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International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development

WWW.IJTSRD.COM with ISSN: 2456-6470 (International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development) is a leading international journal which aims to promote the theory and practice along with knowledge sharing between researchers, developers, engineers, students, and practitioners working in and around the world in many areas like Sciences, Technology, Innovation, Engineering, Agriculture, Management and many more. We are international publisher who are proving quality publication of peer reviewed and refereed international journals from diverse fields that emphasizes new research, development and their applications. IJTSRD provides an online access to exchange your research work, technical notes & surveying results among professionals throughout the world in e-journals or print publications.

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International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
by Yasodharan R | Bennaiah D | Harikrishnan V | Karthick S | Prince Roy
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The Internet has become a daily necessity to utmost of the effective participants in which we interact and communicate among ourselves by switching data and information sensed about the environment and atmosphere. From this IoT they relate autonomously to the real world events and offer us with services with or without direct human interference. In this project we use IoT for energy efficient Environmental Conditions recognizing and supervising in our Classroom. This gives a vast advantage on...
Topics: IoT, Classroom automation, Blynk, Automation, Arduino, Electronics & Communication Engineering
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
by Nakul S. Palkhede; Sachin D. Mali; Prof. Manisha S. Shelar
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The propose system gives us the development of a Raspberry Pi based system for Wireless heartbeat, temperature monitoring, eye monitoring for coma patient, saline level Detector. That will easily provide real time information available for many users and can send them alert in critical conditions over Internet. In India many patients are dying because of heart attacks and reason behind this factor is that they are not getting proper help during the period. To give them timely and proper help...
Topics: Raspberry Pi3, IR sensor, Temperature sensor, Motor, Heart beat sensor, Electronics &...
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
by Mallesh S Jambagi; Basavaraj H; Gagan L; Prateek R Prabhu
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As the software systems are getting more and more complex each day, the ability of the user to put up with this complexity is reducing. An elegant solution to deal with this issue is to build a personal assistant agent which is capable of determining user's habits, preferences and intentions and helping them accordingly. This work discusses on developing a "Smart Speaker using Raspberry Pi". The work aims at the development of a personal voice assistant which can assist users in...
Topics: IPA, A.I., AVS, IoT, NLU, TTS, STT smart speaker, personal assistant, etc, Electronics &...
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
by Sambasivam. R | Gogul Ram. J. K | Jayapal. M | Leela Krihnan. N | Subesh Melwin. S
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Proper ecological conditions are fundamental for ideal plant development, enhanced harvest yields, and ecient utilization of water and different assets, and ecient use of water and other resources. Automating the data acquisition process of the soil conditions and various climatic parameters that over run plant growth allows information to be collected at high frequency with less labour requirements. The main objective of the project is to analyze the atmospheric conditions like soil moisture,...
Topics: Agriculture Machinery, Home automation, Electronics & Communication Engineering
In present days soil possess lack of fertility that reduces the plant yield and its health by the frequent addition of chemical pesticides and lack of water. Hydroponics is the technique of growing any plant without implanting it in the soil. Hydroponics is used to save water and also to nourish the soil. This paper presents Automated Hydroponics systems that automatically deliver (drip irrigation) water in regular intervals from rain water harvesting tank. Organic nutrient solution is also...
Topics: hydroponics, electrical conductivity sensor, arduino, rain water harvesting tank, Passive infrared...
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
by Mr. Sumant Khetan, Mr. Akshay Irkar, Mr. Akash Kanase, Mr. Akash Karne, Prof. Anand V. Sutar
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As we know that use of solar energy is increasing day by day so there should be efficient use of solar energy. But due to pollution there is wastage of energy i.e. due to deposition of soil on solar panel .so there is always need to clean the solar panel in fixed days. but some time there is no desirable amount of soil deposited on panel which can decrease the power upto certain level but the company or organization has to pay the cleaner for his visit. And theft cases of solar panel are also...
Topics: Energy Conservation, Photovoltaic Cell, Theft Prevention, Electronics & Communication...
Nowadays accurate personal identification is becoming more and more important. Usual means smart cards, passwords… have shown their limits. Currently fingerprint recognition is the most widely used technique for personal identification. The development of an attendance management system using biometrics is proposed. As the manual method of attendance system produced errors and taking lot of time during lecture period, an efficient and organized biometrics system for students attendance is...
Topics: Electronics & Communication Engineering, Arduino UNO, Node MCU, Fingerprint Sensor, LCD
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
by Sonali Subhash Alaspure | Dr. A. P. Thakare
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Most of times patients may forget to take the medicines at proper time as per their prescription which may cause in late recovery from the disease/illness. In case of some specific diseases like diabetes, hypertension, anemia, medication mix-ups or improper dosages prove dangerous to patients. So, it is necessary to take proper medicines in proper quantity at proper time. Medication reminder solutions have become a matter of concern in health-care research, as advancements in treatments and...
Topics: Raspberry pi zero, Audio playback board(APR33A3), Linux Operating System, RTC DS1307,...
