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tv   Journal  PBS  April 1, 2013 6:30pm-7:00pm PDT

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>> hello. welcome to dw's "journal" from berlin. >> ahead in the next 30 minutes of news, tensions escalating on the korean peninsula at a as south korea retaliation to any aggression from the north. >> everything you always wanted to know about jews. that is the name of a new controversial exhibition. >> private newspapers are on sale for the first time in years as a private monopoly ends. north korea has named a new prime minister, pak pong-ju --
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pak pong-ju. he was sacked for his economic proposals. he will head the cabinet again. or if korean officials made announcement during a parliamentary session -- >> north korean officials made an announcement during a parliamentary session. >> they have threatened preemptive nuclear strikes on south korean and u.s. targets. >> in response, the u.s. has deployed stealth fighter jets to soul bank to take part in joint military drills -- to soul ban-o seoul to take part in joint military drills. >> it is the latest in the wargames currently underway. it is a clear display of strength in response to continued threats from the north. south korean president talked on you -- the south korean president did not mince her
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words. >> if there is any provocation against south korea and her people, there should be a strong response in initial combat, without any political considerations. >> but it is doubtful that the latest show of force will be able to stop pyongyang's warlike rhetoric. leader kim yong moon has been ramping up -- kim yong moon -- kim yong in -- kim jong-un has been ramping up tension for weeks. they said their weapons program was the lifeblood of the nation. >> on monday, north korea reinstalled the former prime minister, pak pong-ju. analysts say the choice shows that, for all the military rhetoric, jim -- kim jong-un has begun to switch the country's focus to promoting economic development. >> south korea has promised a
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strong response to pyongyang's aggression. what does that mean? i asked our correspondent in seoul. >> it will give orders for its military to launch its own preemptive strike it it seems that an attack from north korea, whether it be with conventional arms or nuclear arms appears imminent. after staying pretty quiet for the past few weeks, south korea is not putting up with the north's rhetoric anymore. offering a similar posture to the north's threats. >> if the situation keeps escalating, what can be done to defuse tension? >> there are some people from the opposition party that want ministerial-level talks over the weekend. one politician suggested that the south korean prime minister meet with the north korean prime minister.
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now that we have someone new in north korea, i'm not too sure what that will mean. but there are some people here who want to engage. right now, the prevailing winds with the conservative ruling party is that there is no room for dialogue. the u.s.-south korea drills will continue on to the end of april. most likely, they will be can to new -- they will continue to be met by the harsh rhetoric in the north. >> one man has been killed, three others injured in an industrial accident at a nuclear power plant in the u.s. state of arkansas. the accident happened when part of the generator fell on the man as it was being moved. the plant operator said they had shut down the reactors as a precautionary measure and there was no danger to the public. >> resume has been -- begun making documents related to the countries militated dictatorship -- militated her
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-- military dictatorship available online for the first time. the sources detail who was spied on and persecuted during the military. -- the military dictatorship. thousands of dissidents were put under surveillance or imprisoned and tortured. the truth commission is investigating crimes committed during the regime. no patent for novartis. india possibly in court has dismissed the patent protection plea for its cancer drug, greenback -- glivec. >> it is a serious blow not just for novartis, but for other western firms as well. they have been focusing on india to drive sales at a time when the global climate is not as rewarding. >> the ruling is a win worldwide for patients and dramatic -- genetic drugmakers. >> india had one word for novartis -- no. judges would not let them take out patrons for -- patents for
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old drugs with new tweaks. bad news for novartis. >> patents will only be granted for genuine inventions. >> it is a victory for protesters like these, who say pharmaceutical patent's -- patents cost lives. novartis's medication cost around 1700 euros per month. many, if -- for many, it is generic medication or none at all. in a radio interview, the company's chief of corporate research can't be ruling a setback for research and for india. -- called the ruling a setback for research and for india. >> for novartis, in means we probably won't be investing in india. because some of the results of that research are not worth protecting. according today's ruling.
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at the same time, it means we will be introducing these innovative drugs in india only with great caution or not at all. >> other companies like pfizer have also had difficulty winning patents in india. western pharmaceuticals only an account for about 10% of india's medicine market -- only account for about 10% of india's medicine market. >> a top russian official says moscow will not help bailout russian savers who have their money stored in cyprus. >> that is no small announcement. it is believed there are billions of euros in cypriot banks. the positives could lose as much as 70% -- 60% of their accounts. >> cyprus is set to get a 10 billion euro bailout from its partners, only if it raises 6 billion euros on its own. the levy on deposits is one solution.
