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tv   Journal  PBS  January 29, 2013 6:30pm-7:00pm PST

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>> welcome to the "journal" here on deutsche welle. >> coming up in the next half- hour, french and malian forces receive a hero's welcome in timbuktu. then at egypt's military warns the central state faces collapse if there is no end to ongoing rising protests. >> as brazil mourns the hundreds who died in the nightclub blaze, questions being raised about public safety. >> french and malian forces have strengthen their hold on timbuktu a day after the evicted islamist forces. >> the militants left behind a
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trail of destruction in the united nations world heritage site, looting tombs and burning into documents. residents have welcomed the soldiers with open arms. >> just days ago, the islamists still controlled timbuktu. now their flag has come down. soldiers and civilians are celebrating. >> i dreamt of this day. mali is being reborn. >> most residents of the ancient trading town were relieved when paratroopers arrived. timbuktu has been in the hands of islamists for 10 months. >> for 10 months, the islamists enforced a strict form of sharia law. this man says his hand was chopped up because he was accused of stealing a mattress. this woman says she was with and jailed for a minor offense. >> my head job -- hijab slipped off my face. that's why they put me in jail
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and beat me. >> residents have been raising the traces of the islamists. some have been taking revenge, plundering stores belonging to merchants suspected of collaborating. in ethiopia, a donor's conference has raised pledges of hundreds of millions of aid. its president expressed his gratitude. >> thank you on behalf of mali and the malian people. thank you on behalf of our civilization and all of africa. thank you very much. >> that aid will come too late for this library. the bubbles destroy thousands of ancient manuscripts, many dating back to the 13th century. >> for more, we go back to andrea, who just returned from bamako. house the situation in the areas where the rebels have been driven out? >> there's many images of
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cheering crowds. african troops are supposed to be deployed. they're not yet there, so it is still the beginning of operations there. >> where have the islamist fighters have been retreating to? will the french be pursuing them? >> actually, this is the question everybody has right now. the militants are going out toward the mauritania border. also, they are mostly hiding all over the north. there is still a lot to do to clean up no. mali. >> what about those who say they will not allow government forces to return to the areas under their control? >> all told, they are really marginalized.
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as we have been -- they have been pushed away by islamists, we have not much power to actually defend their stance. >> thank you very much for that. >> on 2 news now of apparent executions in syria. activists say at least 65 men have been found dead in the northern city of aleppo. the bodies were found scattered along a river in a contested district of the cimany victims s tied behind their backs. each appeared to had a single gunshot wound to the head. activists say it is not clear which side carried out the killings. femic egypt's political crisis and ongoing unrest could lead to the collapse of the state. -- >> at egypt's political crisis and ongoing unrest. >> five days of rioting have
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left dozens dead. tens of thousands defied a government-declared state of emergency, which prohibits demonstrations, and gathered for protests in cities along the suez canal. >> this young woman is chanting the people want to bring down the regime. a few meters away, police have also taken a position. it seems a matter of time before the situation again escalates. many egyptians just wish the violence would end. >> they need to calm down. this is not the solution. even if people do not like what is going on, this is not the solution. even if they do not want this president, this is still not a solution. throwing stones at riot police is not a peaceful way. >> president morsi is resorting to increasingly drastic measures to deal with the unrest, but a state of emergency and nightly
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curfew had been widely ignored. the defense minister has warned that the country could collapse if the political chaos continues. soldiers have given the police authority to arrest civilians, but the protest will likely continue. demonstrators are determined to force out president morsi, but he is continuing with business as usual. tomorrow, he scheduled to make his first official visit to berlin. >> investigators in brazil are still trying to establish how a nightclub escape official scrutiny and became a deathtrap for hundreds of young people. >> it was the venue for a concert with indoor part text that led to a devastating fire. 231 people died in the blaze, mostly college students. >> thousands took to the streets of santa maria on monday night in a peaceful protest. they wore white to honor the victims and demanded justice. earlier, residents created a
