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tv   Journal  PBS  November 22, 2011 6:00pm-6:30pm PST

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national captioning institute >> and warm welcome to the journal, on dw tv. our headlines, tens of thousands of people are back in egypt on the square, is egypt seeing a second revolution? >> leaders in italy and greece are pressured to move quickly. >> standing up to violence, german political leaders condemned the killings of neo- nazi leaders. tens of thousands of egyptians are still in the square, despite
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the speedup of power transfer to a civilian government. they are vowing to hold a referendum on the issue and send a government of national salvation ahead of presidential elections next july. concessions, after several days of anti-military protests in at least -- in which at least 35 people have been killed. >> after days of camping out, protesters have finally got what they came for. the egyptian military rulers have without -- bowed to their demands. not before violence again broke out in the streets around the square as protesters erupted into violence for the fourth straight day. as the street battles raged, the egyptian military held talks with the country's military parties. they agreed to form a national salvation government and speed up the transfer of power to
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civilians. in a televised speech, the chairman of the military council addressed the nation. >> the army does not intend to hold onto power any longer, but is prepared to relinquish it, returning it to the original task of protecting the nation. >> the crisis in egypt is far from over. protesters appeared to have won a major concession. >> i asked our correspondent to tell us more about how the people are reacting to the military referendum on the transfer of power. >> it was an interesting thing. the first reaction on the square was anger. people were mad.
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maybe it is because of the tone of how. any mistakes the military made in the last month, they said that they would try their best to avoid confrontations with others. at the same time, they made concessions before the presidential elections in july. for the end of the year, maybe even 2000 -- 2013. it was not clear what he meant by that. it was not clear what was meant. what is clear is the frustration in the square. >> what with the protesters like the military council to announce at this point? >> it is not clear. they are calling for the fall of
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and getting rid of the military government. until june, the presidential elections. what this means for the political process, until now it was the parliament that was supposed to come up with an assembly that draws the constitution. it is not clear how these political components are going to continue. >> you have seen at least 35 people killed and hundreds injured. how is this going to affect the nation and the relationship between the people and the military? >> this is one of the things that made the people really mad. they did not want to kill any egyptians. they have no intention of killing and the egyptians because they are part of the egyptian people.
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they are bringing out injured people from the square. saying that they had no intention to kill or injure anyone. >> thank you very much for that. the united nations envoy to yemen says that there has been an agreement on a deed for the transfer of power, ending months of a steel mill -- stalemate that will bring unity by an exchange for handing power to the deputy. protests have been going on for months in an effort to force an end to the 33-year rule. the gridlock has badly damaged the country's economy. the turkish prime minister has called on the president of syria to step down in the interests of peace. in a strongly worded speech, he urged the leader to draw lessons from the fate of
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dictators like out of hitler and muammar gaddafi. -- adolph hitler and muammar gaddafi. security forces killed nine people in protest. eyewitnesses reported violent clashes between the army and regime opponents. the un estimates that some 300,000 people have been killed since the protests started eight months ago. we are taking an end -- an in- depth look at the syrian problem, later in the program. there have been protests in the country since the arab spring began. tunisia has begun to draw up a future constitution. islamists who won the election will share power with two other parties. >> the country's first-ever
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democratically elected president. and the more powerful role of prime minister will also be filled. the outgoing president said that the country can now set about shaping its democratic future. >> we will now do everything that we can to transfer power to the assembly, to pave the way for democratic change. >> the assembly will have one year to draft a constitution that will be followed by a new presidential and parliamentary elections. there are still many questions, like the country will have a parliamentary or presidential head of state. and the efforts of tunisia to build a democracy are being closely watched throughout the world. >> here are in germany, a decade-long campaign of racially motivated murders by neo-nazis
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and has been the center of a debate in berlin. more funds are looking to be allocated in a support of the motion to condemn the killings and find the killer. >> one minute of silence for the people killed by the neo-nazi group. lawmakers called for a rapid and thorough investigation into the circumstances of each case, saying it was the least it could be expected. >> our sympathies are with the families. we also extend our sincerest apologies to them for the suspicions and allegations that some of the victims and families and toward during the investigations and that the scene of the crime. >> the president called the mistakes made during the investigation shameful. he said that it made it more important for lawmakers to take
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decisive action now. the german interior minister wants to reform intelligence agencies to improve the flow of information. >> we have already set up a joint terror defense center for islamist terrorism. which all authorities have asked to do to share their information. we want to set up something similar for right wing constrained as some. -- extremism. >> the interthat he is considerw attempt to ban the party, something that the opposition social democrats are calling for. >> this distinction between the npd which is deemed ok and the violent right-wing extremists is a delusion. there is a closely linked network between them.