This paper presents the design and prototype implementation of the automation system that can be used two Arduino Nano with sensors. To demonstrate the effectiveness of this system, the devices such as LDR, temperature sensor, smoke sensor and motion sensor have been integrated with the automation system. In addition, the GSM and RFID modules are also used for security system. The functions of the sensors are to monitor and control the light, the room temperature and alarms. The main goal of...
Topics: Electronics & Communication Engineering, Arduino NANO, Sensors, RFID, GSM, C Programming
The smart phone users are growing day by day because of the dynamic and user friendly interactive applications. The internet is the base for smart phone users and presently we have 4G technology and expecting 5G in coming years.  As for analysis the 5G mobile technology greatly increases communication capacity in large amount of spectrum in the millimeter wave bands. The paper describes the basic fundamentals of the antenna used for the coming 5G technology.  This paper describes millimeter...
Topics: Electronics & Communication Engineering, 5G, Millimeter wave antenna, Micro strip.
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
by Moe Myint Aung | Nwe Nwe Oo | May Thwe Oo
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In this system, an Arduino based 3 axis CNC drilling machine for printed circuit board is implemented using Arduino controller, CNC router and open source software for controlling the whole operation. This can be the invention for the electronic industries and electronic students which can design the production as desired. This CNC machine is able to draw a circuit layout on PCB or any other solid surface using simple algorithm and available components. At first, the user need to design PCB...
Topics: Electronics & Communication Engineering, Eagle software, Candle Software, G-code, Motor driver,...
As we know that Sun is the great source of energy on the earth & we can't even imagine the life of any living organisms on the earth .Energy can be produced in three modes 1.Induction(In which two bodies are not connected together but even there is requirement of medium ) 2. Conduction (In which bodies are in contact with each other & it also requires medium) 3.Radiation(In which there is no contact of bodies but energy transmitted in form of photons). Solar energy is radiant light...
Topics: Wireless power transfer, Microwave Power transfer, Load balancing, Rectenna, solar Power...
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
by Ma May Thet Htar | Ma Hnin Yu Myaing
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Home Automation System is used to control home appliances. With the use of computers and electronics technology electrical appliances can be controlled from any part of the world. Consequently, greater amount of energy will be saved and hence the natural resources. This can be achieved by using the mobile phone. This system is designed using Arduino UNO and GSM module. The electrical appliances are controlled by sending a text message from any mobile located in any part provided it has GSM...
Topics: Electronics & Communication Engineering, Arduino Uno, GSM module, L298 motor driver, LCD...
In the world, economic growth of many countries mainly depends on crop cultivation. Agriculture provides the food for people and produces several raw materials for industries. Now-a-days, crop cultivation is decreasing rapidly. To overcome this problem, monitoring the crop water requirements, temperature and humidity of the cultivating land and a system to prevent the entry of animals into the farm is required. The main concept of this paper is to prevent the animal intrusion and to monitor the...
Topics: Arduino, IoT, Sensors, Video surveillance, Electronics & Communication Engineering
Light Fidelity (Li-Fi) technology is a novel method of wireless communication network based on the use of visible LED lights between the violet (800 THz) and red (400 THz) to transmit data wirelessly. Li-Fi has much broader spectrum compared to conventional methods of wireless communication for data transmission which depends on radio waves. The principle of Li-Fi is based on sending data by amplitude modulation of light source in a well-defined and consistent way. The concept of Li-Fi assures...
Topics: Electronics & Communication Engineering Wireless Fidelity, Radio Frequency, Analog to Digital...
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
by Irfan Nissar Bhat | Er. Harish Dogra
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the first stage of each microwave receiver there is low noise amplifier LNA circuit, and this state has important rule in quality factor of the receiver. In this study, design and simulation of 15 GHz low noise amplifier LNA have been explored.  This simulation has been performed by using the Agilent Advanced Design System ADS software. It also describes the design and simulation of a high frequency low noise amplifier, with high gain and low noise using MESFET for frequency 15GHz . A single...
Topics: Electronics & Communication Engineering, LTE, FRF, ICI, BEAMFORMING, SONAR, ARRAYS.
The paper reports an Internet of Thing IOT based health monitoring and tracking system for soldiers. The proposed system can be mounted on the soldier's body to track their health status and current location using GPS. These information will be transmitted to the control room through IOT. The proposed system comprise of tiny wearable physiological equipment's, sensors, transmission modules. Hence, with the use of the proposed equipment, it is possible to implement a low cost mechanism to...
Topics: Electronics & Communication Engineering, Child Labour, POVERTY, SOCEITY
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
by Yasodharan R ; Bennaiah D ; Harikrishnan V ; Karthick S ; Prince Roy
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The Internet has become a daily necessity to utmost of the effective participants in which we interact and communicate among ourselves by switching data and information sensed about the environment and atmosphere. From this IoT they relate autonomously to the real world events and offer us with services with or without direct human interference. In this project we use IoT for energy efficient Environmental Conditions recognizing and supervising in our Classroom. This gives a vast advantage on...
Topics: IoT, Classroom automation, Blynk, Automation, Arduino, Electronics & Communication Engineering
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
by Ma Hnin Yu Myaing | Ma Naing
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This paper describes the implementation of electronic scientific calculator using Arduino. The mathematical process for scientific calculation processes are based on the digital electronic technology. The calculator takes input from a user in real time via a keypad and displays output on a LCD display module. The control, arithmetic algorithm and calculation functions are performed using a Arduino Mega 2560. The prototype of the system is configured and the simulation results for basic...
