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tv   Journal  PBS  May 7, 2013 6:30pm-7:01pm PDT

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>> hello and welcome to the "journal" on dw. bulls ruled the market with stock indices worldwide reaching record highs. >> the amazing story of three young women escaped from captivity some 10 years after they were kidnapped in the u.s. state of ohio. >> and an inspiration to young people in china -- a chinese blogger wins deutsche welle's award for online activism. we begin with the big rally.
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germany's benchmark dax stock- market index rose to its highest level ever tuesday, becoming the first major european stock market index to follow wall street into new record territory as investors bet on the continued success of exporters despite economic weakness elsewhere in the eurozone. >> there is an intraday record of 8206 points, surging past the previous high set in july 2007. the move higher had gained fresh impetus last week after crossing the psychologically important 8000 level for the first time since march. >> bullish is the mood on the stock market these days, and on tuesday, germany's dax in frankfurt closed on a new record high. confidence was boosted by unexpectedly strong earnings reports. that sent the index soaring past the 8200 mark.
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the dax closed at 8181 points. it has now caught up with the u.s. market in climbing above pre-crisis levels. the strong numbers, as the european central bank announced it would cut interest rates. that has made it even cheaper for investors to get fresh cast. -- fresh cash. >> interest rates are low, and the money is being reinvested in stocks. >> in tokyo, the nikkei has jumped 35% this year alone. the bank of japan has cut its interest rates to get the country out of a 20-year slump, but it is wall street that is leading global rally as the dow continues to flirt with the 15,000 mark. >> frankfurt's record run has made it an outperformer here in europe. our correspondence sent us this summary of tuesday's historic session on the frankfurt stock exchange. >> it finally happened. the large amounts of money from
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reserve banks were wide. the low interest rates that investment banks have to pay worldwide fuel demand for stocks further and drove the dax on to a new record high, but there were more reasons for this as well. reports about strong earnings, for example, from insurance company allianz, and companies from the classical german manufacturing sector had good things to report. and the german manufacturing sector as a whole reported a significant increase of factory orders. >> we already saw that the dax finished with big gains, so let's take a look at tuesday's other numbers, starting with the euro stoxx 50. the index of the eurozone stock companies was up by nearly six midget 0.7%. across the atlantic on the dow,
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it is up at this hour, and the euro, just a tad higher against the u.s. dollar trading at a value of $1.3082. >> france's finance minister has called on the european union to move forward towards what he called a doctrine of positive deficit reduction. >> he made the comments while attending a forum here in berlin. the germans find -- with the german finance minister. he said the french government remains committed to reducing its budget deficit but warned that the focus on austerity in the eurozone is preventing economic recovery. germany's ongoing strength amid the eurozone economic crisis has made the country a magnet for citizens elsewhere in the eu and driven immigration to a 17-year high. >> last year, more than 1 million people moved to europe's biggest economy looking for new jobs and opportunities. most of those immigrants came
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from poland, romania, and bulgaria, but the numbers coming from greece, italy, spain and portugal jumped by 40%. in berlin, controversy has erupted over a german-islam conference. >> the meeting aims to promote intercultural dialogue and promote the integration of muslims, but islamic group and opposition politicians say by putting the main focus on security and the threat of islamist terrorism, the conference is having the opposite effect. >> delegates at the islamic conference have often disagreed on the purpose of the panel, but now, many muslim members are more critical than ever. they openly criticize the interior minister for focusing on security and ignoring the other issues important to germany's muslims. >> security is important to us all, including muslims. muslims also suffer from
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islamist terrorism in germany and elsewhere, it is a legitimate can -- legitimate topic and not for the islamic conference. >> suggestions that the ministry should stop sponsoring the conference were rejected. >> since we are talking about issues of social cohesiveness, it is logical that the islamic conference should be overseen by the interior ministry. if people want to criticize me, we live in a free country where that is allowed. >> many muslim critics also say that they are not treated as equal partners of the conference. and they want more attention paid to integration issues. but despite the continuing disagreements, both sides agree on the importance of dialogue between the government and muslim organizations. member for more on this now, let's turn to our political correspondent at the parliamentary studios here in berlin. many of them -- many of the
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people in the muslim community look upset about this. can you tell us more? >> it is important to go back to 2006 when the conference was first established. the aim was for germany to be seen to be opening its arms fully to the muslim community in the country and to be addressing any concerns they might have. of course at the same time trying to tackle problems like extremism and radicalism, and i do think it is fair to say that down the years, what this conference has achieved at least is that it has tightened the profile of the muslim community in germany, but -- and this is big because this is a complaint you hear often -- it has not fought it on the same footing as the other major religious communities. i think it regards the doubts and disillusionment many have one critic put it quite well saying that the conference is still all that the muslims as a problem rather than about the problems of the muslims.
