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tv   Journal  PBS  August 3, 2012 6:30pm-7:00pm PDT

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dw tv. >> i am sarah kelly. here is what is coming up. the you win the votes to condemn the violence in syria. -- the you win the votes to condemn the violence in syria. >> madrid says another massive round of cuts are coming. >> and a makeover for gorky park. captioned by the national captioning institute >> two major attacks in the making and syria. >> sources say government troops
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are preparing a massive assault on rebel-held areas of the two biggest cities. >> the un criticized the security council for failing to stop the violence. >> first, more on the fighting. >> opposition activists believe at least 20 people were killed by mortar fire in damascus on thursday evening. fighting also raged between rebels and government forces in the last rebel-held area in damascus. government forces entered with tanks. in aleppo, a flashpoint between government-held forces and rebels.
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here alone, hundreds are living under primitive conditions. many are constantly on the move. >> i left the city and went to aleppo. i wanted to get away from the attacks and bombs. >> meanwhile, a syrian delegation has left from moscow. syria has asked russia for a loan after months of sanctions. >> the west is saying the sanctions are against the government, but that is hypocrisy. economic sanctions have an impact on every citizen of syria. >> on friday, the u.n. general assembly passed a resolution to denounce the government's crackdown, but russia and china continue to block the security
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council from acting. >> let's talk a little bit about that. from washington, d.c., we're joined by our correspondent. what was the point of the resolution against syria today? it is almost embarrassing when you consider the u.n. security council has failed three times to act. >> it is a symbolic vote. this is a non-binding motion uc here today. people are frustrated. one way to show this is just to have that kind of resolution. germany is a co-sponsor of this resolution, so germany is backing the resolution. >> the white house, as we understand it, is using the resignation of kofi annan as an opportunity to criticize china and russia. >> they will continue to
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criticize china and russia for backing president assad. he did not have the political leverage where he could do anything. the council was divided. >> diplomacy is no longer an option right now in syria. does that give washington the right to boost aid to the rebels? >> america is divided. there are a couple of republican politicians -- senator lieberman, senator mccain -- they would like to see more help to the rebels. the obama administration, i think, is looking for a diplomatic solution. >> as always, thank you very much. >> spain has announced another round of spending cuts. all the signs point in one
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direction -- spain is headed to a full-blown bailout. >> that is right. the spanish prime minister says he will do what is best for the spanish people, and many say that is code for saying what the eu bailout conditions will be. >> spanish banks have already been rescued, but the bailout terms could affect the pension system. >> more now on the hard choices ahead for madrid. >> the prime minister is in a tough spot. in spain needs money urgently. but its borrowing costs are too high. his last hope -- help from the european central bank. the ecb is considering new measures to help spain and italy. >> i want to know what those
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measures are and what they mean and what their team is. then i will know -- what their aim is. then i will know whether we can afford. then we will make a decision. i have not made any decision so far. i will do what is in the best interests of spain. >> and that includes more austerity, with new plans to cut 102 billion euros by 2014. >> our economy's biggest problem is what we 0. it is a lot. we have to pay it back. right now it is difficult to get loans or refinanced our existing loans. >> the austerity measures are not popular. on friday, another strike against efforts to partially privatize the country's real servers. -- rail service. >> stocks here in europe had a
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big rally on friday. >> spain's problem is it too big to handle. in the end, they asked to be admitted into the bailout fund. may be the application will come as early as the weekend. that is what the traders are saying here. it would improve things in the eurozone if this type of clarity were established. even before that, the dax gained tremendously. people believe the european central bank will have to come through. financial shares were really the top performers. next, we had bush a bank at 9% higher. >> the german blue-chip dax
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higher on the day. the eurostoxx 50 nearly 5% higher. the euro is gaining against the dollar. >> moody's has cut the credit worthiness of government bonds for another eu member state, this times lavinia. the ratings agency cut it by it threefold notches, putting it closer to junk status. all right, beachgoers may have a little more sun than bargained for on sunday. >> no umbrellas for anyone.