Topics: Electronics & Communication Engineering, Arduino Mega, LCD, Keypad, Proteus, C Programming
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
by Mrs Sandhya Shinde | Mr. Yogesh Yadav | Miss. Bharti Sontakke | Miss. Pratiksha Zapake
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The IOT based energy meter is based on Arduino. This system eliminates the human involvement in electricity maintenance. The theft of electricity increases the costs paid by customers. Hence this system is used for the detection of theft. The energy meter is connected to the Arduino. The Arduino checks the main meter and sub meter reading. If the difference between the main meter and sub meter is occurred then the message that theft has occurred will be displayed on the LCD display as well as...
Topics: IoT, Arduino Uno, Energy meter, LCD Display, current sensor, Electronics & Communication...
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
by P. Ramchandar Rao ; S. Sanjay Kumar ; Ch. Rajendra Prasad
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In last few years there is a rapid growth in urbandevelopment plans, the concept of smart cities.While the thought comes up for Smart cities there is a requirement for Smart waste management. The idea of Garbage monitoring system is for the Smart buildings, Colleges, Hospitals and Bus stands. The Garbage monitoring system thought is an improvement of normal dustbin by elevating it to be smart using sensors. Garbage monitoring system is a new idea of implementation which makes a normal dustbin...
Topics: Ultrasonic sensor, Liquid Crystal Display, Arduino Board, Global System for Mobile communication...
In this system, the electronic door lock using RFID and password based on Arduino UNO. It uses in doors and cupboards as electronic lock and so on. The security system is important at homes, schools, offices and industries in real life. The purpose of this paper is to develop a smart home security system using RFID and keypad. RFID is ID card reader to read ID card's value and Arduino UNO. If ID card reader is true, Arduino permits to press password on keypad. If password is true, lock style...
Topics: Electronics & Communication Engineering, Arduino UNO, RFID, C Programming, Keypad
The four main core of undergraduate electronic engineering course can be considered as Electronics, Computer Application, Control and Communication. The objective of this research was the development of software approaches in teaching undergraduate Electronic Engineering Candidates to cover the practice of what and how Electronics, Computer Application, Control and Communication processes are going on. This paper describes a simple computer-aided design approach for analysis of various system...
Topics: GUI, Circuits, Control, RFID antenna, Design, Analysis, Approach, Electronics & Communication...
This paper investigates based on Raspberry PI based home appliances control system using microcontroller system. The paper proposes to control home appliances remotely using smart phone. In this paper, Raspberry Pi is used as a sever for connecting to Arduino microcontroller by sending string signal character from user. When Raspberry Pi received string data that sending via web control page and then transmit that string data to Arduino passes through logic level converter. Logic level...
Topics: Electronics & Communication Engineering, Raspberry Pi, Router, Arduino UNO, Gear motor, L298N...
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
by Miss. Rachana Gumma, Miss. Rutuja Magar, Miss. Anuradha Dhavan, Prof. Jagtap S. C
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Moisture content of grain is one of the important parameters always considered when deciding the quality and price of grain, at the stage of harvesting, storage, processing and marketing. Grain having excess moisture content, if stored for long duration, will spoil due to insect/fungus infestation. Portable, field usable and easy-to-use direct moisture (%) & price display Grain Moisture Meter is necessity for the benefit of farmers. The types of Grain Moisture Meters available in the market...
Topics: Moisture sensor, DHT sensor, Arduino Uno, LCD Display, Electronics & Communication Engineering
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
by Sambasivam. R ; Gogul Ram. J. K ; Jayapal. M ; Leela Krihnan. N ; Subesh Melwin. S
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Proper ecological conditions are fundamental for ideal plant development, enhanced harvest yields, and ecient utilization of water and different assets, and ecient use of water and other resources. Automating the data acquisition process of the soil conditions and various climatic parameters that over run plant growth allows information to be collected at high frequency with less labour requirements. The main objective of the project is to analyze the atmospheric conditions like soil moisture,...
Topics: Agriculture Machinery, Home automation, Electronics & Communication Engineering
Flow measurement and control are essential in plant process control. The fuzzy logic method is very useful for such problem solving approach such as hydro power generation. In this paper, rule base and membership function based on fuzzy logic is proposed for reservoir control of dam. The rule base and membership functions have a great influence on the performance and efficiency of the plant and also to optimize the hydro power generation in the high altitude region. In this paper, the liquid...
Topics: Electronics & Communication Engineering Fuzzy logic controller, Fuzzy logic Toolbox, Flow and...
This paper is designed to build movable bridge for passable both land and marine transportation and upgrade transportation system for people. In this paper, Arduino Uno, ultrasonic sensor, servo motor, 2channel relay and gear motor are used as mainly devices. Ultrasonic sensor is running by emitting waves until the ship is coming. As soon as the ship is passing, the sensor is sent data to arduino. And then, arduino microcontroller control the traffic light on the land by changing green led to...