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cypriots are finding a way to get by as the economic crisis gets worse. cyprus markets national holiday on monday. celebrations are overshadowed by worries about the island's future. the leader of the island's christian said the church would do all it could could to keep -- would do all it could to keep people from going hungry. >> our duty as the churches to to create jobs. we will support government efforts to spur job growth so that everyone can work. we will also help create cash flow so that is nist can rebound and smiles can return to people's faces. >> the government is taking action. the government has proposed a 12 point plan to ease the effects of the recession. he outlined the main points in a
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newspaper interview. it would permit casinos on the greek side of the island and gift tax breaks on profits reinvested in cyprus. the president wants to lower business costs. he is focused on one goal. >> growth. we are going to work towards that end. >> they are trying to ease the fall of the worst economic crisis to hit cyprus in four decades -- the fallout of the worst economic crisis to hit cyprus in four decades. >> we will take a look at a controversial exhibit. >> here's a look at other stories around the world. chinese media say the odds are slim of finding any survivors of a huge landslide into that. -- in tibet. thousands are battling the elements after a landslide struck the region on friday. 36 bodies have been recovered. over 50 people are still missing. >> afghan president hamid karzai has met with you in your
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of qatar in doha. ash the ennio -- the emir of qa tar in doha. the taliban will be allowed to have in office if they end their ties with al qaeda. >> in portugal, authorities were called to rescue more than 100 campers trapped by a river that overflowed its banks. >> and palestinian president mahmoud abbas has marked the day by planting olive tree in the west bank town of ramallah. the day is commemorated every year in remembrance of six arab citizens killed in 1976 during protests against israel's annexation and occupation of palestinian land. 80 years ago today, hitler's regime launched its campaign of perseution and terror against the jews here in germany.
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>> on april 1, 1933, the propaganda minister called for a nationwide vote -- and nationwide boycott of jewish- owned businesses. rooms quads pointed -- painted stars of david on doors and windows. they put anti-semitic signs up. despite large, anti-jewish sentiment among germans, many ignored the boycott. it was ended the same day. >> but that did not stop the holocaust here in germany and across europe and the deaths of millions of jews. today, the jewish community is pgrowing in berlin, but -- >> many stereotypes remain. a controversial new exhibition aims to challenge that. it is called "the whole truth -- what you always wanted to know about jews." >> at first, the idea was strange, a jew in a glass box
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on display, like in a museum exhibit, but he came around to the idea. he has volunteered to answer visitor questions. >> why this hatred keep coming back? >> why hate doesn't disappear? i cannot answer that. >> that there are lots of things he can answer, like the many questions visitors ask about jewish culture and religion. >> they are on to something. this idea, not just to show dead displays, but also living jews. there are jews even today in germany who were not just a piece of history. >> in germany, many people's understanding of judaism is shaped entirely by history lessons about the holocaust and its survivors. with just 100,000 jews living in the country, there is little opportunity to challenge old stereotypes and perceptions. the museum hopes to do that by putting a modern twist on old clichés, like these yarmulkes,
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traditionally worn by jewish men. >> i think the exhibition can work by picking up on the images people have of the jews. if we can manage to transform these images or add new ones, and the exhibition has accomplished what it set out to accomplish. >> it is also about provocation. this is aimed at sensitizing visitors to common stereotypes about jews, asking whether they are beautiful, intelligent, or if they make good business people. >> it is a different kind of approach, and it is nice. it is a change from the usual. >> the exhibition pushes buttons. the result is many, many more questions and comments from the museum's visitors. >> pope francis has urged the faithful to translate the easter sacraments into their daily lives to >> the pontiff was addressing crowds on st. peter's square during the traditional prayer following the
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easter sunday ceremonies. the new leader of the catholic church is scheduled to hold prayers later in the day. the pontiff see first -- pontiff's first easter holiday since he became pope just last month. >> after a short break, we will be back with a report about how myanmar's media landscape is opening up. >> and a ski resort without a chair lift? one town in austria has taken dramatic moves to branch out into winter tourism. we go to see how skiers are faring. certainly not an easy task without a lift. it takes about two and a half hours to get to the top. >> stay with us.
