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International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development

WWW.IJTSRD.COM with ISSN: 2456-6470 (International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development) is a leading international journal which aims to promote the theory and practice along with knowledge sharing between researchers, developers, engineers, students, and practitioners working in and around the world in many areas like Sciences, Technology, Innovation, Engineering, Agriculture, Management and many more. We are international publisher who are proving quality publication of peer reviewed and refereed international journals from diverse fields that emphasizes new research, development and their applications. IJTSRD provides an online access to exchange your research work, technical notes & surveying results among professionals throughout the world in e-journals or print publications.

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International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
by A nosocomial infection is defined as any infection occurring in a patient during hospital stay or receiving any healthcare facility in which the infection was not present at the time of hospital admission or acquired during hospitalisation.Malhotra S et al research findings reflected the prevalence of hospital acquired infections was highest in ICUs (33.3%) followed by paediatric wards (12.5%) and surgical wards (10.3%). The most common hospital acquired infections were urinary tract infection (UTI 31.1%) followed by respiratory tract infections (RTI- 24.3%), surgical site infection (SSI- 20.3%) and blood stream infection (BSI- 18.2%).According to Mythri H and Kashinath KR et al the mean duration of stay of the patients in the hospital was 8.1 days. The distribution of nosocomial infections in MICU were UTI (34.8% - 8/130), pneumonia (21.7% - 5/130), soft tissue infections (17.4% - 4/130), gastrointestinal (13.0% - 3/130), blood stream infections (8.7% - 2/130) and meningitis (4.3% - 1/130). According to Sugata Dasgupta research study the outcome of this research study concluded there was no statistically significant difference between the hospital mortality rates among the patients with and without nosocomial infection (P = 0.181).According to Oznur Ak research study the incidence rate of nosocomial infection was 21.6 in 1000 patient-days, and the rate of nosocomial infection was 25.6% Length of ICU stay, central venous catheterisation, mechanical ventilation and tracheostomy were statistically significant risk factors for nosocomial infection. According to Michael Behnke research study concludes that the prevalence of nosocomial infection has not changed since 1994, but the prevalence of antibiotic use has increased in hospital acquired infections. Riya Johnson | Alex Lalbiaknunga | Jaidev Kumar | Sumana | Abdul Rashid"Hospital Acquired Infections - A Review" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-2 | Issue-2 , February 2018, URL: http://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd8256.pdf http://www.ijtsrd.com/pharmacy/pharmacy-practice/8256/hospital-acquired-infections---a-review/riya-johnson
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A nosocomial infection is defined as any infection occurring in a patient during hospital stay or receiving any healthcare facility in which the infection was not present at the time of hospital admission or acquired during hospitalisation.Malhotra S et al research findings reflected the prevalence of hospital acquired infections was highest in ICUs (33.3%) followed by paediatric wards (12.5%) and surgical wards (10.3%). The most common hospital acquired infections were urinary tract infection...
Topics: Nosocomial, Infection, Hospital, Acquired, Pharmacy practice
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
by A Prasanth, P Sankar Ganesh, S P Raja Gopalan
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We are sending data from source node to destination using wireless sensor networks (WSNs), In wireless sensor networks, it is a typical threat to source privacy that an attacker performs back tracing strategy to locate source nodes by analyzing transmission paths. So there is lot of chances to lose data and information theft by network hackers. Network hackers performs eves dropping, sniffers attack, Denial of service attack. These types of attacks are achieved by negative commands generated by...
Topics: wireless network sensor (WNS), Internet of Things (IOT), Constrained Random Routing (CRR)...
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
by A. A Bhosale | Dr. V. U Barge
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Rotavirus RV is a disease that is extremely spreadable in children whose age ranges between 3'5 years. Rotavirus vaccination RVV is an effective method for combating the diarrhoea disease as rotavirus is the leading cause of diarrhoea worldwide. For fulfilling the aim of reducing the burden of RV caused in children under 5 years for diarrhoea mortality. World Health Organization WHO recommends introducing RVVs worldwide. Globally three RVVs are licensed for local use two monovalent vaccines...
Topics: Biotechnology, Rotavirus, Rotavirus vaccination (RVV), Rotarix
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
by A. A. A. Wahab | L. T. Zhan | H. Husin | W. A. F. W. Othman | Syed Sahal Nazli Alhady
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High Peak to Average Power Ratio PAPR is the major drawback of Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing OFDM system. In this paper, we propose Zadoff-Chu matrix Transform ZCT precoding Selected Mapping SLM based OFDM SLM-OFDM system for PAPR reduction. This technique is based on precoding the constellation symbols with ZCT precoder matrix row-wise after the multiplication of phase rotation factor and before the Inverse Fast Fourier Transform IFFT in the SLM based OFDM SLM-OFDM Systems.  At...
Topics: Electronics & Communication Engineering, Peak to Average Power Ratio (PAPR), Orthogonal...
Kolhapur city is one of the major cities in Maharashtra and well source of water bodies available in the western region of Maharashtra. But still facing the water scarcity in summer days due to the polluted water is unfit to use. Kolhapur district and city have major problems with water quality. Some of the parts of district blessed with River or lakes but due to human activities pollute the surface water sources. Groundwater table lowering day by day pass or contaminated due to industrial...
