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tv   Journal  PBS  May 14, 2013 6:30pm-7:01pm PDT

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>> welcome to the "journal" coming to you from dw in berlin. >> here's what's coming ahead over the next half-hour -- charges are red against the woman accused of being an accomplice in a series of meat -- a racially motivated murders. >> on the hunt for tax cheats -- european governments firm up plans to share bank records across borders. >> hollywood actress angelina prevented a double mastectomy. -- preventative double mastectomy. >> the trial of the surviving members of a suspected neo-nazi
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sell has resumed in munich after being adjourned for a week. >> the main defendant has been charged with the murders of 10 people, nine of whom had an immigrant background. the trial was interrupted several times as defense attorneys tried to force would delays. >> we will go to our correspondent at the courthouse in just a moment, but first, we have this report. >> the wrangling between the court and the defense team threatened to further delay the trial. the day began with the defendant entering a motion demanding a bigger court room to allow more people to follow the trial. after the court rejected the demands, the charges were finally read out. she is accused of having helped plan and organize the murders and other attacks allegedly carried out by two men. the victims' relatives and their lawyers are believed the trial is finally moving forward.
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>> i am very happy the trial is proceeding, that the decisions have been made in the indictment read out. i think in the past few weeks, we have lost enough time with formalities, and we should now proceed with the real work. then in the indictment also charges zschape's four co- defendants as accomplices. they are accused of providing them with paper work in organizing accommodation for them. now the lawyers can begin addressing the evidence. >> for the latest on this case, let's go live to our correspondent down at the courthouse in munich. what more can you tell us about the charges read out today? >> it was really interesting to be in the courtroom when you read out of the indictment started -- when he read out of the indictment started.
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it is very ambitious. in brief, they say beate zschape is jointly responsible for committing murder even though she was never seen at any of the crime scenes. they say she was an equal part in the homogenous -- homogeneous killing command and that she had a really well-defined role in the command, and that was the pretty, friendly, masquerade of a monstrous terrorist fell, and that she was chatting with the neighbors while the rest of the command was committing the crimes. >> what was her reaction as the charges were read against her? >> she was calm, cool. she seemed to be self confident, but it seemed to me she was a little bit more serious than during the rest of the day, which is no wonder because if she is sentenced, she could face
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life in prison. >> very serious sentence indeed possible, but what can we expect to happen next in this procedure? >> well, we are expecting that pretty soon, the testimonies of the witnesses will start and that already tomorrow can be really interesting because maybe we already will listen to one of the key witnesses who is one of the accused here in the courtroom. >> thanks so very much. some business news now. amazon customers here in germany can expect some delays in getting their orders. >> this is a first because german employees of the american online retailer have gone on strike. workers at two logistics centers walked off the job this morning. they want better pay and working conditions. >> amazon germany is rejecting their calls. unions say they are ready for a long fight. >> they followed through on boughs of industrial action. it is the first time amazon
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employees in germany have walked off the job. hundreds stop work that amazons biggest german distribution center tuesday morning. they are fighting for a collective wage agreement and substantially better pay. >> we are not being paid what we deserve, especially when you consider we have had an important role in setting this place up. we are getting very little. >> so far, amazon has rejected collective bargaining. it says its distribution centers are part of the logistics sector, but union leaders say the work should be treated as part of the mail order retail sector, and they want staff to be paid accordingly -- up to 9000 euros a year more. >> we want a collective agreement, and we want it fast. we want formal negotiations, not just meetings. we want the wages to be brought in line with the mail order retail sector. that is why we are striking today.
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>> the union demands include extra pay for night shift, holidays, and weakens, and the workers are threatening more walkouts in the weeks ahead. >> another online giant, google, has been slapped with a german court ruling that raises questions about the scope of freedom on the internet and could pave the way for tighter rules of expression. >> a german federal court has ordered google to remove defamatory out a complete interest after a complaint filed by an unnamed company -- defamatory autocomplete. the plaintiff claims the function suggest to the company had links to scientology and fraud. >> the company ordered google to remove all defamatory auto- complete entries. and as a scientology member, actor tom cruise probably would not mind if the word pops up when searching for his name --
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>> as a scientology member. google argued that the entries only reflect previous searches by other users. the federal court of justice disagreed and upheld the company posted complaint. >> they can no longer say they cannot do anything about their algorithms. rather, if they learn there is something there that could hurt someo's reputation like a name and the phrase "red light," than they have to act so that it does not happen again. >> the court ruled that the search engine wrongly implied a link between the terms, but it said google only needs to take action if it receives a complaint. >> as soon as they are notified by the affected party, they have to stop it and keep the entries from popping up. >> the ruling opens the door to further complaints, but fighting