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memorial outside the nightclub for those who died inside in the blaze. >> the country is in mourning, and we feel the need to share the pain of the people who are suffering. we are here, and we just do not have words to describe it. >> the investigation into the nightclub fire is ongoing, but the brazilian government says it takes public safety seriously. >> with this tragedy, it is our duty to make a commitment to ensure that this will never be repeated. >> the tragedy has heightened concerns about public safety in brazil ahead of the major international sporting events being housed in a country like the soccer world cup next year and the 2016 summer olympics. >> i hope the government makes adequate preparations to welcome visitors to brazil. there needs to be better
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preparation and big investments on training security personnel so they can cope with emergencies. >> police have arrested four people as they continue to look into the nightclub fire. one of those detained is a member of the band. the drummer describe his terror when the fire started from indoor pyrotechnics. >> we saw is far above the stage. that is where the fire started. a young man -- i do not know who he was in the mayhem -- handed the singer a fire extinguisher. the singer tried, but the fire extinguisher was not working. that is when the security staff stepped in. >> as residents of santa maria bury the dead, the anger of the loss of so many young people is growing. >> to the united states now where the senate foreign relations committee has approved john kerry to become the
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country's next secretary of state. the nomination now goes to the full senate for approval. >> president barack obama nominated the five-term senator seen here in pictures last week to succeed hillary clinton, who is stepping down after four years. kerry has served on the senate foreign relations panel for 20 years. and investors are beginning to pump money back into crisis-hit nations. new figures compiled by dutch bank ing appeared to show the flight of capital has ended. >> corporate and private investors put more than 90 billion euros back into greece, spain, and portugal in the final quarter of 2012. that is a jump of 9%. the european central bank president has vowed to save the euro at any price. it is thought to have boosted investor confidence. well, here in germany, consumers are becoming increasingly confident about the future, and as a result, they are spending more money.
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most importantly, they are spending on big-ticket items and long-term investments like real estate. the record rise in consumer sentiment came after three straight months of decline. >> the latest survey, expectations of higher incomes and declining worries. domestic consumption has been playing a central role. >> germany's traditional -- traditionally known as a nation of savers, but right now, people love to spend. the labor market is robust, financial markets stable, and many consumers feel it is the right time to make big purchases like a new home. that is according to the latest survey of consumer analyst, gfk. respondents have given the overall economic outlook a big thumbs up. >> expectations for the economy have risen in four of the last five months. it looks like we've reached a turning point. it is safe to assume this trend will remain stable in the
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future. >> many german workers are expecting their pay to increase this year. that's one reason for the upbeat mood among consumers. that's why many are considering making this year won for the big-ticket purchases. >> well, that consumer confidence data combined with a report out of the united states showing a rebound in the real estate sector prompted investors in europe to buy on tuesday. our correspondent sent us this summary from the frankfurt stock exchange. >> the german consumer is more optimistic again. that is a measurement that was put out by an organization called gfk which measures the consumer mood in germany. before now, the mood had declined for some months. but now, the return to optimism can be good news for the economy. it can be good news for jobs and also for the markets. the people in germany apparently are considering that they are going to be earning more this year than last year, and they
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are more prepared to buy more expensive durable goods. it did not translate to higher equity prices, though. people here are still a little bit reticent, but the traders saw the news from the consumer industry as good news, and they are saying that there's more room for german equities to go, but it needs a little bit stronger news than this to >> we say in frankfurt for a closer look at tuesday's market numbers -- we stay in frankfurt. you're a -- euro stoxx 50 a tad higher. across the atlantic on wall street, the dow at this hour trading well up at 13,957. >> in just a few moments, we will be looking at how important
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it is to take an actual break. >> more on that in a minute, but first, a look at other stories making the news. >> floods have killed 30 people and displaced more than 150,000 in mozambique in southern africa. the united nations is mounting an appeal for at least 50 million euros to deal with the crisis. more rain is forecast for the coming days. >> the residents of beijing have been warned again to avoid going outdoors due to a dangerous mob. toxins in the air have been measured it 20 times higher than levels deemed safe to breathe. the smog has been suffocating the chinese capital for weeks. hospitals have reported a spike in patients with respiratory problems, including many children. >> workers protesting the closure of several belgian steel plants have clashed with police.