Topics: Electronics & Communication Engineering, Ultrasonic Sensor, Servo Motor, Gear Motor, Arduino
Image processing is one of the latest and prominent fields of computing and plays a very important role in security also like Steganography. IOT is the latest and emerging technology and need for the modern life. The paper is about the mixture of the above technologies to make a very dynamic security approach that addresses number of issues. In my approach I am using Raspberry Pi with camera to capture images and send these images to another Raspberry Pi in encrypted format. Jimy Bazaz | Abita...
Topics: Electronics & Communication Engineering IOT, Raspberry Pi
Mute input device Vocalizer could be a massive scale microcontroller based mostly system being designed to facilitate the communication among the dumb and deaf individuals by manufacturing a speech and text signal. This system can be dynamically reconstructed to work as a 'œsmart device'. In this paper, microcontroller and sensors based mute keypad vocalizer is presented. Mute keypad vocalizer discussed is basically a speaker and a keypad equipped microcontroller based system. Keypad sensor...
Topics: ARDUINO UNO, Keypad module, Audio processing unit APR 9600 voice recording module, LCD (16*2),...
The rollout of fifth generation(5G) wireless communication technology provides high spectral efficiency, high speed, greater density of users, high capacity, pseudo outdoor communication etc. In the year 2020, the data consumption is expected to increase 30% which cannot be supported by the current technologies such as 3G and 4G. The (4G) mobile communication uses Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) technique in various systems like - Wi-MAX. Now as the technology is being...
Topics: OFDM, CP, FBMC, UFMC, OOB, GFDM and F-OFDM, Electronics & Communication Engineering
In this work physical layer simulation of IEEE 802.15.4 / ZigBee protocol has been done. The proposed work is the implementation of ZigBee system according to the protocol description. In this work we have simulated ZigBee system first with conventional OQPSK modulation technique, then the simulations are performed for MSK modulation, which is through OQPSK modulation. Simulation results for BER showing the average 79.43 % improvement in BER for Proposed MSK compared with OQPSK modulation...
Topics: ZigBee, IEEE 802.15.4, MSK, OQPSK, BER, MATLAB, Electronics & Communication Engineering
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
by Khin Pyone Ei Aung | Nyan Phyo Aung | Lwin Lwin Htay
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This system presents the monitoring and control of real time data acquisition of a solar power system in reliance SCADA. SCADA supervisory control and data acquisition systems are currently employed in many applications, such as home automation, greenhouse automation, and hybrid power systems. Commercial SCADA systems are costly to set up and maintain therefore those are not used for small renewable energy systems. This system demonstrates applying Reliance SCADA and Arduino Uno on a small...
Topics: Electronics & Communication Engineering, Current Sensor, Voltage Sensor, Solar PV System,...
Modern embedded processors includes both scratchpad memory (SPM) and cache memory in their architectures. SPM's are prone to soft errors like Single event upsets (SEUs) and Single event multiple upsets (SEMUs). For correcting soft errors, we use Error Correcting Codes (ECC) like single-error correction double-error detection(SEC-DED) and SEC-DED double-adjacent error correction(SEC-DED-DAEC) and parity duplication approach. These approaches are used only error correction for less number of...
Topics: Cache memory, Scratchpad memory, error correcting codes, soft errors, replicas and DMA, Electronics...
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
by Mrs Sandhya Shinde ; Mr. Yogesh Yadav ; Miss. Bharti Sontakke ; Miss. Pratiksha Zapake
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The IOT based energy meter is based on Arduino. This system eliminates the human involvement in electricity maintenance. The theft of electricity increases the costs paid by customers. Hence this system is used for the detection of theft. The energy meter is connected to the Arduino. The Arduino checks the main meter and sub meter reading. If the difference between the main meter and sub meter is occurred then the message that theft has occurred will be displayed on the LCD display as well as...
Topics: IoT, Arduino Uno, Energy meter, LCD Display, current sensor, Electronics & Communication...
In biological sciences, herbal plants play a vital role in medicinal purpose. Identifying the leaf with unaffected leaves is more important nowadays. The leaves get affected due to many diseases like Phragmidium meuronatum, Cercospora jasmicola, Oidium tingitanium, Cephaleuros virescens.  This paper focuses on the study and identification of unaffected leaves based on automated leaf recognition system. The proposed system uses image processing technique for image segmentation and feature...
Topic: Electronics & Communication Engineering
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
by Ritesh D. Survase, Sharad S. Soma, Girish H. Watte, Mr. Jatin M. Patil
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Attendance recording in educational institutions is an important task. But now a day's manual data entry procedures are used to take the attendance. Traditional ways of recording attendance involve manual entering of individual attendance on a sheet of paper. Later, these are fed into staff diary or computer database. In this system we are focusing on developing this project, which will help the lecturers to take attendance easily, securely and will have less error. For this we are implementing...
Topics: Attendance system, GSM Modem, Web server, Android Technology, Mobile Phone, Visual Basic,...
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
by Er. Bharti Sood | Er. Rahul Gupta
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This paper aims to design an Advanced home automation system using normal web server and Wi-Fi technology. The devices can be switched ON OFF and sensors can be read using a Personal Computer PC through Wi-Fi. This paper helps to develop a home automation system that gives the user complete control over all remotely controllable aspects of his or her home. The automation system will have the ability to be controlled from a central host PC, the Internet, and also remotely accessed via a Pocket...