Topics: Ground water, Surface water, Physicochemical, Water Quality, Kolhapur, Environmental Engineering
Cataract is clouding of eye lens cause partial or complete blindness. Aging of eye lens or injury to eye lens are major reasons to cause cataract. Smoking and use of excessive use of steroids also leads to development of cataract. Clumping of protein molecules and water molecules in natural eye lens leads of development of Cataract. Opacity at center of lens it is called as nuclear cataract while at edges of lens is called cortical cataract. The lens focuses the reflections form object at...
Topics: Computer Engineering, cataract, slit lamp images Lens extraction, Hough circle transform,...
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
by A. C. Sounthararaj | B. VeeraPandiyan
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Wireless networks are mostly common and are the part of every organisation or an individual. In this article we look into the technology of wireless network and security features of WLANs, delinquent and attacks in IEEE 802.11 WLANs.  There are variety of attack methods that can be used against the uses of wireless networks. Modern wireless data network use a variety of techniques to provide obstacles to such attacks. This article also discuss the risks of wireless security in an enterprise. ...
Topics: Computer Network, Network security, risk, WEP key
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
by A. C. Sounthararaj | P L. Subramanian
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Nanotechnology nanotech is used to exploit matter of a molecular, supramolecular and atomic scale. The earliest, widespread description of nanotechnology referred to the particular technological goal of precisely exploiting atoms and molecules for fabrication of macro-scale products, also now referred to as molecular nanotechnology.  Nanotechnology as defined by size is naturally very broad, including fields of science as assorted as surface science, organic chemistry, molecular biology,...
Topics: Computer Network, nano-scale, atomic scale, nano-technology, molecular self-assembly, supramolecular
Safety and welfare measures are inevitable to any organization where workers are involved. An organization's Responsibility to its Employees extends beyond the payment of wages for their services. The Employer's Safety and Welfare on and off the job within the Organization is the vital concern of the Employer. The data used in the study was Primary data collected using a Structured Questionnaire. Secondary data was collected from company records and the Internet. The Simple Random Sampling...
Topics: HRM and Retail Business, employee safety and welfare facilities
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
by A. Geetha, Shahanaz Khan N, Sneha Rajagopal, Soundariya B
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Nowadays the vehicle accident rate has been increasing as compared to the previous decade. This system proposes a solution to minimize the action time after an accident. It has the capability of ensuring the driver's safety along with the co-passengers and can easily be integrated with the car. The vehicle is connected to a hardware device that detects the collision with the help of a vibration sensor. The hardware device also consists of a fire sensor that senses fire breakouts. It...
Topics: Internet of things (IoT), Sensors, Accidents, Global positioning system (GPS), Short messaging...
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
by A. Jesper Anandhi | R. Kanagadurai | A. Mercy | B. Milton Boaz
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CdSe nanoparticles were synthesized using a simple chemical precipitation method at room temperature in different Cd:Se ratios. The nanoparticles were characterized using x-ray diffraction(XRD),high resolution scanning electron microscopy (HRSEM),energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDAX). XRD pattern reveals that the nanoparticles are in well crystalline Hexagonal phase.The broadening of diffraction peaks indicated the formation of particles in the nanometer size regime.HRSEM images of Cdse...
Topics: CdSe nanoparticles, x-ray diffraction, nanocrystals, sem image, Nanotechnology
In Tamil Nadu, infrastructure development has increased the growth of the state economy and has generated large amount of job opportunities. Hence those projects involve a large amount of investment to carry out. In view of that, if any sort of impact of culture would lead to waste of resources and delay of construction. In this connection, this study mainly discusses the critical cultural factors and its assessment techniques through comparative study of construction projects across Tamil Nadu...
Topics: Tamil Nadu Construction Projects, Culture, Performance, Civil Engineering
A selection of one common and commercially available table top artificial Sweetener in Sudanese Markets Steviana was considered. The study showed that , the compositions of the sample steviana contained sorbitol as a natural low potency sweetener, and it doesn't contain Aspartame , Saccharin as an artificial high potency sweeteners which they are chemical additives and have hazardous on health . Raman peaks of these compositions were compared with previous studies and analysis, which they were...
Topics: Molecular Physics, Artificial sweeteners, Natural sweeteners, Laser Raman spectroscopy
Essential oil obtained from aerial parts of Ocimum gratissimum collected from Chamba (Tehri Garhwal), Uttrakhand, India by hydrodistillation, was analyzed by GC and GC-MS for its chemical profile, and evaluated for antifungal activity. The analysis revealed the presence of 35 compounds which constitutes 96.27% of the total oil. The major components of the oil were found to be eugenol (32.86%), a-terpenolene (22.83%), cis-8-methylbicyclo (4,3,0) non-3-ene (9.08%), camphene (2.65%),...
Topics: Ocimum gratissimum, essential oil, antimicrobial activity, fungi, eugenol, Photochemistry
Essential oil obtained from aerial parts of Ocimum gratissimum collected from Chamba (Tehri Garhwal), Uttrakhand, India by hydrodistillation, was analyzed by GC and GC-MS for its chemical profile, and evaluated for antifungal activity. The analysis revealed the presence of 35 compounds which constitutes 96.27% of the total oil. The major components of the oil were found to be eugenol (32.86%), a-terpenolene (22.83%), cis-8-methylbicyclo (4,3,0) non-3-ene (9.08%), camphene (2.65%),...