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the main problem facing muslims in germany is still prejudice. this is at least according to a survey we had only recently, which came to the conclusion that 51% -- so just over half of people -- still view islam as a threat. plenty of work still to be done. >> thank you very much for that. well, the u.s. secretary of state john kerry is on a diplomatic mission to moscow in a bid to persuade the russian government to take a tougher stance on syria. >> in talks with russian president vladimir putin, he said that russia and the u.s. share of common interest in resolving the civil war in syria. russia is syria's most powerful international ally and has consistently blocked united nations security council efforts to force a sharp al assad and his government to step down --
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force bashar al assad and his government to step down. >> obama said north korea would not survive if they kept developing nuclear weapons at the expense of its people's well-being. the leaders said this did together and defense issues and would not tolerate threats from p'yongyang. >> back to germany now. relatives of the victims of a neo-nazi killing spree here have expressed disappointment over the postponement of a high- profile trial in munich. the court was adjourned on monday after defense lawyers accused the presiding judge of bias. >> the accused has been charged with publishing reports. you will hear from one of the
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family spirit first, this report. >> the securities and has been with the outside munich court, and the cleanup is under way. a surprise adjournment of the trial has angered many in germany. today, a defense lawyer has been defending his actions. >> all our client did yesterday was lodged a complaint of bias. we reject the accusation of holding up the trial. our client is still planning to fully utilize her legal rights. >> the trial has been postponed for a week because of allegations of bias against the chief judge. the legal team for the defense complained after they were searched for weapons, but the prosecution was not. relatives of the victims were disappointed after hours of court arguments. they feel they have already had to wait long enough. >> it was filled with legal formalities. months of motions were made and debated, but it was really
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strenuous and tough for me personally. of course, it was unpleasant to set in the same room with the accused and watch them. some were quite provocative in their actions. >> prosecutors hope to prove involvement in the murders of 10 people as a founding member of the neo-nazi national socialist underground. she has vowed to remain silent throughout the trial. >> well, we can speak now to one of the lawyers acting on behalf of the family of a shop owner who was killed in dortmund in april 2006. relatives of the victims have waited a long time for justice, so do they think they will get justice with this trial? >> i think we have to define hear what justice could mean for them. they have two expectations -- one, if those who are found to
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be guilty or to get a sentence, the other expectation is that the crimes are really cleared up. as far as you know, also, the crimes -- there are a lot of questions not answered so far, and they expect at least a lot of these questions to be answered during the trial about who was helping, what was the role of the secret service, what was the goal of the police during all that time, did they have helped, especially in the city of dortmund and other cities, and this is especially what they expect to be answered to a certain point during the trial, and we discussed within that this would be difficult, but that -- at the trial what we can do, and i think this expectation could be fulfilled. >> thank you very much. >> in the united states, three young women who went missing in separate incidents years ago in
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cleveland, ohio, have been found together in a house in the very same city. two were teenagers when they were kidnapped and are now in their 20's. >> police have arrested three suspects, all of them brothers, one of whom lived in the house. >> neighbors cheered after the women were freed. police say the three may have been held captive in this house for 10 years. one started kicking a door and yelling, calling for help. the neighbor that helped her get out -- >> i was on the porch, and she says, "help me get out. i've been in here a long time -- a long time." i figured it was a domestic violence dispute. door cannot open wide enough to fit a body. she comes out with a little girl after we take it open, and she says call 911.