Topics: Electronics & Communication Engineering, Automation, Arduino UNO, Wi-Fi, Web Server
This research aims to monitor the traffic condition and to control the traffic light. This system can reduce not only traffic congestion but also waiting time. This system is designed to be implemented in places nearing the junctions. This research is based on the effective use of Internet of Things IoT . This system will display the traffic conditions in the website and the traffic light can be controlled from this website. This system has been implemented by using esp8266, ultrasonic sensor...
Topics: Electronics & Communication Engineering, Internet of Things (IoT), ultrasonic sensor, Wi-Fi...
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
by Mr. Akhilesh Raut, Mr. Mahesh Mali, Miss. Trupti Mashale, Prof. Kazi K. S
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As industrial revolution approaching towards automa-tion they need to upgrade their manufacturing process. We were visited to Siddhanath sugar factory, in boiler section, we found a problem with bagasse silo that it doesn't indicate how much bagasse is in silo. Hence the workers don't know how much amount bagasse in the silo? In all sugar industries the cane after processing is left with the waste product called "Bagasse". The Bagasse produced in the mills is used as a fuel to boilers...
Topics: Bagasse, Ultrasonic sensor, Arduino Uno, LCD Display, DC Motor, Electronics & Communication...
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
by Ni Ni San Hlaing | Ma Naing | San San Naing
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A vehicle tracking system is very useful for tracking the movement of a vehicle from any location at any time. An efficient vehicle tracking system is designed and implemented for tracking the movement of any equipped vehicle from any location at any time. The proposed system made good use of popular technology that combines a smartphone with an Arduino UNO. This easy to make and inexpensive compared to others. The designed in vehicle device works using Global Positioning System GPS and Global...
Topics: Electronics & Communication Engineering, Arduino UNO, GSM module, GPS module, mobile, LCD
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
by Aditi Beohar | Prof. Pankaj Sahu | Prof. Rajender Singh Yadav
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In this work, M-LEACH (Modified Distributed Energy Efficient Clustering) protocol, a new variant of LEACH is proposed after survey of LEACH. The proposed M-LEACH is designed for three different segregations for the nodes to elongate the stability & lifetime of the network. Hence, it increases the heterogeneity & energy level of the network. In LEACH, amplification energy is set same for all kinds of transmissions. Using low energy level for intra cluster transmissions with respect to...
Topics: Electronics & Communication Engineering LEACH, WSN, Routing Protocol, M-LEACH, WSN's, Cluster...
We live in that era of time where security is the prime concern everywhere. Nowadays several unauthorized groups are now available in the domain of computer networking. Designing a secure system against attacking is always a challenging task for network developers. Here you can see Layer 2 and 3 attacks on Packet Tracer and also provide their defense mechanism. Kusum Bhardwaj | Poonam Singh"Improving Defense Mechanism Using Packet Tracer for Switches and Router" Published in...
Topics: router, security, packet tracer, router, hubs, networking, network admistrator, hacking,...
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
by Masoud A. Khatib | Mohiyuddin I. Mahable | Salman S. Maniyar | Prof. Waseem S. Tamboli
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In this proposed system, a customer can view bills when necessary. The main idea of having an Email service is to have better communication with consumers and email is the ideal way to achieve it. When the bill is processed by the system, billing details are sent via email. This is a real time system. Wireless data transmission and receiving technique is used. This will provide an additional facility of wireless meter reading with the same technique and in same cost. This will protect...
Topics: Current sensor, Internet of Things(IoT), ESP8266 WiFi module, Electronics & Communication...
MATLAB is widely used technical computing software. MATLAB provides graphical design tools such as Simulink and Dials. This paper deals in designing modulation and demodulation techniques of various analog and digital communication systems like AM, FM, PM, PAM, PWM, PPM, PCM, ASK, FSK, PSK, MSK, QPSK, BPSK, BFSK, DSB-SC, SSB-SC. A graphical user interface provides a familiar environment to work. This environment contains pushbuttons, toggle buttons, lists, menus, text boxes, and so forth, all...
Topics: MATLAB-GUI, Modulation and Demodulation Processes, Graphs, Electronics & Communication...
Energy Conservation is the effort made to reduce the consumption of energy by using energy more efficiently. Energy can be conserved by reducing wastage and losses, improving efficiency through technological upgrades. In this thesis, Bluetooth based home lighting control system using Arduino UNO is presented as the good example for energy conservation by applying updated technologies. Bluetooth Module, relays, bulbs, android phone, ardudroid application and power supply are used to complete...
Topics: Electronics & Communication Engineering, Bluetooth, Arduino UNO, ardudroid application,...
In todays era vehicles area unit giant in variety, the cubicle appears to become bottleneck to meet up with the gates because of their manual operations. This process may take few minutes to pass the toll system. In order to decrease this passing time, the process of toll system can be automated by technology enablement of Internet of Things IoT and identification of vehicle with the help of radio frequency. Automated Toll Collection System used for collecting tax automatically. A vehicle will...