Topics: Ocimum gratissimum, essential oil, antimicrobial activity, fungi, eugenol, Photochemistry
Rational use of highly dispersed metal waste is an important issue of material science and environment protection. The quantity of the powdered metallic materials used in industry is steadily increasing they are especially widely used in the enterprises producing iron powders, in metal sheet production, as well as in abrasive machining.  This paper presents an analysis of several kinds of metal waste such as iron and steel powders, mill scales, steel punching, metal shavings and other...
Topics: Civil Engineering, metal fillers, heavy concrete, metal powders, metal dust, mill scale, steel...
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
by A. Manikanta | B. Prasad | Ch. Sai Kumar | E. Praveena
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From this paper we can transfer the power to earth without using any wires using satellite based system.by this satellite solar power based system we can reduce the transmission and distri bution losses .by this system we can get more effi ciency of power for future generations.in this paper we can study the various components of satellite based system and projects this technology as a bulk source of power generation in future. With the help of sps system we can reduce the costs of lines and...
Topics: Electrical Engineering, sps system, microwave generator, rec-tenna transmitting antenna
This paper is based on the study of how a Consumer as an individual or as a groups or organizations select, buy, use and dispose ideas, goods and services to satisfy their needs and wants. Retailers buying behavior is the result of the attitudes, references, intentions, and decisions made by the customers in the market place before buying a product. The objective of this study is to find the level of retailer's satisfaction, to identify the most influencing factor of buying behavior of...
Topics: Marketing, Retailers, Buying Behavior, Socio - Economic Variables, Most Influencing Variables,...
Human ear will acknowledge as sound when frequency is in the range of 20 to 20000 Hz and more sensitive in the range of 500 - 4000 Hz. Heat and sound insulation panels are generally composed of nonwoven porous synthetic materials such as rock wool, glass wool, polyurethane, polyester and etc. Though these materials have excellent acoustic properties at high frequencies, their structural properties are not enough to defend against low frequency noise.  Multi-purpose concert halls face a dilemma...
Topics: Textile Engineering, Air gap, coir fibre, insulation, micro perforated panel, natural fibre,...
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
by A. N. V. Ravindra | Mr. S. Siva Gowri Prasad
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One of the key problems in the study of any stream of traffic system is the analysis of delay. Delay is a more delicate concept. It may be well defined as the difference between the actual travel time on a given section and some ideal travel time of that section. This raises the question as what is the ideal travel time. In practice, the ideal travel time chosen will depend on the situation. There are two particular travel times that seem best suited as benchmarks for assessment with the actual...
Topics: Transport engineering, Length of system, Length of queue, queuing theory, waiting time in queue.
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
by A. Nithya Rani, Dr. Antony Selvdoss Davamani
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This research paper explores a variety of strategies for performing classification with missing feature values. The classification setting is particularly affected by the presence of missing feature values since most discriminative learning approaches including logistic regression, support vector machines, and neural networks have no natural ability to deal with missing input features. Our main interest is in classification methods that can both learn from data cases with missing features, and...
Topics: Multiple imputations, Classification, Machine learning approaches, Computer Engineering
Background: Dysmenorrhea refers to the occurrence of painful menstrual cramps of uterine origin. Dysmenorrhea has been estimated to be the greatest cause of time lost from work and school in the India. The study aim was to assess the effectiveness of Erythina variegata juice on dysmenorrhea among final year nursing students (B.Sc & DGNM). Methods: A pre experimental research design was carried out in Vinayaka Missions College of Nursing at Puducherry. The 30 sample was selected based on...
Topics: Erythina Variegata, Dysmenorrhoea, Pain scale., Gynecology
Background: Dysmenorrhea refers to the occurrence of painful menstrual cramps of uterine origin. Dysmenorrhea has been estimated to be the greatest cause of time lost from work and school in the India. The study aim was to assess the effectiveness of Erythina variegata juice on dysmenorrhea among final year nursing students (B.Sc & DGNM). Methods: A pre experimental research design was carried out in Vinayaka Missions College of Nursing at Puducherry. The 30 sample was selected based on...
Topics: Erythina Variegata, Dysmenorrhoea, Pain scale., Gynecology
To make digital artifacts, for example, code, datasets, messages, and pictures obvious and changeless. Moreover, there is no regularly acknowledged strategy to authorize this changelessness of computerized curios. To take care of this issue, we propose trusty URIs containing base 64 encryption values. Base 64 encoding can be utilized while recognizing a substance which is utilized as a part of HTTP foundation. A. Sai Haneesha | Ms. R. Vijaya"New Method for Making Digital Artifacts on...
Topics: Digital Artifacts, Base64, Encoding, Immutable, HTTP, Computer Security
The flagship programme of the Indian Government - MGNREGS - is aiming at enhancing the livelihood security of the rural households through guaranteed 100 days of manual wage employment in a fiscal year to its adult member, who is willing to do manual work. There is a registration process involved to obtain job cards for benefiting from this programme. Even though the process looks like simple steps, it involved time, labour and money of the intended beneficiaries to register and obtain the job...
