. now here comes a man that don't like general lee. >> lee should have never given up his sword. i'd have made a braver showing. >> the president will be here tonight with general grant. you should come tonight, john. boxes 7 and 8. >> booth has decided that he's going to kill lincoln. i mean, he's been looking for a chance, and booth decides,
where better for a prominent actor to carry out such a task than in the theater? >> i'll save you a front-row seat. >> for booth, ford's theatre is like a second home. he knows every inch of the building, and no one will be suspicious of him being there. it's where he's performed dozens of times, even for lincoln himself. unaware of the plot brewing against him, the president takes a rare opportunity to spend time with his wife. >> these next four years, i hope they make up for the last four. after that, perhaps a little farm on the banks of the sangamon river? >> lincoln knew that his life was at risk. he came back from a ride one time, took off the stovepipe hat, and saw a bullet hole in it.
so, in a way, the end of the war made him feel much more secure than he ought otherwise to have been. >> i have never felt happier in my life, and while that may be so, i consider this day the close of the war. we must be more careful in the future. it's all over now. >> lincoln looks optimistically to the future of the restored union, not knowing that, across town, booth is intent on throwing the nation into chaos. >> i'm so pleased we are not attending the theater tonight. i cannot tolerate mrs. lincoln's jealous fits one minute more. >> on april 14, 1865, general grant was supposed to accompany abraham and mary lincoln to the theater. julia grant said, "you're not going. you're coming with me to see the children in new jersey." i don't know what would have happened if grant had been in the box that day,
but it's one of these little turns of history that happened, because this once and future first lady reviled each other so much. >> i believe that's the same man who was staring at me at lunch. >> i don't care for such glances. these aren't friendly. it's okay. all right, let's go. >> ♪ i'm a good ole rebel >> mary surratt was a southern maryland woman who was very much tied into the confederate cause. >> oh, wilkes. >> she ran a tavern 12 miles from the city of washington, d.c., where she would conduct rebel business for the confederacy. >> the time has finally come, mary. the old fox will be at ford's tonight. please deliver this package to lloyd.
make sure he has those carbines ready for me tonight. be sure this does not get wet or break. >> he used her as a place to hide weaponry. he's already given her two carbines to store at her tavern, and the day of the assassination, he gives her a package that has field glasses in it. so she slowly but surely became enmeshed in the conspiracy. >> with the plan in place, it's just a matter of hours until john wilkes booth unleashes his personal rage against those who oppose slavery. >> gentlemen... tonight, we kill the president. it's easy to think that all money managers are pretty much the same. but while some push high commission investment products, fisher investments avoids them. some advisers have hidden and layered fees. fisher investments never does. and while some advisers are happy to earn commissions from you whether you do well or not,
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upper respiratory tract infection and headache. tell your doctor about all the medicines you take and if you're pregnant or planning to be. ♪ otezla. show more of you. >> the union's victory in the civil war is the culmination of the abolitionist movement. >> gentlemen, the only option we have left is abolition or destruction. >> god has put you on this earth to lead a revolution, mr. brown. >> and freedom for millions of slaves is now on the horizon. but this dream fulfilled is a nightmare all too real for die-hard confederate john wilkes booth. >> gentlemen, tonight, we kill the president. it is important that we act in concert for the best hope of success and escape. at precisely 10:15,
there's a punch line in the play that always gets a huge outburst of laughter, enough to cover a gunshot. that is the moment we must all strike. >> most people tend to think of lincoln's assassination as an isolated incident, but the president is not the only target that fateful night. booth aims to decapitate the entire federal government by murdering vice president andrew johnson and secretary of state william seward. booth believes that if he can throw the union into chaos, the south has another chance at standing their ground and preserving the confederacy. >> i've confirmed the vice president will be in his room at the kirkwood hotel. george, he's yours. >> no. i won't do it. >> george, we've been seen about town together, so there's no turning back now. >> you'll be tied to us
no matter what you do. >> it is death for every man who backs out. powell, you'll take secretary seward at his house. herold will go with you and guide you to the navy yard bridge when it's done. the old fox... is mine. >> john wilkes booth wants to be sure that everything is in place for him to assassinate the president and escape from the theater after he has done his deed. >> booth's men split up to go after their targets, and in less than two hours, they plan to alter the fate of the united states forever. >> [ british accent ] will you take a bath before you dress? [ laughter ] >> take a "ba-a-ath"? i suppose you mean "bath."