Topics: Electronics & Communication Engineering, Toll Booth, RFID, Arduino, IoT, Cloud Computing, WiFi...
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
by R. Dhivya Devi, S. Dinesh, S. Gowri Shankar, K. Ravi Teja
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In recent years, many of the bridges are monitored using non-destructive testing methods. These methods are used for checking the structural damage, wreckage, strength of the bridges. To reduce the human losses, economic losses, protect the strength and structure of bridge we are introducing a smart bridge monitoring using sensors where it gives high and low values depending upon the problem occurred in the bridge. Now a day we are in hike of power supply, so we are using Wireless Sensor...
Topics: WSN, SHM, Nodes, Methodology, Electronics & Communication Engineering
MATLAB is widely used technical computing software. MATLAB provides graphical design tools such as Simulink and Dials. This paper deals in designing modulation and demodulation techniques of various analog and digital communication systems like AM, FM, PM, PAM, PWM, PPM, PCM, ASK, FSK, PSK, MSK, QPSK, BPSK, BFSK, DSB-SC, SSB-SC. A graphical user interface provides a familiar environment to work. This environment contains pushbuttons, toggle buttons, lists, menus, text boxes, and so forth, all...
Topics: MATLAB-GUI, Modulation and Demodulation Processes, Graphs, Electronics & Communication...
Fungi and bacteria can interact synergistically to stimulate plant growth through a range of mechanisms that include improved nutrient acquisition and inhibition of fungal plant pathogens. These interactions may be of crucial importance within sustainable, low-input agricultural cropping systems that rely on biological processes rather than agrochemicals to maintain soil fertility and plant health. Although there are many studies concerning interactions between fungi and bacteria, the...
Topics: SVM, Enhanced SVM, PCA, KNN Approach, Training Dataset, Train Dataset., Electronics &...
Line following robot is an autonomous vehicle which detect black line to move over the white surface or bright surface. In this paper, the line following robot is constructed by using Arduino nano microcontroller as a main component and consists of three infrared IR sensors, four simple DC motors, four wheels and a PCB frame of robot chassis. The infrared sensors are used to sense the black line on white surface. When the infrared signal falls on the white surface, it gets reflected and it...
Topics: Electronics & Communication Engineering, Arduino Nano, control, DC motor, IR sensors, L2953D...
This paper provides both Theory and Practical of Programmable logic controller (PLC) in Automation engineering. According to various manufacturing company, the nature and useful area of PLC may be different and this paper mainly supports step by step approaching methods to be familiar with what is PLC and how PLC work. Automation purpose is the main application of PLC and the programmers or control supervisors will be able to learn easily with the four levels or steps that perform in this...
Topics: PLC, Automation, Methods, levels, Electronics & Communication Engineering
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
by Prof. M. R. Dhavale, Prof. S. J. Kulkarni, Prof. S. N. Jadhav
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Hydropower is one of the most promising available energy sources in the world. It accounts for almost 16 percent of global electricity consumption. It is clean and renewable energy source as compared to fossil fuel based generation which pollute environment. At the time of floods there will be a huge flow which will causes damage to the plant, inefficient power generation. So these are avoided by using automation. Before the existence of the automation, qualified personnel operated the...
Topics: Voltage sensor, LDR, Microcontroller, LCD, Turbine, Electronics & Communication Engineering
Multi-exposure image fusion (MEF) is viewed as a viable quality upgrade system generally received in purchaser hardware, A solitary caught picture of a genuine scene is normally lacking to uncover every one of the points of interest due to under-or over-uncovered locales. In this paper a multi-presentation picture fusion(MEF) calculation by streamlining a target quality measure in particular the MEF auxiliary similitude list (MEF-SSIM). In particular, first develop the MEF-SSIM list by...
Topics: Multi-exposure image fusion(MEF), structural similarity(SSIM), Electronics & Communication...
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
by Roshni V. Chavhan ; Dinesh V. Rojatkar
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The term (IoT) Internet Of Thing was first invented in 1998.Kevin Ashton is father of IoT. IoT is derived from the two words -Internet and thing. We can simply say that transmission of any thing over the Internet are IoT.Many times in our city we see that garbage bins or dust bin which are placed at public places are overflowing with garbage. It is a universal truth that wastage of anything is harmful for society as well as to people and our environment is surrounded by natural things .It...
Topics: Wi-Fi modem, microcontroller, Ultrasonic sensors, IoT, cloud server, Electronics &...
Modern embedded processors include both scratchpad memory (SPM) and cache memory in their architectures. SPM's are prone to soft errors like Single event upsets (SEUs) and Single event multiple upsets (SEMUs). For correcting soft errors, we use Error Correcting Codes (ECC) like single-error correction double-error detection (SEC-DED) and SEC-DED double-adjacent error correction (SEC-DED-DAEC) and parity duplication approach. These approaches are used only error correction for less number of...
Topics: Cache memory, Scratchpad memory, error correcting codes, soft errors, replicas and DMA, Electronics...