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>> they need sunscreen their. in italy, the beaches are public, but access is controlled by the beach co-ops. the government wants to change that and the clubs are fighting back. >> this was the site on many of italy's's beaches on friday. not a single parasol in cite. the country's private beaches, designed to keep umbrellas closed in protest of a new eu directive. the italian government grants six-year licenses. brussels was to see those licenses auctioned off. that is something workers here fear can put them out of business. >> some sovereign walled fun from kuwait or shady bidder could undo all the work we have
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done. >> together the beaches make up a quarter of the country's coastline. they are often family-run businesses. the strike is yet another reminder of how hard it is to overcome the old ways of doing things in italy, and it is another headache for prime minister mariio monti. >> in corporate news, a blockbuster quarter for toyota. the japanese carmaker's shares skyrocketed by 250%. >> good news for toyota, which has been recovering from japan's earthquake and tsunami last year. over 14 million vehicles were also be called over the last three years. >> toyota has won back the
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affection of the world's drivers. second quarter profits came in well above expectations. >> we saw a sharp increase in all regions. it was a rebound from the previous year's supply shortage caused by the earthquake and tsunami in japan. in japan especially, the rebound was significant from the previous year's plunge in sales. >> toyota slipped -- trio up sold almost 5 million vehicles. general motors is falling in position two. and no. 3 -- germany's volkswagen is close behind with almost 4.5 million vehicles sold. toyota has raised its sales forecast to almost 10 million vehicles. >> 14 people have died and
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dozens are facing quarantine as uganda faces another outbreak of ebola virus. >> the rare disease is highly contagious. two-thirds of those infected die. >> dozens of patients in western uganda are infected with ebola virus. in the past, hospital staff were especially hard hit by the virus. this is the fourth outbreak of the rare disease and uganda. public officials were well prepared. they were able to quickly identify the virus and quarantine the patient's. -- currency and the patience -- quarantine the patients. >> the quarantine of all suspected and confirmed cases
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have taken place. >> the virus causes bleeding and it damages the nervous system. doctors believe the outbreak can be traced to infected meat served at a relative's funeral. >> 3 two previous outbreaks. we thought that' the host was te chimpanzee. >> there's no cure for the disease, but there is hope. researchers have reported good results with the vaccine they have tested on animals. >> time to get the latest from the london olympics. >> monday, great britain and 13 more gold medals with the track and cycling team sprinting to a new world record. >> michael phelps scored another medal, his 17th olympic
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gold. and it was also a good day for germany. >> the rowing team struck gold on friday. they took the race by 2.4 seconds, trailed by croatia and australia. it was third time is the charm for germany. the heavy way -- the heavyweight earned a bronze. the five-time world champion. in women's judo, the heavyweight took to but's first gold medal of the olympic games -- took the first gold medal of the olympic games. and planning for switzerland, roger federer moves into the men's final. >> but it is not all gold and
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glory. we have controversy from the gains after the break. >> stay with us.
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>> all rights. will come back, everyone. an embarrassing departure for one member team germany at the olympics. >> nadja drygalla has left the games after details emerged that she was dating a member of germany's extreme right wing party. >> nadja drygalla has left the olympics after it emerged that she is dating a member of the right wing party. many are now asking why she was allowed to compete when her links to the far right were known to authorities? the head of the olympic association said he knew nothing about her right wing connections. >> if we had even the slightest
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inkling, this person would not have been a member of the team. the most important thing is the person, not those they associate with. >> he said that germany's olympic association cannot be expected to look into the background of athletes' associates. >> many are not buying into her explanations and believe she may have sympathies for the far right. so far, they have refused to comment on her departure from the games. >> germany will be going back to the olympics for the thorny issue of building in a few moments. but first, i new era of economic independence in argentina. >> the country paid back $2.2 billion of bonds seized from its
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citizens when the argentine economy collapsed. >> but critics say they have robbed peter to pay paul, taking out a massive new loans to pay pension funds and the state-owned banks. >> the president presided over the payback of the planets are is -- planners are raised -- b uenos aires banks. >> this is money we were obliged to pay back. >> in december 2001, amid spiraling inflation, argentinia closed accounts across the country. the move sent the peso on a sharp downward decrease and it spurred massive protests.
