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tv   Teen Kids News  PBS  December 28, 2013 4:00pm-4:31pm PST

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>> welcome to "teen kids news." i'm livia. let's start with our top story. a sewing machine may seem an unlikely vehicle for helping girls around the world get an education, but as diyu reports, in the hands of one particular girl, the simple sewing machine can work wonders. >> mary grace wanted to help others less fortunate than she is, so she set her sights on african countries south of the sahara desert. >> it's all dirt, and there's no pathway for people to walk on the road. and they don't really have
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air-conditioning at all. they don't have lights. they don't have floor. they don't have toilets. they're really extreme poverty conditions. >> bad as conditions are in countries like uganda, girls have it even worse. >> the reason i focus on sub-saharan africa is because girls never get the chance. they're often married off at a very young age or they just are used to work at home and work in the fields while the boys go to school. >> and that's why reverse the course was born. >> so, why don't you come help me make a bow? >> okay. >> reverse the course is a business and foundation that i started at the age of 12. i really wanted to help one girl go to school, and so i thought by selling products, i could raise money to pay her tuition. >> but before she could sell any products, she needed to make them. and that included learning some new skills.
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>> so it took about a month, maybe two months to really teach myself how to sew. and, like, i can only do a straight line, still. [ chuckling ] it's not, like, clothes or anything. >> mary grace started small with just one product. >> this is actually my first thing i made. it's called a reversible headband. and it just slides in and out like that. >> oh, that's so clever. with time, she added more and more types of accessories and invested in more sophisticated equipment. >> this is an embroidery machine that i bought this past fall, and what it does is it embroiders letters, monograms, whatever you want, and it can do, like, sailboats and different icons, too. so, for example, this is just some letters that i recently did. and then i can do different icons, which are back up here. >> her mother helps her with running the business end of things, but mary grace makes most of the accessories herself, from headbands to bows.
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>> i try to do a lot of dual-purpose things so that people can both get a bargain but then also be able to help girls go to school, and that's the neat part about it. oh, this is one of my newest things. it's called knot for profit, but k-n-o-t 'cause of the little knots on the headbands. these are our monogrammed bows, which you can stick on a headband. >> her school bookstore agreed to sell the accessories. she raised enough money to pay the tuition for the girl in uganda and many others, as well. these are photos of some of the girls mary grace's handiwork has helped to educate. >> and i started going into retail stores, and now i'm selling in eight different states, and so it's grown a lot. >> hi, sweetie. >> hi! how are you? >> good. how are you? >> good. thanks. all right. >> bring me some goodies? >> yep. here's some new bows. >> great. >> yeah. let's just open this up. >> oh, look at that.
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it's like spring in a bag. >> [ laughs ] >> don't you love it? >> so, why did you decide to carry mary grace's hair accessories? >> i was walking down the street for the sidewalk sale one day, and i came across her display and her bows, and i had to have them. i totally fell in love with them. i love the concept. i love the color combinations. i love the fact of what she was doing benefited so many other people, and it was just -- it was the perfect fit for our store. they're incredibly popular. people love it. what do we say? you look fabulous, sweetheart. >> so, what do you think about your headband? >> it's cool. it's comfortable. >> so, did you know that you're supporting a really good cause and helping girls go to school? >> yeah. >> so, what do you think about that? >> it's really, um -- it's nice. and it helps them a lot. >> mary grace has accomplished a lot, but what about the future? >> my goal is to reach 100 girls, and so i'm now at 32, and i'm almost there, just step by
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step. >> it's amazing how some thread, glitter, and sparkle, along with a lot of creativity and hard work, can make such a big difference in so many lives. for "teen kids news," i'm diyu. >> car crashes are the number-one killers of teens. that's why the national road safety foundation wants you to keep your hands on the wheel, your eyes on the road, and your mind on driving. [ horn honks ] [ camera shutter clicks ] >> here's a pop quiz. what's meant by pop culture? i'll pop back with the answer
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when "teen kids news" continues. >> nelson mandela, anti-apartheid leader, beloved president of south africa, laid to rest in his home village of qunu. his family and state officials said farewell at a graveside burial. [ engines roar ] military jets and helicopters flew over the service with south african flags for the man known as the greatest son to that nation. this followed 10 days of mourning in the country. mandela died at the age of 95. from trash to glass -- researchers at the colorado school of mines have turned organic food and agricultural waste into glass. many of those items, rich in minerals, have many of the common oxides that are used to make windows and glass containers. >> the sugars and the organics
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are burned away in the process, and you're left with a residual ash, if you will, that is then used to make the glass. and, you know, you could go mine that from the earth, as well, but this is a different source. >> this means, one day, the screen on your smartphone just may have come off someone's dinner plate. it's a sustainable effort. americans used 11.5 million tons of glass in 2011. santa traded in his sleigh and reindeer for some scuba gear and flippers. saint nick made a surprise appearance at an aquarium in tokyo, swimming with sting rays and sharks. he thrilled many people visiting that day, especially the boys and girls. for "teen kids news," julie banderas, "fox news channel in the classroom." >> want to be the best you can be? it all starts with being healthy. as you're about to see, it's pretty easy.