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each one in court would cost google time and money. that might prompt the search engine giant to remove contested entries more quickly. >> europeans have been hiding their cash from the tax man, and secret foreign accounts are coming under increasing pressure from brussels. >> the eu has been tightening the net and allowing more automatic exchange of information. >> the days of secrecy could soon be numbered. today, the eu moved a step closer to making life harder for tax debaters hiding money in foreign accounts. if that the government agree, the eu commission could soon start negotiating a deal to swap bank account details with european non-eu members such as switzerland. this comes after austria and luxembourg agreed to drop their opposition. >> as luxembourg's finance
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minister has already said, we expect the automatic exchange of data to become the international standard. >> for now, the deal would be limited to private accounts and not include trust and other banking tricks that allow investors to hide their identity. >> i still do not know what would be the legal base of this. >> austria and luxembourg had vetoed a deal over fears that an end to banking secrecy would scare off investors. the german finance minister is happy that members are now on the same page. >> everyone should understand what the changes imply it and we should not create stumbling blocks for those who are shifting their position. >> some officials are wary of the expanding rules to non- members. leaders will meet in brussels next week hoping to seal the deal. >> european authorities have raided the offices of several
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oil companies as part of an investigation into possible price-fixing. the european commission says the firms may have colluded to manipulate published prices for a range of oil and biofuels products. shell, vp, and statoil have confirmed the searches -- shell, bp, and statoil. >> a key survey in germany shows that investor confidence stagnated in may. >> the eew economic research index gauge the mood among investors, and it was up slightly in may, but analysts had predicted a much steeper rise. thezew says optimism has been dampened because of concerns about the outlook for the eurozone. what did investors make of that news? we have this report from the frankfurt stock exchange. >> economic problems in the euro
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area seemed to worry investors. the zew investor confidence index stagnated in may after plunging in april, which shows some people fear, here on the frankfurt floor, too, that the rally might not continue. all the shares were still hitting the route. the dax went up sharply again and closed down at a new record high. but some investors think that this might be an exaggeration. >> let's take a closer look at those market numbers for you now. the rally is back after a slight pause yesterday. the dax closing the day 0.75% higher, bringing the index to yet another record. there was also an update for the euro stoxx 50. the positive momentum continued in new york where the dow settled about 0.5% up. what a stellar run with it
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hitting another all-time high on tuesday. u.s. secretary of state john kerry says he believes the syrian peace conference composed by washington and moscow will be held next month. >> speaking in stockholm, he dismissed reports that the syrian government representatives would stay away from that gathering. following a meeting with the prime minister, he said that the u.s. wanted to see the syrian conflict resolved peacefully. he said that if president bashar al assad skipped a meeting, the world would say he was uninterested in ending the civil war there. leaders of russia and israel have also been meeting to discuss the deepening syrian crisis. >> israeli prime minister benjamin netanyahu and russian president vladimir putin held talks. israel and the west are concerned that russia plans to sell an advanced air defense system to the regime. russia has continued shipping
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arms to the regime, which is locked in a struggle against various rebel factions. >> what does the future hold for afghanistan? after the international troops have withdrawn. that is a question being asked at a special conference in afghanistan and pakistan. and a growing threat from the taliban remains a growing concern. more financial aid has been promised to help afghanistan, but germany's foreign minister wants to see more progress in terms of reform. >> german troops are due to leave afghanistan in 2014, but berlin says that does not mean germany will turn its back on the country. foreign minister westerwelle said the government must make further progress. >> they need to protect hard-bop gains in rights for women and minorities -- hard-fought gains in rights for women and minorities. they need to push for credible,
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fair elections and fight corruption while providing economic opportunity for all afghans. >> in neighboring pakistan, sharif is poised to take over as prime minister. he, too, faces daunting challenges from militants. >> without pakistan poses support, without their cooperation, we will not be able to bring the taliban to the negotiating table because, basically, as you know, the taliban leadership is based in pakistan. >> dealing with the taliban could be the biggest challenge the two countries face when combat troops withdraw from afghanistan in 2014. and the country takes responsibility for its own security. >> recapping our lead story, the trial of the surviving members of a suspected neo-nazi group has resumed in munich after being adjourned for a week. >> we have to take a quick break, but when we come back,
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more on an internet start falling to earth. we will explain.
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>> thanks for staying with us. >> welcome back. she does not have breast cancer, but hollywood actress angelina jolie has revealed she had a double mastectomy. and experts say women whose genes put them at higher risk of having cancer can reduce their risk by having a breast removed, but the procedure does not mean the risk is a limited altogether. >> the actress hopes her move will help to raise awareness. >> beautiful and successful, angelina jolie is also the proud mother of six children and the partner of hollywood star brad pitt, but the actress' mother died of ovarian cancer, aged just 56. jolie learned she had inherited a faulty gene tin risk to 86%.