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protestors were offered a bond that would not mature until 2012. and president fled his office. more than a decade on, the argentinian economy is in better shape. but analysts are not sure if it means much. >> the symbolic importance is it is the end of an era. having said that, it does not mean you have gained economic independence. you were always financially dependent on something and have debts to peg. >> the government hopes that the bond payback will boost market confidence. >> let's talk a little bit more about this argentina story. i am joined by the managing director at an economics consultancy that specializes in transition countries. we have heard in this report that the pay of of the two dozen -- of the 2002 debt was
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more symbolic than anything else. would you say that the argentinian economy is a success story? >> i would say it is not really a true one, because argentina still has several foreign creditors from the private sector. that is why they have no access to the international capital markets. >> ok, so how are they able to pay off this debt? >> there are central bank's. it is not that difficult. >> critics say they have taken money out of the pension fund, for example, to pay this bond of. so, they are taking money from people who will need that money later on? >> that is why they do not have confidence, writes. >> why could argentina not be a model for greece? >> these situations are similar.
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they both have high public debt and a lack of competitiveness due to a lack of exchange rate. argentina treated its creditors very badly. ries has done much better -- greece has done much better. >> greece is also in the european union and the european union is working to make sure that greece, as you say, it treats its creditors correctly. >> it is in the interest of the european union and the eurozone that greece does not leave. >> alright. we have to wrap it up there. thank you for coming in and giving your insides. >> on to gorky park in moscow. >> the post-soviet attractions have disappeared.
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you can access outdoor yogas studios. >> we are creating a grand canyon parks -- a grand space in the park's. >> the new sounds of gorky park. the extensive gardens have been reborn as a mellow, eco-friendly recreational area. >> the last time i was here must've been 15 years ago and it was not a pretty sight. now looks sort of like your. in two years, it will look just like your. >> it is so romantic here. so nice and at modern. >> tranquillity in nature plays a role.
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children can do gardening while their parents track. gorky park in 1998. after the communist era, it became a gaudy amusement park and fell into disrepair. they have brushed away the trash. >> visitors to the park are younger now. the place is more energetic and vibrant than before. the part is like a stage for ideas. a kind of laboratory. others show up and join in. >> ice skating in the winter. skating in the summer. officials say since the renovation, 100,000 people stopped by every weekend. >> back to the olympics. after setting almost two dozen
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records in swimming, but so- called super suits were banned. >> six world records and counting. some have wondered if doping maybe playing a role. >> swimmers from lithuania and china have scored world-record times in these olympic games. they did not have the help of the high-tech swimsuits of past years. many are wondering if doping is buoying their success. >> and performance enhancing substances? >> no, never. >> both swimmers' tests are-. only three athletes have tested positive so far. non-were medal contenders.
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-- none were medal contenders. >> there are substances the athletes can take. there are new substances we have not found a way to detect. >> each positive test costs the games -- casts the games in a negative light. the ioc wants to maintain the winners' resumption of denison's. >> should a sudden breeze -- raise and performance be primarily a suspected as being achieved -- that ruins the charm of the competitive sport. >> today the track and field competition. the iaf banned a number of
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athletes for doping in the run- up to the games. >> let's talk about this doping. there are two sides of this. what is your take on it? >> you have to assume anyone is innocenct until they're proven guilty. these are the most tested games in olympic history. everyone knows the people who test for doping are way behind the game. the one positive thing i would say is that the blood samples are now kept 8 years. if someone does dope and gets away with it, you can always get them later. >> we've been hearing a lot about these allegations throughout the games. are they overshadowing them? >> well, they are spectacular of course and they make headlines, but no, i do not think they really have. 3 athletes were suspended. and strictly from a sporting perspective, i think they are quite good games.
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i think some of the swimming records are undoubtedly going to stand. and then of course, we had excellent story lines. michael phelps with his 21st gold medal, coming back when everyone thought he was a has been. there's a lot left to look forward to. >> all rights. jefferson chase. thank you very much. our time is up. >> thank you for joining us.
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