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>> thirsty? before you swallow all the slick advertising, there are some things that you should know about what you drink. jax hubbard is a nutritionist. hi, jax. >> hi, there. >> jax, are all drinks created equal? >> absolutely not. the two big things to be concerned with are sugar and caffeine. caffeine makes you jittery, and contrary to popular belief, less alert. it also can cause headaches. sugar is just downright unhealthy. in addition, sodas and other sweetened beverages can really pack on the pounds. >> what about energy drinks? >> those can be full of sugar, too. get energy from food instead. drinks should be for hydration. you even need to limit juices and sports drinks. >> well, gee, what's left? >> personally, for me, there's nothing better than a nice, tall glass of water. since teens need lots of calcium, think low-fat milk. seltzer and club soda are good options, too. >> it's been said that we are
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what we eat. when it comes to beverages, i guess you can say, "i drink, therefore i am"? >> ouch. was that a sip of the tongue? >> "ouch" back at you. anyway, thanks, jax. with "health bites," i'm ellie. >> not far from where the baltimore orioles play ball, there's a museum dedicated to all kinds of play. geppi's entertainment museum is dedicated to pop culture. >> pop culture is popular culture. it's movies, radio, television, books, comics -- the gamut of all the things we enjoy. >> games and toys are a part of pop culture, too. this amazing array of artifacts all belonged to a man named stephen geppi. >> his collection got to the point where he looked at it and said, "i like this stuff, and i hear from a lot of people that they like this stuff, so why don't i put it out so everybody can enjoy it?" >> so, what are the top five things that teens shouldn't miss
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when they come here? >> well, scott, let me show you. come on. as you can see, on the walls of our museum, we have several pictures spanning the eras of each room -- 1928 leading into 1945 over here. >> because the exhibits are organized by date, you can see how our culture changed through the years, like the dawn of the television era in the 1950s. >> also over here we have the '60s revolution. a lot of fun stuff going on in there. and 1971 to 1990 is where the first surprise is. >> the number-five artifact is what's called a one-sheet -- the kind of movie poster displayed in a movie theater. if you're a "star wars" fan, you'll see there's something strange going on here -- a poster for a movie before its title changed. >> original title of "return of the jedi" was supposed to be "revenge of the jedi," and before they had a chance to make
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this decision, they had already promoted the movie as "revenge of the jedi" for a short period of time. >> i wouldn't have known one of my favorite movies had a different title before. >> oh, when i was a child, that was commonplace on the playground to talk about why "revenge" got turned to "return." people said that a jedi would never, ever want to have revenge. it was too hostile a force for the buddha-esque jedis. in our next room -- revolution, 1961 to 1970 -- we have a very special, very fun, very hands-on number four -- rock 'em sock 'em...robots. >> hey, i remember this game. but i didn't know it's been around since the '60s. >> not only has this game continued to be replicated into the present day, but at the time, "you knocked my block off" became a classic saying. >> you knocked my block off.
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attraction number three is for kids who ask, "how can i be strong like a superhero?" >> the answer is...the superman golden muscle building set. >> wow! >> 1954, peter puppet playthings -- a wonderful muscle-building kit that not only has everything you need to become big and strong, but also shows that superman will personally fly into your house and showou how to use his superman muscle building set. >> well, i can quit my gym membership. [ rim shot ] don't go away. we'll be right back with the top two attractions at geppi's entertainment museum. >> we're at geppi's entertainment museum, also known as the museum of pop culture.
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andy is the museum's assistant curator. we've been counting down the top five attractions that teens shouldn't miss when coming to visit. number five was the "star wars" poster with the discarded movie title. number four -- the battling rock 'em sock 'em robots. number three helped kids in the 1950s spring into action with superman's muscle building kit. >> for our next piece -- number two -- one of the great sci-fi toys. this was actually one of the first toys that tied in directly to a newspaper comic strip. >> the toy gun is 80 years old. to protect the metal, andy wears gloves. when this item was introduced at macy's, they expected it would be popular. but they didn't expect 5,000 people would line up to get it. >> this is the buck rogers xz-31 rocket gun from daisy manufacturing -- 1934.
