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tv   Journal  PBS  August 11, 2010 5:00pm-5:30pm PST

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captioned by the national captioning institute --www.ncicap.org-- >> welcome to "the journal. our headlines this hour, millions of flood victims wait for help in pakistan while the taliban says not to expect foreign-aid. scientists warn of a new drug- resistant super bug spreading from south asia. muslims around the world began the holy month of ramadan. the united nations has launched an official appeal for 350
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million it euros for pakistan. the u.s. and germany have raised their pledges of assistance. the government of pakistan says that they cannot meet the needs of the 14 million people will have lost their homes or livelihood. islamic charities have been trying to fill the gap. the taliban has urged people to turn down foreign support. >> thousands of people have been displaced by the floods in this province. with nowhere to go, many set up camp on the side of the road. >> we have been on the roadside for the past 12 days and we need food and tents but we have not received anything. >> some of the flood victims complain that the government forced them to leave their homes
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without offering assistance. this has only been slowly rising to where it is most needed. they are trying to get this to an area the size of britain. the number of people affected is huge. >> some people have said that it is not quick as it could be. there are many people who are devastated and some are homeless. >> the operation has been spearheaded by the pakistani military who have set up 11 camps across the country to give temporary accommodations to flood victims like here in the plan job -- in the punjab. >> we salute the army. if they were not active across the country, pakistan would
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cease to exist. >> for many, the plight continues. >> chinese media says that the death toll from sunday's mudslides has risen to over 1500. entire communities were swallowed up when a river burst its banks. some 600 people and still missing. hopes are fading that any survivors will be found. the last person alive was a 50- year-old man pulled from the rubble alive. russia has deployed a missile defense system in one of its breakaway republics. the deployment strengthens moscow's military control of the area. this was recognized as an independent state by russia following a brief war with georgia. russian officials have confirmed
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that the wildfires are feast areas contaminated with radiation from the chernobyl disaster. the facility is not reported to be affected but experts warn that radioactive pollution from the force could be disbursed in the atmosphere. >> in these fires are under control 1,000 kilometers east of moscow. the west has more situations that are serious. there are claims of forests that have been burned that are contaminated with radiation from the chernobyl disaster. 28 fires were reported in the area in recent weeks. most have been extinguished but authorities are keeping a close eye. >> we need to keep a watch on this region because the toxic particles could be carried. at the moment, there is no widespread danger.
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>> it is still unclear whether or not the toxic dust has spread. meanwhile, the people of moscow are breathing a sigh of relief. the fix mod has dissipated which is carried away by strong winds. -- the thick smog has dissipated. >> we can finally breathe and fresh air. well, fresh compared to the past couple of weeks. it is still hot and uncomfortable. >> haunt it will stay. forecasts predict temperatures of 40 degrees celsius and some parts of russia. -- hot it will stay. >> scientists have found a new gene into bacteria which allows it to resist all and avionics.
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they found the gene in india and pakistan. researchers are warning that the new super bug could spread globally. >> scientists at the u.k. health protection agency are experts at determining the nature of bacteria and how they reacted drugs. the latest discovery is puzzling and alarming. an enzyme has made its way into british hospitals. the gene can exist in kind -- in many kinds of bacteria and make them resistant to antibiotics. this has been identified in 37 people, some of them has returned to britain after getting surgery in india. it is widespread in india and pakistan and scientists fear that it will go global. the consequences could be lethal. >> what is happening is that the infections caused by these bacteria become much more difficult to treat.