Topics: Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS), National Rural Employment...
The flagship programme of the Indian Government '“ MGNREGS '“ is aiming at enhancing the livelihood security of the rural households through guaranteed 100 days of manual wage employment in a fiscal year to its adult member, who is willing to do manual work. There is a registration process involved to obtain job cards for benefiting from this programme. Even though the process looks like simple steps, it involved time, labour and money of the intended beneficiaries to register and obtain...
Topics: Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS), National Rural Employment...
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
by A. Satish Kumar, P. Hari Priya, V. Navya, V. N. Anshitha, MD. Shabeena
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Now-a-days, wireless sensor networks (WSNs) are getting progressively advanced with the developing system scale and the dynamic idea of remote correspondences. Numerous estimation and demonstrative methodologies rely upon per-parcel steering ways for exact and fine-grained examination of the mind boggling net-work practices. In this paper, we propose iPath, a novel way surmising way to deal with recreating the per-bundle steering ways in powerful and expansive scale systems. The fundamental...
Topics: Path inference, Wireless sensor networks, Hash function, Novel path, path similarity, Computer...
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
by A. Siri Pallavi | K. Varun Kumar | T. Vamsi Krishna | S. Sandeep | T. S. Jyothi Lakshmi
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In this modern era unnatural deaths are increasing day by day but major part of the unnatural deaths are caused by the drunk driving. Driving while drunk is very dangerous and it leads to vehicle crashes , roadway wounds. Many preventions measures had been taken likewise seizing vehicle permit, fine and punishment, seizing licence. Despite the fact that many prolepsis have been taken still the percentage of accidents due to drunk driving is increasing. This module is proposed to prevent people...
Topics: Electronics & Communication Engineering, MQ-3 Sensor, Raspberry Pi Model 3, Accidents, GPS...
In this paper existence of extremal solutions of second order initial value problems with discontinuous right hand side is obtained under certain monotonicity conditions and without assuming the existence of upper and lower solutions. Two basic differential inequalities corresponding to these initial value problems are obtained in the form of extremal solutions. And also we prove uniqueness of solutions of given initial value problems under certain conditions. A. Sreenivas "Existence of...
Topics: Complete lattice, Tarski fixed point theorem, isotone increasing, minimal and maximal solutions
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
by A. Sriharsha Kumar | Ch. Venkatesh | K. V. Durga Prasad | S. Balaji
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"A Digital RPM Meter is a measuring instrument which can measure the rotational speed of a rotary machine digitally. In industries we can use this type of digital tachometers which will reduce human effect. The industrial name of this instrument is “Tachometerâ€. It is an important measuring device in the field of electrical engineering and widely used in industries and laboratorial work. Here we are going to design an Aurdino based digital tachometer using IR sensor module to...
Topics: Electrical Engineering, Arduino, IR-pair, lcd, attachinterrupt, op-amp
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
by A. V. Gukanesh, G. Karthick Kumar, K. Karthik Raja Kumar, N. Saranya
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Social media is used to analyze political campaigns, stock market, movies, medicines, agriculture etc. Twitter a microblogging website where users read and write millions of tweets on a variety of topics daily. This project attempts to analyze the sentiment of the people for the election candidates based upon the live opinions and emotions. The focus of our project is to assign the polarity to each tweet that is whether the user expresses a positive or negative opinion. With the tweets that are...
Topics: Twitter, R, Sentiment Analysis, Naïve Bayes Algorithm, Data Miining
In this paper, we present an analytical hierarchy based goal programming model for media mix planning in health care system. Today health care providers, like most business, are using advertising in order to attract customers (patients) to its products or services. Media selection involves the allocation of advertising budget among a variety of media options in such way as to maximize the number of potential customers reached. In this study we considered exercise products, personal care...
Topics: media mix planning, analytic hierarchy process(AHP), goal programming(GP), Applied Mathematics
In this paper, we present an analytical hierarchy based goal programming model for media mix planning in health care system. Today health care providers, like most business, are using advertising in order to attract customers (patients) to its products or services. Media selection involves the allocation of advertising budget among a variety of media options in such way as to maximize the number of potential customers reached. In this study we considered exercise products, personal care...
Topics: media mix planning, analytic hierarchy process(AHP), goal programming(GP), Applied Mathematics
Employee absenteeism has been a growing concern to employers. Absenteeism may lead to financial losses and thereby resulting reduction in productivity and the costs of sick leave benefits paid as wages for no work. This project on Employee Absenteeism reveals that one of the major problems is absenteeism. Absenteeism is the practice or habit of being an absentee and an absentee is one who habitually stays away from work. Employees Absenteeism is a serious problem for management because it...
Topics: Absenteeism, Performance, Productivity
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
by A. Vijay kumar | O. Ajay kumar | K. Bala Kumar | M. Dinesh kumar
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This project “Fan coil unit preparation by using Revit software†deals with the study of air conditioner and water conditioner system in a single unit. The main object behind this project is to supply chilled water through MS pipes based on load calculations by considering the required standards. In this pipe design calculations are done by using the AUTODESK REVIT MEP software to design pipes with proper adjustments and fittings. This fan coil unit system is to be designed only for...