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[ gun cocks ] >> the geppi's entertainment museum got its start with a collection of comic books. and that's where we end our tour -- a case full of comics, each introducing a famous character for the very first time. >> for our number one... >> number one. >> ...a story in four colors -- our comic room. our number one is number ones. "action comics" number one -- debut of superman, "walt disney's comics and stories" number one -- the start of an illustrious comic career for donald duck, and "detective comics" number 27 -- the number-one appearance of batman. >> rare-edition comic books like these have sold for millions of dollars. [ cash register dings ] the pop culture museum is fascinating. you'll not only get a kick out of it, so will your mom and your
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pop. [ chuckles ] at the geppi entertainment museum in baltimore...ment i'm scott for "teen kids news." >> we'll hear from teens who are speaking out about the way they speak, when we return. >> if you saw the movie "the king's speech," you saw how difficult life can be when you have a stutter, even if you're royalty. as tough as it is for adults, it can be agony for teens. in fact, some kids avoid speaking because they're afraid of being made fun of. but carina tells us about an organization that helps kids who stutter find the confidence to speak up. >> you might be surprised at how many famous people have had to cope with stuttering. james earl jones -- the voice of darth vader. action actor bruce willis. actress marilyn monroe. demosthenes -- one of the
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greatest orators of the ancient world. it's even believed that moses stuttered. according to experts, 3 million americans stutter, and many of those are kids. that's why this gala event is so important. it's an annual fundraiser in support of an organization for kids called our time. >> welcome to our time's 11th annual benefit gala! [ cheers and applause ] >> our time is a place where you can just be yourself without anybody interrupting you, and -- and you don't have anyone, like, saying, "oh, you talk funny," or, "oh, you're stupid" just because you stutter. >> it is -- it is such an honor
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to share the stage with you acclaimed artists. >> our time started as a theater group. using the creative arts, like performing on stage, is one of the ways our time helps kids become more comfortable being themselves. >> do you need a hug? >> i might. yeah, i think i do. thank you. [ applause ] >> it's just so cool to, like, come to a place every saturday that's, like, safe, kind of, and there's no, like, threat of, like, teasing or, like, hazing, all that. it's just -- it's just a very positive environment. >> these kids need a positive environment because their stutter puts them at the mercy
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of mean people, even those who should know better. >> there have been -- have been times where, like, people, like kids, teenagers, adults have, like, mocked it and then picked on it, and yeah, it does hurt. i'm not gonna lie. >> i still get bullied today in school. >> it's a difficult thing to go through, especially as a young person who stutters, and you're gonna just shut down and stop talking. >> but not if our time can help it. that's why the real stars on this red carpet are the kids who have the courage to not let their stutter hold them back. this year's event was called "worth the wait" because stutterers constantly struggle against ignorance and impatience. >> people finishing their
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sentences. kids giving them dirty looks. kids not being patient, and, like, even parents and teachers and principals. >> and they'll just assume that a young person who stutters doesn't know what they're saying or isn't smart. i can tell you from working with these kids that these are some of the most brilliant, beautiful people on the planet, and if you just really wait another few seconds, you're gonna hear everything that they have to offer the world. >> our time also offers speech therapy, as well as a unique camping program in south carolina. for two weeks over the summer, campers are surrounded by people who don't see them as kids who stutter. instead, they're seen as kids who are just kids. the main our time programs are currently limited to kids in the new york tri-state area. however, camp our time welcomes kids from all across the u.s. -- even from all around the world.
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for more information, there's a link on our website. >> stick around for my sport report. you'll be floored. >> it's one of the oldest sports in the world. it's also one of the most popular programs on tv, although what you see on tv is nothing like the real thing. tyler explains. >> i've played a lot of sports. nothing compares to it. >> it's real intense, and you get a good workout, and you just feel better, just having that physical health. >> it's something i've done since i was 4 years old -- my dad got me into it -- and i started loving the sport. >> wrestling is a sport. it's participated in all around the world. in the united states, we wrestle what we call folkstyle. it's participated in the youth levels, from the time kids are 5, up until they're done with high school, and then into college.
