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tv   Journal  PBS  June 27, 2013 6:30pm-7:01pm PDT

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>> welcome to the journal, and to you from dw. thanks for joining us. coming up, europe's lost generation. the the scramble to save millions of young europeans from spending most of their working lives unemployed. >> south africans pay their respects to nelson mandela. the former president remains in a critical condition. >> a new exhibit explores the many myths surrounding cleopatra. >> europe's summit to keep
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millions of young people from becoming victims of the banking crisis has promised to speed up the reimbursement of funds to help them. >> millions of peoples are at risk of never having a stable job, sparking fears of a lost generation and unrest. >> more than three years of turmoil has sent joblessness soaring across parts of europe. >> we will hear from a leading eu lawmaker in a moment. first, we have this report. >> italy's premier and most other eu heads of state were in a positive mood. the summit got off to a good start with a last-minute budget deal. tackling youth unemployment will be a major priority. >> we decided ahead of in two cs where youth unemployment is over
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25%. >> the money will help young people find jobs after a four- month period of unemployment. that's not enough for the social democratic resident, who thinks there should be more investment in small companies. >> i think it is more important to fight youth unemployment by giving loans to small and medium-sized enterprises in europe. they are the ones who have the most jobs in the end. >> britain's prime minister agrees. >> making it easier for businesses to create jobs. that is what we are doing in britain and what we need to do in brussels. >> there was a broad consensus for the need for reform, a point acknowledged by the french president. >> we are reforming the pensions because it is useful for our public finances and necessary for future generations. >> brussels is hoping to send a
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message of future optimism. for now, france and germany appear to have set aside their economic differences. >> while there have been reports of progress coming out of brussels, including agreements on that budget now that the european parliament seems likely to vote for the deal, but not everyone there is happy about that. i spoke to the parliamentary leader of the european. >> i am not at all satisfied. i think overall the budget for the next seven years is too small. in addition to this problem, i see that the structures of this m.f.f. are so outdated. we need other priorities, and we need another structure of this european budget. also, our european parliament idea was in the center of our
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demands. >> what would need to be changed so that you would support a budget? >> right now i fear that possible changes will not fill fill the green demands -- fulfill the green demands. i see that the money we would need to really fight the growing recession and the european union and to really invest against not only the youth unemployment, but unemployment in the dimension we saw -- we did not see since a long time. those targets cannot be covered with this budget. >> youth unemployment a big concern. isn't this a typical eu compromise, with nobody really satisfied? >> may be that the saw bad deals -- e.u. saw bad deals
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before. the european parliament, especially its president, put all the tough demands on the table in the discussions for several months. now all these tough targets from the european parliament are disappeared overnight. i was not at all really satisfied with the way presidential agreed with the -- president agreed with the council last night. before he signed, he did not confide the groups of the parliament -- coincide the groups of the parliament. >> promissory leader of the european greens, rebecca harms. thank you very much. >> eu countries like portugal are seeing their economies continue to shrink.
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the most talented young people continue to leave. >> portugal was shut down by another general strike. more people saying that their leaders are out of touch and incompetent. >> the two biggest labor unions and portugal out on strike. together they have more than a million members. the result, traffic backed up for miles. the strikes are a response to a government austerity drive. two years ago, portugal excepted a 78 billion euro bailout. in return, they committed to strict cost-cutting measures. >> we are using this general strike to call for a change in our national politics. we want to bring in and to the belief that -- end to the belief that austerity is the inevitable
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path. >> business leaders and opposition parties have echoed the labor unions call for a change of course. many say the center-right government has been too drastic in its spending cuts to appease foreign creditors. >> a very different picture here in germany. the economic picture is looking more positive, with the labor market still proving resilient. >> the latest figures released shows that unemployment fell by about 70,000. it hit 6.6%. th is far below the eu average 1 it was a st risen jobless numbers compared to thame time last year. despite that, geany's stro labor market is attracting me workers from portugal and span. >> we met with some of those young spanish graduates. >> one of spain's so-called lost generation, 22-year-old paula martinez ste from granada.
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the chance of finding an internship let alone a job, slim. she hopes to become a lawyer or economist. for now, she is working at an intern -- as an intern at a market research cpany. >> the rest and an increase in work plant and in jobs where employers pay social security contributions -- there has been an increase in work placements and in jobs where employers pay cialecurity contributions. >> qualified workers are a valuable asset to the german labor market. she immediately accepted the offer, along with 26 other nurses. even caregivers with university degrees are struggling to find work in spain. >> i don't feel alone. i've already got some friends from the gem and a language school -- gym and the language school.
