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tv   Journal  PBS  August 25, 2010 5:00pm-5:30pm PST

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>> this is th "journal" on dw- tv. the headlines -- a series of explosions across iraq killed scores and wounds hundreds of people. >> berlin ag aims to make banks more accountable in a major overhaul of financial regulations. >> authorities in chilly move heavy equipment in its place to rescue more than 30 trapped miners -- authorities in chile. more than 60 people have been killed and hundreds injured in a wave of deadly attacks in 10 cities across iraq. most of the more bomb attacks targeting police stations. the single largest incident took place in the city placequd,
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southeast of the capital of baghdad. the violence is a major crisis for iraqi security. >> terrorists attacked the all too familiar in iraq. 13 last within just a few hours is extreme, even for this war- torn country -- 13 blast. a suicide bomber killed at least 14 people and wounded dozens more at a police station in baghdad. the deadliest attack occurred in qud, southeast of baghdad. here, too, a suicide bomber blew off the side of a vehicle outside a police station. authorities say 20 police officers died and around 90 were wounded. insurgents also targeted government security forces in basrah, kirkuk and other cities in what appears to have been a coordinated terrorist campaign. the onslaught comes amid the final withdrawal of u.s. combat troops. authorities say the bombers seek
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to show that iraqi security is not up to the task. >> earlier, i spoke to our "new york times" corresponded and asked, given the scale of the attacks, what are the coalition and iraqi security officials saying about iraq's ability to deal with the security situation in the country? >> it is clearly demoralizing for the iraqi security forces to cease such an assault in their ranks. what is interesting is some of the bomb scenes today, the one in baghdad in particular where the police station was destroyed, police and soldiers started fighting. they fired in the air. punches were thrown. in the chaos and confusion in the ranks of the security forces, they accomplish that at least at this scene at the police station in baghdad. >> thank you. turning now to afghanistan where two spanish officers and an interpreter were killed after an afghan police recruit their training turned on them and opened fire.
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the incident sparked a large protest outside the spanish base in the province were hundreds of demonstrators tried to storm the conflict -- the complex. a local health director says 25 people were wounded in the process. the united nations is warning that 800,000 people in desperate need of aid have been cut off by the flooding in pakistan. extraordinarily heavy monsoon rains have washed away access bridges and entire stretches of road, leaving people with no way to get supplies. it has affected more than 17 million people, and officials warn that millions are at risk from the food shortages. the risk of flooding remains with the indus river threatening to burst its banks. >> for three weeks, southern pakistan has been surrounded by water. the flood has brought death and disease. hundreds of thousands are trapped. very little aid has reached the city. when some does arrive, fights
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erupt. a scuffle breaks out in this incident over drinking water. in the north, the floodwaters are slowly receding. ahead lies the daunting task of rebuilding entire communities. that will not be possible without international aid. the european union has pledged 220 million euros for food and medical supplies. the eu commissioner for humanitarian aid also promised tens and mobile hospitals. >> my biggest concern is that we are able to reach out to those who are most vulnerable. the disaster is so massive, there are so many people affected, that targeting those that are most in need is our priority. >> 800,000 pakistanis are living in a life-threatening conditions here this man's wife, the mother of four children, succumbed to a serious infection. there are not enough doctors to cope with the increasing number of infections. >> following the emergency phase
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to help rebuild the almost 400 health facilities, hospitals, clinics that have been damaged or destroyed in this disaster, to insure that routine care is available to all men, women, children, the elderly. >> pakistan's flood victims tell stories of much suffering and little hope. in the south, water is again spreading across low-lying areas. at least 19 people are reported dead in a crash in a passenger plane in the central african country of congo. witnesses say the aircraft crashed into a house after a boarding landing at an air strip. officials speculate the plan ran out of fuel. congo is ranked among the worst countries in terms of air safety. crashes take place there freely. the european commission has expressed concern over a frantic expulsion of ethnic romas. it criticizes what it calls openly discriminatory rhetoric among some members states. parents have said at least 600 back to romania and bulgaria
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after demolishing the illegal camp they live in. senior french ministers held talks with top romanian officials. nicolas sarkozy's government says it was bucharest to take care of its on minority. the prime ministers at a tour of balkan countries, expressing optimism that croatia will become a member of the eu, perhaps as early as next year. at a meeting in zagrab, he said he believed the country would fulfil the blocks criteria. he said there were just a few final hurdles to be taken, including reforms to the justice system and tackling corruption. looks like the germans are tackling the banks here. >> that is right. the german cabinet has approved tough new regulations for the financial sector to be and that the fall of when banks fail. the response comes after the massive bank bailouts in
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response to the financial crisis. the war -- the reform would give the government the ability to dispose of assets. banks also have to pay a levy to fund future bailouts. >> germany's most high-profile casualty of the financial crisis. had to be taken over by the state and prop up with tens of billions of euros of taxpayer money. the government says that new legislation would prevent a repeat by allowing authorities to step in faster if banks show signs of weakness. and that it is a clear signal that we have taken another huge step of making sure we make it -- making sure there will be no repeat of the terrible incident of two years ago. >> banks also have to continue paying to a special bailout fund. the amount leavitt would depend on the size of the bank and the level of risk of its business. it will raise 1.3 billion euros in revenue annually. that is not enough for opposition politicians.