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>> exactly how close those relationships are is currently under investigation. some lawmakers emphasized the need for the german public as a whole to stand up against racism. >> greece and italy are under pressure to show that they can deliver on the reforms of their debt. >> two gentleman with plenty of work to do helm. the new leaders of italy and greece, doing their best to ink -- to convince international leaders that they can contain the debt crisis in their country. mario monti met on tuesday with top officials in brussels just one day after the new greek leader presented himself to the commission. he moved on to luxembourg on tuesday to meet with euro zone finance ministers. both leaders have been greeted with public declarations of solidarity, the market's still
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remain unconvinced. >> the head of the euro group is cordial enough, but he means business. he wants to see action from the new greek government. he has given the greeks one week to provide written confirmation that athens is signing off on tough austerity measures. >> we will be in a position to give a positive appraisal of the situation. >> the new italian prime minister was next. he knows his way around brussels, but as a commissioner, not the head of a government. the insurers policymakers that he will stop at nothing to bring italy in compliance with the demands of its creditors. >> i will do everything that i can and summon all the possible political powers in the country to get at the root of this problem.
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>> european commission president, a believer, he knows mario monti from the days that he was a commissioner. he warned that the situation remained difficult and that miracles are hardly possible. >> we cannot change sections of markets from one day to the other. >> still, markets are impatient for a clear solution. investors are anxious not to let their new leadership's -- investors are anxious to see if the new leadership can restore stability to the region. >> angela merkel has reiterated her government's strong opposition to the introduction of so-called eurobonds. the idea has been gaining renewed support since other attempts to stem the rose on prices have so far failed. -- euro zone prices have so far failed. >> there is a huge difference.
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as with every aspect of this process, there are at least two sides fighting vehemently. greece is looking to issue a debt bonds early next year. germany is reluctant to see anything happen that could affect the paymaster. the fact is that germany is the paymaster of europe and remains so. angela merkel has to fight that battle at home, not wanting to see german money thrown at countries that cannot sustain their own economy. the voluntary bond issue, like all of these issues, as i said today, the message to the group is that the clock is ticking and we are running out of time. >> that was jeff bates, speaking to us earlier, from brussels. 15% on tuesday, plunging to a new low.
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the banks say that they need much more money than it -- originally expected. the european union is requiring financial institutions to increase capital reserves to levels that would prevent them from requiring bailouts. maybe as much as 5 billion euros, $2 million more than initially thought. nationalization may be the only option. german blue chips were on a bit of a roller coaster ride this tuesday, enjoying gains for much of the session before ultimately finishing down in negative territory. we have this summary from the frankfurt stock exchange. >> traders are currently suffering as politicians have failed to reach an agreement in that dispute. an attempt to solve the crisis has led to great nervousness and a roller coaster ride, clothes and deeper.
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cook -- closing deeper. shocking news about higher capital needs, a german travel company is running out of money in the insecurity of the sector. >> we can stay for a closer look at germany's numbers, closing down at 5537. across the atlantic, in new york, down by one-half of 1%. the euro is trading just a tad higher. brazilian authorities say that they plan to impose initial fines of $56 million on chevron for an oil spill off of the coast of rio de janeiro. the country's environmental secretary says that this is only the first in a number of expected fines and that chevron
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could be prohibited from exploring for more oil for five years. chevron says that oil started leaking in november and that they are on a migratory route for dolphins. chevron had figured only half of the amount. >> thank you very much, steve. astronauts from russia, the united states, and japan, have returned safely to earth after five months on the international space station. they landed on board a russian capsule. in good health, they were carried out of the capsule by grant workers. prolonged weightlessness meant that they could not walk unassisted at first. the next mission is scheduled to begin just before christmas. you are watching dw tv, coming to you from berlin.
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i will be back with you in a minute. >> this is anna. to make sure that she does not start smoking, she uses a rather unique tip.