>> though ulysses s. grant and his wife are supposed to join the president and first lady, they decline, so the lincolns share their private box with major henry rathbone and his fiancée, clara harris. [ laughter ] just north of the white house, lewis powell and david herold take their post at william seward's house. >> the nurse is still in there with seward's family and servant. >> seward was recuperating from a very serious carriage accident. he had a brace on his face and his neck and his upper body. >> ♪ i'm a good ole rebel ♪ that's just what i am >> george atzerodt has to drink himself brave before closing in on vice president andrew johnson.
and, at ford's theatre, john wilkes booth makes his way to the presidential box. >> to the shanks... >> what will miss harris think of me hanging on to you so? >> she won't think anything about it. >> [ laughs ] >> ♪ 300,000 yankees ♪ is stiff in southern dust >> yes, sir? >> ♪ they died of southern fever ♪ ♪ and southern steel and shot ♪ i won't be reconstructed ♪ and i do not give a damn
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>> ...secretary of state william seward, and vice president andrew johnson. it's a coordinated decapitation strike masterminded by john wilkes booth to resurrect the confederacy. >> i suppose you mean a "bath." >> in 1865, presidential security is almost nonexistent, regardless of political dissension, and even though the threat of assassination is still hanging over his head, lincoln is not intimidated, especially at home in washington. >> well, man, i calculate i ain't going to expose myself to the shakes in this cruel, cold climate of yours. [ laughter ] >> right or wrong, god judge me, not man. for four years, i have waited, hoped, and prayed for the dark clouds to break. to wait longer would be a crime. all hope for peace is dead. god's will be done.
>> as booth waits for his moment to strike, george atzerodt gathers his courage to shoot vice president andrew johnson. and lewis powell makes his move at secretary of state william seward's house. >> yes, sir? >> dr. verdi sent me. >> master seward is asleep. you can't go up there. >> ♪ i'm a good old rebel >> sir! [ laughter ] >> ...go make dress. [ laughter ] >> ♪ that's just what i am >> sir! sir! what is the commotion? i told him he couldn't come up, sir. >> i got medicine for mr. seward. >> medicine? well, then i will give it to him.
>> ♪ and for this yankee nation ♪ ♪ i do not give a damn ♪ glad i fought against her ♪ only wish we won >> yes? >> george atzerodt was probably the most bumbling member of booth's conspiracy. he has basically spent the whole evening drinking, and when the time comes for him to go kill andrew johnson, he can't do it. he loses his nerve completely and he goes to the bar and drinks some more. >> sir.
[ gun clicks ] >> i calculate i ain't going to expose myself to the shakes by getting... by getting in cold water in this cruel, cold climate of yours. so make tracks. >> many will blame me for what i'm about to do, but posterity, i'm sure, will justify me. >> [ screaming ] >> i know! >> [ muffled screaming ]
[ laughter ] >> stop him! stop him! >> a man! a man! >> you sockdologizing old man-trap. [ laughter ] [ gunshot, woman screams ] ♪ >> one of the greatest things about working at the fox news channel is whatever's in my heart, mind, and soul is going to come out. i have never, ever been told what to say, how to say it. i do debate. i get other people's opinions. who do we cater to? who are we trying to appeal to and reach? forgotten men and women that deserve their shot at the american dream. deserve their shot at the american dream. ♪
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>> few people in the theater realize what has happened. they're confused by the unexpected appearance of the well-known actor. >> after he shoots lincoln, booth believes that his actions place him alongside noble heroes who have stood up to tyranny throughout history, but the assassination is merely the desperate act of a man fanatically clinging to the seminal residue of an archaic ideology. >> they've shot the president! >> someone stop him! [ indistinct shouting, screaming ] >> what happened? >> no! >> as doctors try to save the president's life,
booth flees the capital with david herold, the only one of his team to make the planned rendezvous. they head to mary surratt's tavern in maryland to pick up supplies. >> i do believe i broke my ankle when i leapt from the box. >> can you make it till we get to dr. mudd's? >> i'll tell you some news, lloyd. i'm pretty certain we've assassinated the president and secretary seward. >> damn you both. >> booth is counting on a network of confederate sympathizers to aid his escape. but what he doesn't count on is that people who were on board with kidnapping the president don't want to be associated with an assassin, which means his escape is going to be much more difficult than he anticipated. >> when the sun rises over washington, lincoln is barely clinging to life. >> [ crying ] >> lincoln was laid on this incredibly small bed
to the ages. >> what are they saying? >> the feeling of the populace has been one of the deepest indignation against the perpetrators. no one sees the sacrifice i've made. >> perhaps when we reach virginia, folks will be more understanding. >> i wish i could believe that. >> john wilkes booth thought that he would be praised as a hero by southerners, but he was not. people who believed in the confederacy were shocked when lincoln was assassinated. this was not an honorable way to destroy an enemy, to kill the head of state. >> seward and johnson both escape with their lives.