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it will shut down most of its production lines in belgium, costing 1300 workers their jobs. weak demand in europe is the reason. >> last year saw a new record for global tourism. for the first time, more than 1 billion people made trips outside their home nations. the numbers are expected to rise again this year. europe topped the destination list with more than 500 million visitors. >> in other news, there's been a plane crash in kazakhstan with reports that all 20 passengers and crew on board have been killed. >> the plane was on a domestic flight to the country's commercial capital. it crashed on the outskirts of the city during its second attempted landing approach. the first was aborted due to poor visibility. >> we will be back after the break.
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the "journal >> -- >> welcome back. thanks for staying with us. being part of german -- europe's leading economy is showing significant strain on the work force. >> distress report germany 2012 shows that employees are suffering from increasing demands from their employers. here's a look at the downside of multitasking. >> the morning commute has become a dreaded ritual for many german workers. according to a recent survey, increased competition mean one thing for most people -- increased stress. >> there's just so much to do. i have to do 10 things at once. the phone rings. have to write e-mails. i have meetings. business trips and conferences. >> i have to eat fast and get onto the next meeting.
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i already have stomach pains. i cannot cope with the workload. but you cannot admit that at work anymore. that is the problem. >> according to the german government posing distress report, 60% of problems reported problems managing multiple tasks at once. 19% said they were over burdened by their jobs, and more than one in four say they do not have time to take a break. stress can lead to depression and other psychological illnesses. they are the second most recent employees call in sick. the german labour minister wants the private sector to tackle the problem head on. >> what steps can businesses take to help prevent stress? we need to work on prevention, but companies should not just focus on preventing illness. they should identify measures that can build resilience to stress that can then be provided to workers. >> there's some good news -- less workers reported being
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overworked than six years ago, and the minister wants businesses to encourage that trend. >> stress is also a very big problem for germany's military according to a damning report published today. >> the parliamentary commissioner for the armed forces says it is completely overstretched, and morale is at rock bottom. >> the main culprit -- reforms that abolish the draft. the damning report comes as germany's military prepares to play a role in northern mali. >> low morale, deep insecurity, and too much work. the ombudsman for the german military says that is the current state. he says it is especially true for german troops deployed overseas. while it has improved equipment and descends to afghanistan, for example, german soldiers are being pushed to their limits. >> we can just about to it, but only at the cost and on the backs of the soldiers involved and their families. >> that has meant that many
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german soldiers now served six- month toys instead of four months as had been the case. given the situation, the ombudsman has cast doubt on any possible future missions abroad for german forces. >> economic representatives from germany, sudan, and south sudan have been meeting in berlin to discuss commercial ties. sudan is not an easy trading partner. >> the war raged there for 20 years, and the country split into two in 2011. human rights groups accuse the sudanese government of abuse and supporting islamic extremists. >> germany is one of the few western nations to maintain close economic links with khartoum. >> just five months ago, crowds enraged by a low-budget american film that insulted the prophet muhammed stormed diplomatic offices in khartoum. it was a low point in bilateral
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relations, but those events were barely mentioned during talks on economic relations between germany, sudan, and south sudan in berlin. khartoum preferred to point to areas of cooperation. >> the active participation is something i would like to especially point out. what these firms have done in the construction of the rail line between khartoum and port sudan is a reservoir project. >> the problems facing foreign investors remain daunting. tensions between khartoum and south sudan remain high. there are persistent complaints of human rights violations in sudan, and the international criminal court has issued a warrant for the rest of the sudanese president for war crimes in darfur. given the situation in the country, rights activists sharply criticized the investment conference and say german industry should stay away from sudan. german companies are cautious.