Topics: Mechanical Engineering, Refrigeration, ventilation, air conditioning effect
In this project qualitative analysis and controller design of a TI-SEPIC converter for optimal utilization photovoltaic power is presented. This converter is essentially combination of conventional buck and SEPIC converters sharing common components. On the account of the integration load side only one inductor is sufficient enough for performing the power conversion in both Buck and SEPIC converters. Here the function of the lower SEPIC converter is to extract maximum power from the PV and...
Topics: SEPIC, Electrical Engineering
In this project qualitative analysis and controller design of a TI-SEPIC converter for optimal utilization photovoltaic power is presented. This converter is essentially combination of conventional buck and SEPIC converters sharing common components. On the account of the integration load side only one inductor is sufficient enough for performing the power conversion in both Buck and SEPIC converters. Here the function of the lower SEPIC converter is to extract maximum power from the PV and...
Topics: SEPIC, Electrical Engineering
Solvent extraction of iron (III) from aqueous hydrochloric and sulphuric acid solutions was carried out using Tri butyl phosphine oxide [TBPO] in chloroform as extractant. Stripping of iron (III) from the organic phase was attempted with 2.0M NaOH. Extractions were nearly quantitative with both the acid solutions. Based on the results obtained, estimation of iron in food samples as well alloys was attempted successfully. A.V.L.N.S.H. Hariharan  "Extraction of Iron (III) with...
Topic: Extraction -iron (III) - Tri capryl amine oxide – Food samples – Iron alloys
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
by A.V.S. Prasad ; Dr.Y. Raghunatha Reddy
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"Hospital Website is a site that furnishes patients/users with online information and information related services, such as clinical services, various types of treatments, symptoms of a disease, doctors availability, and a channel of communication with the hospital and peer users. These days, many people are using the internet to choose a proper hospital/medical center website with their required medical needs. Hence the quality of websites of hospitals / medical centers is very important...
Topics: Multi-criteria decision method(MCDM), Analytical hierarchy process(AHP), Quality metrics., Applied...
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
by A.V.S. Prasad | Dr.Y. Raghunatha Reddy
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Hospital Website is a site that furnishes patients/users with online information and information related services, such as clinical services, various types of treatments, symptoms of a disease, doctors availability, and a channel of communication with the hospital and peer users. These days, many people are using the internet to choose a proper hospital/medical center website with their required medical needs. Hence the quality of websites of hospitals / medical centers is very important to...
Topics: Multi-criteria decision method(MCDM), Analytical hierarchy process(AHP), Quality metrics., Applied...
This paper proposes a sway strategy to optimize power output performance of wind energy conversion system. so as to get optimum power output from a turbine generator system, it's necessary to drive the turbine at Associate in Nursing optimum rotor speed for a specific wind speed. symbolic logic based mostly management algorithmic rule is enforced with the embedded microcontroller which can track the utmost wall socket (MPP) by generating acceptable generator load references. The designed...
Topics: wind energy system, fuzzy logic, MPPT control., Electrical Engineering
This paper proposes a sway strategy to optimize power output performance of wind energy conversion system. so as to get optimum power output from a turbine generator system, it's necessary to drive the turbine at Associate in Nursing optimum rotor speed for a specific wind speed. symbolic logic based mostly management algorithmic rule is enforced with the embedded microcontroller which can track the utmost wall socket (MPP) by generating acceptable generator load references. The designed...
Topics: wind energy system, fuzzy logic, MPPT control., Electrical Engineering
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
by Aakansha Gupta, Bharti Samrit, Prof. Nazish Khan
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The aim of this project is to provide online facility of bus pass and tickets system to the daily commuters of Nagpur city. It uses database to store data about passenger, bus, ticket and bus pass. This project has two logins, one for user and another for admin. In this project ticket reservation and bus pass creation as well as renewal system has been provided. It is a web application for people who want to book ticket and get bus pass online. It is very useful as it reduces pressure of manual...
Topics: passenger, notification, authentication, registration
The object in this paper to boost a 3 to 7 phase AC multiphase transformers to converted into DC power through modeling and simulation. A new technique of pure seven-phase Sine-wave of fixed current/voltage and frequency is obtained now we have also used for R-L load and motor testing purposes. Here complete modeling has been simulated by using MATLAB Software. Multi-winding transformer block was taken from the sim-power system block library and turn ratios set in the dialog box then simulated....
Topics: Multiphase system, Multiphase transmission line, Three-to-Seven phases, Multi-winding transformer,...
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
by Aakash Vidhate, Rupesh Tarlekar, Prof. Sujata Gawade
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Additional features of the website are now a days, e-commerce websites like Flip kart, snap deal, Amazon, etc have become a trend but the common thing in them is they show comparisons in products of various different companies. Whereas how it will be if a website similar to the concept of trivago is developed which allows the user to compare same products price between two or more than two (as per user choice) most trending websites which will provide users with the most user-friendly...