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>> paula returns to spain in a few years' time. she and her colleagues hope the economy will have picked up by then. >> tariffs will be imposed on a chemical imported from the european union. it is a move that looks to escalate the ongoing trade dispute between brussels and beijing. >> china says it will impose duties of up to 37%, which is used in the manufacture of diets -- dyes and pesticides. tensions like these between the eu and china are bad news for companies such as this firm. >> the trouble with china is
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something that people do not like to hear at all. german corporations sell more and more of their goods in china. they were among the worst losers in this days' market. also the world's largest chemical company was among the large losers. no one knows what kind of problems might arise in the future again with china. the banking union plans of the european union with the finance minister decided that weight heavily on banking shares. they were behind the market movers this day. nobody is really sure who among the customers and also among the shareholders, bondholders will suffer how much in the future if a bank should get into trouble. >> let's take a look at the market numbers. starting off in germany. the dax, another day of gains.
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trading still underway in new york. also some gains, well above 50,000. the euro making gains against the dollar. ahead of today's eu summit, angela merkel was in parliament in berlin for a debate on her plans for the talks. >> it turned into a showdown with the social democrat steinbach. >> a pressure moment. it would be the final parliamentary face-off with angela merkel before the upcoming elections. merkel pushed her conservative coalition's economic record with less new debt and lower taxes. >> we can do more. we have ease the burdens on families and binesses. we have invested in education and research and put the brakes on public debt.
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>> germany's national debt has risen by 400 billion during the legislative term. the point is, you don't know how to handle money. >> idle and merkel said the opposition lacked ideas -- on low merkel -- angela merkel said the opposition lacked ideas. >> all you can think about is placing more burdens on the very people who drive our economy. that is your policy. >> but he had one last parting shot. >> we have already heard this policy statement three or four times over. that is why half of the government is completely overwhelmed with the desire to sleep.
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>> the battle for votes will be driving german politics. >> let's check up with the latest on nelson mandela's help. south african president says there was a slight improvement overnight and he is still critical but stable. he praised the medical team looking after mandela. >> family members have been visiting the 95 -- 95-year-old. -- 94-year-old. he led the country during its transition to a multiracial democracy. >> journalists and well-wishers have gathered outside the hospital where nelson mandela is in critical condition. president jacob zuma canceled a trip abroad, going to the hospital instead. south africans are watching every development closely. >> we don't like to see mandela going through so much rain --
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pain. yes gone through a lot of struggle -- she has gone through a lot of struggle -- he has gone through a lot of struggle. >> [indiscernible] >> updates from the family about the 94-year-olds help have dominated the day's news coverage. >> he doesn't look good. i'm not going to lie. but i think that's for us as his children and grandchildren. we still have this hope. when we talk to him, he will flutter, trying to open his eyes. when you touch him, he still response. >> modelo's fourth hospitalization in six months has forced many south africans to accept the increasing frailty of the man who defeated apartheid and changed the face
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of the nation. >> we will be back in just a minute. time to have a look at croatia.
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>> welcome back. croatia will become the 28th member of the european union. it's a huge step for the former yugoslav republic. >> it has struggled to earn its membership, cracking down on corruption, it's border dispute with slovenia, and dealing with legacy depute -- legacy of the war. >> critics say there is much more to do. >> she has not seen her husband in 22 years. she thinks he was buried at this cemetery in eastern croatia. but there is no gravestone, no marker with his serbian name. he's been missing since the beginning of the croatian war in 1991.
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all she has is these photographs. >> when i was here in 1997, i found these two wooden crosses in the grass. i took two photos. that's the proof that there used to be grapes here. but none of them had names -- graves here. but none of them had names. >> the photos were taken before the cemetery was built after the end of the war. she believes her husband was kidnapped and murdered by croatian nationalists at the beginning of the country's fight for independence. he was part of the yugoslav elite. >> shortly before he disappeared, someone saw two unmarked cars without license plates stop in front of the shop he was in. >> she never saw her husband again. that was the spring of 1991. afterwards, serbian troops destroyed dog of ou the town.
