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tv   Journal  PBS  June 25, 2013 6:30pm-7:01pm PDT

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>> hello and welcome to the "journal" here on dw in berlin. >> putin tells the world that edward dnowd -- snowden is in moscow. >> members agree to revive talks on turkey's membership. >> barack obama makes his biggest move yet to tackle climate change. so, now we know -- nsa whistleblower edward snowden is
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in moscow. >> and his first comments on the case, putin refused to hand him over to the u.s. and said he was free to go. that's causing more anger in washington. >> putin seems to be unfazed, and china, too, has rebuffed criticism over its role in the affair. >> where is edward snowden? the question baffled the world on monday, but the answer has been confirmed. moscow has denied helping snowden escape extradition to the u.s. on a visit to finland, the russian president last out at washington over the affair, calling claims that russia is helping snowden rubbish. >> we can only hand over foreign citizens to countries with which we have an appropriate criminal extradition agreement.
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>> snowden has committed no crime in russia. >> meanwhile, the diplomatic row between the u.s. and china has intensified. washington accuses beijing of helping snowden flee hong kong. the chinese calls the charge basic -- baseless and unacceptable. >> ely, it is strange that certain americans are making these comments now. we advise them to take a look in the mirror first and to take care of their own business. >> from saudi arabia, u.s. secretary of state john kerry has urged russia to do the right wing and handover snowden. the chief u.s. diplomat said russia should not died with a fugitive from justice. -- should not side with a fugitive from justice. >> there's a green light for talks on turkey joining bea, but not yet. >> eu ministers have agreed to
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delay a new round of negotiations that would do to begin this week, but they said they will go ahead later in the year. the issue threatened to become a major diplomatic row after the german chancellor last week said she was appalled by turkey's actions. >> images of turkish police using force to quell the recent protests have shocked european foreign ministers, but ministers do not want the matter to cause a rift with turkey, either. >> we have now found a solution that both takes into account developments over the past few weeks and does not lose sight of our long-term strategic interest, so we have made a political decision to open enlargement negotiations. >> at the same time, diplomats
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are signaling displeasure over turkey's handling of protesters. they put turkey on probation. negotiations have been delayed until a report on reforms and human rights is released. >> what's most important is the irrevocable decision to open enlargement negotiations. that's what happened both in theory and in practice. >> the eu has pushed back the schedule for those talks, probably until october. >> our correspondent has been following today's talks for us. earlier, we asked what exactly the compromise means. >> at first sight, it looks like a typical eu compromise. demonstrators on one hand and also the turkish government on the other hand, and it might seem as a weakness, but it is, indeed, i think, a string because the eu ministers made very clear that they are not
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going to accept violence, as we have seen it in turkey against demonstrators or protesters. they also made clear that until this question is tackled, they will not proceed with any negotiation. the other thing they made clear as they know turkey is a very important strategic partner also for them in the region.
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the exchanges going on last week between berlin and ingres, but even before the agreement, ankara has been in a damaging position the last few days and has toned down its rhetoric. it is becoming increasingly internationally isolated overt handling of the unrest, and that is certainly what is behind the significant fall in the financial markets over the last few days. >> these talks have been on the rocks for so many years, and as
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we heard from brussels, a lot more obstacles to come. what do people really think in turkey? do a really see themselves joining the eu someday, or do they think they are being strung along? >> turkey's membership has been frozen for three years. many people think support will increase as it looks like it's getting back on progress. many people now recognize that the eu with his strong criticism of turkey's handling of the protests is seen as a positive force. >> now to a changing of the guard in a gulf state that is on the rise. the mayor of qatar has handed over power. >> he went from obscurity to being an active player.
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>> qatar's old emir and the new one held a joint reception. after newly two decades in power, which is a voluntary transition of power, a rarity in the arab world. he just 33 years old and was educated at a british military academy. for the past several years, he's run government organizations. >> jo soy in -- i am entirely certain he deserves the responsibility. he's capable of shouldering responsibility and fulfilling his task. >> the application comes at a time when qatar's international profile is rising. the country has the worlds third largest gas reserves, and it has used that that money to become one of the world major financial players. qatar often hosts major diplomatic conferences, and it is playing an ever larger role in middle eastern politics.
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qatar is also one of the most prominent backers of serious rebels. there's growing international concern that the emirate is using its money to fund islamist there. in 2022, qatar will become the first arab state to host the soccer world cup. it's just another sign of the country's growing economic and diplomatic clout, but politically, there's little sign of liberalization. qatar's royal family has held power for more than a century. >> as we mentioned in that report, qatar has been punching above its weight recently. earlier, we asked if this handover of power means that is going to change. >> it's a little bit of the guests what he will do.
