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tv   Journal  PBS  October 12, 2012 6:30pm-7:00pm PDT

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captioned by the national captioning institute clucks live from berlin, this is "the journal." >> the nobel peace prize goes to the european union. we have analysis on the message connected to the award. >> tensions after sending fighter jets to the border region. >> the vice-president of candidates exchanged verbal blows in the u.s. presidential race. across europe this friday, there
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is collation and disbelief. the european union has won the nobel peace prize. >> most leaders are bogged down in efforts to deal with the eurozone debt crisis. >> there was a spontaneous and unprecedented round of applause. >> one i woke up, i did not expected to be such a good day. we received the news of the award of the global peace prize. >> it came as a surprise to many in brussels on rent for its historic role in honoring the continent. >> they have helped to transform most of europe from a
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continental or continental peace. >> the president of the european parliament's interrupted the business to to vienna to respond. >> for me, this is also a personal thing. everything i have worked for, all the energy into pushing this forward has been honored today. >> there was a last-minute change to the schedule. currently in finland ahead of the european council summit, the finnish prime minister played down the importance of the eu's achievement. >> we had the two world wars. the we had european civil wars. >> the three main figureheads
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will accept the prize when it is awarded in oslo in december. >> our european affairs correspondent joins us from brussels. what was your response? >> generally, surprise and amazement. this came out of left field. politics and seeming to going to the trenches, as it were, so it sounded like a joke. if you ask me for my initial reaction, i now know at the end of this long day of celebration and surprise that most people, including senior officials, were in much the same position. they had no inkling that this was likely to come out a winner, as it were. it's been a bizarre day. >> when you see how leaders
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react, you get the feeling that they are somewhat reluctant to show that they are happy. they almost feel guilty considering what is going on in the eurozone right now. >> this peace prize is all about recognizing 60 years of reconciliation across europe. for most modern leaders, they are frustrated that the youth of today do not have that in their focus, their history. what we have left is residual debate and argument which is bigger than the eu and also differences between germany and france, england and the rest. there is some malaysian that someone in a high-level as saying in the midst of this crisis, it's time that people listen to wes and remember there
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is a massive contribution to long-term european peace. >> you think the nobel committee of is trying to remind people of what has been done. there's no reason to award it to the eu. >> you do not have to be too cynical to think that the european union was in need of some really good public relations. i'm not saying it's one-sided. the obvious time would be 2014 when we are celebrating the centennial of the first world war. everything is in disarray and we've never had more problems yet here they are in the nobel peace prize is being awarded to the eu. as the head said quite clearly all day, we are honoring the long-term what they have set out to do. what is happening today is not
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really the issue. >> after a long day in brussels, thank you very much. >> in germany, the chancellor her be united the country and pushed it into the euro called this the confirmation of the european peace project. >> chancellor angela merkel said that it was a wonderful decision and she held the euro as more than just the current. >> she cautioned against complacency. >> we should not forget that we should continue to renew our efforts for peace, democracy, and freedom. >> it also serves as a reminder.