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>> the missing girl was amanda berry. police stormed the house and freed the other two, michelle knight and gina dejesus, who vanished in 2004 while walking home from school. >> to find these three girls recovering well is really -- it just makes the police department -- it just gives us a boost. it really, really does. >> police have arrested three brothers including the 52-year- old owner of the house where the women were held. the women were hospitalized for one night and then released. this fellow from the hospital shows -- photo from the hospital shows amanda with her daughter who was born during her time in captivity. >> we will be back with more after the break. >> also some disturbing
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statistics about motherhood and the birth of children around the world. stay with us for more.
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>> welcome back. the time to help is now -- those were the words of somalia's president at a conference in london on tuesday. international donors at the meeting have pledged almost 230 million euros to help rebuild somalia. >> the east african nation is widely regarded as a failed state. it has endured decades of civil war after its dictator was overthrown in 1991. earlier attempts by the international community to help ended in disaster. >> somalia could be turning a corner now. a new mission from the united nations is due to arrive in the country soon, and a new government is in control, at least in mogadishu. here's more. >> after more than to give you a ticket of conflict, somalia faces immense problems. a new "save the children" report
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says it is the second worst place on earth for a mother to give birth to her child. the united nations says the 2010-2012 famine claimed more than 200,000 -- 250,000 lives. corruption is widespread, and piracy is right off the coast. the somali president was elected last september. britain called the london conference to support his plan to put somalia back together again. prime minister david cameron praised the accomplishments. >> al shabab has been driven out of town after town. piracy is down 80%. there is a new federal government in place. >> the somali president outlined his vision of a country at peace, posing no threat to its neighbors, where thriving businesses provide sustainable
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employment found on the values of respect, kindness, and human rights. >> our ultimate goal is to see a united somalia and a stable somalia, stable in terms of politics, stable in terms of the economy, and stable in terms of security. >> despite the challenges it faces, somalia is making progress. national elections are scheduled for 2016. >> every year worldwide, are around 1 million babies die on their first day of life. the tragic statistic was published tuesday in a report by the ngo save the children. it also released its annual mother's index, ranking the best and worst countries in the world to be a mother. >> the group considered the health of women and children in their countries, education and well being and female participation in politics.
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surprisingly, the u.s. sits in 30th place with the highest first day death rate in developed countries, but there are worse places to become a mother. >> a child is born. the baby is alive and healthy, but its birthplace, the democratic republic of congo, is a dangerous part of the world. many babies here do not even survive their first 24 hours. the drc , the takes last place in the 2013 report of the welfare mothers and children compiled by the ngo save the children. for years, the organization has been studying living conditions worldwide comparing health care, education opportunities, and in comes. >> if you are a mom in finland, you are right at the top of the ranking. you have great education, good chances of income. you've got a really low risk of dying in childbirth and very
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high chances of your child surviving. if you are in the democratic republic of congo, the toughest place in the world, all of that is reverse. >> but some developing countries are making progress. in nepal, for example, infant mortality has been almost cut in half in a decade. trained midwives and affordable medications have made almost a decade. the same could apply elsewhere. >> onto some more business news now. a new chairman has been named of lufthansa's supervisory board after a stormy meeting where shareholders voiced their opposition of the return of the longtime chairman. he stepped down in 2010 and had withdrawn his candidacy today before the general meeting, only to change tack hours later and re-enter the race. >> lufthansa has embarked on