Topics: product, Website, Paypal, Paytm, GUI, Programming Language
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
by Aaliya Rafiq Hakak | Shubham Bankhele | Rajat Malpani | P. S. Bhamare
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India is facing a water crisis and by 2025 it is estimated that India's population will be suffering from severe water scarcity. International Water management Institute IWMI predicts that by 2025, one in three Indians will live in a condition of absolute water scarcity. Water from the industries, households, etc. has been discharged into the streams without being treated first. Thus, clean water has become a luxury in many water scarce areas. Due to the consumption of contaminated water,...
Topics: Water purification, treatment, trap sediment, treatment assemblies
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
by Aamir Nazir Beigh | Er. Prabhjot Kaur
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The Goods and Services Tax GST , executed on July 1, 2017, is viewed as a noteworthy taxation change till date actualized in India since autonomy in 1947. GST was wanted to be executed in April 2010, however was put off because of political issues and clashing enthusiasm of partners. The essential objective behind advancement of GST is to subsume a wide range of aberrant taxes in India like Central Excise Tax, VAT Sales Tax, Service tax, and so forth and actualize one taxation system in India....
Topics: Electronics & Communication Engineering, LTE, FRF, ICI
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
by Aarti Erande | Vaibhavi Avachat | Sumit Ghardale | Prof. Bhavesh Shah
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In a world state of affairs, like faculty field, the information is inside the kind of notice, hand-written manual, verbal message, is being unfold among the students. Currently it's of the essence to not entirely use the predictable varieties of statement, but together new forms like phone technology, for faster and easier communication among the students. The core set up of this project is to implement automaton based collage Management application for advancement of multinational and...
Topics: Forum, Attendance System, Shared Data, Access Data using Attribute, OTP Login, Share Post, Computer...
The purpose research attempted to study the comparative Study of Emotional Intelligence among 12th College Collage Students. To study by research seared independent variables of Area of Residence and dependent variables Emotional Intelligence and Sub Factor. This research Stratified random sampling method was used. The sample has 120, in which 60 were Urban Students 30 Male and 30 Female and 60 Rural Students 30 Male and 30 Female 12th Class college students. Stratified random sampling method...
Topics: Psychology, Self-awareness, Empathy, Self-Motivation, Managing Relations, Integrity,...
The growing cost of traditional stabilizing agents and the need for the economical utilization of industrial and agricultural wastes for beneficial engineering purposes has prompted an investigation into the stabilizing potential of Rice Husk Ash in subgrde soil.  These Large Quantities of Waste Materials Rice Husk Ash e.g. create negative impact on the environment causing air pollution, water pollution, affecting the local eco- system and hence safe disposal of this waste material is...
Topics: Civil Engineering, Natural Soil, Rice Husk Ash, Swelling, OMC, MDD, CBR, Atterberg limits
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
by Aasiya Aslam Tamboli | Prof. Sunil S. Shivdas
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One of the important criteria of the modern cars is digital control of the vehicle. Because of the quick development of embedded technology, the high performance embedded processor is inserted into auto industry it has low cost, high reliability and other features that meet the needs of modern automobile industry.  In this project we have introduced an embedded system which is a combination of different CAN bus systems.  by Aasiya Aslam Tamboli | Prof. Sunil S. Shivdas "Observations of...
Topics: Electronics & Communication Engineering, CAN, LM35
The general rule prevalent in India is that the risk of damage or loss of movable property lies with the owner of the good. The Latin term "˜res perit domino"™ expresses that the thing is lost to the owner of the property. This principle is applicable in the case of sale of movable property. The movable property includes every kind of movable property, including stocks and shares, growing crops, grass, and things attached to or forming part of the land that is agreed to be severed...
Topic: Law and management
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
by Aayush Poudel, Yashaswi Khandelwal, Sayantan Das, K Venkadeshwaran, Karthik N
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This report presents the Rocker-Bogie mechanism that is being currently used for mars exploration rovers. This includes the comparison between the six-wheel six-motor rocker bogie and eight-wheel eight-motor rocker bogie. The data are collected for various surface conditions so that the rover can be used as an emergency supply vehicle in case of road blocks during landslides or can also be used to determine the safest route to cross the blockade. The main objective of the modified rover is to...
Topics: Rocker Bogie, Suspension system, Rover, All Terrain Vehicle (ATV), Mechanical Engineering
India is very unique by birth it is known for good hospitality and ecofriendly business environment for small and big player equally by RBI survey almost nine million SMEs are existed in India. what you see and hear both are not correct some time such situation emerge than the role of SMEs come in picture let me clear it by giving estimation by researcher that Number of SMEs are behind one big company. That is why contribution of this sector is directly 7% and indirectly 30% in economy .But...
Topics: GST, GSTIN, GST No. SME Input tax credit, Accounting and Finance
India is very unique by birth it is known for good hospitality and ecofriendly business environment for small and big player equally by RBI survey almost nine million SMEs are existed in India. what you see and hear both are not correct some time such situation emerge than the role of SMEs come in picture let me clear it by giving estimation by researcher that Number of SMEs are behind one big company. That is why contribution of this sector is directly 7% and indirectly 30% in economy .But...