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-- a little bit of a guess. in terms of where qatar stands as a country at the moment, it's a widely held belief among advisers and politicians, people in the political world that qatar has cast itself a bit too far on international relations and also financially. to date, only four people would be in charge of making decisions in the country. at this point, with a new leader coming on board, the idea is to gather what they have already, which things they want to focus on and then go forward. this means they will necessarily not be so invested on the foreign-policy front. there's been a lot of quick decisions they have made in the past that will not be made so quickly, although qatar does still want to have a very big presence on the international stage.
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it perhaps will not necessarily have it in a military format. >> the taliban have carried out an attack near the presidential palace in kabul. gunman managed to enter the heavily fortified district in the early hours of the morning. >> the afghan defense and a nearby cia building were the -- the afghan defense ministry. >> the taliban made it right up to the walls of the presidential palace. the brazen attack again showed their ability to strike at the heart of hamid karzai's government. the gunbattle lasted nearly two hours. >> i live in this area. it was around 6 a.m. when the shooting started. then there were explosions, and people started running away. >> the presidential palace is practically a fortress with multiple rings of security, but the militants made it past a number of army check points, using fake id.
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the attack comes less than a week after nato formally handed over responsibility for security to afghan forces. they were quick to stress that the situation is under control. >> the guards at the gate resisted, and all the attackers were killed. right now, the area has returned to normal, as you see. there is no problem. >> the taliban indicated last week that they are willing to take part in peace talks with the taliban in the afghan government, but they've made to pledge -- no pledge to halt their attacks. >> iran is also dealing with the aftermath of attacks. 14 people were killed outside baghdad on tuesday in what appeared to be more sectarian violence. >> that followed a series of bombings across the country on monday that killed 35 people. those attacks took waste --
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took place near marketplaces and in shiite neighborhoods in and around the capital baghdad. on the international envoy to syria, lakhdar brahimi, says widely anticipated peace conference for serious is unlikely to take lays in july as planned. >> raheem he is currently hosting talks -- brahimi is currently hosting talks with representatives from the u.s. and russia, and a preparing for the conference, which he said he hoped would take place later in the summer. he urged the u.s. and russia to do more to contain the situation in syria, which he said veterans to destabilize the entire region -- threatens to destabilize the entire region. in brazil, protest continue. there are thousands now expected on the streets or the host nation's confederate up clash with your gray on wednesday. protesters were out in force in são paulo on tuesday -- the
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host nation's federate cup clash with uruguay on wednesday. >> the family of nelson mandela has gathered at his home to discuss his failing health. south africa's former president and anti-apartheid icon has been in hospital with more than -- for more than two weeks now with a recurring lug infection. >> he is said to be in critical condition now. dozens of well-wishers sang mandela's name outside this hospital in pretoria. messages from support are also pouring in from around the world. the south african president asked a legacy of mandela be celebrated on july 18, which is his 95th earth day. -- birthday. it's time now for a short break. we'll be back in just 60
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seconds.
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>> welcome back. barack obama has launched his biggest post -- biggest push yet to tackle climate change. >> obama said he wanted the u.s. to be a global leader in the fight against climate change and said he would use his executive powers to impose limits on greenhouse gas emissions from power stations. >> that move sidesteps congress where opposition would likely derail any such action. we go live to washington for some analysis on the matter, but first, let's hear a clip from obama's speech. >> as a president, as a father, and as an american, i'm here to say -- we need to act. plotting -- [applause]
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today, about 40% of america's carbon pollution comes from power plants, but today, there are no federal limits to the amount of carbon pollution those plants can pump into our air. none. zero. we limit the amount of toxic chemicals like mercury and sulfur and arsenic in our air or our water, but power plants can still dump unlimited amounts of carbon pollution into the air for free. >> for further analysis on the speech, we are joined by our dw correspondent, who is standing by in washington. that sounded like obama finally has his sights set on climate change, but was there actually anything concrete in the speech? >> yes, lots of it, and probably the most important part was what we just heard. he is going to send out the environmental protection agency of the united states who work on
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standards, how to cap carbon emissions from the power plants. not only new power plants but also existing power plants. that is something he could have never done with congress. to sum it up, it is centered around three main topics -- the first one being, as we just said, capping carbon emissions. the second one is getting the united states ready, preparing the united states for the effects of climate change, and the third one being how to make a world leader of the united states when it comes to questions of climate change. those were the three main topics, but the part that will probably show up in u.s. news most was when he speak about the keystone pipeline. that is a planned pipeline to go from canada down to texas, transporting heavy oil from the canadian tar sands. very controversial. obama said he would only give the go-ahead for this project if it does not significantly exacerbate in missions --
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emagin's -- in missions -- emissions. this is more than we have heard from presidents e4 on climate change, but less than environmentalists were hoping for. >> what about the implications of bypassing congress? >> it basically means two things -- the first, republicans will use this against him. they will say he is trying to bypass the democratic process. the second is this is not a grand, sweeping measure. he needs congress for that. this is piecemeal, little bits to the puzzle, and some of those will probably be challenged in court. >> thank you very much. back here in europe, the du has reached a deal reducing co2 in missions from new cars and 2020. >> they aim to make europe's cars greener than ever before, but critics say they are not tough enough on makers of gas guzzlers.