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nice try. but for advice that reworks, 02 -- for advice that really works, go to our website. >> welcome back. sliding deeper into unrest and violence, syria? perhaps even into civil war? the turkish prime minister had sharp words for damascus, calling on the president to step down to avoid more bloodshed. his comments come as the opposition protests grow and anti-government protesters launch more daring attacks. here's more on syria. >> buildings show clear signs of armed conflict. garbage lines the streets. normal life ended here a long time ago. anger at the regime is widespread. protesters are holding
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demonstrations against the government, ignoring the threat of snipers, kidnapping, and torture. they are clamming -- claiming ever bolder attacks. unverified footage like this, posted daily on the internet, showed just one side of a divided country. little is heard of opposition protests in some centers that are home to a third of the syrian port -- syrian population. hear, the atmosphere is uncanny. many say that they are watching and waiting. afghan security forces are in total control, able to quash any uprising instantly. this is not the only reason that tens of thousands of people gather every weekend in the square to show support. the syrian state publicizes
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these events as evidence of popular support. but many have the fears of falling into chaos are being invaded by the west. some fear the loss of status under the family rule. the regime supports all of those fears. they are full of reports of foreign terrorists attempting to destroy the country. activist videos show a different reality. the conflict is a struggle for the control of the truth. >> a journalist who has just returned from syria spoke to us from hamburg. we asked him to talk to us about what he witnessed in syria. >> what i actually saw was a child that was mortally wounded.
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i saw people that had been tortured. when i speak with a context that i still have a in syria, not much has changed. >> how strong is the opposition? >> inside of the country it is difficult to say. the level of terror has risen. they have a big problem. they are in terror and no one knows what can happen to them. the position is gaining ground, but eroding slowly. >> what about cities?
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>> what i can say from my contacts was that opposition life there meant he did not have any heating, you did not have oil for food, or water. no electricity. no self on connections. no telephones. you come off and you have nothing at all. this has been going on for weeks. the people there are struggling to survive. >> do you consider that it could slide into civil war? what are your impressions? >> that the position itself is not willing to have a civil war, but the more the president clings to power, the more the
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division of ethics will be. this divide is going to grow. in the end, it might cause a civil war. >> thank you for talking to us. for months, the opposition has been steadily building up its military capacity, strengthened by defecting soldiers and struggled weapons -- smuggled weapons. it is not clear if they will receive foreign support. syrian neighbors feared the possible consequences of a shift of power. turkey would suffer from a syrian civil war, forced into absorbing thousands of refugees. many syrians have already fled from across the border to escape the unrest. >> syria and refugees in turkey protest against the regime.
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-- syrian refugees in turkey protest against the regime. challenging neighboring governments. syrians in jordan have been calling for sanctions. for a long time, their demands fell on deaf ears at the arab league. but that organization has begun to take a harder line. >> we have decided to exclude syria from all meetings until further notice. >> since then, the arab league has increased pressure. it is not likely to improve -- approve military intervention. >> the conflict could very quickly spread to other countries. perhaps israel, turkey, and others in the region. that would be very dangerous.
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destabilizing that part of the middle east would affect all the surrounding countries. >> syria is bordered by jordan, iraq, turkey, and lebanon. all of them entangled in an external or internal conflicts. well aware of the international community's fears, he has threatened to to destabilize the region. on the pillars of his power, the intelligence service and the majority of the army seems to remain loyal. internationally, he has a powerful supporter in russia. his president is reluctant to offend his longstanding middle eastern ally. >> russia, for instance, has a military base in syria and is trying to reassert its former position as a global power.
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you need allies for that. syria is still a good business partner. >> russia and china vetoed a u.n. security council resolution, calling for sanctions against syria. not just to influence the west, but because there is no clear point of action. the future seems to uncertain. >> if there is a regime change, the consequence will not be stability. rather, there will be civil war until conditions normalize again. that scenario is a cause for fear amongst neighboring states and within syria itself. >> the goal of the opposition is a democratic change whof power. so far, exiled opposition members have not figured out how that might work. >> that was the focus of "in
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debt," today. good to have you with us.
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hi, i'm janice edwards, inviting you to join us for bay area vista. as you probably know, bay area vista is your show. we're talking about your community, talking about what's important to all of us, here in the bay area. i always thank you for the great job that you do in our bay area. so, that's what tuesdays at 6:30(pm), here on kcsm, are all about. please join us then.
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