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usually there are one or 80 that we could use the we are scraping the bottom of the barrel. -- there might be one or two that we could use but we are scraping the bottom of the barrel. >> bacteria can be transported quickly between continents. london has called for an effort to try to contain the super bug and develop the antibiotics to beat it. peter has the business news for us starting with a green light for deutsche bank. >> here in europe, the european commission has accused the takeover of the transport operator with conditions. the deal gives the which bonn a range of bus services. this is the largest acquisition in their history. >> the red double decker buses
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and london will soon belong to the german rail company which is looking to expand its european networks. they must look abroad for expansion opportunities because they already control 80% of their home market. the company was expecting the divestiture but they are opposed to it. major european competitors such as the dutch and french national railways have looked to get a foothold in the german market. >> prices plunged in response to official downgrades and warnings of economic growth in britain and in the u.s.. our correspondent has more on the trading from the exchange. >> great economic data,
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astonished and export numbers from germany. now the worry is that the u.s. economy will be a drag on the world economy and on the german economy. drastic share prices across the board. the central bank in the u.s. is prepared to support the u.s. economy by purchasing more government debt but the assessment of the situation there sounds more gloomy with the recovery is slowing. that drove people out of the stock market. >> looking at several market indices in more detail. we see the blue chip dax close to 2% down. the euro stocks 50 was down about 2.7%. the dow industrials have just closed. the dow is down about two and a half percent. the euro is currently trading
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at $1.28. a company has posted -- a travel company has posted losses. sales fell by nearly 2.5%. the biggest trouble in operator is optimistic about its prospects >> when times are tough, travel comes at a price that many can no longer pay. sliding sales and bookings are falling. there was the ash cloud disruption and the and the austerity measures. there was some good news, this is the largest single shareholder in a container shipping company it on an upswing spinks to rising demand.
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they still expect positive full year results. >> the company that owns and operates the frankfurt international airport plahas rad their full-year earnings outlook for the second time this year after a jump in airport traffic. they reported a number of people traveling through the frankfurt airport rose to nearly 5.3 million which is 7% more than the same time last year. the company owns 13 airports around the world. germany's largest energy company reports first half warnings -- first half earnings which fell. they say that this is due to interest payments, an increase in taxes. the energy provided did not change their full-year earnings forecast because of uncertainty over possible energy policy changes.
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the government of north korea is looking for unusual ways to settle their debts. according to the financial times, the government has offered to pay back part of their debt to the czech republic'. the officials in the czech republic are considering a deal to settle the debt. the payment would be about 20 tons. the czech republic consumes more than 1 ton of ginseng every year. >> they have the world reserves of ginseng. a military tribunal has begun trying the youngest inmate at the guantanamo bay detention camp. is accused of killing a soldier in afghanistan in 2000 to. his lawyers says that the confession was extracted under torture. >> is accused of killing a u.s.
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soldier in afghanistan when he was 15. he was transferred to the guantanamo bay detention center in cuba in 2002. he's the youngest in made there. the human rights activists questioned the legality of his trial. >> there is not really a law that speaks to this in the united states. international law would frown upon the child soldier. international law would have less focus on rehabilitating and reintegrated him into society and treated them as a victim instead of a war criminal. >> george bush introduced military tribunals for suspects at guantanamo. president obama has not abolished the tribunals. >> his attorney has expressed doubts over the fairness of the
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trial. they expect that the accused will be found guilty. the u.n. has criticized the trial because who this would set-because this would set a dangerous precedent will blood. >> at the swimming championship, the german outpaced the russian competitor by half a second. the german team won a second metal, this time in diving. millions of muslims from the world have started the monthlong fast of ramadan. it opens with a traditional feast with friends and family. this is meant to encourage reflection, humility, forgiveness.
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>> for the coming months, this family will be fasting from sunrise to sunset. they celebrate ramadan in berlin where they have lived for over 30 years. >> ramadan is a holy month, we all make mistakes. during this month, we all have to do something so that god can forgive us for our sins. >> not everyone finds it easy, especially when their work is demanding. >> luckily, my boss is pretty tolerant and he understands me. he gives me time off. i am off for a month. >> many people adapted to different pace during ramadan. clucks they all come before their evening meals, all at once
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within two hours. >> ramadan can be good for business. >> if you are entertaining people at home, you purchase more food. our town of pretends to be higher. >> they are preparing for the evening meal. this will be cooked at a quarter to nine. >> archaeologists in england say they have discovered the oldest house in britain. researchers say that the remains of the structure at the stone age sight in northern england date back almost 10,000 years. britain was still connected to continental europe but that time. it was constructed using timber posts and it provides the earliest evidence of carpentry in europe. stay with us, we will be right
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back with our in-depth report. >> everyone knows things are bad. we wait for a storm or a financial disaster. we know things about this, they are crazy. 1 billion people suffered under.