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>> norway doesn't belong to the eu and it shows how important the currency and the union are. that's interesting because non- the members are more appreciative of the importance of the euro and the eu. we should do more if we are not to squander your's -- europe's opportunities. >> many say the award was well- deserved. >> they're committed to peace. the help promote globalization. >> this gives them the feeling that we are all in this together. >> for more on their reaction from berlin, i'm joined by our political correspondent. it was meant as an encouraging
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political signal and it was taken as such year in berlin. >> indeed. just give you a few of the comments, chancellor merkel has said this recognizes the achievement and it was more than just a currency but the ideal behind europe. they described the european unification as the biggest peace effort in history which had turned archenemies into partners and friends. this would not allow them to get in the way of european unification. 82-formyear-old former chancellr
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said it was something all europeans should be proud of them -- continue down the path of european unity. >> if the euro falls, europe will fall. we are going very tough patch. how alive is the european idea in germany today? >> it still very life. the european union changed the narrative. it gave germany the platform to not be the aggressor in europe but the stabilizer, the anchor. many germans alicante cost of the euro crisis are worrying that they're being forced to finance bailouts and waste money. politicians are hoping that this award will brighten europe's
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image. >> thank you very much for joining us, simon. we will have more in the next half-hour. >> turkey has deployed fighter jets to its syrian border. >> both sides are sticking to their story about the syrian air jets. >> they have seen days of heavy fighting. the syrian army is trying to recapture rebels. at one point, a syrian helicopter veered into turkish airspace but was immediately pushed back. it is yet another incident to raise tensions between the two countries. anchor is still simmering over
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stopping a syrian airliner. they claim it was carrying russian weapons for the syrian army. what's the cargo consisted of electrical equipment for a radar station. it is not prohibited under any condition. >> there deploying additional tanks and fighter jets as they look at a possible intervention in syria. it is definitely in full swing. over the last few days, hundreds of people have gone to the border to turkey. tensions are not likely to ease anytime soon. >> a clash erupted in cairo's tahrir square over the support
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and opposition of president morsi. >> this follows the acquittal of mubarak-era officials accused of attacking during the uprising. this sparked a backlash from senior judges. >> plenty of celebrations in russia -- brussels and berlin. it >> sparks flying at the u.s. vice presidential debate. first, other stories making headlines. bali remembering the victims of terrorist bombings there one decade ago. two suicide bombers killed 202 people. the astros and prime minister attended the ceremony and 88 of the dead were australian.
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>> pakistan is schoolchildren holding a vigil for a girl shot by the pakistan a telegram -- pakistani taliban. the next 48 hours are considered critical. >> the retired space shuttle endeavor has begun its final journey, this time on land. it is moving through the streets of los angeles to the california science center will will go on public display. at a speed of over 3 kilometers per hour, the journey will take two days. >> the two vice-presidential candidates went head-to-head in a television debate last night with joe biden taking on paul ryan. >> president obama was viewed as
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having under-performed last week. >> he said he had been too polite to romney. the vice-president attack targets. >> my friend recently said 30% of the american people are takers. these people are my mom and dad, my neighbors. they pay more effective tax down governor romney does. >> the two clashed over foreign affairs. ryan says the killing of the syrian ambassador prove that his policies are wrong. >> it makes us more we can project weakness. our adversaries are much more -- >> with all due respect, that's a bunch of malarkey.
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>> his campaign certainly needed a boost. >> more on the surprise announcement about the nobel peace prize. >> don't go away. >> produces high quality seeds, starting small. >> we have the trust.
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we have proved to the bank that a woman can be equally competitive. >> >> many european leaders are delighted that the eu has won the nobel peace prize but it comes at a time when they are facing the biggest financial crisis in its history. >> many politicians feel the monetary union should be extended to create more fiscal integration within the bloc. they are adamant the currency remained at the heart of the european unity. >> 7 symbolizes the dream of european unity like the euro. although it has been decried as the problem child, that have kept their most important promises. the currency value remains stable and value is low. the euro has promoted
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international trade, a boon to exporters like germany. >> it has boosted the european economy for seven or eight years. the year also helped to tackle the financial crisis. >> is instability in the political system weakening the currency. what we need is a political union to overcome this and stability. >> shultz believes the future is in more europe rather than less, a stronger european and union and the commission will become a government in its own right with the european president and minister. >> can i guarantee my children the same quality of life i have today? i vision is yes. that's what i want. it will not happen if we split
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into separate entities. >> it is the members of big nations and the umpires that count. china, u.s., brazil, india, japan. >> this union needs the euro. if the single currency collapses it could have unforeseen problems they want to avoid. the eu is unlikely to abandon the euro anytime soon. >> europe has come a very long way in the last six>> the nobely wanted to focus not on the currency conundrum but on the six decades of peace and prosperity that europe has
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achieved. >> a united europe banned after devastation from world war ii, it may have seemed impossible to turn rivals and to partners. this included a historic archrival's france and germany. the hope was that an economic union would also promote peace. >> europe will not be made all at once. it will be built through concrete achievements which creates a defacto solidarity. >> the next achievements were the formation of the economic community and the atomic energy community helping to develop shared social values. >> when i for started to fight for united europe in the 1950's, my vision was limited.