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research, and have joined in bell-tightening measures. >> lufthansa has a workforce of more than 100,000. it is slashing thousands of jobs as part of its restructuring program. trying to cut costs sharply. airport fees and taxes are rising. operations are expensive, as our new planes, and lufthansa needs to buy a lot of them. in comparison to rival fleets, this is old, and old planes to guzzle more fuel than newer models. they will not be paying dividends for 2013. shareholders are unhappy and have been raising the pressure on management. >> competition is getting tougher all the time, and that has left its mark on our figures. i shall not even try to paint a rosy picture. our results are quite simply not adequate. this is not sustainable. the cannot carry on like this. >> the members of the board are
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joining the cost-cutting drive with a 5% cut in their pay until the end of next year. >> expressing your political opinion can be dangerous in some parts of the world. people are using the internet to circumvent censorship and restrictive government policies. loggers -- bloggers have become an important voice in freedom and human rights. and every year, deutsche welle awards the best in human rights activism. >> when li chengpeng writes, people listen. his blog was rated the best this year for online activism. he has become a leading voice in the fight against censorship with more than 7 million people following his blog. >> he represents a kind of brand-new political protest and opposition. he is a football commentator,
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and he is handsome, so he is very influential, much more influential than the usual public intellectuals. >> the 15-member jury is made up of journalists and online activists. they sifted through thousands of submissions from all over the world selecting winners in six multilingual categories. the global media forum award went to a project run by women who helped advise people in rural areas on matters of health, agriculture, and development in bangladesh. when and equipped with bikes and internet phones travel to areas normally cut off from the outside world and write about their work in their online blog. >> it is very important to have an alternative voice, and i think blogs have been that space in bangladesh, where government
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propaganda has been challenged, and where alternative viewpoints have found a space. >> in many parts of the world, internet blog are helping to give a voice to the voiceless. the bobs award a designed to recognize the hard and sometimes dangerous work involved in this increasingly important medium. >> blockers -- bloggers are using the internet to express their political point of view. others are turning to art. one sculpture has had work exhibited in museums around the world, and now, he is coming to germany. >> but you have to look very closely not to miss him. >> mobile phones -- a fence cluttered with notes, a doll collection, but you will only spots and if you look more closely. the invisible chinese artist who melts into his art and surroundings. in master playing tricks with what we are expecting to see.
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in his beijing studio, he is painting a jacket. that is how it all started eight years ago when police tore down a beijing artist village when he was working. he slapped paid on to a suit, stood in front of the ruined building, and effectively disappeared -- he slapped paint onto a suit. >> i created these pictures out of protest. i wanted to attract more attention from society. so i hid my body in the ruins of my torn down studio. >> he felt the state was seeking to blindfold people, so in protest, he disappeared. he has been using silent messages to wage his battle ever since. silent protest is the focus of the exhibit. and he is really only depicting
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himself in these pictures. that is already his statement. how the body can disappear highlights how the chinese government has caught the loss of individuality and personality. >> he has since become a well- known artists around the world. but he still remains a master of camouflage, his body in medium to which paint is applied for hours, all for one photograph. in this game of hide and seek, he has moved beyond criticism of his country's communist regime. he disappears in front of american warships. he loses his identity in a mobile world where people use sugary sweetness to spice up their dreary lives. >> i hope my part reflects the interpersonal relationships in this world. it started out as a protest,
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then moved to reflecting the situation here, but i now believe that some things are not unique to china. all over the world, development is often not just. and then made in china -- the man who disappears into a painted camouflage suit in order to be seen. his art sharpens the focus. >> wow. i'm trying to be invisible, but it is not working very well. >> it don't go away. captioned by the national captioning institute
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common front. the u.s. and south korean leaders agree to keep up their guard against provocations from north korea. u.s. president barack obama and south korean president park geun-hye are presenting a united message and would not reward what they called bad behavior. leaders in pyongyang have failed to drive a wedge between the u.s. and south korea and the u.s. is prepared to defend itself and its


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