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
by Moe Mon Myint | Phyo Thu Aung | Wai Phyo
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ABSTRACT This paper describes about smart home using Kinco PLC programming. Nowadays, smart homes are popular in everywhere. A smart home can provide its home owner with comfort, security, energy efficiency, and convenience at all times, regardless of whether anyone is home. In this report, smart home is designed to control multiple systems by using PLC.  Gate door control is combined with radio frequency remote control and Main door security is designed with access control which can work with...
Topics: Electronics & Communication Engineering, PLC, Kinco, Gate door control, RFID, CCTV
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
by Madhuri R. Raut; Prof. Dr. Krishna K. Warhade
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Nowadays problem of fake currency increases because of increasing in technology like scanning, color printing so result in counterfeit currency. In India increase in fake paper currency notes of 100, 500, 2000 rupees etc. So detection of fake currency is necessary. The determination of fake currency with the help of image processing. Firstly Image acquisition is done then pre-processing stage applied to that image for suppress unwanted feature and added some feature which are necessary for...
Topics: Fake currency, image processing, feature invarient, counterfeit, HSV, Electronics &...
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
by Mukesh Kumawat | Mr. Durgesh Kumar | Dr. Garima Mathur
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Since the development of advanced metering and digital technology, Smart City has been equipped based on things IOT in different electronic devices, and therefore smarter than before. The purpose of this paper is to carry out the concept of smart cities and their motivation and application of a comprehensive review. In addition, the survey describes the intelligent networking technology and smart cities and major components of urban functions. This also explains the major challenges and...
Topics: Electronics & Communication Engineering, smart cities, smart grid, smart buildings, demand...
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
by Dr.D.R.V.A.Sharath Kumar | J.Nageswar Reddy
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Around 25,000 villages are located in remote and inaccessible areas and hence could not be electrified through conventional grid extension in India. The functionality of the system varies across the placed and across the seasons. During rainy season on an average one luminary works 2 to 3 hours. During winter and summer on an average one luminaire works 4 to 5 hours. However, performance declines over the years. Use of kerosene is reducing in rural areas. Nearly 53 to 69 percent reported that...
Topics: Solar Panel, LED Lighting System, Pole, Batteries, Charge Controller, Inverters and Cooling Box,...
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
by Ma May Zin Oo | Dr. Nay Win Zaw | Daw Khin San Win
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Nowadays, the monitoring of weather is utilized to make many important decisions on a daily routine. So, by using one of the technologies, this alarm system is designed for real-time weather station using Arduino and GSM module. This real-time weather station is to send the LCD display and the alert to the user via short message sending (SMS) in the wake of a critically of an event which is predefined by the user. One of the important applications of the system is to send the alarm message to...
Topics: Electronics & Communication Engineering Arduino Uno, GSM Module, Temperature and Humidity...
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
by Shubhangi Sahare ; Dr.D.V.Rojatkar
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Cloud Computing is the most advanced technical platform for upcoming generation.Cloud Computing provides us a wide range of data storage space in web source.Cloud Computing work automatically as per the necessaity of user It neednot to do extra work. High level applications and game run by Cloud Computing.Cloud Computing is not only limited for storage purpose it is beyond our imagination. In Cloud Computing we can accesse the application ,modified the application over the internet. Cloud...
Topics: cloud computing, Electronics & Communication Engineering
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
by Kothapally Mounika; P. Pavan Kumar; K. Shobha Rani
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CORDIC or CO-ordinate Rotation Digital Computer is a fast, simple, efficient and powerful algorithm used for diverse Digital Signal Processing applications. Primarily developed for real-time airborne computations, it uses a unique computing technique which is especially suitable for solving the trigonometric relationships involved in plane co-ordinate rotation and conversion from rectangular to polar form. It comprises a special serial arithmetic unit having three shift registers, three...
Topics: Circular Trigonometry, Coordinate Rotation Digital Computer (CORDIC), Hyperbolic Trigonometry,...
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
by Ma Naing | May Thwe Oo | New Nwe Oo
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This system is designed to prevent green house effect caused due to the burning of fossil fuel and reduce pollution for the environment. The designing, construction and implementation of the Solar and Electric Powered Hybrid Vehicle SEPHV are expressed in this paper. The power supply of the SEPHV can be charged by the solar and normal AC power source too. In this system, the series combination of 12V six lead acid batteries is used for the driving motor power supply 40~60V DC . The 50W six...
Topics: Electronics & Communication Engineering, BLDC motor, Solar Panel, Charge Controller, Battries,...
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
by Hay Man Oo | Ni Ni San Hlaing | Thin Thin Oo
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This paper investigates based on Arduino voice generator text to speech robot. Voice generator text to speech robot system is very beneficial in areas where there is high risk for humans to enter. Voice generator text to speech robot system is controlled voice commands. The integration of the control unit with the Bluetooth device is achieved using a Bluetooth module to capture and read the voice commands. The controlling device may be any smartphone. The transmitter uses an android application...
Topics: Electronics & Communication Engineering, Arduino UNO, Bluetooth module, DC motor, L298N motor...