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i saw we were not making europe for ourselves but for history. >> the union expanded further when the berlin wall fell. 10 eastern bloc countries joined. they joined to hope and not for just economic value that human rights and human wall. then the tube common currency was introduced. today, it is used by 17 countries and the crisis has put pressure on the euro but they hope this will reunite a sense of common spirit. >> it's a real encouragement for us to keep building europe up and keep working on this house we call europe and hopefully it will make some people, the daughters in the grumblers, think again. -- the doubters and grumblers. >> it reinforces the eu's role
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in the expansion of democracy. >> spain and greece are facing deep economic problems although they look to the eu for financial help, but they also blame policy makers for imposing draconian views on them. >> austerity has hit the traditional military parade in madrid, scaling back to cut costs. many spaniards once more solidarity. they have had a mixed reception. >> that will not put food on the table. >> i think it's great. the europeans are great people. >> we're very proud.
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>> there are certain interests behind awarding the eu a price like that. i do not think it's justified. >> that is a sentiment echoed in another crisis country, greece. >> i do not believe it has been helping the stability at all. if it had, we would not be in the mess we're in. >> despite the inequality and the north hating the south? >> no euphoria and they prefer a speedy resolution to the debt crisis. >> the international labor organization says it has cost 30 million people their jobs and one-third of the people out of work are under the age of 25. >> the impact is huge. every other person under the age of 25 is now unemployed. >> it is hitting young gejob
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seekers hardest. the youth unemployment rate there is over 50%. now people are suffering the most from economic problems. the majority are under 25 years old. the number of unemployed is up 4 million since 2007. they have asked them to come up with more training programs for young job-seekers. even having a job does not mean you will not go hungry. the iio says hundreds of millions of people with worker living in poverty. the have taken a hit at austerity and have been raising taxes and cutting spending. they say it makes things worse for young job-seekers. >> they may not focus on the current debt crisis, but the
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markets do. let's take a look up the numbers of friday's trading in frankfurt. the daxx down .7%. eurostoxx also down about .7%. dow jones almost flat. euro trading $1.2959. record high will prices could soon be a thing of the past. experts from the international energy agency's say the price of crude oil is set to gradually sink. they point to increased output from oil-producing countries like libya, iraq, and saudi arabia. low economic growth is helping grow more slowly. that may mean the closing balance between supply and demand. >> the recent study has linked
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the fallout from the nuclear plant and fukushima and a change in the butterfly population. >> they have definitely connected radioactivity and mutations. >> these are some of the last butterflies before the onset of autumn. here on the northern outskirts of tokyo, they are collecting specimens with gloves, face masks, and radiation detectors. the field is contaminated. it has twice the allowed level of radioactivity. >> we are studying how radiation affects butterflies. they have life cycles of just one month so we can quickly determine how the effects of radiation are passed from generation to generation. >> the japanese island of
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okinawa, 2,000 kilometers south of fukushima. here at the university, the team of butterfly researchers are completing their data. >> the malformed wings standout as to the feelers, legs, and eyes. >> half of all butterflies showed genetic damage, but they're cautious about drawing connections to the population. there is only one course of action. >> no one should underestimate the risks which are irreversible. >> the scientists also read the butterflies in their laboratory and made a remarkable discovery. they became more resistant to radiation from generation to
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generation. that's positive news, but the long-term effects for humans are still on known. -- unknown. >> this is said to be the fastest time. >> a victory would put the defending world champ ahead of fernand go alonso. the for our rig driver leads by four points. the first formula one team principle after officially taking over from peter. all right. there you go. thanks for watching. have a good one.
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