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>> welcome back. under decades of military rule, myanmar's media were among the most restricted in the world. but that all changed on monday. >> resident thein sein's government has ended a 50 --- president thein sein's government has ended a 50-year monopoly on media. >> he issued dozens of licenses for the fledgling democracy, but the press is still not as free as many reporters in myanmar could hope. >> journalists here at one of myanmar's most influential weekly newspapers meet to discuss the topics they are planning to cover in the next edition. thanks to the country 's political reforms, journalists are able to write
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more freely about subjects like poverty, hiv, and prostitution. that all used to be off-limits. until a few months ago, every issue of the paper had to be approved by sensors -- censors. today, the journalists can decide what to print. even though their publication is no longer subject to official censorship, staffers are treading carefully with their new freedom. >> we have enough reasons bundesweh -- enough reasons [ unintelligible -- [indiscernible] the worst punishment is to shut down the publication or maybe be sued. >> as soon as the editorial
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conferences over, this reporter heads out on assignment. he is supposed to cover a demonstration against the myanmar -- the mayor of myanmar's -- demonstrations like this were unthinkable six months ago. gradually, they are becoming more common. in part thanks to journalists who have been informing readers about the country's new freedoms, but it is not entirely clear how far the rights go. the military upon -- the military's taccone and press laws remain on the books, even though they are suddenly -- the military's taccone and -- draconian press laws remain on the books, even though they are seldom enforced. >> the government would like to regain more control. >> the government's latest draft media law would seem to confirm those fears. the stipulations do not target the
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writers so much as the publishers responsible for the content they print. under the draft, they could face heavy fines or imprisonment of up to three months for criticizing the current constitution still in force. in spite of the uncertainty, this publisher is planning to launch a daily paper now that myanmar has lifted the monopoly on state-run dailies. it is a huge investment. he says he has no other choice. >> my reporters will quit. people will go to other newspapers. if you want to be working in the media, you must run a daily newspaper. if not, you cannot survive here it -- survive. >> this reporter is well aware he has other options. well-trained and experienced journalists are still a rare breed in myanmar. he says he is looking forward to the challenge, even if the switch from a weekly to a daily
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publication will mean tighter deadlines. >> we have the deputy chief editor of the democratic voice of burma, and independent media organization located in oslo. how significant is today for the press and for the people? >> it is a very positive development. we all work in the market because it is ending the monopoly of the state newspaper. the people have a choice to read the news from us. it is a positive development. it will lead to more democracy. we welcome this news. >> not much of a choice yet. there are only four dailies. the government did grant more than a dozen licenses. what happened? >> it is very short notice for many newspapers to publish in such short notice. they have to switch from weekly
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to daily. i believe we will see more newspapers in the market. >> i saw the enthusiasm on people's faces talking about politics freely when i was in and gone recently. -- when i was in and gone -- in yangon recently. will we see that in the media sector? >> i hope so. they are very much expecting changes. we also are experiencing this media freedom -- expecting us to last for at least one year. even my organization can now operate in the country, dealing with the resources directly. so, i think both the audience and the owners of the private media have a very high hope for all of these developments. >> thank you very much.
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>> thank you. >> let's take a look at what's going on in the world of the sports -- of bundesliga. frankfurt has returned to its winning ways. >> after failing to win six games, they gain a big come from behind victory. frankfurt is now within striking distance of qualifying for the champions league. >> he got on the scoreboard -- greuther furth got on the scoreboard quick. they're one -- their lead did not last long. their first defense looked horrible -- vulnerable. stefan aigner. the coach was laughing it up. 68th minute, it was frankfurt's striker, alexander meier, with
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his 15th goal this season. they narrowed the lead to 3-2. i had a chance to tie it. --djurdjic had a chance to tie it up. >> wolfsburg thought it was going to win after leading 2-0 at halftime. wolfsburg was up two goals when nürnberg scored with this rocket. later, a teammate tied it up for the final 2-2 score. >> what does all of that mean for the standings, -- standings? bayern munich is still in the lead. their lead is almost insurmountable -- insurmountable. they will get a chance to clinch the title earlier than anyone ever has before. dortmund is in second.
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further losses by augsburg and hockenheim did -- hockenheim -- hoffenheim. >> snow keeps on falling. >> it is a boon for ski resorts, but what if the snow does not keep falling next season or even years from now? in austria, that's the concern for about half of the country's ski resorts. >> one town has taken a dramatic step of getting rid of the chairlifts altogether. forcing skiers to take a two and a half hour trek to the top. even more surprising are the results. >> every now and then, he rides up to the top of the mountain summit in his village. it is a slow day. there is snow, but the slope is empty.
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the chairlift was put out of commission two years ago. >> our dream was to expand the ski resort beyond the simmering peak -- be on the peak. the total cost would have been 30 million euros. it could not be financed. we have to continue building without the chairlift. >> no chairlift? many in the village could not imagine this. the residents spent years discussing the project. the mayor's son was among those voting in favor of dismantling the chairlift. >> mobile warming, rising temperatures, and all the sun on the plateau -- global warming, rising temperatures, and all the sun on the plateau take their toll. not much snow is left. >> if we take a look at the root of the chairlift, there will --
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the route of the chairlift, there won't be much much snow there in two weeks. >> yes taken over the business of his father, but his father -- he has taken over the business of his father, but his father did not expected to continue without the chairlift. >> it was not a resounding success, but there is steady growth and that has already made up for the infrastructure related to the chairlift that we lost. >> this winter, there were around 5% more visitors than when the chairlift was still in operation. the hotel operator is pinning his hopes on ecotourism. this ski instructor has certainly noticed. he is among those adversely affected by the changes. >> two years ago, prior to the closure of the chairlift, we had around 900 children taking lessons. now just over 400. we have lost more than half. it is really sad to look up and see an empty slope where there were a lot of skiers just a few
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years ago. >> visitors are still coming, but they are doing other activities. for example, ski touring is a growing market. it offers the village an opportunity to prosper, even without its chairlift. >> that gives you the opportunity to work off all of those hot chocolates. >> i think i am a bit too lazy. >> keep watching dw. >> thanks for watching.
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