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
by G. Naveen Balaji ; S. Chenthur Pandian ; D. Rajesh
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Carbon Nanotubes Field Effect Transistors (CNTFETs) is used to implement a two new design of triplex half adder. conventional binary logic has a capable alternate called triplex logic, since it is possible to accomplish uncomplicatedness and energy efficiency in modern digital design due to shortened circuit overhead such as interconnect and chip area. Triplex decoders and binary logic gates are used to present two novel half adders. To obtain power, delay and power delay product the circuits...
Topics: Carbon Nano Tube, Adder, Field Effect Transistor, Logic Gates, Electronics & Communication...
Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) systems have been widely used in an area of wireless cellular communication system, providing the both increased capacity and reliability. However, the use of multiple antennas in mobile terminals may not be very practical due to limited space and other implementation issues. In this paper, cooperative MIMO has been used in a way to optimise the implementation and working of conventional MIMO systems in terms of BER and Spectral Efficiency while maintaining...
Topics: Amplify and Forward (AF), MRC (Maximal Ratio Combining), V-BLAST (Vertical Bell Laboratories...
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
by Bindiya Patel | Dr. Pankaj Kumar Mishra | Prof. Amit Kolhe
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This project is mainly based on image processing technique. In this work MATLAB have been used through every procedure made. Image processing techniques are widely use in bio-medical sector. The objective of our work is noise removal operation, thresholding, gray scale imaging, histogram equalization, texture segmentation, and morphological operation. Detection of lung cancer from computed tomography (CT) images is done by using MATLAB software. By using these methods the work has been done on...
Topics: Image Acquisition, Image enhancement, Image Segmentation, Morphological operation, Electronics...
Oscillator circuit is one that converts DC power into AC power at a frequency without any input signal. Oscillators are commonly used in communication systems to generate carrier frequency ranging from audio frequency 20 Hz to radio frequency 100G Hz . There are two main classes of oscillators, harmonic oscillator with sinusoidal output e.g. sine wave and relaxation oscillator with non sinusoidal output e.g. square wave, triangle wave, etc. . In this paper, class A Colpitts oscillator with LC...
Topics: Electronics & Communication Engineering, Colpitts oscillator, class A amplifier, LC feedback...
This project shows that the badminton player can practice without the help of coach. By using 16F887 pic microcontroller, some led and buzzer. This helps the player to practice by using the coach-less method which is made by pic microcontroller. This also helps the coach to concentrate on other players too. G. Naveen Balaji | N. V. Hari Suriya"Effective Badminton Coaching Schema using PIC16F887 Microcontroller" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and...
Topics: PIC, Microcontroller, Badminton, LED, embedded C, Electronics & Communication Engineering
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
by Ajinkya Anant Bandegiri ; Pradip Chandrakant Bhaskar
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Generally in critical case patients are supposed to be monitored continuously for their heart rate, oxygen saturation level, blood pressure, body temperature, pulse-oximetry (SPO2) and ECG etc. In the previous methods, the doctors need to be present physically on sight, so that the real time health monitoring system is used every field such as hospital, home care unit, sports using wireless sensor network. This health monitoring system use for chronicle diseases patients who have daily...
Topics: Real-Time Health Monitoring, Wireless Sensor Network, ECG, Body temperature, Oxygen saturation,...
Melanoma is a serious type of skin cancer. It starts in skin cells called melanocytes. There are 3 main types of skin cancer, Melanoma, Basal and Squamous cell carcinoma. Melanoma is more likely to spread to other parts of the body. Early detection of malignant melanoma in dermoscopy images is very important and critical, since its detection in the early stage can be helpful to cure it.  Computer Aided Diagnosis systems can be very helpful to facilitate the early detection of cancers for...
Topics: Electronics & Communication Engineering, Skin cancer, Segmentation, Feature Extraction,...
In this paper, a printed rectangular monopole antenna is designed for RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) reader applications. The antenna is designed to operate at a frequency of 860 MHz to 960 MHz allocated for UHF RFID universal (worldwide) band. The antenna simulation is analyzed using 3D EM simulator, FEKO Software. The result of the antenna parameters such as radiation pattern, reflection coefficient and gain are also discussed. The proposed antenna is simple in design and fair in size....
Topics: Electronics & Communication Engineering printed rectangular monopole antenna, RFID, UHF,...
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
by Aniket Jadhav, Rushikesh Dalvi, Swapnil Dahiwal, Prof. R. A. Jain
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An intelligent security system that provides a high level of home security using visual surveillance is developed and explored in this paper. This will be very much useful in home and company automation. Security has becoming an important issue everywhere. Home security is becoming necessary nowadays as the possibilities of intrusion are increasing day by day. This paper is about safety from theft, leaking of raw gas and fire are the most important requirements of home security system for...
Topic: Electronics & Communication Engineering
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
by Nitin Agarwal | Hitesh Singhal | Shobhit Yadav | Shubham Tyagi | Vishaldeep Pathak
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In present time, children fall in the Borewell due to the carelessness nature of the people in society. The currently available systems to save the child are less effective and costly too. Thus the society is in need of a new technique which is more efficient and effective. In most cases reported so far, a parallel hole is dug and then horizontal path is made to reach the child. It is not only a time taking process, but also risky in various ways. The borewell rescue system is capable of moving...
Topics: Electronics & Communication Engineering, Integrated Camera, Mic, Video/Audio I/O, Arms