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>> this vehicle weighs in at two tons and boasts 400 horsepower. that kind of book also makes it heavy on omissions -- emissions. the eu has a limit of 130 grams, only it does not have a limit on individual vehicles, but as an act across the entire fleet. from 2020, the limit or co2 emissions by passenger cars will likely fall even further to 95 grams per kilometer, and the eu will soon reward energy- efficient vehicles and will hand out super credits for so- called eco-innovations. these omissions bonuses have long been controversial, but they are supported by german carmakers. on average, german cars, which tend to be bigger and heavier, belt out more in missions -- more emissions than their
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competitors. >> stocks have been rebounding after some very nervous sessions. our correspondent in frankfurt tells us why. >> statements of several reserve bankers had a calming and reassuring effect on the markets. the president of the european central bank, mario draghi, said it still a long way until reserve banks will come to an end with their crisis policies. in china, the central bank announced that it will help out banks with cash in case of an emergency. this had a soothing effect on investors about a potential problem of chinese banks to meet their financial obligations. adding to the good mood here in frankfurt after the trading was strong economic data from the united states. consumer confidence and america is strong. factory orders look better than anticipated. all this gave reason to investors to return to the stock market. >> let's take a look at the
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closing numbers. that closing number and frankfurt -- 1.5% gains. similar story on the euro stoxx 50. the dow jones up about .8%. and the euro falling against the dollar. >> police in belgium and in three german states say they carried out early morning anti- terror raids against a suspected islamist militant that was trying to use model airplanes to carry out an attack. >> persecutors hope the evidence will shed more light on a money-laundering operation, which they say has been financing terrorist activity. >> officials say the two suspects have been under surveillance for over a year. on tuesday morning, these -- the police moved in. >> we have been here since 4:00 a.m. we are operating on behalf of
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the federal public prosecutor, and we have searched a number of properties in the area. >> no one from the federal prosecutor's office was willing to give an interview, but a press statement confirmed that the search centered on two men of tunisian origin who are suspected of acquiring information and objects with the intent of committing radical islamist bomb attacks with remote-control model airplanes. but no arrests were made. according to reports, the suspects are or were students at the university of stuttgart, studying aerospace technology. here they acquired advanced skills in using model airplanes. it's not clear whether they had already plotted any specific attacks. in a parallel operation, apartments were also searched in the eastern german state of saxony and in munich. the suspects involved are accused of helping to fund militant islamic activities.
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>> as you heard earlier in the show, europe has been anxiously watching the protest in turkey and the way the prime minister has been handling the crisis. >> almost nightly reports of violent clashes in turkey's major cities suggest his government is on the back foot. there is still a lot of support for the prime minister, nowhere more so than in the prime minister's very own hometown. >> this is a taxi driver in a small city about 1000 kilometers east of istanbul. he gets his news from state-run television and says he does not know much about the protest. >> some police were injured and also some civilians. but i do not really know what these protesters want. we just had floods here, and i've had other things to do. our leaders up high will know what to do.
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>> this is the city where the prime minister's family comes from. since he came to power, state funding has flowed from ingres. people welcome the investments. not that long ago, it was a sleepy city on the shores of the black sea, lacking basic sanitation and gas lines. now the streets are booming. the mayor says the city has come a long way. >> today we have a city budget of $35 million, four times what we had 10 years ago. we have a new hospital, a new university, and hundreds of new jobs. the population has grown by one/three. >> there's also a new soccer stadium. construction contracts usually favor companies close to the prime minister's political
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party. he does not understand why people criticize the prime minister. >> the prime minister has done a good job so far. our prime minister. he is the prime minister or all of turkey. >> but he is not immune to opposing views. social media like twitter have given people a forum to criticize the government. not everyone here is content with the economic boom. they say they want more political reforms, too. >> he has done a lot of good things, but people are getting tired of his one-man government. he does not have all the answers. people do not want to just follow what everyone says and does. turkey is a democracy. everybody can believe what they like. >> the majority of people here support the prime minister. people are conservative, hard- working muslims. in a city where families are
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important, fathers usually run the household, just like the prime minister runs the country. authority is not questioned -- in fact, it's welcomed. few here understand the protests in taksim square. >> just time for a little bit of sports news. madrid have a new coach. >> he has steered some of europe's top sites. he won the champions league twice. you are up-to-date. >> stay with us here on dw. more news at the top of the hour. captioned by the national captioning institute --www.ncicap.org--
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glad to have you with us on this edition of "newsline." it's wednesday, june 26th. i'm catherine kobayashi in tokyo. edward snowden is holed up in the moscow airport, and looking for a way out. u.s. authorities want the former intelligence contractor on espionage charges. they want russian officials to extradite him. president vladimir putin is refusing to hand him over. >> translator: russia does not have an agreement with the u.s. to extradite criminals. snowden committed no crimes in russia.

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