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>> there are lots of different styles in wrestling, but they each have one thing in common. >> well, the object of wrestling is to pin your opponent, regardless of the style. folkstyle is based more on control. so, in order to score points, you constantly have to control your opponent. you have to take him to the mat and hold him down. >> wrestlers earn points for their moves on the mat, but if you get pinned, all the points in the world won't matter. >> you could be up by 14 points, and if you get pinned, the match is over, and you lose. >> matches last for six minutes, and each athlete competes in a specific weight class. coach fronhofer says it makes the meets more fair. >> that's one of the beauties of the sport, is anybody can participate. whether you're very small or very large, there's a place for you in wrestling. >> and if you think wrestling is just for boys, think again. >> girls can absolutely wrestle. it's an olympic sport now -- women's wrestling. >> the girls don't just wrestle each other. they actually wrestle the boys, too. >> when you're on the mat, you're not a girl and you're not a boy. you're just a wrestler, and it's two wrestlers together in a
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match. >> one of my friends is actually a really good wrestler -- 99-pounder. she's really good, and i see her beating all the boys in her weight class. >> i just view every opponent as just an opponent -- another opponent that i have to wrestle. >> a lot of other girls think that it's weird, but i'm used to it. i think it's just fun. >> it may look like the wrestlers are fighting, but they're not. >> wrestling is not a dangerous sport. it's actually a very safe sport. because there is no, like, speed involved -- like if you're on a soccer field or a football field, and there's a lot of running -- so you have that acceleration that causes injuries. >> it's a contact sport, but it's a bit misunderstood. like, i thought wrestling -- i always thought it was kind of violent, which i didn't like, but there's a real art form to it, which i enjoy. >> an art form which takes dedication to master. >> to be a good wrestler, it just takes hard work. i mean, you can start out without any athletic ability, but if you put in your time and effort -- and you get good
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coaching, obviously -- then you'll eventually reach your goal, i believe. >> a lot of times, if you run into team sports, if you have a tough loss, you can point the finger at other guys, but in this sport, it's on you. so it really builds character, and it helps you focus out there, being the only one. >> it's a very regimented sport. it requires a lot of discipline, and although it does take up a lot of time, it does keep you on a good schedule. >> you have to be persistent. if you're lazy and you slack off, you're not gonna get any better. >> if you'd like to try wrestling, but your school doesn't have a team, coach fronhofer suggests doing some digging online. he says there are lots of clubs in communities across the country. >> well, that wraps it up for this week's "teen kids news," but we'll be back next week, so see you then.
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steves: beautifully preserved lucca is contained entirely within its iconic ramparts. most cities tear down their walls to make way for modern traffic. but lucca kept its walls, effectively keeping out both traffic and, it seems, the stress of the modern world. the city is a bit of a paradox. while it has europe's mightiest renaissance wall, it hasn't seen a battle since 1430. locals, like my friend and fellow tour guide gabriele calabrese, treat their ramparts like a circular park. and with plenty of rental bikes available, visitors can enjoy a lazy pedal around its 2-1/2-mile circuit, as well.
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so, gabriele, this is a renaissance wall. what's the difference between a renaissance wall and a medieval wall? calabrese: the medieval wall is thin, because they had no problem with harrows or stones. but in the renaissance time, the cannons, they became very strong, and they became a problem, so that's why it was so thick. steves: lucca's wall didn't come cheap. but all that hard work and investment combined with clever diplomacy earned the city a long period of independence. and to this day, the proud lucchesi have a strong sense of identity. rather than showcasing famous monuments, lucca's appeal is in its relaxed old-world ambience. stroll around. take time to let the city unfold. romanesque churches seem to be around every corner,
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as do inviting piazzas busy with children at play. the main pedestrian drag is via fillungo. strolling here, past elegant old storefronts, you'll get a glimpse of lucca's rich past, as well as its charming present. piazza amphitheater was built around an ancient roman arena. while the arena's long gone, its oval shape is a reminder of the city's classical heritage. locals have been gathering here for 2,000 years. today's attraction -- a flower market. piazza san michele also has ancient roots. it's hosted a market since roman times, when it was the forum. today it's dominated by the church of san michele. towering above its fancy romanesque facade, the archangel michael stands ready to flap his wings,
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which, thanks to a crude mechanical contraption, he actually did on special occasions. in its heyday, lucca packed over 100 towers within its walls. each tower was the home and private fortress of a wealthy merchant family. towers were single rooms stacked atop each other -- shop, living room, and then the kitchen. this one, lucca's tallest surviving tower, is famous for being capped with a bushy little forest. those making the climb are rewarded with commanding city views, all in the shade of its amazing trees. nearby, the church of san giovanni hosts nightly concerts celebrating the music of hometown composer giacomo puccini. woman: [ singing operatically ] was one of italy's greatest opera composers.
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puccini's delightful arias seem to capture the spirit of this wonderful corner of italy. [ singing continues ]
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[lively acoustic guitar music] ♪ - we're at the tip of the baja peninsula... where the fantastic shapes and scenery of the baja desert meet the cool dark waters of the pacific ocean and the warmer sea of cortez, which is often called the aquarium of the world because it's packed with sea life, including whales... here they are. here they are, guys. that was awesome. sea lions, and dolphins. and cabo san lucas offers plenty of ways to check out all the wildlife, both in the water and on land. join us as we explore it all in... both: travel with kids: mexico! female announcer: this program is made possible by

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