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"once i knew that this was my reality, i decided to be proactive and to minimize the risk as much i could. i made a decision to have a preventive double mastectomy." jolie said the procedure to remove her breast and reconstruct them using implants were completed at the end of april. she said she chose to write about the process to help other women faced with the same dilemma. in her article, she thanked partner brad pitt for his love and support, and she said she was grateful she could tell her children they no longer needed to fear losing her to breast cancer. >> for more on the medical aspects, i talked earlier to a plastic surgeon at the breast center at berlin's clinic. i first asked if this drastic step guarantees safety, or if
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she might face cancer again. >> what it does -- it reduces the risk dramatically. she has a gene defect around 7% to 80% of suffering breast cancer within her life. what we are able to do is to reduce the risk down to around 8% or 9%, which is the brisk normal women have in the western world. >> what about the psychological impact following this type of procedure? where does a patient go from here? >> for the patient and also for us as surgeons, that is a new dimension. we are not dealing with sick
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patients. that means they suffer from a gene defect. but they are not sick yet. they have a high risk to suffer from cancer within their life, but what we have to think about is that we can reduce the risk down to zero, so this makes this decision making very hard. >> ok, another aspect of this difficult decision making is if someone knows about the risk that they might have, is it an operation to decide the risk? >> the second way to go inside and operation is to undergo these radiological examinations. you have to do this every six or 12 months, so just to be able to
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detect possible cancer very early and then to be able to get treated as a normal -- let me say, normal, from cancer suffering people -- women. >> thanks so very much. in a moment, we will be taking a closer look at the demographic developments here in germany. >> first, a look at some other stories making news here around the world. russia has accused the united states -- a u.s. diplomat, rather, of spying. state tv showed footage of the rest. moscow says he was caught with disguises and special equipment as he tried to recruit a russian agent to work for the cia. he has been ordered to leave the country. >> dozens are missing after a boat carrying about 100 people capsized off the coast of
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western myanmar. the passengers were muslims fleeing from an approaching cyclone. thousands of members of the community are living in makeshift camps after violence drove them from their homes. >> the revelations of spying by a u.s. justice department on an american news agency are sending shock waves through russia appeared reporters at the associated press are expressing outrage over a sweeping seizure of staff phone records. federal agents secretly to the information while conducting a probe into an ap story about the cia operation in yen and yenyemen -- in yemen. >> gemini's plunging birthrate is so dramatic that the company will be short much-needed workers in just over a decade. >> the chancellor is calling for society to be more open to families and for companies to give new fathers and mothers more time off and shorter hours.
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>> she called the second annual demographic summit where she also underscore the need for attracting europe's best and brightest immigrants. >> chancellor merkel is looking to tackle germany's demographic challenges head on. she says the country must help young people balance work and family. that will mean more skilled workers at home, but merkel says germany must also attract talented professionals from abroad. >> the oecd tells us the conditions for this are very good in germany, but that our reputation is very bad. we are thought of as closed off. >> the current population of germany numbers just under 82 million people. in 2013, it is projected to shrink to 78 million and to 68 million in 2015. that is if the government fails to promote more immigration to the country. meanwhile, german are also getting older. in 1990, 15% of the
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population was over the age of 65. now, more than two decades later, the figures 21%, and it is projected to increase even further. merkel also wants to meet the needs of older germans. she supports projects like multigenerational housing as a way to help seniors have more autonomy. >> just as the chancellor is out calling for more in europe, a new survey shows support dropping dramatically due to the ongoing crisis. >> the institute conducted the survey in eight eu countries, and even in core states like france, mistrust is growing, especially among young people. >> europe in harmony, its members standing side-by-side. this image has less and less to
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do with europe's reality. the matter if as people in paris, rome, or madrid, everywhere, distrust of the european project is growing. a pure research study found that only 45% of uses in survey had a positive opinion of the union. last year, the figure was 60%. >> we have talked about the economy being a problem. it has created problems for politics in europe. economic integration should be good for them, but they do not believe that anymore. >> the study also reveals a widening gulf between germany and other eu states. in general, germans were far more upbeat. 75% of germans expressed a positive opinion of the economic condition. in spain, the figure was just 4%. the reason is that germany's economy remains relatively
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buoyant. meanwhile, spain is suffering under record unemployment, and especially young people see few options looking for work. >> so the next generation of people who have spent their entire lives being educated that the future is in a united europe have begun to lose faith in that idea. >> europe, it seems, is anything but unified, but there is one thing europeans can agree on -- majorities in every country say that they are dissatisfied with the job their political leaders are doing. >> a canadian astronaut became a music sensation when his zero gravity version of david bowie's "space oddity" with a viral. >> now, he has become the man who fell to earth after landing safely in kazakhstan.
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>> ♪ ground control to major town ♪ >> never before has a real life astronauts said goodbye to space quite like this. iss commander chris hatfield's version of the 1960 david kelly hit has electrified and inspired millions on the internet. -- the 1960 david bowie hit. he attracted lots of attention during his five months in space. >> if you keep crying -- >> via twitter, he showed the global public what it looks like when and astronauts cries -- when astronauts cry.
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his most spectacular stunt was his musical fare well. astronautical declaration of love to space. >> now that he is back on earth, apparently, they have to teach him how to walk again. i'm sure he will be videoing about it all. >> we will see you again on our next show. >> stay with us. captioned by the national captioning institute
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glad to have you with us on this edition of "newsline." i a&m catherine kobayashi in tokyo on may 15th. diplomats accuse a man of being a spy. they ordered ryan fogle to leave the country. officials say he was detained late on monday. they say he's a cia agent


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