Topics: GST, GSTIN, GST No. SME Input tax credit, Accounting and Finance
Cognitive radio is an exciting wireless technology that has been introduced for the efficient used of spectrum. Using cognitive radios (CRs), the secondary users (unlicensed users) are allowed to use the spectrum which is originally allocated to primary users (PUs) as far as the active primary users are not using it temporarily. In order to prevent harmful interference to primary users, the SUs need to perform spectrum sensing before transmitting signal over the spectrum. In this paper we use...
Topics: Cognitive radio, Spectrum sensing, spectrum utilization, Energy Detector, Bayesian Detector,...
Cognitive radio is an exciting wireless technology that has been introduced for the efficient used of spectrum. Using cognitive radios (CRs), the secondary users (unlicensed users) are allowed to use the spectrum which is originally allocated to primary users (PUs) as far as the active primary users are not using it temporarily. In order to prevent harmful interference to primary users, the SUs need to perform spectrum sensing before transmitting signal over the spectrum. In this paper we use...
Topics: Cognitive radio, Spectrum sensing, spectrum utilization, Energy Detector, Bayesian Detector,...
Employee turnover has gained considerable attention from various industries in Malaysia. The main objective of this study is to explore potential influence of training, job security, career development opportunities and performance appraisal towards turnover intention among hospital employees in Kuala Lumpur. By identifying significant influences of training, job security, career development opportunities and performance appraisal on hospital employees turnover intention, it will help to create...
Topics: Training, Job Security, Performance Appraisal, Career Development Opportunities & Turnover...
Employee turnover has gained considerable attention from various industries in Malaysia. The main objective of this study is to explore potential influence of training, job security, career development opportunities and performance appraisal towards turnover intention among hospital employees in Kuala Lumpur. By identifying significant influences of training, job security, career development opportunities and performance appraisal on hospital employees turnover intention, it will help to create...
Topics: Training, Job Security, Performance Appraisal, Career Development Opportunities & Turnover...
This research aim to identify the contributing factors of work stress to recognize the effect of highly influencing stressor among call center executives of BPO in Selangor. The four independent variables of this study which consist of role overload, role ambiguity, career development and work-life balance are analyzed to determine the relationship with dependent variable of work stress. A total 152 of respondents were involved in this study. Data collection was carried out by distributing...
Topics: work stress, role overload, role ambiguity, career development, work-life balance, Organizational...
This research aim to identify the contributing factors of work stress to recognize the effect of highly influencing stressor among call center executives of BPO in Selangor. The four independent variables of this study which consist of role overload, role ambiguity, career development and work-life balance are analyzed to determine the relationship with dependent variable of work stress. A total 152 of respondents were involved in this study. Data collection was carried out by distributing...
Topics: work stress, role overload, role ambiguity, career development, work-life balance, Organizational...
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
by Abdul Majid | Dr. Amit Km Tanwar | Mr. Pankaj Rathor
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The mean of my hybrid cycle is that the flywheel connected with the back wheel with the help of chain mechanism and also the gear system connected with it. The main function of flywheel is to store the waste energy which arises due to break. Like heat energy, sound energy. And the stored energy utilized by the help of gears as we required speed during riding. Abdul Majid | Dr. Amit Km Tanwar | Mr. Pankaj Rathor "Hybrid Cycle with the Combination of Flywheel and Gear System" Published...
Topics: Mechanical Engineering, clutch, flywheel, chain
If we consider economic variables as a continuous function of time, then we will encounter with relations which we have to use differential equations to solve them. If we consider the collection of relations of economic variables that are matched in accordance with the conditions, this collection of relations is called an economic model. models are two types, fixed models and variable models, and fixed models are related to equilibrium. In these models, the variables are independent of time,...
Topics: first order linear equation, fixed models, variable models, and market balance
The basis of the thesis was to find out the change in the physical properties of the bitumen by modifying it with fly ash. Different percentage of fly ash was used to modify the bitumen. Various physical tests were conducted on virgin and modified bitumen to evaluate its physical properties. Marshall Test was conducted on bituminous mix prepared using modified and unmodified bitumen and the results were analyzed and compared.The study indicated that increase in the percentage of fly ash...
Topics: Utilization of fly Ash, Civil Engineering
Climate change has become the dominant topic of discourse among scientists and other stakeholders in climate science in this century. Several researches have been conducted to assess its magnitude, causes, adverse impacts and possible solution to its challenges at various scales where adaptation and mitigation were the fundamental recommendations. While public awareness and perception of the change, are the necessary pre-requisites to achieve true adaptation and mitigation, in the context of...
Topics: Enviormental Science, Climate Change, Awareness, Risk perception, Predictors
This article presents a steady state thermodynamic model of a solid oxide fuel cell gas turbine hybrid cycle which developed by using a simulation software, MATLAB®. The hybrid model integrates a zero dimensional level SOFC model with gas turbine. The hybrid system was used to study the effects of some operation parameter such as SOFC operating temperature, and current density on the specific work output, electrical efficiency, and exergy efficiency of a generic hybrid cycle. The results...