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that is crazy. i want to stick your head out of the window and yelled, "i am mad as hell and i will not let 1 billion people go hungry." >> there was a time when the alps were mostly the preserves of mountaineers. people pitted their strength against the summits. now, they are a big draw with taurus, every year, 120 million people spend their vacations in the alps. these holidays are especially popular but a majority of those who travel in the alps are not there to ski or to climb but to track through magnificent scenery. tora organizers would like to see business expand further but many locals feel that that could wreak major environmental damage on some pristine trails. we are taking to the austrian
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alps. >> this is austria right out of the picture book. alpine pastors in the mountains. -- pastorures in the mountains. >> these mountains, these rockfaces are great for climbing. they go up to 2,500 meters. this group of ramblers is made up by pensioners, families with children and a married couple from dresden. every day, more than 500 tourist travel up to this area looking for unspoiled nature. >> we always take our trash back home with us and dispose of it there. we don't throw anything away here. we have already explained that
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to our son and he has taken this to heart. >> trash can be a problem when there are lots of tourists. >>the m d drink carton goes back into the rucksack. how many holiday makers can nature cope with? >> there's a conflict between those who say there should be more and others to say this is enough. the situation now is pretty good. there are lots of peaceful spots where you can enjoy nature in the summer and it should stay that way. >> one and a half hours later, the group can relax after a challenging walk up the mountain to an altitude of 1,500 meters. tourism is a welcome source of income for the local farmers. they sell their dairy products, cheese, and milk.
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tourism and nature are working well together because everyone works together. visitors respect of the countryside and the austrians have not put up the hotels are built fast roads. life here has a more relaxed pace. >> life is good in the mountains. this is not like that everywhere. on many regions have profited enormously from the increasing tourism and become prosperous, others have been left behind. we went to a valley in northwestern italy where people are struggling to make ends meet. some people have given up and left and a whole way of life is under threat. >> this is the mayor of a town in the valley and it pains him to walk through deserted villages.
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the funds have been abandoned and they are grown over with weeds. the wooden balconies running. whole villages are for sale, just a couple of hours from the lawn and turn -- milan and turin. >> it is like a ghost town in the winter. >> this is despite the natural beauty. it is hard that only a few tourists find their way to the region. the mayor explains why his family on the border of switzerland is so poor. >> we live in a side alley, there is no through traffic, there is passed -- there's no passover, no trade routes. on spoilt nature is all we can offer.
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>> nature is not enough. -- onunspoiled nature is not enough. there are not enough children for a school house so they hold classes in the town hall. >> we only have seven children in primary school. they are all taught in one class. >> the farmers used to produce cheese and will on the high pastures. textile mills provided employment in the valley. >> there's no work today especially given the general crisis. year after year i see things getting worse. >> this woman runs one of the last farms with their family. >> everyone used to work in the field and crops for ground in the mountains, it is just weeks now. >> the river has more character
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that used to and this has become attractive to anglers. >> tourists are using special events and spectacular architecture to bring in the crowd like a newly opened a viewing platform in the southern german state of bavaria. visitors can reach the top is wearing sandals. a german skywalks, so to speak. we caught up with a few people who made the trip and asked them if it was worth it. >> a mountaintop holiday, perhaps the ideal vacation for vacation lovers for fans of extreme sports but attracting a wider group is tougher. >> over the years, we have tried. when i look at the number of gas
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in 2007, it was pretty low. we were left with the choice of closing everything down or offering something new. we did not want to shut down, so we had to find something new. >> they came up with an unusual attraction, a 60 ton steel structure. >> we open on the fourth of july this year. since then, the number of visitors has doubled and the numbers are up across the region. the response has been more than good. >> visitors stand on a platform about 1,0 from the floor. they are separated from the press office by an iron grating. >> it is fantastic, especially when you go across the floor with all of those holes in it. then you get a feel for how far this.
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>> my hands are sweaty and i and shaking, but otherwise i'm fine. >> this is a bit expensive, so we took this. >> i have been trimming for two or three weeks about coming here. i read about it and i cannot wait to get here. >> i would love to come again. >> this is you need after the bad weather. >> this man is not impressed with what he calls a defeat since of the mountains. he lobbies for this. -- this man is not impressed with what he calls disruption of the mountains. >> we do not need these in the mountains. >> the owners don't say what their next attraction will be but they are planning something.
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>> tourism in the alps, that has been our in-depth this hour. thank you for joining us.
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