i should have done it all myself! >> the government launches a nationwide manhunt to track down booth. though he has a badly broken leg and his former friends are turning against him, booth and herold cover over 60 miles in 12 days and manage to make it into virginia, finding shelter in a tobacco barn. >> after being hunted like a dog, with every man's hand against me, i am here in despair. and why? for striking down a greater tyrant than they ever knew? i'm looked upon as a common cutthroat. i hoped for no gain. i struck for my country and that alone.
>> go around the back. >> booth's great drama has turned into a tragic farce, and as union soldiers find his hiding spot, the curtain is about to fall on his final performance. >> you men had better come out! if you don't, i will burn this barn down. >> light it up! burn it down! sorry, i can't make it. it's just my eczema again, but it's fine. yeah, it's fine. you okay? eczema. it's fine. hey! hi! aren't you hot? eczema again? it's fine. i saw something the other day. myeczemaexposed.com.
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upper respiratory tract infection and headache. tell your doctor about all the medicines you take and if you're pregnant or planning to be. ♪ otezla. show more of you. >> 12 days after committing the first assassination .. and as he hides out with david herold in a barn in virginia, union soldiers close in.
>> i want you to surrender. if you don't, i will burn this barn down. >> there's a man in here that wants to surrender very bad. i do declare on my maker that he is innocent of any crime. >> david herold decided that he was going to give up, and when he did, they placed him in custody. booth remained inside. he was warned several times to give himself up and come out. >> light it up! burn it down! >> well, my brave boys, make quick work of it! >> ♪ i'm a good old rebel ♪ that's just what i am ♪ for this yankee nation ♪ i do not give a damn
>> boston corbett decides he's going to take a shot at booth. and he wants to shoot him in the head, just like booth shot lincoln in the head. only, he misses and nails him in the throat, and that severs booth's spine. >> put him down over there. is he dead? >> the day is ours. the bloody dog is dead. >> let us strive to finish the work we are in. >> one way or another, the south will have its retribution. useless. useless. >> paralyzed and bleeding from the neck, booth dies the next morning. his corpse is unceremoniously shipped to washington for burial, as the body of abraham lincoln makes a final hero's journey. >> the nation mourned dramatically for several weeks.
the funeral train traveled from washington, d.c., through pennsylvania and new york, and on to springfield, illinois. >> in the coming months, booth's co-conspirators are tried and executed, making mary surratt the first and only woman ever hanged by the federal government. >> david herold, george atzerodt, lewis powell, and, mary surratt, you have been sentenced to hang. >> with a single bullet, john wilkes booth takes the life of abraham lincoln, but he can't erase what the president and the union army have accomplished. the united states of america has taken its first stride towards true equality, and the legacy of abraham lincoln, the man who redefines what it means to be an american, will live on. >> one-eighth of the whole population were colored slaves.
all knew that this interest was the cause of the war. >> fire! >> the confederates fired on fort sumter! >> with malice toward none, with charity for all, let us strive to finish the work we are in, to bind up the nation's wounds, to care for him who shall have borne the battle, for his widow and his orphan, to do all which may achieve and cherish a just and lasting peace among ourselves and with all nations. >> lincoln's assassination doesn't spark the resurgence of the confederacy that booth expects. in fact, many in the south condemn the murder, knowing their best chance for a fair, peaceful
reconciliation with the north lies with lincoln. >> forward! >> without lincoln's guiding hand, reconstruction is a messy, violent, ultimately doomed effort that will set the south back by decades. by killing lincoln, booth may have delayed the reconstruction of the nation, but he does not destroy the foundation that lincoln and those before him have built. the civil war is the most precarious moment in america's history, a time when the great experiment of the united states could have easily failed. surviving such a violent internal struggle is one of the many steps the young country takes in creating a free nation.
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