Topics: Mechanical Engineering, Hybrid system, SOFC operating temperature, Exergy, Efficiency
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
by Abdurrahman Sönmezler | Mahmut Abuhandan | Tahir Kurtulus Yoldas | Yesim Oymak | Mustafa Çalik | Bülent Güzel | Hakim Çelik
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BACKGROUND Iron deficiency anemia IDA is particularly high in children in developing countries .Sympathetic skin response SSR is a polysynaptic reflex, and its final efferent pathway involves pre- and post-ganglionic sympathetic sudomotor fibers that ultimately activate the sweat glands through sympathetic outflow . The aim of this study was to investigate whether IDA is involved in SSR. METHODS 24 patients 17 girls, 7 boys with IDA and 20 healthy children 11 girls, 9 boys were enrolled in the...
Topics: Other, Iron deficiency anemia, sympathetic skin response, children
Objective The aim of this study was to analyze our experiences of interventional procedures for diagnosis and treatment. Methods This study was performed retrospective between January 2016 and June 2016. 38 patients were included in this study in Neurology clinic of Adana Numune Research and Training Hospital. Results The mean age of the patients was 58.6. A number of males were 19. A number of females were 19. 21 55.3 of the patients underwent diagnostic angiography, 6 15.8 underwent stenting...
Topics: Other, Diagnostic angiography, carotid artery stenting, acute ischemic stroke, embolectomy,...
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
by Abdülkadir Çakir | Mehmet Ali Binici | Mehmet Karakaya
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The amount of water vapor in the air is called humidity. Humidity in the air varies according to regional climatic conditions. The ideal ambient humidity for human health is between 30 and 50 . The aim in this study, by keeping the humidity in the air at desired values, was to create the ideal ambient humidity for the sick people where the moisture amount is important and to increase the work efficiency in the facilities such as medicine, confectionery, food and oil where the humidity level is...
Topics: Computer Engineering, piezoelectric crystal, dehumidifier, ultrasonic steam, nebulizer
Discrimination power of consumer, which is known as the differential threshold level is an important dimension in product development and marketing activities of the sector of food science. This study examined the effect of demographic factors; age and gender for differential threshold level on two gustation modalities, salt and sugar. Study was conducted according to the ISO5495:2005(E) pared comparison for standard salt and sugar samples respect to three reference samples using 180 selected...
Topics: Age, Differential threshold level, Discrimination Power, Gender, Gustation
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
by Abhay Katiyar | Abhishek Gaur | Aviral Shrivastava | Mohd Ahmar Khan | Navneet Pratap Singh | Dr. Rahul Saini | Ms. Gaganpreet Kaur
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This research work accounts for the study of the significant problems of organic wastes management which is an issue utmost concern in developing Countries like India. Principally our aim is to minimize the jolt caused by organic Waste produced in agricultural fields as residue which is commonly burned causing pollution. We seek to reuse this valuable resource and turning into good quality compost for agricultural use. In this study, we designed and constructed a Shredding machine. The machine...
Topic: Mechanical Engineering
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
by Abhay Nath Dubey, Dr. Deepika Chauhan, Md. Asif Iqbal
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Indian grid system is a synchronized system and presently operating as National Grid. India has five provincial grids altogether as per geological region which covers the distinct state's electrical power framework to be specific these are Northern Grid, Eastern Grid, Western Grid, Southern Grid and North-Eastern Grid. Southern Grid isn't synchronized with whatever is left of the areas and consequently keeps running on a marginally different frequency and associated with Western Grid and...
Topics: Smart Grid, Overload, Indian Grid, Voltage Collapse, Frequency Stability, Causes and Impact of...
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
by Abhijeet Gaikwad ; Nilofar Mulla ; Tejashri Wagaj ; Raviraj Ingale ; Prof. Brijendra Gupta ; Prof. Kamal Reddy
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In case of emergency needs the most important lives saver necessity is Blood. Blood Banks are the main providers of blood who receives blood from various donors, monitors the blood groups database and in case of emergencies makes the available to the hospital whenever needed. The major problem faced by the main blood providers and the need is the availability of donor at right time. We hereby took a step forward to build a system to create a network of people who can help each other in need. We...
Topics: National Institutes of Health (NIH), Management Information System (MIS), National Organ &...
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
by Abhijeet Gaikwad | Nilofar Mulla | Tejashri Wagaj | Raviraj Ingale | Prof. Brijendra Gupta | Prof. Kamal Reddy
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In case of emergency needs the most important lives saver necessity is Blood. Blood Banks are the main providers of blood who receives blood from various donors, monitors the blood groups database and in case of emergencies makes the available to the hospital whenever needed. The major problem faced by the main blood providers and the need is the availability of donor at right time. We hereby took a step forward to build a system to create a network of people who can help each other in need. We...
Topics: National Institutes of Health (NIH), Management Information System (MIS), National Organ &...
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development
by Abhijeet Gothankar ; Shubham Katkar ; Swapnatej Pawar ; Tejaskumar Dhalmare ; Suhasini Goilkar
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In the recent decades, Urbanization has increased tremendously. At the same phase there is an increase in waste production. Waste management has been a crucial issue to be considered. This review paper is a way to achieve this good cause. In this review paper, smart bin is built on a microcontroller based platform. Microcontroller would be programmed in such a way that it could control the operations of servo doors. This microcontroller would control all three components of our project. The...
Topics: Microcontroller, GSM/GPRS modem, Ultrasonic sensor, garbage dustbin, Mechanical Engineering