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the conflict means that the fate of many innocent serb victims is ignored largely. one of the countries most famous human rights activist. his campaign says, it is time that this uncertainty was brought to an end. >> it is very sad that the fates of civilians who have not been investigated. in their cases, there has been no indictment. there has been no hearing in the court of law. >> there have been attempts to speed up the investigation. she combs through the archives, looking for testimony from
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victims and witnesses. >> 1994. >> that was the middle of the war. they are compared with accounts by survivors. >the organization interviews survivors and documents their testimony. the aim is to give prosecutors complete records. today there are an average 25 trials a year involving ethnic serb victims and croatia. but action has been too slow. >> i will say now the political will is there, but a long time has passed. the memories are weaker. many witnesses have died in the meantime. >> she is hoping that croatia's entrance into the eu will provide more support from e.u. th
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>> when it comes to crimes that were committed in croatia, all countries in the region should work together to bring the criminals to justice independence of their nationality or that of their victims. >> she is hoping that the authorities will investigate what really happened to her husband so that after more than 20 years, she can finally find closure. >> now to the u.s., where a grand jury has indicted one of the men accused of bmbing the boston marathon. he faces 30 charges, including killing four people and using a weapons of mass destruction. he could face life in prison or the death penalty if convicted. >> the 19-year-old is accused of carrying out the april attacks with his older brother, who was killed in a police shootout. the bombing left three people dead. the university police officer died in a gunfight four days later.
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the diplomatic tug-of-war surrounding the whistleblower, edward snowden, has taken another twist. >> ecuador, which is considering granting asylum, has dropped out of a trade pact with united states. the leftist government said the terror of benefits for ecuadorian exports such as oil had become an estimate of blackmail -- sheriff -- tariff for ecuadorian exports such as oil had become an estimate -- instrument of blackmail. >> another classic showdown at the confederation cups. a repeat of last year's championship final, spain versus italy. >> last night's semi-showcased another great rivalry. brazil took on uruguay.
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>> it was tough going for brazil. they are through to get another confederation cup final, but it was a far from convincing performance. >> as i have always said to fans, the team is still in the making and will improve with time. >> in the early stages, uruguay proved a handful and were awarded a penalty after a scuffle in the box. diego stepped up but could not convert. for geoeye, it was the story of the entire game -- uruguay, it was the story of the entire game. >> we made things difficult for brazil and did not let them play the game they wanted to. the final result was not as we had hoped. we made some mistakes. we were punished for them. >> brazil found their form and battle to break through uruguay's defense.
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urugay came out on a mission after the break. brazil could not beat fernando ingle. brazil now have a shot at their third consecutive federation cup crown. >> formula one is losing a driver. mark webber has said that he leave the sport at the end of the season. >> it has been a tough year for webber. he failed to win a grand prix and spent much of the season in the shadow of red bull teammates. the australian will now join porsche's new lemans program. >> she lived more than 2000 years ago, but today, she is as beguiling as ever.
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cleopatra conjures up images of beauty, power, cunning, and death. >> a new exhibition in germany is trying to piece together the facts of her life, celebrating the legend she became. >> cleopatra, queen of egypt. the lover of caesar. ruler and seductress. each has re-created cleopatra in their own image. the one thing everyone agrees on is that she was incredibly beautiful. but what she really -- was she really? >> if you define beauty by classical standards, maybe she wasn't. at least that's what the coins suggested that were minted in her time. >> cleopatra, with a hooked nose? that's not what we learned.
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if there is one thing that the two curators of the bonn exhibition want to avoid, it is judging cleopatra by appearances. in her time, cleopatra was a powerful woman who controlled egypt. to secure her grip on power, she first allied herself with julius caesar, then with his prot├ęge, mark anthony. in the 1963 hollywood movie, liz taylor portrayed cleopatra as a politician. this ruler of egypt was beautiful, enchanting, but above all, smart and emancipated. >> liz taylor's interpretation of cleopatra is the most contemporary that we can find precisely because she is not shown as a weak woman whose only option is to seduce men. she is a woman with a political vision.
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>> the role also made liz taylor a superstar. cleopatra, the career booster. when women take on the appearance of the egyptian queen from barbra streisand to lady gaga, they do it because of the power of her image. the usual male perspective is somewhat different. cleopatra not as a ruler, but as a kind of luxury pinup. to the end, cleopatra was her own woman. after her roman allies were defeated, she finished herself off with a cobra bite. >> killing herself was the best thing the cleopatra could have done for her legacy. her suicide was the thing that made her into the great icon she has become. >> and icons are immortal. >> also here in germany, visitors to frankfurt zoo are being treated to a rare glimpse of a sumatran tiger cub. >> she is already three months
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old, but she has only just been moved into an outside enclosure where she will stay will -- with her mother. then she will be transported to a larger enclosure with her father. >> i think cleopatra would've had one of those as a pet. >> probably on a leash. >> this cup, without any leash. >> think you for being with us. captioned by the national captioning institute
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flood to have you with us on "newsline." it's friday, june 28th. i'm catherine kobayashi in tokyo. the presidents of china and south korea agreed to tackle one of the most difficult topics to take steps with north korea's nuclear development. they are holding a summit since they both took power. they signed a joint statement.


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