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>> first, we need the rule of law and to ensure the safety of the employees of german firms. we need political stability, and there are infrastructure needs. but this is an area where german companies are among the world leaders and which can definitely make a contribution to development. >> but making that contribution in sudan is a risky enterprise. the country remains a powder keg. >> onto some sports news now, and the countdown is on. 12 months from now, russia will be hosting its first ever winter olympics in the black sea resort of sochi. the city and surrounding mountainside are undergoing a massive transformation with billions of yours being pumped into its infrastructure and venues. >> investors are expecting to reap hefty revenues from the games, but it is a different story for those who live nearby.
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>> in a year's time, the world's winter sports elite will gather here on the eastern shores of the black sea. the bolshoi is dome an olympic stadium are already close to completion. so, too, are the new infrastructure links including a brand new train line and highway. it is an ambitious and costly undertaking being pushed through with an iron will. this is a pet project of vladimir putin. neither cost nor other people's opinions seem to matter. on a recent visit, the russian president reminded the people whose idea it was. >> i drove up here in a jeep right through the river. there was nothing here but beehives. i pointed to this spot, and that was the spot for the olympics. >> a to was also the start of a huge construction project. tens of thousands of workers were brought in from central asia to build sporting venues,
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ski lifts, and hotels. even state-owned gas giant has built its own five-star hotel. and a banker on good terms with the kremlin has built an entire mountain for the -- village italian style. just a stone's throw away, it is another world. many of the 2500 villagers say they feel excluded from the party on their doorstep. anatoly runs a car repair shop and is fed up with the games already. >> my fence post used to be white. i was told to attend them brown. it looks like a prison. >> the mayor gave the order to spruce up the village for the olympics. >> it was a 5000-ruble fine for not doing it. that's what the mayor said. they are trying to squeeze every penny out of us for the sake of the olympics.
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>> he can see the ski jump from his house, but he says no villagers have ever been allowed near it. his neighbor is also angry. >> it might be good for the country, but it is of no benefit to us. >> none of the homes in the village has a gas connection. they still use wood for heating, and the toilets are outdoors. they lived in the hope that vladimir putin might stop by one day and have the gas line installed, but so far, he has only ever driven past. >> efforts to save the honeybee are gathering pace and significantly getting the backing of the german government. berlin wants to ban the pesticides that are believed to be behind a mask dying off of colonies around the world. >> german authorities are trying to convince brussels to support the measure. a 2011 united nations reports
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estimate that these and other pollinators do work worth 153 billion euros a year to the world economy. the beekeepers were the first to raise the alarm. a new sickness called colony collapse disorder was causing these around the world to die. in 2008, more than 13,000 colonies' died off. after an extensive investigation, experts identified new pesticides as the culprit. this beekeeper owns 50 hives. he has long called for a ban on the controversial pesticide. >> it is about time the european commission and government bodies in general take a look at the problems in beekeeping. the honey bee is one of the most important links in the food chain. some say it is the third most important animal for our food industry.
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>> the european food and safety authority also sees cause for concern. they are supporting the call for a ban on the pesticides. now german authorities are trying to convince brussels to support the measure. >> the netherlands, italy, and france have already taken steps. i think it is time to embrace a band. >> chemical companies claim the pesticides are safe. they say a ban would put 50,000 jobs under threat and cost 17 billion euros over five years, but the eu says the onus is of the industry to work on a solution. >> they need to address the accusations made by agricultural scientists. there will be another round table on thursday, and we will consider what measure we need to take. >> the european consumer affairs commissioner is opposed to a
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band. in spite of the dangers presented. to help new methods can be developed that do not rely on pesticides. they may be more expensive, but without bees, farmers will not be able to pollinate their crops. >> well, that's it from us. we'll be back on the hour in an hour. >> thanks for staying with us. captioned by the national captioning institute
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