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>> the proposed bank levy is just a ruse. it definitely will not protect the taxpayers in the event of another crisis. >> the government argues it had to find a solution that would not overburdened banks at a difficult time. >> investors continue to worry about the health of european economies. ireland's debt problems deepened on wednesday after standard and poor's reduced its credit rating. the decision to downgrade the rating will increase ireland's borrowing costs as a trip stable -- struggles to stabilize its troubled banking sector. hecthe irish government quickly criticized s&p, saying it disagreed with the agency's conclusion. more optimism on the german economy. 7000 executives are pretty upbeat about the prospects of their businesses. the business climate index hit a
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three-year high. >> order books are filling up, and companies are investing in new technologies. germany has emerged from recession stronger than other industrialized nations, and confidence is rising, something underlined by the latest business sentiment survey. index has been climbing steadily since december 2008. it has now reached 106.7. the mood among german executives has not been this good in three years. however, that optimis cld be fresh about the strengthalf of ul be arfuelng f of da
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cn e on day, wh calling it a great successand germany won its fourth gold medal. real dominated his opponent, nning on points1-4. the 12-day geseared 3500 athletes competing in 26 olympic events.
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in this day and age of plastic and commuter air rushing, many models in front of photographers n for eternal youth. exhibition called people of the ntury, whi shows just how impressive old age can be. there comes a point in life when everything has already been said. you could call it the moment of completeteme. thatoment forever. ptographer has done just that. in a society at is becoming forever older, his aim is to bring up t aged. he is fascinated by their eyes and by lines that are more than just lines. rather, the traces left by a long existence. these portraits of 30 men and women who have all lived for a century or more, es the largif are meant as an inspiration to young and old
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alike. >> "inep" is up next. stay tuned.
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>> welcome back. a german academy for art in rome cebrests centennial this year. the institution was founded by impression on to open door and patron of arts. many creative germans sought creative refuge there.y year, 1e awarded to cee german artists who have distinguished themselves in germany and abroad, including architects, composers, writers, and sian the coved award offers a year's residency. they get to live and work for freen uhs' studio apartments on a large estate, which won belonged to the italian muscle family. the property underwent extensive statn, wch was completed in 2003. villa oassimo is now runy
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the department of current affairs. in our latest story, we went and met some of the residents asvilla massimo. >> the two were chosen for the esgious 1-year grant from numerous applicants. rome has been the new home for the family since january. t gntiv tm eave freedom without pressure. >> it is great for us. e ndecide when and how we want to work, and that is very relaxing. you do not have to go anywhere. yoaravlae. and the kids are outside a lot. especially the older ones. >> this 6-year-old turns the floor plan of her parents stlaonnta ayound. >> "do not move that.
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that has all been very carefully measured out. otherwise, it will have to be done again tomorrow. bvery cef pecan -- careful pecan -- careful." >> nowhere is the lights of look, described is so magical, as in italy. it is here that germany's best artists come toone their skills. rome with its rich history and unique setting of villa massimo havenspired gerations of artists. >> it is the place where they take measure, where they can feel the rhythm of our continent. that has been the same from the beginning. it is still true today and will remain so in the future. if you are interested in the intellectual or cultural basis of our continent, in rome is the right place.
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>> there are 10 artists' studios here, built in bauhaus style. they are said to be the most attractive in rome. this photographer lives in studio 1. she is a professor and likes it. for her new for -- for her new series, she was inspired by an italian photographer, and has decided to work exclusively in black and white this year. >> i think that to have a whole year to yourself is very desirable. it was not so much he plays as the time. i long for that. >> for the residents of villa massimo, rome is a place of yearning and learning. there's time for excursions. heidi's students are visiting, and there is no better place to explore antipathy than here. the ruins help sharpen their sense of perspective and provide new visual inspiration.
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rome, the eternal city, has any charlie photogenic backdrops. cib>> here is a small refuge he rents, how you find happiness in it is up to you. arnold was an art lover who had the lavish complex built in 1910. germany finally had its own academy in rome, just like france and the united states. it was long cloaked in mystery. no one knew what happened behind its walls. it is said that some residents even came to blows over artistic differences. but now, the secrecy is over. villa massimo is opening its doors and wants to attract new visitors, especially those from the local area.
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>> what i see, and this is an objective view, is an increasing number of young italians are coming year. for a state-run institution, which is often accused of being old fashioned, that is quite a distinction. >> is a distinction enjoyed by this 33-year-old composer. almost all important german composers of the past century visited this bill up. >> what fascinates me is that i have an enormous work room and that the surroundings are incredibly quiet. ok, so now, an airplane is flying overhead, but that is quite rare, thankfully. >> mike completed his opera here in rome. it got a very enthusiastic
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reception at its premiere. he said he needs the isolation, but still looks forward to the communal barbeques. it is a close-knit community. in studio 6, he is defining wooden furniture for venice, but the two architect failed urban planning in rome's suburbs, which has created an explosive social situation. >> we wanted to deal with rome's outskirts, but we have only just started. because it is such a huge area. and not a look around the villa reveals little evidence of its past famous alumni. despite having some of the world's most acclaimed figures from the arts world among former residents, villa massimo does
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not keep the collection. occasionally, alumni are moved to write about their time in italy. this is a reading from "oranges and angels," the latest work by a 2007 artist and resident. >> in february, having just arrived in rome, we were shocked when strangers began reaching for our things. we did not need an invoice or servants, but the next time, we accepted their help, as everyone seems to, and looked on as even packed our purchases into plastic bags. i know the supermarket he is describing here, but i have not encountered the helping hands yet. a story that really made an impression on me in rome was my trip to the post office and my attempt to acquire stems. that was rather like ranting in
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tusca's castle. >> it is halftime for the artist in residence. they will be at villa massimo until january. the artists say they feel like they are living in the german island in the middle of rome. it is to disconnect it for them. -- disconnected for them. >> we're working with italian architects in order to establish a kind of exchange. i think other residents are trying to do that as well, but there could be more down in that area. >> after a long day indoors, it is time to venture out into rome for a taste of the freedom the program provides. >> what do you like most here? >> it eating ice cream. >> that has been our "in depth"
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for this hour. please stay tuned.
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